Elasticsearch 6.1.0 启动过程

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Elasticsearch 6.1.0 启动过程

晴天哥 2018-12-05 21:38:19 浏览143 评论0

摘要: 开篇  这篇文章主要目的是想梳理下elasticserach在启动过程中的核心步骤,宏观上讲解清楚elasticsearch启动过程中都做了哪些事情。  原本想通过流程图来进行画,后来网上有人通过xmind来分析整个过程,发现也能够讲解的非常清楚,因此同样采用xmind来自上而下讲解整个过程。

开篇

 这篇文章主要目的是想梳理下elasticserach在启动过程中的核心步骤,宏观上讲解清楚elasticsearch启动过程中都做了哪些事情。

 原本想通过流程图来进行画,后来网上有人通过xmind来分析整个过程,发现也能够讲解的非常清楚,因此同样采用xmind来自上而下讲解整个过程。


启动过程图

说明:

  • 1.通过XMind记录ES启动流程的整个过程。
  • 2.阅读顺序从上往下,标红色旗子的部分是核心流程
  • 3.核心流程我概括为:配置加载;Bootstrap 初始化; Bootstrap setup过程;Bootstrap start过程。
  • 4.每个步骤当中细分下去很多逻辑,这里只讲解能够串联整个过程的逻辑。

elasticsearch 启动过程


配置加载过程


Bootstrap 初始化

  • Elasticsearch的一个重要作用是解析命令参数。
  • 执行带 -h 参数的Elasticsearch启动命令。
  • Elasticsearch的构造函数如下所示,跟帮助信息是一致的。
    // elasticsearch启动命令帮助 
    Elasticsearch() {
        super("starts elasticsearch", () -> {}); 
        versionOption = parser.acceptsAll(Arrays.asList("V", "version"),
            "Prints elasticsearch version information and exits");
        daemonizeOption = parser.acceptsAll(Arrays.asList("d", "daemonize"),
            "Starts Elasticsearch in the background")
            .availableUnless(versionOption);
        pidfileOption = parser.acceptsAll(Arrays.asList("p", "pidfile"),
            "Creates a pid file in the specified path on start")
            .availableUnless(versionOption)
            .withRequiredArg()
            .withValuesConvertedBy(new PathConverter());
        quietOption = parser.acceptsAll(Arrays.asList("q", "quiet"),
            "Turns off standard output/error streams logging in console")
            .availableUnless(versionOption)
            .availableUnless(daemonizeOption);
    }



Elasticsearch.main过程

    // elasticsearch启动入口函数
    public static void main(final String[] args) throws Exception {
        System.setSecurityManager(new SecurityManager() {
            @Override
            public void checkPermission(Permission perm) {
            }
        });
        LogConfigurator.registerErrorListener();
        final Elasticsearch elasticsearch = new Elasticsearch();
        int status = main(args, elasticsearch, Terminal.DEFAULT);
        if (status != ExitCodes.OK) {
            exit(status);
        }
    }

    // 调用elasticsearch对象的main函数
    static int main(final String[] args, final Elasticsearch elasticsearch, final Terminal terminal) throws Exception {
        return elasticsearch.main(args, terminal);
    }
  • 1.创建 SecurityManager 安全管理器
  • 2.LogConfigurator.registerErrorListener() 注册侦听器
  • 3.创建Elasticsearch对象
  • 4.进入elasticsearch.main()过程。



elasticsearch.main过程

说明:

  • Elasticsearch继承关系如上图。
  • elasticsearch.main()过程当中会调用EnvironmentAwareCommand、Command等类。
class Elasticsearch extends EnvironmentAwareCommand {

    static int main(final String[] args, final Elasticsearch elasticsearch, final Terminal terminal) throws Exception {
        return elasticsearch.main(args, terminal);
    }
}


public abstract class Command implements Closeable {

    public final int main(String[] args, Terminal terminal) throws Exception {
        if (addShutdownHook()) {
            shutdownHookThread = new Thread(() -> {
                try {
                    this.close();
                } catch (final IOException e) {
                    try (
                        StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
                        PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(sw)) {
                        e.printStackTrace(pw);
                        terminal.println(sw.toString());
                    } catch (final IOException impossible) {
                    }
                }
            });
            Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(shutdownHookThread);
        }

        beforeMain.run();

        try {
            mainWithoutErrorHandling(args, terminal);
        } catch (OptionException e) {
            return ExitCodes.USAGE;
        } catch (UserException e) {
            return e.exitCode;
        }
        return ExitCodes.OK;
    }

    void mainWithoutErrorHandling(String[] args, Terminal terminal) throws Exception {
        final OptionSet options = parser.parse(args);

        if (options.has(helpOption)) {
            printHelp(terminal);
            return;
        }

        if (options.has(silentOption)) {
            terminal.setVerbosity(Terminal.Verbosity.SILENT);
        } else if (options.has(verboseOption)) {
            terminal.setVerbosity(Terminal.Verbosity.VERBOSE);
        } else {
            terminal.setVerbosity(Terminal.Verbosity.NORMAL);
        }

        execute(terminal, options);
    }
}
  • 5.elasticsearch.main()直接进入Command.main()方法。
  • 6.Command.main()给Runtime类添加一个hook线程,该线程作用是:当Runtime异常关闭时打印异常信息。
  • 7.Command.mainWithoutErrorHandling 方法,根据命令行参数打印或者设置参数,然后执行命令。
  • 8.进入EnvironmentAwareCommand.execute()方法。

EnvironmentAwareCommand.execute过程

public abstract class EnvironmentAwareCommand extends Command {
    protected void execute(Terminal terminal, OptionSet options) throws Exception {
        final Map<String, String> settings = new HashMap<>();
        for (final KeyValuePair kvp : settingOption.values(options)) {
            if (kvp.value.isEmpty()) {
                throw new UserException(ExitCodes.USAGE, "setting [" + kvp.key + "] must not be empty");
            }
            if (settings.containsKey(kvp.key)) {
                final String message = String.format(
                        Locale.ROOT,
                        "setting [%s] already set, saw [%s] and [%s]",
                        kvp.key,
                        settings.get(kvp.key),
                        kvp.value);
                throw new UserException(ExitCodes.USAGE, message);
            }
            settings.put(kvp.key, kvp.value);
        }

        putSystemPropertyIfSettingIsMissing(settings, "path.data", "es.path.data");
        putSystemPropertyIfSettingIsMissing(settings, "path.home", "es.path.home");
        putSystemPropertyIfSettingIsMissing(settings, "path.logs", "es.path.logs");

        execute(terminal, options, createEnv(terminal, settings));
    }


    protected Environment createEnv(final Terminal terminal, final Map<String, String> settings) throws UserException {
        final String esPathConf = System.getProperty("es.path.conf");
        if (esPathConf == null) {
            throw new UserException(ExitCodes.CONFIG, "the system property [es.path.conf] must be set");
        }
        return InternalSettingsPreparer.prepareEnvironment(Settings.EMPTY, terminal, settings, getConfigPath(esPathConf));
    }


    protected abstract void execute(Terminal terminal, OptionSet options,
                                    Environment env) throws Exception;
}
  • 9.EnvironmentAwareCommand.execute,确保 es.path.data, es.path.home, es.path.logs 等参数已设置,否则从 System.properties 中读取。
  • 10.createEnv最后返回一个 Environment 对象,包含plugins,bin,lib,modules等目录下的文件信息
  • 11.进入elasticsearch的execute()方法。



prepareEnvironment过程

public class InternalSettingsPreparer {

    public static Environment prepareEnvironment(Settings input, Terminal terminal, 
                                                 Map<String, String> properties, Path configPath) {
        // just create enough settings to build the environment, to get the config dir
        Settings.Builder output = Settings.builder();
        initializeSettings(output, input, properties);
        Environment environment = new Environment(output.build(), configPath);

        if (Files.exists(environment.configFile().resolve("elasticsearch.yaml"))) {
        throw new SettingsException("elasticsearch.yaml was deprecated in 5.5.0 and must be renamed to elasticsearch.yml");
        }

        if (Files.exists(environment.configFile().resolve("elasticsearch.json"))) {
        throw new SettingsException("elasticsearch.json was deprecated in 5.5.0 and must be converted to elasticsearch.yml");
        }

        output = Settings.builder(); // start with a fresh output
        Path path = environment.configFile().resolve("elasticsearch.yml");
        if (Files.exists(path)) {
            try {
                output.loadFromPath(path);
            } catch (IOException e) {
                throw new SettingsException("Failed to load settings from " + path.toString(), e);
            }
        }

        // re-initialize settings now that the config file has been loaded
        initializeSettings(output, input, properties);
        finalizeSettings(output, terminal);

        environment = new Environment(output.build(), configPath);

        // we put back the path.logs so we can use it in the logging configuration file
        output.put(Environment.PATH_LOGS_SETTING.getKey(), environment.logsFile().toAbsolutePath().normalize().toString());
        return new Environment(output.build(), configPath);
    }
}


public class Environment {

    public Environment(final Settings settings, final Path configPath) {
        final Path homeFile;
        if (PATH_HOME_SETTING.exists(settings)) {
            homeFile = PathUtils.get(PATH_HOME_SETTING.get(settings)).normalize();
        } else {
            throw new IllegalStateException(PATH_HOME_SETTING.getKey() + " is not configured");
        }

        if (configPath != null) {
            configFile = configPath.normalize();
        } else {
            configFile = homeFile.resolve("config");
        }

        pluginsFile = homeFile.resolve("plugins");

        List<String> dataPaths = PATH_DATA_SETTING.get(settings);
        final ClusterName clusterName = ClusterName.CLUSTER_NAME_SETTING.get(settings);
        if (DiscoveryNode.nodeRequiresLocalStorage(settings)) {
            if (dataPaths.isEmpty() == false) {
                dataFiles = new Path[dataPaths.size()];
                dataWithClusterFiles = new Path[dataPaths.size()];
                for (int i = 0; i < dataPaths.size(); i++) {
                    dataFiles[i] = PathUtils.get(dataPaths.get(i));
                    dataWithClusterFiles[i] = dataFiles[i].resolve(clusterName.value());
                }
            } else {
                dataFiles = new Path[]{homeFile.resolve("data")};
                dataWithClusterFiles = new Path[]{homeFile.resolve("data").resolve(clusterName.value())};
            }
        } else {
            if (dataPaths.isEmpty()) {
                dataFiles = dataWithClusterFiles = EMPTY_PATH_ARRAY;
            } else {
                final String paths = String.join(",", dataPaths);
                throw new IllegalStateException("node does not require local storage yet path.data is set to [" + paths + "]");
            }
        }
        if (PATH_SHARED_DATA_SETTING.exists(settings)) {
            sharedDataFile = PathUtils.get(PATH_SHARED_DATA_SETTING.get(settings)).normalize();
        } else {
            sharedDataFile = null;
        }
        List<String> repoPaths = PATH_REPO_SETTING.get(settings);
        if (repoPaths.isEmpty()) {
            repoFiles = EMPTY_PATH_ARRAY;
        } else {
            repoFiles = new Path[repoPaths.size()];
            for (int i = 0; i < repoPaths.size(); i++) {
                repoFiles[i] = PathUtils.get(repoPaths.get(i));
            }
        }

        // this is trappy, Setting#get(Settings) will get a fallback setting yet return false for Settings#exists(Settings)
        if (PATH_LOGS_SETTING.exists(settings)) {
            logsFile = PathUtils.get(PATH_LOGS_SETTING.get(settings)).normalize();
        } else {
            logsFile = homeFile.resolve("logs");
        }

        if (PIDFILE_SETTING.exists(settings)) {
            pidFile = PathUtils.get(PIDFILE_SETTING.get(settings)).normalize();
        } else {
            pidFile = null;
        }

        binFile = homeFile.resolve("bin");
        libFile = homeFile.resolve("lib");
        modulesFile = homeFile.resolve("modules");

        Settings.Builder finalSettings = Settings.builder().put(settings);
        finalSettings.put(PATH_HOME_SETTING.getKey(), homeFile);
        if (PATH_DATA_SETTING.exists(settings)) {
            finalSettings.putList(PATH_DATA_SETTING.getKey(), dataPaths);
        }
        finalSettings.put(PATH_LOGS_SETTING.getKey(), logsFile.toString());
        this.settings = finalSettings.build();
    }
}
  • 12.createEnv最后返回一个 Environment 对象。



elasticsearch.execute过程

class Elasticsearch extends EnvironmentAwareCommand {

    protected void execute(Terminal terminal, OptionSet options, Environment env) throws UserException {
        if (options.nonOptionArguments().isEmpty() == false) {
           
        }
        if (options.has(versionOption)) {
            terminal.println("Version: " + Version.displayVersion(Version.CURRENT, Build.CURRENT.isSnapshot())
                    + ", Build: " + Build.CURRENT.shortHash() + "/" + Build.CURRENT.date()
                    + ", JVM: " + JvmInfo.jvmInfo().version());
            return;
        }

        final boolean daemonize = options.has(daemonizeOption);
        final Path pidFile = pidfileOption.value(options);
        final boolean quiet = options.has(quietOption);

        try {
            init(daemonize, pidFile, quiet, env);
        } catch (NodeValidationException e) {
        }
    }

    void init(final boolean daemonize, final Path pidFile, final boolean quiet, Environment initialEnv)
        throws NodeValidationException, UserException {
        try {
            Bootstrap.init(!daemonize, pidFile, quiet, initialEnv);
        } catch (BootstrapException | RuntimeException e) {
        }
    }
}
  • 13.Elasticsearch.execute ,读取daemonize, pidFile,quiet 的值,并 确保配置的临时目录(temp)是有效目录
  • 14.进入Bootstrap初始化阶段


Bootstrap init过程

    static void init(
            final boolean foreground,
            final Path pidFile,
            final boolean quiet,
            final Environment initialEnv) throws BootstrapException, NodeValidationException, UserException {

        BootstrapInfo.init();

        INSTANCE = new Bootstrap();

        final SecureSettings keystore = loadSecureSettings(initialEnv);
        final Environment environment = createEnvironment(foreground, 
                                                          pidFile, keystore, initialEnv.settings(), initialEnv.configFile());
        try {
            LogConfigurator.configure(environment);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            throw new BootstrapException(e);
        }
        if (environment.pidFile() != null) {
            try {
                PidFile.create(environment.pidFile(), true);
            } catch (IOException e) {
                throw new BootstrapException(e);
            }
        }

        final boolean closeStandardStreams = (foreground == false) || quiet;
        try {
            if (closeStandardStreams) {
                final Logger rootLogger = ESLoggerFactory.getRootLogger();
                final Appender maybeConsoleAppender = Loggers.findAppender(rootLogger, ConsoleAppender.class);
                if (maybeConsoleAppender != null) {
                    Loggers.removeAppender(rootLogger, maybeConsoleAppender);
                }
                closeSystOut();
            }

            checkLucene();

            Thread.setDefaultUncaughtExceptionHandler(
                new ElasticsearchUncaughtExceptionHandler(() -> Node.NODE_NAME_SETTING.get(environment.settings())));

            INSTANCE.setup(true, environment);

            try {
                IOUtils.close(keystore);
            } catch (IOException e) {
                throw new BootstrapException(e);
            }

            INSTANCE.start();

            if (closeStandardStreams) {
                closeSysError();
            }
        } catch (NodeValidationException | RuntimeException e) {
            throw e;
        }
    }
  • 15.创建Bootstrap对象, INSTANCE = new Bootstrap()。
  • 16.初始化Bootstrap对象,INSTANCE.setup(true, environment)。
  • 17.启动Bootstrap对象INSTANCE.start()。


Bootstrap new过程

    Bootstrap() {
        keepAliveThread = new Thread(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                try {
                    keepAliveLatch.await();
                } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                    // bail out
                }
            }
        }, "elasticsearch[keepAlive/" + Version.CURRENT + "]");
        keepAliveThread.setDaemon(false);
        // keep this thread alive (non daemon thread) until we shutdown
        Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new Thread() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                keepAliveLatch.countDown();
            }
        });
    }
  • 18.创建Bootstrap对象,该类构造函数会创建一个用户线程添加到Runtime Hook中,进行 countDown 操作。


Bootstrap setup过程

    private void setup(boolean addShutdownHook, Environment environment) throws BootstrapException {
        Settings settings = environment.settings();

        try {
            spawner.spawnNativePluginControllers(environment);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            throw new BootstrapException(e);
        }

        initializeNatives(
                environment.tmpFile(),
                BootstrapSettings.MEMORY_LOCK_SETTING.get(settings),
                BootstrapSettings.SYSTEM_CALL_FILTER_SETTING.get(settings),
                BootstrapSettings.CTRLHANDLER_SETTING.get(settings));

        // initialize probes before the security manager is installed
        initializeProbes();

        if (addShutdownHook) {
            Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new Thread() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    try {
                        IOUtils.close(node, spawner);
                        LoggerContext context = (LoggerContext) LogManager.getContext(false);
                        Configurator.shutdown(context);
                    } catch (IOException ex) {
                        throw new ElasticsearchException("failed to stop node", ex);
                    }
                }
            });
        }

        try {
            JarHell.checkJarHell();
        } catch (IOException | URISyntaxException e) {
        }

        IfConfig.logIfNecessary();

        try {
            Security.configure(environment, BootstrapSettings.SECURITY_FILTER_BAD_DEFAULTS_SETTING.get(settings));
        } catch (IOException | NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
        }

        node = new Node(environment) {
            @Override
            protected void validateNodeBeforeAcceptingRequests(
                final BootstrapContext context,
                final BoundTransportAddress boundTransportAddress, List<BootstrapCheck> checks)
                                                               throws NodeValidationException {
                BootstrapChecks.check(context, boundTransportAddress, checks);
            }
        };
    }
  • 19.为每个插件生成生成本机控制类,spawner.spawnNativePluginControllers(environment);尝试为给定模块生成控制器(native Controller)守护程序。 生成的进程将通过其stdin,stdout和stderr流保持与此JVM的连接,但对此包之外的代码不能使用对这些流的引用。
  • 20.初始化本地资源 initializeNatives()。
  • 21.使用 JarHell 检查重复的 jar 文件 JarHell.checkJarHell()。
  • 22.创建 node 节点 new Node(environment),核心!!!


Bootstrap start过程

    private void start() throws NodeValidationException {
        node.start();
        keepAliveThread.start();
    }
  • 23.启动node对象,node.start()。
  • 24.启动守护进程,keepAliveThread.start()。


node创建过程

    protected Node(final Environment environment, Collection<Class<? extends Plugin>> classpathPlugins) {
 
        try {
            Settings tmpSettings = Settings.builder().put(environment.settings())
                .put(Client.CLIENT_TYPE_SETTING_S.getKey(), CLIENT_TYPE).build();

            try {
                nodeEnvironment = new NodeEnvironment(tmpSettings, environment);
                resourcesToClose.add(nodeEnvironment);
            } catch (IOException ex) {
            }
            final boolean hadPredefinedNodeName = NODE_NAME_SETTING.exists(tmpSettings);
            Logger logger = Loggers.getLogger(Node.class, tmpSettings);
            final String nodeId = nodeEnvironment.nodeId();
            tmpSettings = addNodeNameIfNeeded(tmpSettings, nodeId);

            final JvmInfo jvmInfo = JvmInfo.jvmInfo();

            this.pluginsService = new PluginsService(tmpSettings, environment.configFile(), 
                                                     environment.modulesFile(), environment.pluginsFile(), classpathPlugins);
            this.settings = pluginsService.updatedSettings();
            localNodeFactory = new LocalNodeFactory(settings, nodeEnvironment.nodeId());

            this.environment = new Environment(this.settings, environment.configFile());

            final List<ExecutorBuilder<?>> executorBuilders = pluginsService.getExecutorBuilders(settings);
            final ThreadPool threadPool = new ThreadPool(settings, executorBuilders.toArray(new ExecutorBuilder[0]));
            resourcesToClose.add(() -> ThreadPool.terminate(threadPool, 10, TimeUnit.SECONDS));

            DeprecationLogger.setThreadContext(threadPool.getThreadContext());
            resourcesToClose.add(() -> DeprecationLogger.removeThreadContext(threadPool.getThreadContext()));
            
            final List<Setting<?>> additionalSettings = new ArrayList<>(pluginsService.getPluginSettings());
            final List<String> additionalSettingsFilter = new ArrayList<>(pluginsService.getPluginSettingsFilter());
            for (final ExecutorBuilder<?> builder : threadPool.builders()) {
                additionalSettings.addAll(builder.getRegisteredSettings());
            }
            client = new NodeClient(settings, threadPool);
            ..................
}
  • 25.创建一个 NodeEnvironment 对象保存节点环境信息,如各种数据文件的路径
  • 26.读取JVM信息
  • 27.创建 PluginsService 对象,创建过程中会读取并加载所有的模块和插件
  • 28.创建一个最终的 Environment 对象
  • 29.创建线程池 ThreadPool 后面各类对象基本都是通过线程来提供服务,这个线程池可以管理各类线程
  • 30.创建 节点客户端 NodeClient
    protected Node(final Environment environment, Collection<Class<? extends Plugin>> classpathPlugins) {
            ..................
            final ResourceWatcherService resourceWatcherService = new ResourceWatcherService(settings, threadPool);
            final ScriptModule scriptModule = new ScriptModule(settings, pluginsService.filterPlugins(ScriptPlugin.class));
            AnalysisModule analysisModule = new AnalysisModule(this.environment, 
pluginsService.filterPlugins(AnalysisPlugin.class));
            final SettingsModule settingsModule = new SettingsModule(this.settings, additionalSettings, 
additionalSettingsFilter);
            scriptModule.registerClusterSettingsListeners(settingsModule.getClusterSettings());
            resourcesToClose.add(resourceWatcherService);
            final NetworkService networkService = new NetworkService(
                getCustomNameResolvers(pluginsService.filterPlugins(DiscoveryPlugin.class)));

            List<ClusterPlugin> clusterPlugins = pluginsService.filterPlugins(ClusterPlugin.class);
            final ClusterService clusterService = new ClusterService(settings, settingsModule.getClusterSettings(), threadPool,
               ClusterModule.getClusterStateCustomSuppliers(clusterPlugins));
            clusterService.addListener(scriptModule.getScriptService());
            resourcesToClose.add(clusterService);
            final IngestService ingestService = new IngestService(settings, threadPool, this.environment,
                scriptModule.getScriptService(), analysisModule.getAnalysisRegistry(), 
                       pluginsService.filterPlugins(IngestPlugin.class));
            final DiskThresholdMonitor listener = new DiskThresholdMonitor(settings, clusterService::state,
                clusterService.getClusterSettings(), client);
            final ClusterInfoService clusterInfoService = newClusterInfoService(settings, clusterService, threadPool, client,
                listener::onNewInfo);
            final UsageService usageService = new UsageService(settings);
}
  • 31.创建各种服务类对象 ResourceWatcherService、NetworkService、ClusterService、IngestService、ClusterInfoService、UsageService、MonitorService、CircuitBreakerService、MetaStateService、IndicesService、MetaDataIndexUpgradeService、TemplateUpgradeService、TransportService、ResponseCollectorService、SearchTransportService、NodeService、SearchService、PersistentTasksClusterService,这些服务类是的功能可以根据名称做一个大概的判断。
    protected Node(final Environment environment, Collection<Class<? extends Plugin>> classpathPlugins) {
            ..................
            ModulesBuilder modules = new ModulesBuilder();
            // plugin modules must be added here, before others or we can get crazy injection errors...
            for (Module pluginModule : pluginsService.createGuiceModules()) {
                modules.add(pluginModule);
            }
            final MonitorService monitorService = new MonitorService(settings, nodeEnvironment, 
                                   threadPool, clusterInfoService);
            ClusterModule clusterModule = new ClusterModule(settings, clusterService, clusterPlugins, clusterInfoService);
            modules.add(clusterModule);
            IndicesModule indicesModule = new IndicesModule(pluginsService.filterPlugins(MapperPlugin.class));
            modules.add(indicesModule);

            SearchModule searchModule = new SearchModule(settings, false, pluginsService.filterPlugins(SearchPlugin.class));
            CircuitBreakerService circuitBreakerService = createCircuitBreakerService(settingsModule.getSettings(),
                settingsModule.getClusterSettings());
            resourcesToClose.add(circuitBreakerService);
            modules.add(new GatewayModule());


            ActionModule actionModule = new ActionModule(false, settings, 
                        clusterModule.getIndexNameExpressionResolver(),
                settingsModule.getIndexScopedSettings(), settingsModule.getClusterSettings(), 
                 settingsModule.getSettingsFilter(),
                threadPool, pluginsService.filterPlugins(ActionPlugin.class), client, circuitBreakerService, usageService);
            modules.add(actionModule);

            final RestController restController = actionModule.getRestController();
            final NetworkModule networkModule = new NetworkModule(settings, false, 
                                                        pluginsService.filterPlugins(NetworkPlugin.class),
                    threadPool, bigArrays, circuitBreakerService, namedWriteableRegistry, xContentRegistry, 
                                            networkService, restController);
            Collection<UnaryOperator<Map<String, MetaData.Custom>>> customMetaDataUpgraders =
                pluginsService.filterPlugins(Plugin.class)
               .stream().map(Plugin::getCustomMetaDataUpgrader)
                    .collect(Collectors.toList());
            Collection<UnaryOperator<Map<String, IndexTemplateMetaData>>> indexTemplateMetaDataUpgraders =
                     pluginsService.filterPlugins(Plugin.class).stream()
                    .map(Plugin::getIndexTemplateMetaDataUpgrader)
                    .collect(Collectors.toList());
            Collection<UnaryOperator<IndexMetaData>> indexMetaDataUpgraders = pluginsService.filterPlugins(Plugin.class)
            .stream().map(Plugin::getIndexMetaDataUpgrader).collect(Collectors.toList());
            final MetaDataUpgrader metaDataUpgrader = new MetaDataUpgrader(customMetaDataUpgraders, 
                                                   indexTemplateMetaDataUpgraders);
            final MetaDataIndexUpgradeService metaDataIndexUpgradeService = new MetaDataIndexUpgradeService(settings, 
                xContentRegistry,indicesModule.getMapperRegistry(),
               settingsModule.getIndexScopedSettings(), indexMetaDataUpgraders);
            final GatewayMetaState gatewayMetaState = new GatewayMetaState(settings, nodeEnvironment, metaStateService,
                metaDataIndexUpgradeService, metaDataUpgrader);
            new TemplateUpgradeService(settings, client, clusterService, threadPool, indexTemplateMetaDataUpgraders);
            final Transport transport = networkModule.getTransportSupplier().get();
            final TransportService transportService = newTransportService(settings, transport, threadPool,
                networkModule.getTransportInterceptor(), localNodeFactory, settingsModule.getClusterSettings());
            final ResponseCollectorService responseCollectorService = 
                                                              new ResponseCollectorService(this.settings, clusterService);
            final SearchTransportService searchTransportService =  new SearchTransportService(settings, 
               transportService,SearchExecutionStatsCollector.makeWrapper(responseCollectorService));
            final Consumer<Binder> httpBind;
            final HttpServerTransport httpServerTransport;
            if (networkModule.isHttpEnabled()) {
                httpServerTransport = networkModule.getHttpServerTransportSupplier().get();
                httpBind = b -> {
                    b.bind(HttpServerTransport.class).toInstance(httpServerTransport);
                };
            } else {
                httpBind = b -> {
                    b.bind(HttpServerTransport.class).toProvider(Providers.of(null));
                };
                httpServerTransport = null;
            }

            final DiscoveryModule discoveryModule = new DiscoveryModule(this.settings, 
                                   threadPool, transportService, namedWriteableRegistry,
                networkService, clusterService.getMasterService(), clusterService.getClusterApplierService(),
                clusterService.getClusterSettings(), pluginsService.filterPlugins(DiscoveryPlugin.class),
                clusterModule.getAllocationService());

            this.nodeService = new NodeService(settings, threadPool, monitorService, 
                                  discoveryModule.getDiscovery(),
                transportService, indicesService, pluginsService, circuitBreakerService, 
                                   scriptModule.getScriptService(),
                httpServerTransport, ingestService, clusterService,
                                 settingsModule.getSettingsFilter(), responseCollectorService,
                searchTransportService);
  • 32.ModulesBuilder类加入各种模块 ScriptModule、AnalysisModule、SettingsModule、pluginModule、ClusterModule、IndicesModule、SearchModule、GatewayModule、RepositoriesModule、ActionModule、NetworkModule、DiscoveryModule
    protected Node(final Environment environment, Collection<Class<? extends Plugin>> classpathPlugins) {
            ..................
            modules.add(b -> {
                    b.bind(Node.class).toInstance(this);
                    b.bind(NodeService.class).toInstance(nodeService);
                    b.bind(NamedXContentRegistry.class).toInstance(xContentRegistry);
                    b.bind(PluginsService.class).toInstance(pluginsService);
                    b.bind(Client.class).toInstance(client);
                    b.bind(NodeClient.class).toInstance(client);
                    b.bind(Environment.class).toInstance(this.environment);
                    b.bind(ThreadPool.class).toInstance(threadPool);
                    b.bind(NodeEnvironment.class).toInstance(nodeEnvironment);
                    b.bind(ResourceWatcherService.class).toInstance(resourceWatcherService);
                    b.bind(CircuitBreakerService.class).toInstance(circuitBreakerService);
                    b.bind(BigArrays.class).toInstance(bigArrays);
                    b.bind(ScriptService.class).toInstance(scriptModule.getScriptService());
                    b.bind(AnalysisRegistry.class).toInstance(analysisModule.getAnalysisRegistry());
                    b.bind(IngestService.class).toInstance(ingestService);
                    b.bind(UsageService.class).toInstance(usageService);
                    b.bind(NamedWriteableRegistry.class).toInstance(namedWriteableRegistry);
                    b.bind(MetaDataUpgrader.class).toInstance(metaDataUpgrader);
                    b.bind(MetaStateService.class).toInstance(metaStateService);
                    b.bind(IndicesService.class).toInstance(indicesService);
                    b.bind(SearchService.class).toInstance(newSearchService(clusterService, indicesService,
                        threadPool, scriptModule.getScriptService(), bigArrays, searchModule.getFetchPhase(),
                        responseCollectorService));
                    b.bind(SearchTransportService.class).toInstance(searchTransportService);
                    b.bind(SearchPhaseController.class).toInstance(new SearchPhaseController(settings, bigArrays,
                            scriptModule.getScriptService()));
                    b.bind(Transport.class).toInstance(transport);
                    b.bind(TransportService.class).toInstance(transportService);
                    b.bind(NetworkService.class).toInstance(networkService);
                    b.bind(UpdateHelper.class).toInstance(new UpdateHelper(settings, scriptModule.getScriptService()));
                    b.bind(MetaDataIndexUpgradeService.class).toInstance(metaDataIndexUpgradeService);
                    b.bind(ClusterInfoService.class).toInstance(clusterInfoService);
                    b.bind(GatewayMetaState.class).toInstance(gatewayMetaState);
                    b.bind(Discovery.class).toInstance(discoveryModule.getDiscovery());
                    {
                        RecoverySettings recoverySettings = new RecoverySettings(settings, 
settingsModule.getClusterSettings());

                        processRecoverySettings(settingsModule.getClusterSettings(), recoverySettings);

                        b.bind(PeerRecoverySourceService.class).toInstance(
                                                  new PeerRecoverySourceService(settings, transportService,
                                indicesService, recoverySettings));
                        b.bind(PeerRecoveryTargetService.class).toInstance(
                                 new PeerRecoveryTargetService(settings, threadPool,
                                transportService, recoverySettings, clusterService));
                    }
                    httpBind.accept(b);
                    pluginComponents.stream().forEach(p -> b.bind((Class) p.getClass()).toInstance(p));
                }
            );
            injector = modules.createInjector();

            clusterModule.getAllocationService().setGatewayAllocator(injector.getInstance(GatewayAllocator.class));

            List<LifecycleComponent> pluginLifecycleComponents = pluginComponents.stream()
                .filter(p -> p instanceof LifecycleComponent)
                .map(p -> (LifecycleComponent) p).collect(Collectors.toList());
            pluginLifecycleComponents.addAll(pluginsService.getGuiceServiceClasses().stream()
                .map(injector::getInstance).collect(Collectors.toList()));
            resourcesToClose.addAll(pluginLifecycleComponents);
            this.pluginLifecycleComponents = Collections.unmodifiableList(pluginLifecycleComponents);
            client.initialize(injector.getInstance(new Key<Map<GenericAction, TransportAction>>() {}),
                    () -> clusterService.localNode().getId());

            if (NetworkModule.HTTP_ENABLED.get(settings)) {
                logger.debug("initializing HTTP handlers ...");
                actionModule.initRestHandlers(() -> clusterService.state().nodes());
            }

            success = true;
        } catch (IOException ex) {
        } finally {
        }
    }
  • 33.elasticsearch里面的组件基本都进行进行了模块化管理,elasticsearch对guice进行了封装通过ModulesBuilder类构建es的模块.


node启动过程

    public Node start() throws NodeValidationException {
        if (!lifecycle.moveToStarted()) {
            return this;
        }

        Logger logger = Loggers.getLogger(Node.class, NODE_NAME_SETTING.get(settings));
        logger.info("starting ...");
        pluginLifecycleComponents.forEach(LifecycleComponent::start);

        injector.getInstance(MappingUpdatedAction.class).setClient(client);
        injector.getInstance(IndicesService.class).start();
        injector.getInstance(IndicesClusterStateService.class).start();
        injector.getInstance(SnapshotsService.class).start();
        injector.getInstance(SnapshotShardsService.class).start();
        injector.getInstance(RoutingService.class).start();
        injector.getInstance(SearchService.class).start();
        nodeService.getMonitorService().start();

        final ClusterService clusterService = injector.getInstance(ClusterService.class);

        final NodeConnectionsService nodeConnectionsService = injector.getInstance(NodeConnectionsService.class);
        nodeConnectionsService.start();
        clusterService.setNodeConnectionsService(nodeConnectionsService);

        injector.getInstance(ResourceWatcherService.class).start();
        injector.getInstance(GatewayService.class).start();
        Discovery discovery = injector.getInstance(Discovery.class);
        clusterService.getMasterService().setClusterStatePublisher(discovery::publish);

        // Start the transport service now so the publish address will be added to the local disco node in ClusterService
        TransportService transportService = injector.getInstance(TransportService.class);
        transportService.getTaskManager().setTaskResultsService(injector.getInstance(TaskResultsService.class));
        transportService.start();
        assert localNodeFactory.getNode() != null;
        assert transportService.getLocalNode().equals(localNodeFactory.getNode())
            : "transportService has a different local node than the factory provided";
        final MetaData onDiskMetadata;
        try {
            // we load the global state here (the persistent part of the cluster state stored on disk) to
            // pass it to the bootstrap checks to allow plugins to enforce certain preconditions based on the recovered state.
            if (DiscoveryNode.isMasterNode(settings) || DiscoveryNode.isDataNode(settings)) {
                onDiskMetadata = injector.getInstance(GatewayMetaState.class).loadMetaState();
            } else {
                onDiskMetadata = MetaData.EMPTY_META_DATA;
            }
            assert onDiskMetadata != null : "metadata is null but shouldn't"; // this is never null
        } catch (IOException e) {
            throw new UncheckedIOException(e);
        }
        validateNodeBeforeAcceptingRequests(new BootstrapContext(settings, onDiskMetadata), 
             transportService.boundAddress(), pluginsService
            .filterPlugins(Plugin
            .class)
            .stream()
            .flatMap(p -> p.getBootstrapChecks().stream()).collect(Collectors.toList()));

        clusterService.addStateApplier(transportService.getTaskManager());
        // start after transport service so the local disco is known
        discovery.start(); // start before cluster service so that it can set initial state on ClusterApplierService
        clusterService.start();
        assert clusterService.localNode().equals(localNodeFactory.getNode())
            : "clusterService has a different local node than the factory provided";
        transportService.acceptIncomingRequests();
        discovery.startInitialJoin();
        // tribe nodes don't have a master so we shouldn't register an observer         s
        final TimeValue initialStateTimeout = DiscoverySettings.INITIAL_STATE_TIMEOUT_SETTING.get(settings);
        if (initialStateTimeout.millis() > 0) {
            final ThreadPool thread = injector.getInstance(ThreadPool.class);
            ClusterState clusterState = clusterService.state();
            ClusterStateObserver observer = new ClusterStateObserver(clusterState, clusterService, 
                                                              null, logger, thread.getThreadContext());
            if (clusterState.nodes().getMasterNodeId() == null) {
                logger.debug("waiting to join the cluster. timeout [{}]", initialStateTimeout);
                final CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(1);
                observer.waitForNextChange(new ClusterStateObserver.Listener() {
                    @Override
                    public void onNewClusterState(ClusterState state) { latch.countDown(); }

                    @Override
                    public void onClusterServiceClose() {
                        latch.countDown();
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onTimeout(TimeValue timeout) {
                        logger.warn("timed out while waiting for initial discovery state - timeout: {}",
                            initialStateTimeout);
                        latch.countDown();
                    }
                }, state -> state.nodes().getMasterNodeId() != null, initialStateTimeout);

                try {
                    latch.await();
                } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                    throw new ElasticsearchTimeoutException("Interrupted while waiting for initial discovery state");
                }
            }
        }


        if (NetworkModule.HTTP_ENABLED.get(settings)) {
            injector.getInstance(HttpServerTransport.class).start();
        }

        if (WRITE_PORTS_FILE_SETTING.get(settings)) {
            if (NetworkModule.HTTP_ENABLED.get(settings)) {
                HttpServerTransport http = injector.getInstance(HttpServerTransport.class);
                writePortsFile("http", http.boundAddress());
            }
            TransportService transport = injector.getInstance(TransportService.class);
            writePortsFile("transport", transport.boundAddress());
        }

        pluginsService.filterPlugins(ClusterPlugin.class).forEach(ClusterPlugin::onNodeStarted);

        return this;
    }
  • 34.通过 injector 获取各个类的对象,调用 start() 方法启动(实际进入各个类的中 doStart 方法): LifecycleComponent、IndicesService、IndicesClusterStateService、SnapshotsService、SnapshotShardsService、RoutingService、SearchService、MonitorService、NodeConnectionsService、ResourceWatcherService、GatewayService、Discovery、TransportService
  • 35.IndicesService:索引管理
    IndicesClusterStateService:跨集群同步

SnapshotsService:负责创建快照
SnapshotShardsService:此服务在数据和主节点上运行,并控制这些节点上当前快照的分片。
RoutingService:侦听集群状态,当它收到集群改变事件将验证集群状态,路由表可能会更新
SearchService:搜索服务
MonitorService:监控
NodeConnectionsService:此组件负责在节点添加到群集状态后连接到节点,并在删除它们时断开连接。 此外,它会定期检查所有连接是否仍处于打开状态,并在需要时还原它们。 请注意,如果节点断开/不响应ping,则此组件不负责从群集中删除节点。 这是由NodesFaultDetection完成的。 主故障检测由链接MasterFaultDetection完成。
ResourceWatcherService:通用资源观察器服务
GatewayService:网关

  • 36.集群发现与监控等,启动 HttpServerTransport, 绑定服务端口。


线程池

    public ThreadPool(final Settings settings, final ExecutorBuilder<?>... customBuilders) {
        super(settings);

        assert Node.NODE_NAME_SETTING.exists(settings);

        final Map<String, ExecutorBuilder> builders = new HashMap<>();
        final int availableProcessors = EsExecutors.numberOfProcessors(settings);
        final int halfProcMaxAt5 = halfNumberOfProcessorsMaxFive(availableProcessors);
        final int halfProcMaxAt10 = halfNumberOfProcessorsMaxTen(availableProcessors);
        final int genericThreadPoolMax = boundedBy(4 * availableProcessors, 128, 512);
        builders.put(Names.GENERIC, new ScalingExecutorBuilder(Names.GENERIC, 4, 
                      genericThreadPoolMax, TimeValue.timeValueSeconds(30)));
        builders.put(Names.INDEX, 
                          new FixedExecutorBuilder(settings, Names.INDEX, availableProcessors, 200));
        builders.put(Names.BULK, 
                          new FixedExecutorBuilder(settings, Names.BULK, availableProcessors, 200)); 
        builders.put(Names.GET, 
                          new FixedExecutorBuilder(settings, Names.GET, availableProcessors, 1000));
        builders.put(Names.SEARCH, 
                        new AutoQueueAdjustingExecutorBuilder(settings,
                        Names.SEARCH, searchThreadPoolSize(availableProcessors), 1000, 1000, 1000, 2000));
        builders.put(Names.MANAGEMENT, 
         new ScalingExecutorBuilder(Names.MANAGEMENT, 1, 5, 
TimeValue.timeValueMinutes(5)));
        builders.put(Names.LISTENER, 
                    new FixedExecutorBuilder(settings, Names.LISTENER, halfProcMaxAt10, -1));
        builders.put(Names.FLUSH, 
   new ScalingExecutorBuilder(Names.FLUSH, 1, halfProcMaxAt5, TimeValue.timeValueMinutes(5)));
        builders.put(Names.REFRESH, 
                      new ScalingExecutorBuilder(Names.REFRESH, 1, halfProcMaxAt10, TimeValue.timeValueMinutes(5)));
        builders.put(Names.WARMER, 
                    new ScalingExecutorBuilder(Names.WARMER, 1, halfProcMaxAt5, TimeValue.timeValueMinutes(5)));
        builders.put(Names.SNAPSHOT, 
                  new ScalingExecutorBuilder(Names.SNAPSHOT, 1, halfProcMaxAt5, TimeValue.timeValueMinutes(5)));
        builders.put(Names.FETCH_SHARD_STARTED, 
        new ScalingExecutorBuilder(Names.FETCH_SHARD_STARTED, 1, 2 * availableProcessors, TimeValue.timeValueMinutes(5)));
        builders.put(Names.FORCE_MERGE, new FixedExecutorBuilder(settings, Names.FORCE_MERGE, 1, -1));
        builders.put(Names.FETCH_SHARD_STORE, 
        new ScalingExecutorBuilder(Names.FETCH_SHARD_STORE, 1, 2 * availableProcessors, TimeValue.timeValueMinutes(5)));
        for (final ExecutorBuilder<?> builder : customBuilders) {
            if (builders.containsKey(builder.name())) {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("builder with name [" + builder.name() + "] already exists");
            }
            builders.put(builder.name(), builder);
        }
        this.builders = Collections.unmodifiableMap(builders);

        threadContext = new ThreadContext(settings);

        final Map<String, ExecutorHolder> executors = new HashMap<>();
        for (@SuppressWarnings("unchecked") final Map.Entry<String, ExecutorBuilder> entry : builders.entrySet()) {
            final ExecutorBuilder.ExecutorSettings executorSettings = entry.getValue().getSettings(settings);
            final ExecutorHolder executorHolder = entry.getValue().build(executorSettings, threadContext);
            if (executors.containsKey(executorHolder.info.getName())) {
            }
            logger.debug("created thread pool: {}", entry.getValue().formatInfo(executorHolder.info));
            executors.put(entry.getKey(), executorHolder);
        }

        executors.put(Names.SAME, new ExecutorHolder(DIRECT_EXECUTOR, new Info(Names.SAME, ThreadPoolType.DIRECT)));
        this.executors = unmodifiableMap(executors);
        this.scheduler = Scheduler.initScheduler(settings);
        TimeValue estimatedTimeInterval = ESTIMATED_TIME_INTERVAL_SETTING.get(settings);
        this.cachedTimeThread = new CachedTimeThread(EsExecutors.threadName(
                                                  settings, "[timer]"), estimatedTimeInterval.millis());
        this.cachedTimeThread.start();
    }

线程池类型 ThreadPoolType

fixed(固定):fixed线程池拥有固定数量的线程来处理请求,在没有空闲线程时请求将被挂在队列中。queue_size参数可以控制在没有空闲线程时,能排队挂起的请求数
fixed_auto_queue_size:此类型为实验性的,将被更改或删除,不关注
scaling(弹性):scaling线程池拥有的线程数量是动态的,这个数字介于core和max参数的配置之间变化。keep_alive参数用来控制线程在线程池中空闲的最长时间
direct:此类线程是一种不支持关闭的线程,就意味着一旦使用,则会一直存活下去.

一些重要的线程池

generic:用于通用的请求(例如:后台节点发现),线程池类型为 scaling。
index:用于index/delete请求,线程池类型为 fixed, 大小的为处理器数量,队列大小为200,最大线程数为 1 + 处理器数量。
search:用于count/search/suggest请求。线程池类型为 fixed, 大小的为 int((处理器数量 3) / 2) +1,队列大小为1000。*
get:用于get请求。线程池类型为 fixed,大小的为处理器数量,队列大小为1000。
analyze:用于analyze请求。线程池类型为 fixed,大小的1,队列大小为16
write:用于单个文档的 index/delete/update 请求以及 bulk 请求,线程池类型为 fixed,大小的为处理器数量,队列大小为200,最大线程数为 1 + 处理器数量。
snapshot:用于snaphost/restore请求。线程池类型为 scaling,线程保持存活时间为5分钟,最大线程数为min(5, (处理器数量)/2)。
warmer:用于segment warm-up请求。线程池类型为 scaling,线程保持存活时间为5分钟,最大线程数为min(5, (处理器数量)/2)。
refresh:用于refresh请求。线程池类型为 scaling,线程空闲保持存活时间为5分钟,最大线程数为min(10, (处理器数量)/2)。
listener:主要用于Java客户端线程监听器被设置为true时执行动作。线程池类型为 scaling,最大线程数为min(10, (处理器数量)/2)。


PluginsService插件服务

    public static final String ES_PLUGIN_PROPERTIES = "plugin-descriptor.properties";
    public static final String ES_PLUGIN_POLICY = "plugin-security.policy";

    public static PluginInfo readFromProperties(final Path path) throws IOException {
        final Path descriptor = path.resolve(ES_PLUGIN_PROPERTIES);
        final Properties props = new Properties();
        try (InputStream stream = Files.newInputStream(descriptor)) {
            props.load(stream);
        }
        final String name = props.getProperty("name");
        if (name == null || name.isEmpty()) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                    "property [name] is missing in [" + descriptor + "]");
        }
        final String description = props.getProperty("description");
        if (description == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                    "property [description] is missing for plugin [" + name + "]");
        }
        final String version = props.getProperty("version");
        if (version == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                    "property [version] is missing for plugin [" + name + "]");
        }

        final String esVersionString = props.getProperty("elasticsearch.version");
        if (esVersionString == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                    "property [elasticsearch.version] is missing for plugin [" + name + "]");
        }
        final Version esVersion = Version.fromString(esVersionString);
        if (esVersion.equals(Version.CURRENT) == false) {
            final String message = String.format(
                    Locale.ROOT,
                    "plugin [%s] is incompatible with version [%s]; was designed for version [%s]",
                    name,
                    Version.CURRENT.toString(),
                    esVersionString);
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(message);
        }
        final String javaVersionString = props.getProperty("java.version");
        if (javaVersionString == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                    "property [java.version] is missing for plugin [" + name + "]");
        }
        JarHell.checkVersionFormat(javaVersionString);
        JarHell.checkJavaVersion(name, javaVersionString);
        final String classname = props.getProperty("classname");
        if (classname == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                    "property [classname] is missing for plugin [" + name + "]");
        }

        final String hasNativeControllerValue = props.getProperty("has.native.controller");
        final boolean hasNativeController;
        if (hasNativeControllerValue == null) {
            hasNativeController = false;
        } else {
            switch (hasNativeControllerValue) {
                case "true":
                    hasNativeController = true;
                    break;
                case "false":
                    hasNativeController = false;
                    break;
                default:
                    final String message = String.format(
                        Locale.ROOT,
                        "property [%s] must be [%s], [%s], or unspecified but was [%s]",
                        "has_native_controller",
                        "true",
                        "false",
                        hasNativeControllerValue);
                    throw new IllegalArgumentException(message);
            }
        }

        final String requiresKeystoreValue = props.getProperty("requires.keystore", "false");
        final boolean requiresKeystore;
        try {
            requiresKeystore = Booleans.parseBoolean(requiresKeystoreValue);
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("property [requires.keystore] must be [true] or [false]," +
                                               " but was [" + requiresKeystoreValue + "]", e);
        }

        return new PluginInfo(name, description, version, classname, hasNativeController, requiresKeystore);
    }
  • 读取模块的配置文件 plugin-descriptor.properties,解析出内容并存储到 Map中。
  • 分别校验 name, description, version, elasticsearch.version, java.version, classname, extended.plugins, has.native.controller, requires.keystore 这些配置项,缺失或者不按要求则抛出异常。
  • 根据配置项构造一个 PluginInfo 对象返回。


参考文章

Elasticsearch 6.3.2 启动过程

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