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CentOS 6.3 + nginx-1.2.5 + php-5.4.9 + MySQL-5.5.28

作者:用户 来源:互联网 时间:2017-12-01 12:27:26

mysqlphpcentosnginx5.46.35.51.2

CentOS 6.3 + nginx-1.2.5 + php-5.4.9 + MySQL-5.5.28 - 摘要: 本文讲的是CentOS 6.3 + nginx-1.2.5 + php-5.4.9 + MySQL-5.5.28, CentOS 6.3 + nginx-1.2.5 + php-5.4.9 + MySQL-5.5.28redis-2.4.10Mr. Neo Chen (netkiller), 陈景峰(BG7NYT)中国广东省深圳市龙华新区民之街道溪山美



CentOS 6.3 + nginx-1.2.5 + php-5.4.9 + MySQL-5.5.28redis-2.4.10
Mr. Neo Chen (netkiller), 陈景峰(BG7NYT)


中国广东省深圳市龙华新区民之街道溪山美地
518109
+86 13113668890
+86 755 29812080
<[email protected]>


版权 © 2011, 2012 http://netkiller.github.com

$Date: 2012-11-27 17:58:47 +0800 (Tue, 27 Nov 2012) $

摘要


在工作中,需要经常为新系统安装软件,重复而简单,但又不得不作,我将过去几年中工作中临时写的脚本这里了一下,能够实现半自动化安装标本,只需要Ctrl+C, Ctrl+V 快速粘贴复制,即可快速完成安装


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目录


1. CentOS 6.3 64bit Minior 安装后 新机初始化常用软件包安装
1.1. /etc/resolv.conf
1.2. /etc/security/limits.conf
1.3. /etc/sysctl.conf
1.4. /etc/fstab
2. 常用网络软件服务安装
2.1. ntp
2.2. net-snmp
2.3. nagios
2.4. rsync
2.5. vsftpd
3. MySQL-5.5.28
4. php-5.4.9
4.1. 配置php.ini
4.2. 配置 php-fpm
4.3. PHP Extension - APC
4.4. 将php加入PATH环境变量
4.5. phpredis
4.6. 编译中遇到问题如何处理。
5. nginx-1.2.5
5.1. host 配置
6. redis-2.4.10
1. CentOS 6.3 64bit Minior 安装后 新机初始化常用软件包安装
lokkit --disabled --selinux=disabled
yum update -y
rpm --import http://apt.sw.be/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt
rpm -K http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm
rpm -i http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm
yum install -y telnet wget rsync
yum install -y system-config-network-tui
yum install -y bind-utils
yum install -y vim-enhanced
yum install -y openssh-clients
yum remove dhclient -y
1.1. /etc/resolv.conf

配置DNS


echo -ne"
search example.com
nameserver 208.67.222.222
nameserver 202.67.220.220
nameserver 8.8.8.8
nameserver 4.4.4.4
"> /etc/resolv.conf
1.2. /etc/security/limits.conf

修改文件打开数


cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf <root
soft nofile 65536
root
hard nofile 65536
www
soft nofile 65536
www
hard nofile 65536
mysql
soft nofile 65536
mysql
hard nofile 65536
EOF

下面更省事,但不建议使用*通配符,这样任何用户都不限制。


echo -ne"
* soft nofile 65536
* hard nofile 65536
">> /etc/security/limits.conf

而上面我市针对www用户设置,也就是web服务器,其他用户是受限的。


1.3. /etc/sysctl.conf

内核参数调整


cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf <net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65500
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 60
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 1200
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 8192
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 4096
EOF
1.4. /etc/fstab

我一般分区规划是,/系统根分区,swap交换分区,/www数据分区,同时 禁止写入atime时间,因为/www频繁请求会影响IO


临时mount


mount -o remount,noatime,nodiratime /dev/sda3 /mnt/your

LABEL 方式


LABEL=/www /www ext3 defaults,noatime,nodiratime 1 1

UUID 方式


UUID=eeff3e86-7964-4a48-ac02-51ea167ea6b2 /www ext4 defaults 1 2

至此,Linux 的OS部分安装配置与优化完成。


2. 常用网络软件服务安装
2.1. ntp

ntp 服务同步服务器的时间,需要安装。


# redhat 5.6 cp /etc/ntp.conf.original /etc/ntp.conf
yum install ntp -y

指定ntp服务器,如果你没有ntp server,下面步骤不用执行


cp /etc/ntp.conf /etc/ntp.conf.original
vim /etc/ntp.conf < /dev/null 2>&1
:22,24s/^/#/
:25,25s/^/rserver 172.16.3.51rserver 172.16.3.52r/
:wq
VIM
service ntpd start
chkconfig ntpd on
2.2. net-snmp

用于服务器的状态监控


yum install net-snmp -y
vi /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf < /dev/null 2>&1
:62,62s/systemview/all/
:85,85s/^#//
:wq
VIM
service snmpd start
chkconfig snmpd on
2.3. nagios

服务器故障警告


yum install -y nrpe nagios-plugins
vi /etc/nagios/nrpe.cfg < /dev/null 2>&1
:%s/allowed_hosts=127.0.0.1/allowed_hosts=172.16.1.2/
:wq
VIM
cat >> /etc/nagios/nrpe.cfg <#command[check_http]=/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_http -I 127.0.0.1 -p 80 -u http://www.example.com/index.html
command[check_swap]=/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_swap -w 20% -c 10%
command[check_all_disks]=/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_disk -w 20% -c 10% -e
EOF
chkconfig nrpe on
service nrpe start
cat >> /etc/bashrc <export HISTTIMEFORMAT="%Y-%m-%d-%H:%M:%S"
EOF
2.4. rsync

我使用rsync来实现应用的部署。


yum install xinetd rsync -y
vim /etc/xinetd.d/rsync < /dev/null 2>&1
:%s/yes/no/
:wq
VIM
cat > /etc/rsyncd.conf <uid = root
gid = root
use chroot = no
max connections = 8
pid file = /var/run/rsyncd.pid
lock file = /var/run/rsync.lock
log file = /var/log/rsyncd.log
hosts deny=*
hosts allow=192.168.2.0/255.255.255.0
[www]
uid = www
gid = www
path = /www
ignore errors
read only = no
list = no
auth users = www
secrets file = /etc/rsyncd.passwd
EOD
cat >> /etc/rsyncd.passwd <www:xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
EOF
chmod 600 /etc/rsyncd.*
chmod 600 /etc/rsyncd.passwd
service xinetd restart
2.5. vsftpd

根据你的需要,选装。


yum install -y vsftpd
adduser --home-dir /www/target/logs/ --shell /sbin/nologin --password logs.xiu.com logs
echo logs >> /etc/vsftpd/chroot_list
vim /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf < /dev/null 2>&1
:%s/#chroot_list_enable=YES/chroot_list_enable=YES/
:%s/#chroot_list_file/chroot_list_file/
VIM
chkconfig vsftpd on
service vsftpd start
3. MySQL-5.5.28

写在旧的包,然后准备好rpm文件


rpm -e --nodeps mysql-libs
yum localinstall MySQL-*

安装后查看如下


# rpm -qa | grep MySQL
MySQL-client-5.5.28-1.el6.x86_64
MySQL-shared-5.5.28-1.el6.x86_64
MySQL-devel-5.5.28-1.el6.x86_64
MySQL-shared-compat-5.5.28-1.el6.x86_64
MySQL-server-5.5.28-1.el6.x86_644. php-5.4.9

由于redhat与centosYUM源中尚未提供php-fpm所以我采用编译安装,网上有一些爱好者制作过php-fpm的rpm包。是否使用你自己那注意。


安装fedora的YUM源,我们需要一些devel包。


rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm

安装编译器与开发


yum install gcc gcc-c++ make automake autoconf -y
yum install curl-devel libmcrypt-devel gd-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel libXpm-devel libxml2-devel libxslt-devel mhash-devel recode-devel openssl-devel -y

安装下面三个rpm包,编译php不需要server与client两个包


MySQL-shared-5.5.28-1.el6.x86_64
MySQL-devel-5.5.28-1.el6.x86_64
MySQL-shared-compat-5.5.28-1.el6.x86_64

将其放置在一个目录中,使用下面命令即可安装


yum localinstall MySQL-*

前面的准备工作就绪后,便可以进入到php的安装阶段

tar zxvf php-5.4.9.tar.gz
cd php-5.4.9
./configure --prefix=/srv/php-5.4.9
--with-config-file-path=/srv/php-5.4.9/etc
--with-config-file-scan-dir=/srv/php-5.4.9/etc/conf.d
--enable-fpm
--with-fpm-user=www
--with-fpm-group=www
--with-curl
--with-gd
--with-jpeg-dir
--with-png-dir
--with-freetype-dir
--with-zlib-dir
--with-iconv
--with-mcrypt
--with-mysql
--with-mysqli=/usr/bin/mysql_config
--with-pdo-mysql
--with-mysql-sock=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
--with-openssl=shared
--with-mhash=shared
--with-xsl=shared
--with-recode=shared
--with-pear
--enable-sockets
--enable-soap
--enable-mbstring
--enable-gd-native-ttf
--enable-zip
--enable-xml
--enable-bcmath
--enable-calendar
--enable-shmop
--enable-dba
--enable-wddx
--disable-debugmake && make install
4.1. 配置php.ini

备份配置文件,防止不小心改错而又找不出问题出在哪里。


mkdir -p /srv/php-5.4.9/etc/conf.d
cp php.ini-* /srv/php-5.4.9/etc/
cp /srv/php-5.4.9/etc/php.ini-development /srv/php-5.4.9/etc/php.ini
cp /srv/php-5.4.9/etc/pear.conf{,.original}
ln -s /srv/php-5.4.9/ /srv/php

php默认提供两个配置文件模板php.ini-development用于开发和测试环境;php.ini-production用于生产环境。他们差异是php.ini-development会显示调试信息,即 error_display = On.


# ls php.ini-*
php.ini-development php.ini-production

下面更改仅供参考,需要根据你的具体情况配置,不要照搬。


vim /srv/php-5.4.9/etc/php.ini < /dev/null 2>&1
:%s$;open_basedir = $open_basedir = /www/:/tmp/:/srv/php-5.4.9/lib/php/:/srv/php-5.4.9/bin/$
:%s/memory_limit = 128M/memory_limit = 16M/
:%s!;include_path =".:/php/includes"!include_path =".:/srv/php-5.4.9/lib/php:/srv/php-5.4.9/share"!
:%s:extension_dir ="./":extension_dir ="/srv/php-5.4.9/lib/php/extensions":
:%s/upload_max_filesize = 2M/upload_max_filesize = 8M/
:%s/;cgi.fix_pathinfo=0/cgi.fix_pathinfo=1/
:%s$;date.timezone =$date.timezone = Asia/Hong_Kong$
:1367,1367s/session.save_handler = files/session.save_handler = redis/
:1368,1368s#^#session.save_path ="tcp://127.0.0.1:6379"r#
:1415,1368s/session.name = PHPSESSID/session.name = JSESSIONID/
:wq
EOF
4.2. 配置 php-fpm

安装启动脚本


cp ./sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm
chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fpm
chkconfig --add php-fpm
chkconfig php-fpm on
chkconfig --list php-fpm

修改配置文件


cp /srv/php-5.4.9/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /srv/php-5.4.9/etc/php-fpm.conf
vim /srv/php-5.4.9/etc/php-fpm.conf < /dev/null 2>&1
:25,25s/;//
:32,32s/;//
:wq
end

察看配置项


# grep -v '^;' /srv/php-5.4.9/etc/php-fpm.conf | grep -v '^$'
[global]
pid = run/php-fpm.pid[www]
user = www
group = www
listen = 127.0.0.1:9000
pm = dynamic
pm.max_children = 5
pm.start_servers = 2
pm.min_spare_servers = 1
pm.max_spare_servers = 3
4.3. PHP Extension - APC

Apc


pecl install apc
cat > /srv/php-5.4.9/etc/conf.d/apc.ini <extension=apc.so
EOF

查看安装情况


# /srv/php/bin/php -m | grep apc
apc
4.4. 将php加入PATH环境变量
vim ~/.bash_profile < /dev/null 2>&1
:%s#bin#bin:/srv/php/bin#
:wq
END
4.5. phpredis

安装git版本控制客户端


yum install git

从github仓库中克隆一份代码到本地


git clone git://github.com/nicolasff/phpredis.git

编译安装phpredis; 我暂时没有找到 pecl的phpredis源


cd phpredis
phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/srv/php-5.4.9/bin/php-config
make && make install

创建配置文件


cat > /srv/php-5.4.9/etc/conf.d/redis.ini <extension=redis.so
EOF

查看安装情况


# php -m | grep redis
redis
4.6. 编译中遇到问题如何处理。

下面我们来模拟一个场景,例如 configure的时候出现下面提示


configure: error: Can not find recode.h anywhere under yes /usr/local /usr /opt.

提示找不到recode。h文件,很好办,首先搜索recode包


[[email protected] php-5.4.9]# yum search recode | 327 B 00:00
============================ N/S Matched: recode ====================================
php-recode.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the recode library
recode-devel.i686 : Header files and static libraries for development using recode
recode-devel.x86_64 : Header files and static libraries for development using recode
recode.i686 : Conversion between character sets and surfaces
recode.x86_64 : Conversion between character sets and surfaces
Name and summary matches only, use"search all"for everything.

然后安装devel包,记住之需要安装devel包即可,其他都是多余。


[[email protected] php-5.4.9]# yum install recode-devel -y

然后重新运行configure


5. nginx-1.2.5

为web服务器创建一个用户,我喜欢使用www,id为80更容易记,同时将一个单独分区挂在/www上用户存放web应用程序。


groupadd -g 80 www
adduser -o --home /www --uid 80 --gid 80 -c"Web Application"www

添加nginx的YUM源

cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo <[nginx]
name=nginx repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/6/x86_64/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
EOF

开始安装nginx

yum search nginx
yum install -y nginx
chkconfig nginx on
service nginx start

如果你不懂编译器优化,建议你使用rpm方案。在不优化的情况下编译出来程序很臃肿。


 


# rpm -qa | grep nginx
nginx-1.2.5-1.el6.ngx.x86_645.1. host 配置
mkdir -p /www/www.mydomain.com/htdocs
cd /etc/nginx/conf.d
cp default.conf www.mydomain.com.conf
vim www.mydomain.com.conf
server {
listen 80;
server_name www.mydomain.com;
charset utf-8;
access_log /var/log/nginx/www.mydomain.com.access.log main;
location / {
root /www/www.mydomain.com/htdocs;
index index.html index.php;
}
#error_page 404 /404.html;
# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root /usr/share/nginx/html;
}
# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ .php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}
# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
location ~ .php$ {
root html;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /www/www.mydomain.com/htdocs$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;
}
# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
location ~ /.ht {
deny all;
}
}

创建测试页面


cat >> /www/www.mydomain.com/htdocs/index.php <<?php
phpinfo();
PHP

启动服务器


service php-fpm start
service nginx start

检查index.php输出


# curl -H HOST:www.mydomain.com http://127.0.0.1/index.php
6. redis-2.4.10

安装fedora的YUM源,


rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm

安装redis


# yum install redis
# chkconfig redis on
# service redis start

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