SpringMVC整合FreeMarker实例

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SpringMVC整合FreeMarker实例

youcongtech 2018-08-03 23:09:00 浏览1139
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FreeMarker作为模板引擎,是比较常用的。

FreeMarker官方文档地址为:https://freemarker.apache.org/

现在浏览器或者翻译工具这么多,对于英文方面,我想大多数天天敲代码的,奋战在前线的同志们,对于很多编程实用单词应该不陌生,如果语文老师不是XX老师教的,我想通过Google或者其他翻译工具翻译一些意思,我想大家应该是可以看的懂,和判断是否存在问题的。

 

其实我个人英语,也不怎么样,曾经就采取过这样一种策略,来记单词,称之为"趣味单词记录法",这个法,我想只要将Good morning 读成鬼德莫你的人,应该能够很好的体会这种乐趣,记得正是这种乐趣,使我从学校到现在工作,对于英语也不是特别恐惧,当然了,这样也会导致很多问题,比如发音不标准等等。

这里不作讨论,这里想表达的还是希望,计算机专业的同胞或者其他转行或者感兴趣的朋友们,不要因为英语而停止对其研究学习或者放弃。

 

比如那些常见的Java代码生成器,基本都是通过编写ftl文件,也就是FreeMarker模板文件,通过调用对应的方法来达到代码生成的目的。

其实FreeMarker同JSP或者Volocity整合SpringMVC,并无多大的区别,web.xml基本都是那一套。

spring.xml配置的基本是扫描dao,扫描service,整合MyBatis或MyBatis Plus和配置数据源管理和使用xml或者事务注解等,如果要用到shiro或redis,也就相当于配置对应的bean。

关于Spring+SpringMVC+MyBatis整合实例或Spring+SpringMVC+MyBatis Plus整合实例,大家可以参考我的如下几篇博文:

MP实战系列(一)之入门框架搭建和使用

ssm框架整合+Ajax异步验证

maven中ssm框架快速搭建

如果你是使用或者想学习SpringBoot,可以参考如下我的几篇博文:

MP实战系列(七)之集成springboot

或者我的SpringBoot实战系列文章

当然,这些都是基于SpringBoot官方文档相关的示例+我个人一些想法和理解。

 

下面进入整合实例:

 

一、导入依赖

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>cn.test</groupId>
  <artifactId>freemarket</artifactId>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <packaging>war</packaging>

  <dependencies>
           <dependency>
             <groupId>org.freemarker</groupId>
             <artifactId>freemarker</artifactId>
             <version>2.3.23</version>
         </dependency>
        <!-- 单元测试 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>3.8.1</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- spring核心包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <version>4.3.13.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>4.3.13.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>4.3.13.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
            <version>4.3.13.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjrt</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.codehaus.jackson</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-mapper-asl</artifactId>
            <version>1.9.11</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--mybatis核心包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>3.1.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.21</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>c3p0</groupId>
            <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
            <version>0.9.1.2</version>
            <type>jar</type>
        </dependency>
        <!--打印日志 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
            <version>1.7.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
            <version>1.7.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.17</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>jstl</groupId>
            <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
            <version>1.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>4.3.13.RELEASE</version>

        </dependency>

        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/javax.servlet.jsp/jsp-api -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet.jsp</groupId>
            <artifactId>jsp-api</artifactId>
            <version>2.1</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- javax.servlet-api -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
            <version>3.1.0</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- spring-web -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
            <version>4.3.13.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- spring-webmvc -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>4.3.13.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- 阿里巴巴fastjson -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.41</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--dbcp -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-dbcp2</artifactId>
            <version>2.1.1</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- 辅助 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.google.code.gson</groupId>
            <artifactId>gson</artifactId>
            <version>2.2.4</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-lang3</artifactId>
            <version>3.3.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- end -->

        <!-- swagger-mvc -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.mangofactory</groupId>
            <artifactId>swagger-springmvc</artifactId>
            <version>1.0.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
            <version>2.6.6</version>
        </dependency>
        
        <!-- poi -->
         <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.poi</groupId>
            <artifactId>poi</artifactId>
            <version>3.9</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.poi</groupId>
            <artifactId>poi-ooxml</artifactId>
            <version>3.9</version>
        </dependency>
        


        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.squareup.okhttp3/okhttp -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.squareup.okhttp3</groupId>
            <artifactId>okhttp</artifactId>
            <version>3.9.1</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.squareup.okio/okio -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.squareup.okio</groupId>
            <artifactId>okio</artifactId>
            <version>1.13.0</version>
        </dependency>
        
        
        <!-- 腾讯云 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.qcloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>cos_api</artifactId>
            <version>5.2.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/commons-codec/commons-codec -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-codec</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-codec</artifactId>
            <version>1.11</version>
        </dependency>
        
        
        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.mindrot/jbcrypt -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mindrot</groupId>
            <artifactId>jbcrypt</artifactId>
            <version>0.4</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/net.coobird/thumbnailator -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>net.coobird</groupId> 
            <artifactId>thumbnailator</artifactId>
            <version>0.4.8</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>
    <build>

        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.0.2</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.8</source>
                    <target>1.8</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>



        </plugins>
        <finalName>${project.artifactId}</finalName>
    </build>
</project>

 

二、编写Spring-MVC对应的配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd">

    <!-- 扫描Controller层 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.freemark.controller"/>


    <!-- 静态资源不拦截放行 -->
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>

    <!-- 开启注解 -->
    <mvc:annotation-driven />

        <context:component-scan base-package="com.ffcs"></context:component-scan>
    <mvc:annotation-driven></mvc:annotation-driven>

    <bean id="freeMarkerConfigurer"
        class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerConfigurer">
        <property name="templateLoaderPath" value="/WEB-INF/ftl/"></property>
        <property name="defaultEncoding" value="utf-8" />
        <property name="freemarkerSettings">
            <props>
                <prop key="template_update_delay">1</prop>
                <prop key="locale">zh_CN</prop>
                <prop key="datetime_format">yyyy-MM-dd</prop><!-- 时间格式化 -->
                <prop key="date_format">yyyy-MM-dd</prop>
                <prop key="number_format">#.##</prop>
            </props>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <bean id="freeMarkerViewResolver"
        class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerViewResolver">
        <property name="cache" value="true" />
        <property name="prefix" value="" /><!-- 上面已经配了,这里就不用配啦 -->
        <property name="suffix" value=".ftl" />
        <property name="contentType" value="text/html;charset=UTF-8" />
        <property name="allowSessionOverride" value="true" />
        <property name="allowRequestOverride" value="true" />
        <property name="exposeSpringMacroHelpers" value="true" />
        <property name="exposeRequestAttributes" value="true" />
        <property name="exposeSessionAttributes" value="true" />
        <property name="requestContextAttribute" value="request" />
    </bean>
</beans>  

 

三、修改web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd" version="2.5">
  <display-name>test</display-name>



  <filter>
    <filter-name>CharacterEncoding</filter-name>
    <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>encoding</param-name>
      <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
    </init-param>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>CharacterEncoding</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping>
  <servlet>
    <description>spring mvc servlet</description>
    <servlet-name>springMvc</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
      <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>springMvc</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>


 


</web-app>

 

四、编写对应的Controller代码

package com.freemark.controller;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;

@Controller
public class TestController {
    
    @GetMapping(value="test")
    public String test(Model model) {
        model.addAttribute("userName", "张三");
        return "test";
    }

}

 

五、在WEB-INF目录下新建ftl文件夹并在此文件夹下新建test.ftl文件

test.ftl

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Insert title here</title>
</head>
<body>
${userName}
</body>
</html>

 

 

完成上述步骤,启动项目,并在浏览器输入对应的url,浏览器正确返回视图,控制台无报错,表示整合成功。

说明:此次演示只是针对SpringMVC+FreeMarker

如果你想加入Spring+MySQL或者Redis+Shiro,可以增加对应的配置文件和相关依赖

简单的说,如果你想用FreeMarker,不使用JSP或者其他模板,你只需修改对应的Spring-MVC的配置文件即可,并引入对应的maven依赖。

最后写个简单的测试即可,测试是否合法没问题。

 

关于整合Shiro实例,可以参考这个博客:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_27676247/article/details/74280158

关于SpringMVC+MyBatis+Spring整合,可以参考这篇博客:http://zfei.iteye.com/blog/2367552

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