MySQL MGR集群单主模式的自动搭建和自动化故障修复

  1. 云栖社区>
  2. 博客>
  3. 正文

MySQL MGR集群单主模式的自动搭建和自动化故障修复

优惠码优惠 2019-08-25 11:39:16 浏览180
展开阅读全文

MySQL MGR集群单主模式的自动搭建和自动化故障修复
/*
the waiting game:尽管人生如此艰难,不要放弃;不要妥协;不要失去希望
*/

随着MySQL MGR的版本的升级以及技术成熟,在把MHA拉下神坛之后, MGR越来越成为MySQL高可用的首选方案。
MGR的搭建并不算很复杂,但是有一系列手工操作步骤,为了简便MGR的搭建和故障诊断,这里完成了一个自动化的脚本,来实现MGR的自动化搭建,自动化故障诊断以及修复。

MGR自动化搭建
为了简便起见,这里以单机多实例的模式进行测试,
先装好三个MySQL实例,端口号分别是7001,7002,7003,其中7001作为写节点,其余两个节点作为读节,8000节点是笔者的另外一个测试节点,请忽略。
在指明主从节点的情况下,如下为mgr_tool.py一键搭建MGR集群的测试demo

MGR故障模拟1

MGR节点故障自动监测和自愈实现,如下是搭建完成后的MGR集群,目前集群处于完全正常的状态中。

主观造成主从节点间binlog的丢失

在主节点上对于对于从节点丢失的数据操作,GTID无法找到对应的数据,组复制立马熄火

非写入节点出现错误

看下errorlog

如果是手动解决的话,还是GTID跳过错误事物的套路,master上的GTID信息

尝试跳过最新的一个事物ID,然后重新连接到组,可以正常连接到组,另外一个节点仍旧处于error状态

stop group_replication;
SET GTID_NEXT='6c81c118-e67c-4416-9cb0-2d573d178c1d:13';
BEGIN; COMMIT;
set gtid_next='automatic';

另外一个节点类似,依次解决。

MGR故障模拟2

从节点脱离Group

这种情况倒是比较简单,重新开始组复制即可,start group_replication

MGR故障自动检测和修复

对于如上的两种情况,
1,如果是从节点丢失主节点的事物,尝试在从节点上跳过GTID,重新开始复制即可
2,如果是从节点非丢失主节点事物,尝试在从节点重新开始组复制即可

实现代码如下

复制代码
def auto_fix_mgr_error(conn_master_dict,conn_slave_dict):

group_replication_status = get_group_replication_status(conn_slave_dict)
if(group_replication_status[0]["MEMBER_STATE"]=="ERROR" or group_replication_status[0]["MEMBER_STATE"] == "OFFLINE"):
    print(conn_slave_dict["host"]+str(conn_slave_dict["port"])+'------>'+group_replication_status[0]["MEMBER_STATE"])
    print("auto fixing......")
    while 1 > 0:
        master_gtid_list = get_gtid(conn_master_dict)
        slave_gtid_list = get_gtid(conn_slave_dict)
        master_executed_gtid_value = int((master_gtid_list[-1]["Executed_Gtid_Set"]).split("-")[-1])
        slave_executed_gtid_value = int(slave_gtid_list[-1]["Executed_Gtid_Set"].split("-")[-1])
        slave_executed_gtid_prefix = slave_gtid_list[-1]["Executed_Gtid_Set"].split(":")[0]
        slave_executed_skiped_gtid = slave_executed_gtid_value + 1
        if (master_executed_gtid_value > slave_executed_gtid_value):
            print("skip gtid and restart group replication,skiped gtid is "
                  + slave_gtid_list[-1]["Executed_Gtid_Set"].split(":")[-1].split("-")[0]
                  + ":"+str(slave_executed_skiped_gtid))
            slave_executed_skiped_gtid = slave_executed_gtid_prefix+":"+str(slave_executed_skiped_gtid)
            skip_gtid_on_slave(conn_slave_dict,slave_executed_skiped_gtid)
            time.sleep(10)
            start_group_replication(conn_slave_dict)
            if(get_group_replication_status(conn_slave_dict)[0]["MEMBER_STATE"]=="ONLINE"):
                print("mgr cluster fixed,back to normal")
                break
        else:
            start_group_replication(conn_slave_dict)
            if(get_group_replication_status(conn_slave_dict)[0]["MEMBER_STATE"]=="ONLINE"):
                print("mgr cluster fixed,back to normal")
            break
elif (group_replication_status[0]['MEMBER_STATE'] == 'ONLINE'):
    print("mgr cluster is normal,nothing to do")
    check_replication_group_members(conn_slave_dict)

复制代码

对于故障类型1,GTID事物不一致的自动化修复

对于故障类型2从节点offline的自动化修复

完整的实现代码

该过程要求MySQL实例必须满足MGR的基本条件,如果环境本身无法满足MGR,一切都无从谈起,因此要非常清楚MGR环境的最基本要求

完成的实现代码如下,花了一个下午写的,目前来说存在以下不足
1,创建复制用户的时候,没有指定具体的slave机器,目前直接指定的%:create user repl@'%' identified by repl
2,对于slave的修复,目前无法整体修复,只能一台一台修复,其实就是少了一个循环slave机器判断的过程
3,目前搭建之前都会reset master(不管主从,主要是清理可能的残留GTID),因此只适合新环境的搭建
4,目前只支持offline和gtid事物冲突的错误类型修复,无法支持其他MGR错误类型的修复
5,开发环境是单机多实例模式测试,没有在多机单实例模式下充分测试
以上都会逐步改善&加强。

复制代码

-- coding: utf-8 --

import pymysql
import logging
import time
import decimal

def execute_query(conn_dict,sql):

conn = pymysql.connect(host=conn_dict['host'],
                       port=conn_dict['port'],
                       user=conn_dict['user'],
                       passwd=conn_dict['password'],
                       db=conn_dict['db'])
cursor = conn.cursor(pymysql.cursors.DictCursor)
cursor.execute(sql)
list = cursor.fetchall()
cursor.close()
conn.close()
return list

def execute_noquery(conn_dict,sql):

conn = pymysql.connect(host=conn_dict['host'],
                       port=conn_dict['port'],
                       user=conn_dict['user'],
                       passwd=conn_dict['password'],
                       db=conn_dict['db'])
cursor = conn.cursor()
cursor.execute(sql)
conn.commit()
cursor.close()
conn.close()
return list

def get_gtid(conn_dict):

sql = "show master status;"
list = execute_query(conn_dict,sql)
return list

def skip_gtid_on_slave(conn_dict,gtid):

sql_1 = 'stop group_replication;'
sql_2 = '''set gtid_next='{0}';'''.format(gtid)
sql_3 = 'begin;'
sql_4 = 'commit;'
sql_5 = '''set gtid_next='automatic';'''

try:
    execute_noquery(conn_dict, sql_1)
    execute_noquery(conn_dict, sql_2)
    execute_noquery(conn_dict, sql_3)
    execute_noquery(conn_dict, sql_4)
    execute_noquery(conn_dict, sql_5)
except:
    raise

def get_group_replication_status(conn_dict):

sql = '''select MEMBER_STATE from performance_schema.replication_group_members 
        where (MEMBER_HOST = '{0}' or ifnull(MEMBER_HOST,'') = '')   
        AND (MEMBER_PORT={1} or ifnull(MEMBER_PORT,'') ='') ; '''.format(conn_dict["host"], conn_dict["port"])
result = execute_query(conn_dict,sql)
if result:
    return result
else:
    return None

def check_replication_group_members(conn_dict):

print('-------------------------------------------------------')
result = execute_query(conn_dict, " select * from performance_schema.replication_group_members; ")
if result:
    column = result[0].keys()
    current_row = ''
    for key in column:
        current_row += str(key) + "    "
    print(current_row)

    for row in result:
        current_row = ''
        for key in row.values():
            current_row += str(key) + "    "
        print(current_row)
print('-------------------------------------------------------')

def auto_fix_mgr_error(conn_master_dict,conn_slave_dict):

group_replication_status = get_group_replication_status(conn_slave_dict)
if(group_replication_status[0]["MEMBER_STATE"]=="ERROR" or group_replication_status[0]["MEMBER_STATE"] == "OFFLINE"):
    print(conn_slave_dict["host"]+str(conn_slave_dict["port"])+'------>'+group_replication_status[0]["MEMBER_STATE"])
    print("auto fixing......")
    while 1 > 0:
        master_gtid_list = get_gtid(conn_master_dict)
        slave_gtid_list = get_gtid(conn_slave_dict)
        master_executed_gtid_value = int((master_gtid_list[-1]["Executed_Gtid_Set"]).split("-")[-1])
        slave_executed_gtid_value = int(slave_gtid_list[-1]["Executed_Gtid_Set"].split("-")[-1])
        slave_executed_gtid_prefix = slave_gtid_list[-1]["Executed_Gtid_Set"].split(":")[0]
        slave_executed_skiped_gtid = slave_executed_gtid_value + 1
        if (master_executed_gtid_value > slave_executed_gtid_value):
            print("skip gtid and restart group replication,skiped gtid is "
                  + slave_gtid_list[-1]["Executed_Gtid_Set"].split(":")[-1].split("-")[0]
                  + ":"+str(slave_executed_skiped_gtid))
            slave_executed_skiped_gtid = slave_executed_gtid_prefix+":"+str(slave_executed_skiped_gtid)
            skip_gtid_on_slave(conn_slave_dict,slave_executed_skiped_gtid)
            time.sleep(10)
            start_group_replication(conn_slave_dict)
            if(get_group_replication_status(conn_slave_dict)[0]["MEMBER_STATE"]=="ONLINE"):
                print("mgr cluster fixed,back to normal")
                break
        else:
            start_group_replication(conn_slave_dict)
            if(get_group_replication_status(conn_slave_dict)[0]["MEMBER_STATE"]=="ONLINE"):
                print("mgr cluster fixed,back to normal")
            break
elif (group_replication_status[0]['MEMBER_STATE'] == 'ONLINE'):
    print("mgr cluster is normal,nothing to do")
    check_replication_group_members(conn_slave_dict)

'''
reset master
'''
def reset_master(conn_dict):

try:
    execute_noquery(conn_dict, "reset master;")
except:
    raise

def install_group_replication_plugin(conn_dict):

get_plugin_sql = "SELECT name,dl FROM mysql.plugin WHERE name = 'group_replication';"
install_plugin_sql = '''install plugin group_replication soname 'group_replication.so'; '''
try:
    result = execute_query(conn_dict, get_plugin_sql)
    if not result:
        execute_noquery(conn_dict, install_plugin_sql)
except:
    raise

def create_mgr_repl_user(conn_master_dict,user,password):

try:
    reset_master(conn_master_dict)
    sql_exists_user = '''select user from mysql.user where user = '{0}'; '''.format(user)
    user_list = execute_query(conn_master_dict,sql_exists_user)
    if not user_list:
        create_user_sql = '''create user {0}@'%' identified by '{1}'; '''.format(user,password)
        grant_privilege_sql = '''grant replication slave on *.* to {0}@'%';'''.format(user)
        execute_noquery(conn_master_dict,create_user_sql)
        execute_noquery(conn_master_dict, grant_privilege_sql)
        execute_noquery(conn_master_dict, "flush privileges;")
except:
    raise

def set_super_read_only_off(conn_dict):

super_read_only_off = '''set global super_read_only = 0;'''
execute_noquery(conn_dict, super_read_only_off)

def open_group_replication_bootstrap_group(conn_dict):

sql = '''select variable_name,variable_value from performance_schema.global_variables where variable_name = 'group_replication_bootstrap_group';'''
result = execute_query(conn_dict, sql)
open_bootstrap_group_sql = '''set @@global.group_replication_bootstrap_group=on;'''
if result and result[0]['variable_value']=="OFF":
    execute_noquery(conn_dict, open_bootstrap_group_sql)

def close_group_replication_bootstrap_group(conn_dict):

sql = '''select variable_name,variable_value from performance_schema.global_variables where variable_name = 'group_replication_bootstrap_group';'''
result = execute_query(conn_dict, sql)
close_bootstrap_group_sql = '''set @@global.group_replication_bootstrap_group=off;'''
if result and result[0]['variable_value'] == "ON":
    execute_noquery(conn_dict, close_bootstrap_group_sql)

def start_group_replication(conn_dict):

start_group_replication = '''start group_replication;'''
group_replication_status = get_group_replication_status(conn_dict)
if not (group_replication_status[0]['MEMBER_STATE'] == 'ONLINE'):
    execute_noquery(conn_dict, start_group_replication)

def connect_to_group(conn_dict,repl_user,repl_password):

connect_to_group_sql = '''change master to
                                master_user='{0}',
                                master_password='{1}'
                                for channel 'group_replication_recovery'; '''.format(repl_user,repl_password)
try:
    execute_noquery(conn_dict, connect_to_group_sql)
except:
    raise

def start_mgr_on_master(conn_master_dict,repl_user,repl_password):

try:
    set_super_read_only_off(conn_master_dict)
    reset_master(conn_master_dict)
    create_mgr_repl_user(conn_master_dict,repl_user,repl_password)
    connect_to_group(conn_master_dict,repl_user,repl_password)

    open_group_replication_bootstrap_group(conn_master_dict)
    start_group_replication(conn_master_dict)
    close_group_replication_bootstrap_group(conn_master_dict)

    group_replication_status = get_group_replication_status(conn_master_dict)
    if (group_replication_status[0]['MEMBER_STATE'] == 'ONLINE'):
        print("master added in mgr and run successfully")
        return True
except:
    raise
    print("############start master mgr error################")
    exit(1)

def start_mgr_on_slave(conn_slave_dict,repl_user,repl_password):

try:
    set_super_read_only_off(conn_slave_dict)
    reset_master(conn_slave_dict)
    connect_to_group(conn_slave_dict,repl_user,repl_password)
    start_group_replication(conn_slave_dict)
    # wait for 10
    time.sleep(10)
    # then check mgr status
    group_replication_status = get_group_replication_status(conn_slave_dict)
    if (group_replication_status[0]['MEMBER_STATE'] == 'ONLINE'):
        print("slave added in mgr and run successfully")
    if (group_replication_status[0]['MEMBER_STATE'] == 'RECOVERING'):
        print("slave is recovering")
except:
    print("############start slave mgr error################")
    exit(1)

def auto_mgr(conn_master,conn_slave_1,conn_slave_2,repl_user,repl_password):

install_group_replication_plugin(conn_master)
master_replication_status = get_group_replication_status(conn_master)

if not (master_replication_status[0]['MEMBER_STATE'] == 'ONLINE'):
    start_mgr_on_master(conn_master,repl_user,repl_password)

slave1_replication_status = get_group_replication_status(conn_slave_1)
if not (slave1_replication_status[0]['MEMBER_STATE'] == 'ONLINE'):
    install_group_replication_plugin(conn_slave_1)
    start_mgr_on_slave(conn_slave_1, repl_user, repl_user)

slave2_replication_status = get_group_replication_status(conn_slave_2)
if not (slave2_replication_status[0]['MEMBER_STATE'] == 'ONLINE'):
    install_group_replication_plugin(conn_slave_2)
    start_mgr_on_slave(conn_slave_2, repl_user, repl_user)

check_replication_group_members(conn_master)

if name == '__main__':

conn_master  = {'host': '127.0.0.1', 'port': 7001, 'user': 'root', 'password': 'root', 'db': 'mysql', 'charset': 'utf8mb4'}
conn_slave_1 = {'host': '127.0.0.1', 'port': 7002, 'user': 'root', 'password': 'root', 'db': 'mysql', 'charset': 'utf8mb4'}
conn_slave_2 = {'host': '127.0.0.1', 'port': 7003, 'user': 'root', 'password': 'root', 'db': 'mysql', 'charset': 'utf8mb4'}
repl_user = "repl"
repl_password = "repl"
#auto_mgr(conn_master,conn_slave_1,conn_slave_2,repl_user,repl_password)

auto_fix_mgr_error(conn_master,conn_slave_1)
check_replication_group_members(conn_master)

复制代码
原文地址https://www.cnblogs.com/wy123/p/11391292.html

网友评论

作者关闭了评论
优惠码优惠
+ 关注