mybatis源码之执行器解析

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mybatis源码之执行器解析

魔法王者安琪拉 2019-08-30 11:54:57 浏览2356
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mytatis执行器主要职责是翻译jdbc操作,是mybatis非常重要的功能

  • 执行器类图如下
    image

-从上图中可以看出所有执行器都实现了Executor接口,定义了一些通用的操作,Executor的接口定义如下

/**
 *    Copyright 2009-2015 the original author or authors.
 *
 *    Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 *    you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *    You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *    Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *    distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *    WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *    See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *    limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.ibatis.executor;

import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.List;

import org.apache.ibatis.cache.CacheKey;
import org.apache.ibatis.cursor.Cursor;
import org.apache.ibatis.mapping.BoundSql;
import org.apache.ibatis.mapping.MappedStatement;
import org.apache.ibatis.reflection.MetaObject;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.ResultHandler;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.RowBounds;
import org.apache.ibatis.transaction.Transaction;

/**
 * @author Clinton Begin
 */
public interface Executor {

  ResultHandler NO_RESULT_HANDLER = null;

  int update(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter) throws SQLException;

  <E> List<E> query(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, CacheKey cacheKey, BoundSql boundSql) throws SQLException;

  <E> List<E> query(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler) throws SQLException;

  <E> Cursor<E> queryCursor(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds) throws SQLException;

  List<BatchResult> flushStatements() throws SQLException;

  void commit(boolean required) throws SQLException;

  void rollback(boolean required) throws SQLException;

  CacheKey createCacheKey(MappedStatement ms, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds, BoundSql boundSql);

  boolean isCached(MappedStatement ms, CacheKey key);

  void clearLocalCache();

  void deferLoad(MappedStatement ms, MetaObject resultObject, String property, CacheKey key, Class<?> targetType);

  Transaction getTransaction();

  void close(boolean forceRollback);

  boolean isClosed();

  void setExecutorWrapper(Executor executor);

}

主要的执行器用四种BatchExecutor,SimpleExecutor,ReuseExecutor,CachingExecutor
BatchExecutor 主要的功能处理批理操作

SimpleExecutor 默认执行器处理一般的操作

ReuseExecutor 重复使用,该执行器维护了一个sql与Statement对应关系的一个缓存对像,可以复用Statement

CachingExecutor 缓存执行器,TransactionalCacheManager维护缓存对像,一个本地的HashMap,当使用mybatis缓存时由该执行器负责处理

上面四种执行器除CachingExecutor没有继承BaseExecutor外,基它都继承BaseExecutor基本解析器,CachingExecutor具体执行的时候也是依赖于上面三种执行器,所以看看BaseExecutor做了什么操作


/**
 *    Copyright 2009-2017 the original author or authors.
 *
 *    Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 *    you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *    You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *    Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *    distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *    WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *    See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *    limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.ibatis.executor;

import static org.apache.ibatis.executor.ExecutionPlaceholder.EXECUTION_PLACEHOLDER;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentLinkedQueue;

import org.apache.ibatis.cache.CacheKey;
import org.apache.ibatis.cache.impl.PerpetualCache;
import org.apache.ibatis.cursor.Cursor;
import org.apache.ibatis.executor.statement.StatementUtil;
import org.apache.ibatis.logging.Log;
import org.apache.ibatis.logging.LogFactory;
import org.apache.ibatis.logging.jdbc.ConnectionLogger;
import org.apache.ibatis.mapping.BoundSql;
import org.apache.ibatis.mapping.MappedStatement;
import org.apache.ibatis.mapping.ParameterMapping;
import org.apache.ibatis.mapping.ParameterMode;
import org.apache.ibatis.mapping.StatementType;
import org.apache.ibatis.reflection.MetaObject;
import org.apache.ibatis.reflection.factory.ObjectFactory;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.Configuration;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.LocalCacheScope;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.ResultHandler;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.RowBounds;
import org.apache.ibatis.transaction.Transaction;
import org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeHandlerRegistry;

/**
 * @author Clinton Begin
 */
public abstract class BaseExecutor implements Executor {

  private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(BaseExecutor.class);

  protected Transaction transaction;
  protected Executor wrapper;

  protected ConcurrentLinkedQueue<DeferredLoad> deferredLoads;
  protected PerpetualCache localCache;
  protected PerpetualCache localOutputParameterCache;
  protected Configuration configuration;

  protected int queryStack;
  private boolean closed;

  protected BaseExecutor(Configuration configuration, Transaction transaction) {
    this.transaction = transaction;
    this.deferredLoads = new ConcurrentLinkedQueue<DeferredLoad>();
    this.localCache = new PerpetualCache("LocalCache");
    this.localOutputParameterCache = new PerpetualCache("LocalOutputParameterCache");
    this.closed = false;
    this.configuration = configuration;
    this.wrapper = this;
  }

  @Override
  public Transaction getTransaction() {
    if (closed) {
      throw new ExecutorException("Executor was closed.");
    }
    return transaction;
  }

  @Override
  public void close(boolean forceRollback) {
    try {
      try {
        rollback(forceRollback);
      } finally {
        if (transaction != null) {
          transaction.close();
        }
      }
    } catch (SQLException e) {
      // Ignore.  There's nothing that can be done at this point.
      log.warn("Unexpected exception on closing transaction.  Cause: " + e);
    } finally {
      transaction = null;
      deferredLoads = null;
      localCache = null;
      localOutputParameterCache = null;
      closed = true;
    }
  }

  @Override
  public boolean isClosed() {
    return closed;
  }

  @Override
  public int update(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter) throws SQLException {
    ErrorContext.instance().resource(ms.getResource()).activity("executing an update").object(ms.getId());
    if (closed) {
      throw new ExecutorException("Executor was closed.");
    }
    clearLocalCache();
    return doUpdate(ms, parameter);
  }

  @Override
  public List<BatchResult> flushStatements() throws SQLException {
    return flushStatements(false);
  }

  public List<BatchResult> flushStatements(boolean isRollBack) throws SQLException {
    if (closed) {
      throw new ExecutorException("Executor was closed.");
    }
    return doFlushStatements(isRollBack);
  }

  @Override
  public <E> List<E> query(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler) throws SQLException {
    BoundSql boundSql = ms.getBoundSql(parameter);
    CacheKey key = createCacheKey(ms, parameter, rowBounds, boundSql);
    return query(ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, key, boundSql);
 }

  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  @Override
  public <E> List<E> query(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, CacheKey key, BoundSql boundSql) throws SQLException {
    ErrorContext.instance().resource(ms.getResource()).activity("executing a query").object(ms.getId());
    if (closed) {
      throw new ExecutorException("Executor was closed.");
    }
    if (queryStack == 0 && ms.isFlushCacheRequired()) {
      clearLocalCache();
    }
    List<E> list;
    try {
      queryStack++;
      list = resultHandler == null ? (List<E>) localCache.getObject(key) : null;
      if (list != null) {
        handleLocallyCachedOutputParameters(ms, key, parameter, boundSql);
      } else {
        list = queryFromDatabase(ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, key, boundSql);
      }
    } finally {
      queryStack--;
    }
    if (queryStack == 0) {
      for (DeferredLoad deferredLoad : deferredLoads) {
        deferredLoad.load();
      }
      // issue #601
      deferredLoads.clear();
      if (configuration.getLocalCacheScope() == LocalCacheScope.STATEMENT) {
        // issue #482
        clearLocalCache();
      }
    }
    return list;
  }

  @Override
  public <E> Cursor<E> queryCursor(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds) throws SQLException {
    BoundSql boundSql = ms.getBoundSql(parameter);
    return doQueryCursor(ms, parameter, rowBounds, boundSql);
  }

  @Override
  public void deferLoad(MappedStatement ms, MetaObject resultObject, String property, CacheKey key, Class<?> targetType) {
    if (closed) {
      throw new ExecutorException("Executor was closed.");
    }
    DeferredLoad deferredLoad = new DeferredLoad(resultObject, property, key, localCache, configuration, targetType);
    if (deferredLoad.canLoad()) {
      deferredLoad.load();
    } else {
      deferredLoads.add(new DeferredLoad(resultObject, property, key, localCache, configuration, targetType));
    }
  }

  @Override
  public CacheKey createCacheKey(MappedStatement ms, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds, BoundSql boundSql) {
    if (closed) {
      throw new ExecutorException("Executor was closed.");
    }
    CacheKey cacheKey = new CacheKey();
    cacheKey.update(ms.getId());
    cacheKey.update(rowBounds.getOffset());
    cacheKey.update(rowBounds.getLimit());
    cacheKey.update(boundSql.getSql());
    List<ParameterMapping> parameterMappings = boundSql.getParameterMappings();
    TypeHandlerRegistry typeHandlerRegistry = ms.getConfiguration().getTypeHandlerRegistry();
    // mimic DefaultParameterHandler logic
    for (ParameterMapping parameterMapping : parameterMappings) {
      if (parameterMapping.getMode() != ParameterMode.OUT) {
        Object value;
        String propertyName = parameterMapping.getProperty();
        if (boundSql.hasAdditionalParameter(propertyName)) {
          value = boundSql.getAdditionalParameter(propertyName);
        } else if (parameterObject == null) {
          value = null;
        } else if (typeHandlerRegistry.hasTypeHandler(parameterObject.getClass())) {
          value = parameterObject;
        } else {
          MetaObject metaObject = configuration.newMetaObject(parameterObject);
          value = metaObject.getValue(propertyName);
        }
        cacheKey.update(value);
      }
    }
    if (configuration.getEnvironment() != null) {
      // issue #176
      cacheKey.update(configuration.getEnvironment().getId());
    }
    return cacheKey;
  }

  @Override
  public boolean isCached(MappedStatement ms, CacheKey key) {
    return localCache.getObject(key) != null;
  }

  @Override
  public void commit(boolean required) throws SQLException {
    if (closed) {
      throw new ExecutorException("Cannot commit, transaction is already closed");
    }
    clearLocalCache();
    flushStatements();
    if (required) {
      transaction.commit();
    }
  }

  @Override
  public void rollback(boolean required) throws SQLException {
    if (!closed) {
      try {
        clearLocalCache();
        flushStatements(true);
      } finally {
        if (required) {
          transaction.rollback();
        }
      }
    }
  }

  @Override
  public void clearLocalCache() {
    if (!closed) {
      localCache.clear();
      localOutputParameterCache.clear();
    }
  }

  protected abstract int doUpdate(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter)
      throws SQLException;

  protected abstract List<BatchResult> doFlushStatements(boolean isRollback)
      throws SQLException;

  protected abstract <E> List<E> doQuery(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, BoundSql boundSql)
      throws SQLException;

  protected abstract <E> Cursor<E> doQueryCursor(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, BoundSql boundSql)
      throws SQLException;

  protected void closeStatement(Statement statement) {
    if (statement != null) {
      try {
        if (!statement.isClosed()) {
          statement.close();
        }
      } catch (SQLException e) {
        // ignore
      }
    }
  }

  /**
   * Apply a transaction timeout.
   * @param statement a current statement
   * @throws SQLException if a database access error occurs, this method is called on a closed <code>Statement</code>
   * @since 3.4.0
   * @see StatementUtil#applyTransactionTimeout(Statement, Integer, Integer)
   */
  protected void applyTransactionTimeout(Statement statement) throws SQLException {
    StatementUtil.applyTransactionTimeout(statement, statement.getQueryTimeout(), transaction.getTimeout());
  }

  private void handleLocallyCachedOutputParameters(MappedStatement ms, CacheKey key, Object parameter, BoundSql boundSql) {
    if (ms.getStatementType() == StatementType.CALLABLE) {
      final Object cachedParameter = localOutputParameterCache.getObject(key);
      if (cachedParameter != null && parameter != null) {
        final MetaObject metaCachedParameter = configuration.newMetaObject(cachedParameter);
        final MetaObject metaParameter = configuration.newMetaObject(parameter);
        for (ParameterMapping parameterMapping : boundSql.getParameterMappings()) {
          if (parameterMapping.getMode() != ParameterMode.IN) {
            final String parameterName = parameterMapping.getProperty();
            final Object cachedValue = metaCachedParameter.getValue(parameterName);
            metaParameter.setValue(parameterName, cachedValue);
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  private <E> List<E> queryFromDatabase(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, CacheKey key, BoundSql boundSql) throws SQLException {
    List<E> list;
    localCache.putObject(key, EXECUTION_PLACEHOLDER);
    try {
      list = doQuery(ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
    } finally {
      localCache.removeObject(key);
    }
    localCache.putObject(key, list);
    if (ms.getStatementType() == StatementType.CALLABLE) {
      localOutputParameterCache.putObject(key, parameter);
    }
    return list;
  }

  protected Connection getConnection(Log statementLog) throws SQLException {
    Connection connection = transaction.getConnection();
    if (statementLog.isDebugEnabled()) {
      return ConnectionLogger.newInstance(connection, statementLog, queryStack);
    } else {
      return connection;
    }
  }

  @Override
  public void setExecutorWrapper(Executor wrapper) {
    this.wrapper = wrapper;
  }
  
  private static class DeferredLoad {

    private final MetaObject resultObject;
    private final String property;
    private final Class<?> targetType;
    private final CacheKey key;
    private final PerpetualCache localCache;
    private final ObjectFactory objectFactory;
    private final ResultExtractor resultExtractor;

    // issue #781
    public DeferredLoad(MetaObject resultObject,
                        String property,
                        CacheKey key,
                        PerpetualCache localCache,
                        Configuration configuration,
                        Class<?> targetType) {
      this.resultObject = resultObject;
      this.property = property;
      this.key = key;
      this.localCache = localCache;
      this.objectFactory = configuration.getObjectFactory();
      this.resultExtractor = new ResultExtractor(configuration, objectFactory);
      this.targetType = targetType;
    }

    public boolean canLoad() {
      return localCache.getObject(key) != null && localCache.getObject(key) != EXECUTION_PLACEHOLDER;
    }

    public void load() {
      @SuppressWarnings( "unchecked" )
      // we suppose we get back a List
      List<Object> list = (List<Object>) localCache.getObject(key);
      Object value = resultExtractor.extractObjectFromList(list, targetType);
      resultObject.setValue(property, value);
    }

  }

}

从源码中可以看出来,实现了获取Connection,封装返回结果,一些通抽方法的实现,我们在看下SimpleExecutor的简单操作
查询操作


  @Override
  public <E> List<E> doQuery(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, BoundSql boundSql) throws SQLException {
    Statement stmt = null;
    try {
      Configuration configuration = ms.getConfiguration();
      StatementHandler handler = configuration.newStatementHandler(wrapper, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
      stmt = prepareStatement(handler, ms.getStatementLog());
      return handler.<E>query(stmt, resultHandler);
    } finally {
      closeStatement(stmt);
    }
  }
  private Statement prepareStatement(StatementHandler handler, Log statementLog) throws SQLException {
    Statement stmt;
    Connection connection = getConnection(statementLog);
    stmt = handler.prepare(connection, transaction.getTimeout());
    handler.parameterize(stmt);
    return stmt;
  }

看到Statement就明白是怎么回事

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