【Java学习笔记】Java6泛型实例

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【Java学习笔记】Java6泛型实例

gnuhpc 2012-12-17 20:26:00 浏览599

作者:gnuhpc
出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/gnuhpc/

你若是不使用泛型,则会这样处理数据类型不确定的问题:

class Stash {
    private Object x;
    void set(Object x) {
        this.x = x;
    }
    Object get() {
        return(x);
    }
}
public class StashOne {
    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        Stash stash = new Stash();
        stash.set("abcd");
        String str = (String)stash.get();
    }
}

使用了泛型则:

class StashString {
    private String x;
    void set(String x) {
        this.x = x;
    }
    String get() {
        return(x);
    }
}
public class StashTwo {
    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        StashString stash = new StashString();
        stash.set("abcd");
        String str = stash.get();
    }
}

你也可以在创建对象的时候规定类型:

class Stash<T> {
    private T x;
    void set(T x) {
        this.x = x;
    }
    T get() {
        return(x);
    }
}
public class StashThree {
    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        Stash<String> stash = new Stash<String>();
        stash.set("abcd");
        String str = stash.get();
    }
}

或者在赋值的时候规定:

class Stash<T> {
    private T x;
    void set(T x) {
        this.x = x;
    }
    T get() {
        return(x);
    }
}
public class StashFour {
    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        Stash<Object> stash = new Stash<Object>();
        stash.set("abcd");
        String str = (String)stash.get();
    }
}

要想规定某个参数是某各类及其子类的泛型,则:

class Stash<T extends Number> {
    private T x;
    void set(T x) {
        this.x = x;
    }
    T get() {
        return(x);
    }
}
public class StashFive {
    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        Stash<Integer> istash = new Stash<Integer>();
        Integer ten = new Integer(10);
        istash.set(ten);
        ten = istash.get();
        Stash<Double> dstash = new Stash<Double>();
        Double pi = new Double(3.14159);
        dstash.set(pi);
        pi = dstash.get();
    }
}

对于接口:

import java.util.EventListener;
import javax.swing.JTable;
import javax.swing.undo.UndoManager;
class Stash<T extends EventListener> {
    private T x;
    void set(T x) {
        this.x = x;
    }
    T get() {
        return(x);
    }
}
public class StashSix {
    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        Stash<JTable> tablestash = new Stash<JTable>();
        JTable table = new JTable();
        tablestash.set(table);
        table = tablestash.get();
        Stash<UndoManager> dstash = new Stash<UndoManager>();
        UndoManager unman = new UndoManager();
        dstash.set(unman);
        unman = dstash.get();
    }
}

而你要是想既规定类又规定实现了某一个接口,那么:

import java.awt.Image;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.awt.Transparency;
class Stash<T extends Image & Transparency> {
    private T x;
    void set(T x) {
        this.x = x;
    }
    T get() {
        return(x);
    }
}
public class StashSeven {
    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        Stash<BufferedImage> bufstash = new Stash<BufferedImage>();
        BufferedImage bufimage = new BufferedImage(50,50,0);
        bufstash.set(bufimage);
        bufimage = bufstash.get();
    }
}

而通配符的泛型类可以使你在创建泛型类的指针时可以模糊处理:

class Stash<T> {
    private T x;
    void set(T x) {
        this.x = x;
    }
    T get() {
        return(x);
    }
}
public class StashEight {
    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        Stash<? extends Number> numberstash;
        Stash<Integer> integerstash;
        integerstash = new Stash<Integer>();
        integerstash.set(new Integer(10));
        numberstash = integerstash;
        Number number = numberstash.get();
        System.out.println(number.toString());
        Stash<Double> doublestash;
        doublestash = new Stash<Double>();
        doublestash.set(new Double(3.14159));
        numberstash = doublestash;
        Double dnumber = (Double)numberstash.get();
        System.out.println(dnumber.toString());
    }
}

泛型还可以嵌套:

class Pair<T,U> {
    private T left;
    private U right;
    Pair(T l, U r) {
        left = l;
        right = r;
    }
    public T getLeft() {
        return(left);
    }
    public U getRight() {
        return(right);
    }
}
class Stash<T> {
    private T t;
    void set(T t) {
        this.t = t;
    }
    T get() {
        return(t);
    }
}
public class Nesting {
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        Stash<Pair<String,Long>> sp;
        sp = new Stash<Pair<String,Long>>();
        Pair pair = new Pair("Average",new Long(320));
        sp.set(pair);
        pair = sp.get();
        System.out.println(pair.getLeft() + " " + pair.getRight());
    }
}

另外泛型不只是类,方法也可以泛型:

import java.awt.Color;
public class GenericMethod {
    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        GenericMethod gm = new GenericMethod();
        gm.objtype("abcd");
        gm.gentype("abcd");
        gm.objtype(Color.green);
        gm.gentype(Color.green);
    }
    public void objtype(Object t) {
        System.out.println(t.getClass().getName());
    }
    public <T> void gentype(T t) {
        System.out.println(t.getClass().getName());
    }
}

 

作者:gnuhpc
出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/gnuhpc/


               作者:gnuhpc
               出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/gnuhpc/
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