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# oracle case when 语句的用法详解_oracle

1. CASE WHEN 表达式有两种形式

--简单Case函数
CASE sex
WHEN '1' THEN '男'
WHEN '2' THEN '女'
ELSE '其他' END
--Case搜索函数
CASE
WHEN sex = '1' THEN '男'
WHEN sex = '2' THEN '女'
ELSE '其他' END

2. CASE WHEN 在语句中不同位置的用法
2.1 SELECT CASE WHEN 用法

SELECT   grade, COUNT (CASE WHEN sex = 1 THEN 1      /*sex 1为男生，2位女生*/
ELSE NULL
END) 男生数,
COUNT (CASE WHEN sex = 2 THEN 1
ELSE NULL
END) 女生数

2.2 WHERE CASE WHEN 用法

SELECT T2.*, T1.*
FROM T1, T2
WHERE (CASE WHEN T2.COMPARE_TYPE = 'A' AND
T1.SOME_TYPE LIKE 'NOTHING%'
THEN 1
WHEN T2.COMPARE_TYPE != 'A' AND
T1.SOME_TYPE NOT LIKE 'NOTHING%'
THEN 1
ELSE 0
END) = 1

2.3 GROUP BY CASE WHEN 用法

SELECT
CASE WHEN salary <= 500 THEN '1'
WHEN salary > 500 AND salary <= 600  THEN '2'
WHEN salary > 600 AND salary <= 800  THEN '3'
WHEN salary > 800 AND salary <= 1000 THEN '4'
ELSE NULL END salary_class, -- 别名命名
COUNT(*)
FROM    Table_A
GROUP BY
CASE WHEN salary <= 500 THEN '1'
WHEN salary > 500 AND salary <= 600  THEN '2'
WHEN salary > 600 AND salary <= 800  THEN '3'
WHEN salary > 800 AND salary <= 1000 THEN '4'
ELSE NULL END;

3.关于IF-THEN-ELSE的其他实现
3.1 DECODE() 函数

select decode(sex, 'M', 'Male', 'F', 'Female', 'Unknown')
from   employees;

3.2 在WHERE中特殊实现

SELECT T2.*, T1.*
FROM T1, T2
WHERE (T2.COMPARE_TYPE = 'A' AND T1.SOME_TYPE LIKE 'NOTHING%')
OR
(T2.COMPARE_TYPE != 'A' AND T1.SOME_TYPE NOT LIKE 'NOTHING%')

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