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PostgreSQL VS Oracle OLTP 的测试方法 - 2

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PostgreSQL VS Oracle OLTP 的测试方法 - 2

德哥 2015-12-10 13:21:38 浏览1636 评论0

摘要: 本文主要是针对Oracle的测试, PostgreSQL的测试和测试结果请参考上一篇: http://blog.163.com/digoal@126/blog/static/163877040201541104656600/ Oracle版本为12c。

本文主要是针对Oracle的测试, PostgreSQL的测试和测试结果请参考上一篇:
http://blog.163.com/digoal@126/blog/static/163877040201541104656600/

Oracle版本为12c。硬件和软件环境与上一篇测试PostgreSQL的保持一致,同一台主机,测试时关闭其他任何有干扰的服务和软件。
调整Oracle参数,创建测试表,生成测试数据:
SQL> create tablespace tbs_digoal datafile '/data01/oradata/tbs_digoal' size 30G autoextend off;
SQL> create tablespace tbs_digoal_idx datafile '/data02/oradata/tbs_digoal_idx' size 30G autoextend off;

SQL> create user digoal identified by digoal default tablespace tbs_digoal;
SQL> grant resource,connect,dba to digoal;
SQL> grant unlimited tablespace to digoal;

SQL> alter system set processes=2000 scope=spfile;
SQL> alter system set SGA_TARGET=24G scope=spfile;
SQL> alter system set PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET=1G scope=spfile;
SQL> alter system set db_keep_cache_size=10G scope=spfile;
SQL> alter system set CURSOR_SHARING=force scope=spfile;
SQL> alter system set commit_logging='batch' scope=spfile;  
SQL> alter system set commit_write='nowait' scope=spfile;

SQL> shutdown immediate
SQL> startup

SQL> conn digoal/digoal
SQL> create table tbl (id int,info varchar2(256),crt_time date) tablespace tbs_digoal;

插入测试数据:
declare   
id int := 1; 
begin   
loop   
exit when id>50000000; 
insert into digoal.tbl nologging select id,sysdate,sysdate from dual;
id := id+1;
end loop; 
commit;
end; 
/

-- 或
 
declare  
maxrecords constant int := 50000000; 
begin 
for id in 1..maxrecords loop 
insert into digoal.tbl nologging select id,sysdate,sysdate from dual;
end loop; 
dbms_output.put_line('成功导入数据!'); 
commit; 
end; 
/

-- 或
SQL> insert into digoal.tbl nologging select rownum,sysdate,sysdate from dual connect by level <=50000000;

创建主键,将数据加载到内存。
SQL> alter table digoal.tbl add constraint tbl_pkey primary key(id) using index tablespace tbs_digoal_idx;
SQL> alter table digoal.tbl storage (buffer_pool KEEP);
SQL> alter index digoal.tbl_pkey storage (buffer_pool KEEP);

修改profile
# vi /etc/profile
export ORACLE_BASE=/opt/oracle/product
export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/12.0.2/db_1
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH

# . /etc/profile

安装python oracle驱动
# wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/c/cx_Oracle/cx_Oracle-5.1.3.tar.gz#md5=cd6ff16559cbc9c20087ec812c7092ab
# tar -zxvf cx_Oracle-5.1.3.tar.gz
# cd cx_Oracle-5.1.3
# python setup.py install

python测试脚本:
# vi test.py
import threading
import time
import cx_Oracle
import random

dsn=cx_Oracle.makedsn('127.0.0.1', 1521, 'oradb')

xs=12000
tps=dict()

class n_t(threading.Thread):   # The timer class is derived from the class threading.Thread
  def __init__(self, num):
    threading.Thread.__init__(self)
    self.thread_num = num

  def run(self): #Overwrite run() method, put what you want the thread do here
    db=cx_Oracle.connect('digoal','digoal',dsn)
    db.autocommit=1
    cur=db.cursor()
    pre=cur.prepare('update /*SQL' + str(self.thread_num) + '*/ tbl set info=sysdate,crt_time=sysdate where id=:id')

    tps[self.thread_num] = dict()

    f = open("/tmp/oracle_test." + str(self.thread_num), "w")

    for x in range(1,3001):
      start_t = time.time()
      for i in range(0,xs):
        cur.execute(pre,{'id':random.randrange(1,50000000)})    
      stop_t = time.time()
      tps[self.thread_num][x] = round(xs/(stop_t-start_t),2)
      res = "Round: " + str(x) + " TID: " + str(self.thread_num) + " Sec: " + str(round((stop_t-start_t),2)) + " tps: " + str(tps[self.thread_num][x])
      print >> f, res
      f.flush()

    f.close()

def test():
  t_names = []
  for i in xrange(0,26):
    t_names.append(n_t(i))

  for t in t_names:
    t.start()
  
  return

if __name__ == '__main__':
  test()

更新(26 conn)测试:
# nohup python ./test.py >/dev/null 2>&1 &
测试结果,约10秒输出一次tps:
# less /tmp/oracle_test.22
Round: 1 TID: 22 Sec: 11.46 tps: 1187.12
Round: 2 TID: 22 Sec: 11.34 tps: 1198.65
.....
其他线程结果略。

测试结果合并:
# vi tps.py
import fileinput

file = dict()
line = dict()
tps=0

for i in xrange(0,26):
  file[i] = open("/tmp/oracle_test." + str(i))
 
while 1:
    for i in xrange(0,26):
      line[i] = file[i].readline().split(" ",8)[7]
      tps = tps + float(line[i])

    print(str(tps))
    tps=0

    if not line[0]:
      break
      
for i in xrange(0,26):
  file[i].close()

# python tps.py
33792.57
29093.92
33370.67
33768.3
33750.5
33458.86
30580.32
33369.79
......
图1:
Oracle UPDATE TPS集中在32000到33000,比较平顺。

查询(36 conn)测试:
测试脚本:
# vi test.py
import threading
import time
import cx_Oracle
import random

dsn=cx_Oracle.makedsn('127.0.0.1', 1521, 'oradb')

xs=12000
tps=dict()

class n_t(threading.Thread):   # The timer class is derived from the class threading.Thread
  def __init__(self, num):
    threading.Thread.__init__(self)
    self.thread_num = num

  def run(self): #Overwrite run() method, put what you want the thread do here
    db=cx_Oracle.connect('digoal','digoal',dsn)
    db.autocommit=1
    cur=db.cursor()
    pre=cur.prepare('select /*SQL' + str(self.thread_num) + '*/ * from tbl where id=:id')

    tps[self.thread_num] = dict()

    f = open("/tmp/oracle_test." + str(self.thread_num), "w")

    for x in range(1,3001):
      start_t = time.time()
      for i in range(0,xs):
        cur.execute(pre,{'id':random.randrange(1,50000000)})    
      stop_t = time.time()
      tps[self.thread_num][x] = round(xs/(stop_t-start_t),2)
      res = "Round: " + str(x) + " TID: " + str(self.thread_num) + " Sec: " + str(round((stop_t-start_t),2)) + " tps: " + str(tps[self.thread_num][x])
      print >> f, res
      f.flush()

    f.close()

def test():
  t_names = []
  for i in xrange(0,36):
    t_names.append(n_t(i))

  for t in t_names:
    t.start()
  
  return

if __name__ == '__main__':
  test()
测试结果:
# less oracle_test.0
Round: 1 TID: 0 Sec: 13.37 tps: 897.85
Round: 2 TID: 0 Sec: 11.72 tps: 1023.83
Round: 3 TID: 0 Sec: 11.89 tps: 1009.26
Round: 4 TID: 0 Sec: 11.82 tps: 1015.2
Round: 5 TID: 0 Sec: 11.84 tps: 1013.37
Round: 6 TID: 0 Sec: 11.91 tps: 1007.87
Round: 7 TID: 0 Sec: 11.97 tps: 1002.33
Round: 8 TID: 0 Sec: 11.96 tps: 1003.0
Round: 9 TID: 0 Sec: 11.92 tps: 1007.11
Round: 10 TID: 0 Sec: 11.75 tps: 1020.97
Round: 11 TID: 0 Sec: 11.75 tps: 1021.17
Round: 12 TID: 0 Sec: 11.95 tps: 1004.07
Round: 13 TID: 0 Sec: 11.81 tps: 1015.96
......
合并结果:
36637.71
36436.34
36512.47
36614.69
36585.26
36553.55
36578.89
36540.29
36483.53
36594.29
36438.53
36518.64
36480.38
......
图2:

插入(20 conn)测试:
SQL> truncate table digoal.tbl;
SQL> create sequence digoal.seq cache 12000;
SQL> alter table digoal.tbl modify crt_time default sysdate;
SQL> alter table digoal.tbl modify info default sysdate;
SQL> alter table digoal.tbl storage (buffer_pool default);
SQL> alter index digoal.tbl_pkey storage (buffer_pool default);
测试脚本:
# vi test.py
import threading
import time
import cx_Oracle
import random

dsn=cx_Oracle.makedsn('127.0.0.1', 1521, 'oradb')

xs=12000
tps=dict()

class n_t(threading.Thread):   # The timer class is derived from the class threading.Thread
  def __init__(self, num):
    threading.Thread.__init__(self)
    self.thread_num = num

  def run(self): #Overwrite run() method, put what you want the thread do here
    db=cx_Oracle.connect('digoal','digoal',dsn)
    db.autocommit=1
    cur=db.cursor()
    pre=cur.prepare('insert /*SQL' + str(self.thread_num) +'*/ into tbl (id) values(seq.nextval)')

    tps[self.thread_num] = dict()

    f = open("/tmp/oracle_test." + str(self.thread_num), "w")

    for x in range(1,3001):
      start_t = time.time()
      for i in range(0,xs):
        cur.execute(pre)    
      stop_t = time.time()
      tps[self.thread_num][x] = round(xs/(stop_t-start_t),2)
      res = "Round: " + str(x) + " TID: " + str(self.thread_num) + " Sec: " + str(round((stop_t-start_t),2)) + " tps: " + str(tps[self.thread_num][x])
      print >> f, res
      f.flush()

    f.close()

def test():
  t_names = []
  for i in xrange(0,20):
    t_names.append(n_t(i))

  for t in t_names:
    t.start()
  
  return

if __name__ == '__main__':
  test()
测试结果:
# less oracle_test.19
Round: 1 TID: 19 Sec: 22.98 tps: 522.25
Round: 2 TID: 19 Sec: 27.12 tps: 442.54
Round: 3 TID: 19 Sec: 23.8 tps: 504.2
Round: 4 TID: 19 Sec: 26.47 tps: 453.35
Round: 5 TID: 19 Sec: 23.63 tps: 507.83
Round: 6 TID: 19 Sec: 23.78 tps: 504.72
Round: 7 TID: 19 Sec: 26.02 tps: 461.13
Round: 8 TID: 19 Sec: 23.9 tps: 502.02
Round: 9 TID: 19 Sec: 26.22 tps: 457.67
Round: 10 TID: 19 Sec: 23.48 tps: 511.14
Round: 11 TID: 19 Sec: 26.89 tps: 446.31
Round: 12 TID: 19 Sec: 22.46 tps: 534.37
......
合并结果:
10195.18
8863.84
10067.91
9167.06
9753.85
10024.51
9028.92
10006.42
8869.49
10251.39
9202.53
10048.2
10062.34
......
图3:
Oracle插入时需先写UNDO,再写redo,所以比较慢.

[其他]
1. 一开始测试脚本报错,ORA-24550 KPEDBG_HDL_PUSH_FCPTRMAX。
解决办法 : 
# cd /opt/oracle/product/12.0.2/db_1/network/admin/
# cp samples/sqlnet.ora ./
# vi sqlnet.ora
追加 : 
DIAG_ADR_ENABLED=FALSE
DIAG_SIGHANDLER_ENABLED=FALSE
DIAG_DDE_ENABLED=FALSE
2. 测试时遇到过大量的CURSOR pin S的等待事件,通过添加注释,改写SQL解决。
例如:
    pre=cur.prepare('insert /*SQL' + str(self.thread_num) +'*/ into tbl (id) values(seq.nextval)')
[参考]
1. http://blog.163.com/digoal@126/blog/static/163877040201541104656600/

图1
6597243489496061228
图2
6608833441562599399
图3
6630910535536760470

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