postgresql 时区与时间函数

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postgresql 时区与时间函数

rudy_gao 2016-02-03 11:15:18 浏览341
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--把时间戳转成epoch值
postgres=# select extract(epoch from now());
    date_part     
------------------
 1447898857.74524
(1 row)


--把epoch 值转换回时间戳
postgres=# SELECT TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE 'epoch' +  1447898857.74524 * INTERVAL '1 second';           
           ?column?           
------------------------------
 2015-11-19 10:07:37.74524+08
 

 postgres=# SELECT TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE 'epoch' +  1447898857.74524 * INTERVAL '1 second';           
           ?column?           
------------------------------
 2015-11-19 10:07:37.74524+08

 --查看当前的时间戳
postgres=# select clock_timestamp(),current_timestamp,localtimestamp;
        clock_timestamp        |              now              |         timestamp          
-------------------------------+-------------------------------+----------------------------
 2016-02-02 17:54:15.547194+08 | 2016-02-02 17:54:15.546956+08 | 2016-02-02 17:54:15.546956
 
--时间加减
postgres=# select date '2016-02-02 10:00:00'+ interval '10 minutes'; 
      ?column?       
---------------------
 2016-02-02 00:10:00
 
 
 
--直接用sql生成随机日期时间
select '2015-5-1'::date + trunc(random()*100)::integer +' 00:22:22'::time + (trunc(random()*3600*24)||' second')::interval; 

--不同时区之间的转换
postgres=# select '2016-02-03 09:07:30.816885+08' at time zone 'pst';
          timezone          
----------------------------
 2016-02-02 17:07:30.816885
(1 row)

postgres=# select '2016-02-03 09:07:30.816885+08' at time zone 'cct';
          timezone          
----------------------------
 2016-02-03 09:07:30.816885
(1 row)
  
postgres=#  SELECT TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE '2001-02-16 20:38:40-05' AT TIME ZONE 'cct';
      timezone       
---------------------
 2001-02-17 09:38:40

--查看系统支持的时区
 select * from pg_timezone_names ; 
 
 --时区设置参数
timezone = 'PRC'

--修改时区的方法
1. 全局参数
postgresql.conf
timezone='UTC'

2. 数据库级配置
alter database dbname set timezone='UTC';

pipeline=# select * from pg_db_role_setting ;
 setdatabase | setrole |              setconfig               
-------------+---------+--------------------------------------
       14930 |       0 | {TimeZone=UTC}

3. 用户级配置
alter role rolname set timezone='UTC';
或者
alter role all set timezone='UTC';

pipeline=# select * from pg_db_role_setting ;
 setdatabase | setrole |              setconfig               
-------------+---------+--------------------------------------
       14930 |       0 | {TimeZone=UTC}
           0 |       0 | {TimeZone=UTC}
  
 --创建随机日期时间函数       
   CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION rand_date_time(start_date date, end_date date) RETURNS TIMESTAMP AS  
$BODY$  
 DECLARE  
    interval_days integer;  
    random_seconds integer;  
random_dates integer;  
    random_date date;  
    random_time time;
    
BEGIN  
    interval_days := end_date - start_date;  
    random_dates:= trunc(random()*interval_days);
    random_date := start_date + random_dates; 
    random_seconds:= trunc(random()*3600*24); 
    random_time:=' 00:00:00'::time+(random_seconds || ' second')::INTERVAL;
    RETURN random_date +random_time;  
END;   
$BODY$  
LANGUAGE plpgsql;  
--生成指定时间内的随机时间
SELECT rand_date_time('2000-01-01', '2013-12-31');  


--休眠1.5秒后执行,单位秒
SELECT clock_timestamp(),pg_sleep(1.5),clock_timestamp();
--休眠5分钟,单位interval
SELECT clock_timestamp(),pg_sleep_for('5 minutes'),clock_timestamp();
--到指定时间执行,注意这些休眠时间不是完全精确的
SELECT clock_timestamp(),pg_sleep_until('today 10:00'),clock_timestamp();



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