CentOS6.9编译安装nginx1.4.7

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CentOS6.9编译安装nginx1.4.7

任平生78 2017-06-03 11:55:00 浏览513
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1.系统安装开发包组和zlib-devel,关闭iptables

[root@bogon ~]# yum groupinstall -y "Development Tools"
[root@bogon ~]# yum install -y zlib-devel
[root@bogon ~]# yum install -y openssl
[root@bogon ~]# service iptables stop
iptables: Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter          [  OK  ]
iptables: Flushing firewall rules:                         [  OK  ]
iptables: Unloading modules: 

2.下载nginx的源码包到本地

[root@bogon ~]# ll nginx-1.4.7.tar.gz 
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 769153 Jun  1  2017 nginx-1.4.7.tar.gz

3.解压nginx源码包

[root@bogon ~]# tar -xf nginx-1.4.7.tar.gz

4.进入解压目录

[root@bogon ~]# cd nginx-1.4.7

5.开始编译,生成makefile文件

[root@bogon nginx-1.4.7]# ./configure --prefix=/usr\ --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf\ --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log\ --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log\ --pid-path=/var/run/nginx/nginx.pid --lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock\ --user=nginx --group=nginx --with-http_flv_module\ --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_gzip_static_module\ --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/client\ --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/proxy\ --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/fcgi/\ --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/uwsgi\ --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/scgi --with-pcre\ --with-http_ssl_module\
.....
checking for socklen_t ... found
checking for in_addr_t ... found
checking for in_port_t ... found
checking for rlim_t ... found
checking for uintptr_t ... uintptr_t found
checking for system byte ordering ... little endian
checking for size_t size ... 8 bytes
checking for off_t size ... 8 bytes
checking for time_t size ... 8 bytes
checking for setproctitle() ... not found
checking for pread() ... found
checking for pwrite() ... found
checking for sys_nerr ... found
checking for localtime_r() ... found
checking for posix_memalign() ... found
checking for memalign() ... found
checking for mmap(MAP_ANON|MAP_SHARED) ... found
checking for mmap("/dev/zero", MAP_SHARED) ... found
checking for System V shared memory ... found
checking for POSIX semaphores ... not found
checking for POSIX semaphores in libpthread ... found
checking for struct msghdr.msg_control ... found
checking for ioctl(FIONBIO) ... found
checking for struct tm.tm_gmtoff ... found
checking for struct dirent.d_namlen ... not found
checking for struct dirent.d_type ... found
checking for sysconf(_SC_NPROCESSORS_ONLN) ... found
checking for openat(), fstatat() ... found
checking for getaddrinfo() ... found
checking for PCRE library ... found
checking for PCRE JIT support ... not found
checking for OpenSSL library ... found
checking for zlib library ... found
creating objs/Makefile

Configuration summary
  + using system PCRE library
  + using system OpenSSL library
  + md5: using OpenSSL library
  + sha1: using OpenSSL library
  + using system zlib library

  nginx path prefix: "/usr"
  nginx binary file: "/usr/sbin/nginx"
  nginx configuration prefix: "/etc/nginx"
  nginx configuration file: "/etc/nginx/nginx.conf"
  nginx pid file: "/var/run/nginx/nginx.pid"
  nginx error log file: "/var/log/nginx/error.log"
  nginx http access log file: "/var/log/nginx/access.log"
  nginx http client request body temporary files: "/var/tmp/nginx/client"
  nginx http proxy temporary files: "/var/tmp/nginx/proxy"
  nginx http fastcgi temporary files: "/var/tmp/nginx/fcgi/"
  nginx http uwsgi temporary files: "/var/tmp/nginx/uwsgi"
  nginx http scgi temporary files: "/var/tmp/nginx/scgi"

6.开始安装nginx

[root@bogon nginx-1.4.7]# make && make install
make -f objs/Makefile
make[1]: Entering directory `/root/nginx-1.4.7'
cc -c -pipe  -O -W -Wall -Wpointer-arith -Wno-unused-parameter -Werror -g  -I src/core -I src/event -I src/event/modules -I src/os/unix -I objs \
        -o objs/src/core/nginx.o \
        src/core/nginx.c
cc -c -pipe  -O -W -Wall -Wpointer-arith -Wno-unused-parameter -Werror -g  -I src/core -I src/event -I src/event/modules -I src/os/unix -I objs \
        -o objs/src/core/ngx_log.o \
        src/core/ngx_log.c
cc -c -pipe  -O -W -Wall -Wpointer-arith -Wno-unused-parameter -Werror -g  -I src/core -I src/event -I src/event/modules -I src/os/unix -I objs \
        -o objs/src/core/ngx_palloc.o \
        src/core/ngx_palloc.c
cc -c -pipe  -O -W -Wall -Wpointer-arith -Wno-unused-parameter -Werror -g  -I src/core -I src/event -I src/event/modules -I src/os/unix -I objs \
        -o objs/src/core/ngx_array.o \
        src/core/ngx_array.c

....
make[1]: Leaving directory `/root/nginx-1.4.7'
make -f objs/Makefile manpage
make[1]: Entering directory `/root/nginx-1.4.7'
sed -e "s|%%PREFIX%%|/usr|" \
        -e "s|%%PID_PATH%%|/var/run/nginx/nginx.pid|" \
        -e "s|%%CONF_PATH%%|/etc/nginx/nginx.conf|" \
        -e "s|%%ERROR_LOG_PATH%%|/var/log/nginx/error.log|" \
        < man/nginx.8 > objs/nginx.8
make[1]: Leaving directory `/root/nginx-1.4.7'
make -f objs/Makefile install
make[1]: Entering directory `/root/nginx-1.4.7'
test -d '/usr' || mkdir -p '/usr'
test -d '/usr/sbin'         || mkdir -p '/usr/sbin'
test ! -f '/usr/sbin/nginx'         || mv '/usr/sbin/nginx'             '/usr/sbin/nginx.old'
cp objs/nginx '/usr/sbin/nginx'
test -d '/etc/nginx'        || mkdir -p '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/koi-win '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/koi-utf '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/win-utf '/etc/nginx'
test -f '/etc/nginx/mime.types'         || cp conf/mime.types '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/mime.types '/etc/nginx/mime.types.default'
test -f '/etc/nginx/fastcgi_params'         || cp conf/fastcgi_params '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/fastcgi_params      '/etc/nginx/fastcgi_params.default'
test -f '/etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf'       || cp conf/fastcgi.conf '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/fastcgi.conf '/etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf.default'
test -f '/etc/nginx/uwsgi_params'       || cp conf/uwsgi_params '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/uwsgi_params        '/etc/nginx/uwsgi_params.default'
test -f '/etc/nginx/scgi_params'        || cp conf/scgi_params '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/scgi_params         '/etc/nginx/scgi_params.default'
test -f '/etc/nginx/nginx.conf'         || cp conf/nginx.conf '/etc/nginx/nginx.conf'
cp conf/nginx.conf '/etc/nginx/nginx.conf.default'
test -d '/var/run/nginx'        || mkdir -p '/var/run/nginx'
test -d '/var/log/nginx' ||         mkdir -p '/var/log/nginx'
test -d '/usr/html'         || cp -R html '/usr'
test -d '/var/log/nginx' ||         mkdir -p '/var/log/nginx'
make[1]: Leaving directory `/root/nginx-1.4.7'

7.测试nginx的配置语法

#查看nginx的帮助
[root@bogon nginx-1.4.7]# /usr/sbin/nginx -h
nginx version: nginx/1.4.7
Usage: nginx [-?hvVtq] [-s signal] [-c filename] [-p prefix] [-g directives]

Options:
  -?,-h         : this help
  -v            : show version and exit
  -V            : show version and configure options then exit
  -t            : test configuration and exit
  -q            : suppress non-error messages during configuration testing
  -s signal     : send signal to a master process: stop, quit, reopen, reload
  -p prefix     : set prefix path (default: /usr/)
  -c filename   : set configuration file (default: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf)
  -g directives : set global directives out of configuration file
#测试配置文件的语法
[root@bogon nginx-1.4.7]# /usr/sbin/nginx -t
#显示语法正确
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
#显示系统上没有nginx这个用户
nginx: [emerg] getpwnam("nginx") failed
#配置文件测试失败
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test failed

8.添加nginx这个系统用户,然后测试配置文件语法

#添加nginx这个系统用户
[root@bogon nginx-1.4.7]# useradd -r nginx
#测试配置文件语法
[root@bogon nginx-1.4.7]# /usr/sbin/nginx -t
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
#显示/var/tmp/nginx这个临时目录不存在
nginx: [emerg] mkdir() "/var/tmp/nginx/client" failed (2: No such file or directory)
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test failed

9.建立nginx的临时目录,然后测试配置文件的语法

#建立nginx临时目录
[root@bogon nginx-1.4.7]# mkdir /var/tmp/nginx
[root@bogon nginx-1.4.7]# /usr/sbin/nginx -t
#显示nginx配置文件语法正确
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
#测试nginx配置文件成功
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

10.启动nginx

#启动nginx
[root@bogon nginx-1.4.7]#  /usr/sbin/nginx
#查看是否启动成功
[root@bogon nginx-1.4.7]# ss -tnl | grep 80
LISTEN     0      128                       *:80                       *:*    

11.查看系统IP地址,打开nginx的本地网页

[root@bogon ~]# ifconfig eth0
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:0C:29:9C:2B:A5  
          inet addr:192.168.16.87  Bcast:192.168.16.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::20c:29ff:fe9c:2ba5/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:1648500 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:2193 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:1606718906 (1.4 GiB)  TX bytes:176876 (172.7 KiB)

img_d57da40ea8c88eed951c1a10c62a963e.png

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