[MySQL] Buffer Pool Adaptive Flush

  1. 云栖社区>
  2. 博客>
  3. 正文

[MySQL] Buffer Pool Adaptive Flush

技术小胖子 2017-11-08 20:52:00 浏览950
展开阅读全文

Buffer Pool Adaptive Flush

MySQL的帮助文档中Tuning InnoDB Buffer Pool Flushing提到, innodb_adaptive_flushing_lwm,innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct_lwm, innodb_io_capacity_maxinnodb_flushing_avg_loops. 公式决定了Adaptive Flush刷入的page数。

For systems with constant heavy workloads, or workloads that fluctuate widely, several configuration options let you fine-tune the flushing behavior for InnoDB tables: innodb_adaptive_flushing_lwm,innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct_lwm, innodb_io_capacity_max, and innodb_flushing_avg_loops. These options feed into the formula used by the innodb_adaptive_flushing option.

Innodb_adaptive_flush_lwm:自适应flush机制的低水位。
innodb_max_dirty_page_pct_lwm:脏页的低水位,用来控制buffer pool脏页比率。
innodb_io_capacity_maxredo log最大容量,如果不设置是innodb_io_capacity的两倍。
innodb_flushing_avg_loopsn次循环后,重新计算平均刷新的dirty pageLSN

要刷新多少pagelsn主要代码在af_get_pct_for_dirtyaf_get_pct_for_lsn

主要控制adaptive flush的代码位于buf0flu.ccaf_get_pct_for_lsn中:

1.先判断redo log的容量是否到了innodb_adaptive_flushing_lwm低水位阀值。
2.是否配置了adaptive flush或者age超过了异步刷新的阀值。
3.lsn_age_factor=age占异步刷新阀值的比例。
4.要被刷新的比率=innodb_io_capacity_max/innodb_io_capacity*lsn_age_factor* sqrt(innodb_io_capacity)/7.5

复制代码
static
ulint
af_get_pct_for_lsn(
/*===============*/
       lsn_t  age)   /*!< in: current age of LSN. */
{
       lsn_t  max_async_age;
       lsn_t  lsn_age_factor;
       lsn_t  af_lwm=(srv_adaptive_flushing_lwm
                       *log_get_capacity())/100;
 
       if(age<af_lwm){
              /* No adaptive flushing. */
              return(0);
       }
 
       max_async_age=log_get_max_modified_age_async();
 
       if(age<max_async_age&&!srv_adaptive_flushing){
              /* We have still not reached the max_async point and
              the user has disabled adaptive flushing. */
              return(0);
       }
 
       /* If we are here then we know that either:
       1) User has enabled adaptive flushing
       2) User may have disabled adaptive flushing but we have reached
       max_async_age. */
       lsn_age_factor=(age*100)/max_async_age;
 
       ut_ad(srv_max_io_capacity>=srv_io_capacity);
       return(static_cast<ulint>(
              ((srv_max_io_capacity/srv_io_capacity)
              *(lsn_age_factor*sqrt((double)lsn_age_factor)))
              /7.5));
}
复制代码

 

和要刷新多少脏页有关的函数是af_get_pct_for_dirty
1.如果有脏页,并且innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct=0立马刷新。
2.如果没有设置innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct_lwm,并且脏页比率超过innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct,立马刷新。
3.设置了innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct_lwm并且脏页比率比低水位大,af_get_pct_for_dirty =脏页比率/(innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct+1)

复制代码
static
ulint
af_get_pct_for_dirty()
/*==================*/
{
       ulintdirty_pct=buf_get_modified_ratio_pct();
 
       if(dirty_pct>0&&srv_max_buf_pool_modified_pct==0){
              return(100);
       }
 
       ut_a(srv_max_dirty_pages_pct_lwm
            <=srv_max_buf_pool_modified_pct);
 
       if(srv_max_dirty_pages_pct_lwm==0){
              /* The user has not set the option to preflush dirty
              pages as we approach the high water mark. */
              if(dirty_pct>srv_max_buf_pool_modified_pct){
                     /* We have crossed the high water mark of dirty
                     pages In this case we start flushing at 100% of
                     innodb_io_capacity. */
                     return(100);
              }
       }elseif(dirty_pct>srv_max_dirty_pages_pct_lwm){
              /* We should start flushing pages gradually. */
              return((dirty_pct*100)
                     /(srv_max_buf_pool_modified_pct+1));
       }
 
       return(0);
}
复制代码

 

要刷新的page=PCT_IO(max(af_get_pct_for_dirtyaf_get_pct_for_lsn))+avg_page(由innodb_flushing_avg_loops到期计算得到)。

要刷新到的LSN= oldest_lsn+(这次要刷新的page/上次已经刷新的page)+1*avg_lsn(innodb_flushing_avg_loops到期计算得到)

帮助文档还提到innodb_flushing_avg_loops越大,也意味着adaptive flush越慢,但是从代码看,innodb_flushing_avg_loops会影响所有的flush不单单是adaptive。当写入变大,innodb_flushing_avg_loops不变或者变大,是有可能导致flush跟不上。

复制代码
static
ulint
page_cleaner_flush_pages_if_needed(void)
/*====================================*/
{
       staticlsn_t         lsn_avg_rate=0;
       staticlsn_t         prev_lsn=0;
       staticlsn_t         last_lsn=0;
       staticulint         sum_pages=0;
       staticulint         last_pages=0;
       staticulint         prev_pages=0;
       staticulint         avg_page_rate=0;
       staticulint         n_iterations=0;
       ……
       cur_lsn=log_get_lsn();
 
       if(prev_lsn==0){
              /* First time around. */
              prev_lsn=cur_lsn;
              return(0);
       }
 
       if(prev_lsn==cur_lsn){
              return(0);
       }
 
       /* We update our variables every srv_flushing_avg_loops
       iterations to smooth out transition in workload. */
       if(++n_iterations>=srv_flushing_avg_loops){
 
              avg_page_rate=((sum_pages/srv_flushing_avg_loops)
                            +avg_page_rate)/2;
 
              /* How much LSN we have generated since last call. */
              lsn_rate=(cur_lsn-prev_lsn)/srv_flushing_avg_loops;
 
              lsn_avg_rate=(lsn_avg_rate+lsn_rate)/2;
 
              prev_lsn=cur_lsn;
 
              n_iterations=0;
 
              sum_pages=0;
       }
 
       oldest_lsn=buf_pool_get_oldest_modification();
 
       ut_ad(oldest_lsn<=log_get_lsn());
 
       age=cur_lsn>oldest_lsn?cur_lsn-oldest_lsn:0;
 
       pct_for_dirty=af_get_pct_for_dirty();
       pct_for_lsn=af_get_pct_for_lsn(age);
 
       pct_total=ut_max(pct_for_dirty,pct_for_lsn);
 
       /* Cap the maximum IO capacity that we are going to use by
       max_io_capacity. */
       n_pages=(PCT_IO(pct_total)+avg_page_rate)/2;
 
       if(n_pages>srv_max_io_capacity){
              n_pages=srv_max_io_capacity;
       }
 
       if(last_pages&&cur_lsn-last_lsn>lsn_avg_rate/2){
              age_factor=static_cast<int>(prev_pages/last_pages);
       }
       ……
       prev_pages=n_pages;
       n_pages=page_cleaner_do_flush_batch(
              n_pages,oldest_lsn+lsn_avg_rate*(age_factor+1));
 
       last_lsn=cur_lsn;
       last_pages=n_pages+1;
 
       ……
 
       if(n_pages){
              ……
              sum_pages+=n_pages;
       }
 
       return(n_pages);
}
复制代码

 

参考文档:

[1] http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/innodb-lru-background-flushing.html 14.12.1.6 Tuning InnoDB Buffer Pool Flushing
[2] http://hedengcheng.com/?p=88 InnoDB原生Checkpoint策略及各版本优化详解
[3] http://mysqllover.com/?p=620 Innodb:如何计算异步/同步刷脏及checkpoint的临界范围




    本文转自 Fanr_Zh 博客园博客,原文链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/Amaranthus/p/4450840.html,如需转载请自行联系原作者




网友评论

登录后评论
0/500
评论
技术小胖子
+ 关注