Bound Service 之 Messenger

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Bound Service 之 Messenger

大利猫 2015-10-16 23:34:00 浏览824
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上一片文章《Bound Service 之本地Binder》介绍了 Service 的bind方法的基本使用。现在再来解释下Bound Service的第二种用法。

  • 使用Messenger
如果你的service需要向远程进程(remote processes)提供服务,你可以使用Messenger提供接口。这个技术可以使你不用不使用AIDL也能实现跨进程IPC。如果阅读下文有疑问或困难可以先看看之前写过的关于Messenger的一篇文章: 《Messenger解析(和Handler、IBinder、Message的关系) 》
实现步骤:
1.service 要实现一个handler用来接收处理client传来的消息。
2.创建一个Messender关联到handler
3.使用messenger的IBinder作为unbind方法的返回值
4.client 得到IBinder之后创建一个messender(持有共同的IBinder,共同的handler达到通信),使用messenger向service发送请求。
  service收到client的消息在handler中处理。
这种方式没有直接在service中定义公用方法了。
例子:
server:
public class MessengerService extends Service {
    /** Command to the service to display a message */
    static final int MSG_SAY_HELLO = 1;

    /**
     * Handler of incoming messages from clients.
     */
    class IncomingHandler extends Handler {
        @Override
        public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
            switch (msg.what) {
                case MSG_SAY_HELLO:
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "hello!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                    break;
                default:
                    super.handleMessage(msg);
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Target we publish for clients to send messages to IncomingHandler.
     */
    final Messenger mMessenger = new Messenger(new IncomingHandler());

    /**
     * When binding to the service, we return an interface to our messenger
     * for sending messages to the service.
     */
    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "binding", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        return mMessenger.getBinder();
    }
}
client:
public class ActivityMessenger extends Activity {
    /** Messenger for communicating with the service. */
    Messenger mService = null;

    /** Flag indicating whether we have called bind on the service. */
    boolean mBound;

    /**
     * Class for interacting with the main interface of the service.
     */
    private ServiceConnection mConnection = new ServiceConnection() {
        public void onServiceConnected(ComponentName className, IBinder service) {
            // This is called when the connection with the service has been
            // established, giving us the object we can use to
            // interact with the service.  We are communicating with the
            // service using a Messenger, so here we get a client-side
            // representation of that from the raw IBinder object.
            mService = new Messenger(service);
            mBound = true;
        }

        public void onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName className) {
            // This is called when the connection with the service has been
            // unexpectedly disconnected -- that is, its process crashed.
            mService = null;
            mBound = false;
        }
    };

    public void sayHello(View v) {
        if (!mBound) return;
        // Create and send a message to the service, using a supported 'what' value
        Message msg = Message.obtain(null, MessengerService.MSG_SAY_HELLO, 0, 0);
        try {
            mService.send(msg);
        } catch (RemoteException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onStart() {
        super.onStart();
        // Bind to the service
        bindService(new Intent(this, MessengerService.class), mConnection,
            Context.BIND_AUTO_CREATE);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onStop() {
        super.onStop();
        // Unbind from the service
        if (mBound) {
            unbindService(mConnection);
            mBound = false;
        }
    }
}

Bound Service 之 Messenger 介绍道这里,下篇文章介绍,Bound Service 的第三种方式:AIDL。

文章参考:http://developer.android.com/guide/components/bound-services.html

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