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SSD源码解读1~~~~~~~~~~ssd_pascal.py

作者:用户 来源:互联网 时间:2018-08-31 11:36:54

caffe深度学习ssd

SSD源码解读1~~~~~~~~~~ssd_pascal.py - 摘要: 本文讲的是SSD源码解读1~~~~~~~~~~ssd_pascal.py, from __future__ import print_function import caffe from caffe.model_libs import * from google.protob

from __future__ import print_function
import caffe
from caffe.model_libs import *
from google.protobuf import text_format


import math
import os
import shutil
import stat
import subprocess
import sys


# 给基准网络后面增加额外的卷积层(为了避免此处的卷积层的名称和基准网络卷积层的名称重复,这里可以用基准网络最后一个层的名称进行开始命名)
def AddExtraLayers(net, use_batchnorm=True, lr_mult=1):
    use_relu = True


    # Add additional convolutional layers.
    # 19 x 19
    ######################################生成附加网络的第一个卷积层,卷积核的数量为256,卷积核的大小为1*1,pad的尺寸为0,stride为1.
    from_layer = net.keys()[-1] #获得基准网络的最后一层,作为conv6-1层的输入


    # TODO(weiliu89): Construct the name using the last layer to avoid duplication.
    # 10 x 10
    out_layer = "conv6_1"
    ConvBNLayer(net, from_layer, out_layer, use_batchnorm, use_relu, 256, 1, 0, 1,
        lr_mult=lr_mult)
    ########################################conv6_1生成完毕
    ######################################生成附加网络的第一个卷积层,卷积核的数量为512,卷积核的大小为3*3,pad的尺寸为1,stride为2.
    from_layer = out_layer
    out_layer = "conv6_2"
    ConvBNLayer(net, from_layer, out_layer, use_batchnorm, use_relu, 512, 3, 1, 2,
        lr_mult=lr_mult)
    #########################################conv6_2生成完毕
    # 5 x 5
    from_layer = out_layer
    out_layer = "conv7_1"
    ConvBNLayer(net, from_layer, out_layer, use_batchnorm, use_relu, 128, 1, 0, 1,
      lr_mult=lr_mult)
    #########################################conv7_1生成完毕
    from_layer = out_layer
    out_layer = "conv7_2"
    ConvBNLayer(net, from_layer, out_layer, use_batchnorm, use_relu, 256, 3, 1, 2,
      lr_mult=lr_mult)
    #########################################conv7_2生成完毕
    # 3 x 3
    from_layer = out_layer
    out_layer = "conv8_1"
    ConvBNLayer(net, from_layer, out_layer, use_batchnorm, use_relu, 128, 1, 0, 1,
      lr_mult=lr_mult)
    #########################################conv8_1生成完毕
    from_layer = out_layer
    out_layer = "conv8_2"
    ConvBNLayer(net, from_layer, out_layer, use_batchnorm, use_relu, 256, 3, 0, 1,
      lr_mult=lr_mult)
    #########################################conv8_2生成完毕
    # 1 x 1
    from_layer = out_layer
    out_layer = "conv9_1"
    ConvBNLayer(net, from_layer, out_layer, use_batchnorm, use_relu, 128, 1, 0, 1,
      lr_mult=lr_mult)
    #########################################conv9_1生成完毕
    from_layer = out_layer
    out_layer = "conv9_2"
    ConvBNLayer(net, from_layer, out_layer, use_batchnorm, use_relu, 256, 3, 0, 1,
      lr_mult=lr_mult)
    #########################################conv9_2生成完毕
    return net




### 相应地修改一下参数 ###
# 包含caffe代码的路径
# 我们假设你是在caffe跟目录下运行代码
caffe_root = os.getcwd() #获取caffe的根目录


# 如果你想在生成所有训练文件之后就开始训练,这里run_soon给予参数Ture.
run_soon = True    
#如果你想接着上次的训练,继续进行训练,这里的参数为Ture,(这个就是说可能你训练一般停止了,重新启动的时候,这里的Ture保证继续接着你上次的训练进行训练)
#否则为False,表示我们将从下面定义的预训练模型处进行加载。(这个表示就是不管你上次训练一半的模型了,我们直接从预训练好的基准模型哪里开始训练)
resume_training = True
# 如果是Ture的话,表示我们要移除旧的模型训练文件,否则是不移除的。
remove_old_models = False


# The database file for training data. Created by data/VOC0712/create_data.sh
train_data = "examples/VOC0712/VOC0712_trainval_lmdb"
# The database file for testing data. Created by data/VOC0712/create_data.sh
test_data = "examples/VOC0712/VOC0712_test_lmdb"
# Specify the batch sampler.
resize_width = 300
resize_height = 300
resize = "{}x{}".format(resize_width, resize_height)
batch_sampler = [
        {
                'sampler': {
                        },
                'max_trials': 1,
                'max_sample': 1,
        },
        {
                'sampler': {
                        'min_scale': 0.3,
                        'max_scale': 1.0,
                        'min_aspect_ratio': 0.5,
                        'max_aspect_ratio': 2.0,
                        },
                'sample_constraint': {
                        'min_jaccard_overlap': 0.1,
                        },
                'max_trials': 50,
                'max_sample': 1,
        },
        {
                'sampler': {
                        'min_scale': 0.3,
                        'max_scale': 1.0,
                        'min_aspect_ratio': 0.5,
                        'max_aspect_ratio': 2.0,
                        },
                'sample_constraint': {
                        'min_jaccard_overlap': 0.3,
                        },
                'max_trials': 50,
                'max_sample': 1,
        },
        {
                'sampler': {
                        'min_scale': 0.3,
                        'max_scale': 1.0,
                        'min_aspect_ratio': 0.5,
                        'max_aspect_ratio': 2.0,
                        },
                'sample_constraint': {
                        'min_jaccard_overlap': 0.5,
                        },
                'max_trials': 50,
                'max_sample': 1,
        },
        {
                'sampler': {
                        'min_scale': 0.3,
                        'max_scale': 1.0,
                        'min_aspect_ratio': 0.5,
                        'max_aspect_ratio': 2.0,
                        },
                'sample_constraint': {
                        'min_jaccard_overlap': 0.7,
                        },
                'max_trials': 50,
                'max_sample': 1,
        },
        {
                'sampler': {
                        'min_scale': 0.3,
                        'max_scale': 1.0,
                        'min_aspect_ratio': 0.5,
                        'max_aspect_ratio': 2.0,
                        },
                'sample_constraint': {
                        'min_jaccard_overlap': 0.9,
                        },
                'max_trials': 50,
                'max_sample': 1,
        },
        {
                'sampler': {
                        'min_scale': 0.3,
                        'max_scale': 1.0,
                        'min_aspect_ratio': 0.5,
                        'max_aspect_ratio': 2.0,
                        },
                'sample_constraint': {
                        'max_jaccard_overlap': 1.0,
                        },
                'max_trials': 50,
                'max_sample': 1,
        },
        ]
train_transform_param = {
        'mirror': True,
        'mean_value': [104, 117, 123],
        'resize_param': {
                'prob': 1,
                'resize_mode': P.Resize.WARP,
                'height': resize_height,
                'width': resize_width,
                'interp_mode': [
                        P.Resize.LINEAR,
                        P.Resize.AREA,
                        P.Resize.NEAREST,
                        P.Resize.CUBIC,
                        P.Resize.LANCZOS4,
                        ],
                },
        'distort_param': {
                'brightness_prob': 0.5,
                'brightness_delta': 32,
                'contrast_prob': 0.5,
                'contrast_lower': 0.5,
                'contrast_upper': 1.5,
                'hue_prob': 0.5,
                'hue_delta': 18,
                'saturation_prob': 0.5,
                'saturation_lower': 0.5,
                'saturation_upper': 1.5,
                'random_order_prob': 0.0,
                },
        'expand_param': {
                'prob': 0.5,
                'max_expand_ratio': 4.0,
                },
        'emit_constraint': {
            'emit_type': caffe_pb2.EmitConstraint.CENTER,
            }
        }
test_transform_param = {
        'mean_value': [104, 117, 123],
        'resize_param': {
                'prob': 1,
                'resize_mode': P.Resize.WARP,
                'height': resize_height,
                'width': resize_width,
                'interp_mode': [P.Resize.LINEAR],
                },
        }


# If true, use batch norm for all newly added layers.
# Currently only the non batch norm version has been tested.
use_batchnorm = False
lr_mult = 1
# Use different initial learning rate.
if use_batchnorm:
    base_lr = 0.0004
else:
    # A learning rate for batch_size = 1, num_gpus = 1.
    base_lr = 0.00004


# Modify the job name if you want.
job_name = "SSD_{}".format(resize)
print "job_name....is............................................",job_name
# The name of the model. Modify it if you want.
model_name = "VGG_VOC0712_{}".format(job_name)
print "model_name....is............................................",model_name
# Directory which stores the model .prototxt file.
save_dir = "models/VGGNet/VOC0712/{}".format(job_name)
# Directory which stores the snapshot of models.
snapshot_dir = "models/VGGNet/VOC0712/{}".format(job_name)
# Directory which stores the job script and log file.
job_dir = "jobs/VGGNet/VOC0712/{}".format(job_name)
# Directory which stores the detection results.
output_result_dir = "{}/data/VOCdevkit/results/VOC2007/{}/Main".format(os.environ['HOME'], job_name)
print "output_result_dir.....is......................................",output_result_dir
# model definition files.
train_net_file = "{}/train.prototxt".format(save_dir)
test_net_file = "{}/test.prototxt".format(save_dir)
deploy_net_file = "{}/deploy.prototxt".format(save_dir)
solver_file = "{}/solver.prototxt".format(save_dir)
# snapshot prefix.
snapshot_prefix = "{}/{}".format(snapshot_dir, model_name)
# job script path.
job_file = "{}/{}.sh".format(job_dir, model_name)


# Stores the test image names and sizes. Created by data/VOC0712/create_list.sh
name_size_file = "data/VOC0712/test_name_size.txt"
# The pretrained model. We use the Fully convolutional reduced (atrous) VGGNet.
pretrain_model = "models/VGGNet/VGG_ILSVRC_16_layers_fc_reduced.caffemodel"
# Stores LabelMapItem.
label_map_file = "data/VOC0712/labelmap_voc.prototxt"


# MultiBoxLoss parameters.
num_classes = 21
share_location = True
background_label_id=0
train_on_diff_gt = True
normalization_mode = P.Loss.VALID
code_type = P.PriorBox.CENTER_SIZE
ignore_cross_boundary_bbox = False
mining_type = P.MultiBoxLoss.MAX_NEGATIVE
neg_pos_ratio = 3.
loc_weight = (neg_pos_ratio + 1.) / 4.
multibox_loss_param = {
    'loc_loss_type': P.MultiBoxLoss.SMOOTH_L1,
    'conf_loss_type': P.MultiBoxLoss.SOFTMAX,
    'loc_weight': loc_weight,
    'num_classes': num_classes,
    'share_location': share_location,
    'match_type': P.MultiBoxLoss.PER_PREDICTION,
    'overlap_threshold': 0.5,
    'use_prior_for_matching': True,
    'background_label_id': background_label_id,
    'use_difficult_gt': train_on_diff_gt,
    'mining_type': mining_type,
    'neg_pos_ratio': neg_pos_ratio,
    'neg_overlap': 0.5,
    'code_type': code_type,
    'ignore_cross_boundary_bbox': ignore_cross_boundary_bbox,
    }
loss_param = {
    'normalization': normalization_mode,
    }


# parameters for generating priors.
# minimum dimension of input image
min_dim = 300
# conv4_3 ==> 38 x 38
# fc7 ==> 19 x 19
# conv6_2 ==> 10 x 10
# conv7_2 ==> 5 x 5
# conv8_2 ==> 3 x 3
# conv9_2 ==> 1 x 1
mbox_source_layers = ['conv4_3', 'fc7', 'conv6_2', 'conv7_2', 'conv8_2', 'conv9_2']
# in percent %
min_ratio = 20
max_ratio = 90
step = int(math.floor((max_ratio - min_ratio) / (len(mbox_source_layers) - 2)))
min_sizes = []
max_sizes = []
for ratio in xrange(min_ratio, max_ratio + 1, step):
  min_sizes.append(min_dim * ratio / 100.)
  max_sizes.append(min_dim * (ratio + step) / 100.)
min_sizes = [min_dim * 10 / 100.] + min_sizes
max_sizes = [min_dim * 20 / 100.] + max_sizes
steps = [8, 16, 32, 64, 100, 300]
aspect_ratios = [[2], [2, 3], [2, 3], [2, 3], [2], [2]]
# L2 normalize conv4_3.
normalizations = [20, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1]
# variance used to encode/decode prior bboxes.
if code_type == P.PriorBox.CENTER_SIZE:
  prior_variance = [0.1, 0.1, 0.2, 0.2]
else:
  prior_variance = [0.1]
flip = True
clip = False


# Solver parameters.
# Defining which GPUs to use.
gpus = "0,1,2,3"
gpulist = gpus.split(",")
num_gpus = len(gpulist)


# Divide the mini-batch to different GPUs.
batch_size = 32
accum_batch_size = 32
iter_size = accum_batch_size / batch_size
solver_mode = P.Solver.CPU
device_id = 0
batch_size_per_device = batch_size
if num_gpus > 0:
  batch_size_per_device = int(math.ceil(float(batch_size) / num_gpus))
  iter_size = int(math.ceil(float(accum_batch_size) / (batch_size_per_device * num_gpus)))
  solver_mode = P.Solver.GPU
  device_id = int(gpulist[0])


if normalization_mode == P.Loss.NONE:
  base_lr /= batch_size_per_device
elif normalization_mode == P.Loss.VALID:
  base_lr *= 25. / loc_weight
elif normalization_mode == P.Loss.FULL:
  # Roughly there are 2000 prior bboxes per image.
  # TODO(weiliu89): Estimate the exact # of priors.
  base_lr *= 2000.


# Evaluate on whole test set.
num_test_image = 4952
test_batch_size = 8
# Ideally test_batch_size should be divisible by num_test_image,
# otherwise mAP will be slightly off the true value.
test_iter = int(math.ceil(float(num_test_image) / test_batch_size))


solver_param = {
    # Train parameters
    'base_lr': base_lr,
    'weight_decay': 0.0005,
    'lr_policy': "multistep",
    'stepvalue': [80000, 100000, 120000],
    'gamma': 0.1,
    'momentum': 0.9,
    'iter_size': iter_size,
    'max_iter': 120000,
    'snapshot': 80000,
    'display': 10,
    'average_loss': 10,
    'type': "SGD",
    'solver_mode': solver_mode,
    'device_id': device_id,
    'debug_info': False,
    'snapshot_after_train': True,
    # Test parameters
    'test_iter': [test_iter],
    'test_interval': 10000,
    'eval_type': "detection",
    'ap_version': "11point",
    'test_initialization': False,
    }


# parameters for generating detection output.
det_out_param = {
    'num_classes': num_classes,
    'share_location': share_location,
    'background_label_id': background_label_id,
    'nms_param': {'nms_threshold': 0.45, 'top_k': 400},
    'save_output_param': {
        'output_directory': output_result_dir,
        'output_name_prefix': "comp4_det_test_",
        'output_format': "VOC",
        'label_map_file': label_map_file,
        'name_size_file': name_size_file,
        'num_test_image': num_test_image,
        },
    'keep_top_k': 200,
    'confidence_threshold': 0.01,
    'code_type': code_type,
    }


# parameters for evaluating detection results.
det_eval_param = {
    'num_classes': num_classes,
    'background_label_id': background_label_id,
    'overlap_threshold': 0.5,
    'evaluate_difficult_gt': False,
    'name_size_file': name_size_file,
    }


### Hopefully you don't need to change the following ###
# Check file.
check_if_exist(train_data)
check_if_exist(test_data)
check_if_exist(label_map_file)
check_if_exist(pretrain_model)
make_if_not_exist(save_dir)
make_if_not_exist(job_dir)
make_if_not_exist(snapshot_dir)


# Create train net.
net = caffe.NetSpec()
net.data, net.label = CreateAnnotatedDataLayer(train_data, batch_size=batch_size_per_device,
        train=True, output_label=True, label_map_file=label_map_file,
        transform_param=train_transform_param, batch_sampler=batch_sampler)


VGGNetBody(net, from_layer='data', fully_conv=True, reduced=True, dilated=True,
    dropout=False)


AddExtraLayers(net, use_batchnorm, lr_mult=lr_mult)


mbox_layers = CreateMultiBoxHead(net, data_layer='data', from_layers=mbox_source_layers,
        use_batchnorm=use_batchnorm, min_sizes=min_sizes, max_sizes=max_sizes,
        aspect_ratios=aspect_ratios, steps=steps, normalizations=normalizations,
        num_classes=num_classes, share_location=share_location, flip=flip, clip=clip,
        prior_variance=prior_variance, kernel_size=3, pad=1, lr_mult=lr_mult)


# Create the MultiBoxLossLayer.
name = "mbox_loss"
mbox_layers.append(net.label)
net[name] = L.MultiBoxLoss(*mbox_layers, multibox_loss_param=multibox_loss_param,
        loss_param=loss_param, include=dict(phase=caffe_pb2.Phase.Value('TRAIN')),
        propagate_down=[True, True, False, False])


with open(train_net_file, 'w') as f:
    print('name: "{}_train"'.format(model_name), file=f)
    print(net.to_proto(), file=f)
shutil.copy(train_net_file, job_dir)


# Create test net.
net = caffe.NetSpec()
net.data, net.label = CreateAnnotatedDataLayer(test_data, batch_size=test_batch_size,
        train=False, output_label=True, label_map_file=label_map_file,
        transform_param=test_transform_param)


VGGNetBody(net, from_layer='data', fully_conv=True, reduced=True, dilated=True,
    dropout=False)


AddExtraLayers(net, use_batchnorm, lr_mult=lr_mult)


mbox_layers = CreateMultiBoxHead(net, data_layer='data', from_layers=mbox_source_layers,
        use_batchnorm=use_batchnorm, min_sizes=min_sizes, max_sizes=max_sizes,
        aspect_ratios=aspect_ratios, steps=steps, normalizations=normalizations,
        num_classes=num_classes, share_location=share_location, flip=flip, clip=clip,
        prior_variance=prior_variance, kernel_size=3, pad=1, lr_mult=lr_mult)


conf_name = "mbox_conf"
if multibox_loss_param["conf_loss_type"] == P.MultiBoxLoss.SOFTMAX:
  reshape_name = "{}_reshape".format(conf_name)
  net[reshape_name] = L.Reshape(net[conf_name], shape=dict(dim=[0, -1, num_classes]))
  softmax_name = "{}_softmax".format(conf_name)
  net[softmax_name] = L.Softmax(net[reshape_name], axis=2)
  flatten_name = "{}_flatten".format(conf_name)
  net[flatten_name] = L.Flatten(net[softmax_name], axis=1)
  mbox_layers[1] = net[flatten_name]
elif multibox_loss_param["conf_loss_type"] == P.MultiBoxLoss.LOGISTIC:
  sigmoid_name = "{}_sigmoid".format(conf_name)
  net[sigmoid_name] = L.Sigmoid(net[conf_name])
  mbox_layers[1] = net[sigmoid_name]


net.detection_out = L.DetectionOutput(*mbox_layers,
    detection_output_param=det_out_param,
    include=dict(phase=caffe_pb2.Phase.Value('TEST')))
net.detection_eval = L.DetectionEvaluate(net.detection_out, net.label,
    detection_evaluate_param=det_eval_param,
    include=dict(phase=caffe_pb2.Phase.Value('TEST')))


with open(test_net_file, 'w') as f:
    print('name: "{}_test"'.format(model_name), file=f)
    print(net.to_proto(), file=f)
shutil.copy(test_net_file, job_dir)


# Create deploy net.
# Remove the first and last layer from test net.
deploy_net = net
with open(deploy_net_file, 'w') as f:
    net_param = deploy_net.to_proto()
    # Remove the first (AnnotatedData) and last (DetectionEvaluate) layer from test net.
    del net_param.layer[0]
    del net_param.layer[-1]
    net_param.name = '{}_deploy'.format(model_name)
    net_param.input.extend(['data'])
    net_param.input_shape.extend([
        caffe_pb2.BlobShape(dim=[1, 3, resize_height, resize_width])])
    print(net_param, file=f)
shutil.copy(deploy_net_file, job_dir)


# Create solver.
solver = caffe_pb2.SolverParameter(
        train_net=train_net_file,
        test_net=[test_net_file],
        snapshot_prefix=snapshot_prefix,
        **solver_param)


with open(solver_file, 'w') as f:
    print(solver, file=f)
shutil.copy(solver_file, job_dir)


max_iter = 0
# Find most recent snapshot.
for file in os.listdir(snapshot_dir):
  if file.endswith(".solverstate"):
    basename = os.path.splitext(file)[0]
    iter = int(basename.split("{}_iter_".format(model_name))[1])
    if iter > max_iter:
      max_iter = iter


train_src_param = '--weights="{}" \\\n'.format(pretrain_model)
if resume_training:
  if max_iter > 0:
    train_src_param = '--snapshot="{}_iter_{}.solverstate" \\\n'.format(snapshot_prefix, max_iter)


if remove_old_models:
  # Remove any snapshots smaller than max_iter.
  for file in os.listdir(snapshot_dir):
    if file.endswith(".solverstate"):
      basename = os.path.splitext(file)[0]
      iter = int(basename.split("{}_iter_".format(model_name))[1])
      if max_iter > iter:
        os.remove("{}/{}".format(snapshot_dir, file))
    if file.endswith(".caffemodel"):
      basename = os.path.splitext(file)[0]
      iter = int(basename.split("{}_iter_".format(model_name))[1])
      if max_iter > iter:
        os.remove("{}/{}".format(snapshot_dir, file))


# Create job file.
with open(job_file, 'w') as f:
  f.write('cd {}\n'.format(caffe_root))
  f.write('./build/tools/caffe train \\\n')
  f.write('--solver="{}" \\\n'.format(solver_file))
  f.write(train_src_param)
  if solver_param['solver_mode'] == P.Solver.GPU:

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