OGG_GoldenGate数据库配置DDL同步(案例)

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OGG_GoldenGate数据库配置DDL同步(案例)

东方瀚海鲍 2014-03-08 21:08:00 浏览462
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2014-03-08 Created By BaoXinjian

一、摘要


1. 不支持和有限支持的DDL类型

(1). Oracle数据库保留的Schema,GoldenGate是不支持的,如SYS、SYSTEM、PUBLIC等等

(2). GoldenGate10g DDL不支持Oracle回收站功能

(3). GoldenGate支持不超高2M长度的DDL语句

(4). GoldenGate只支持单向的DDL复制,不支持双向的DDL复制

(5). GoldenGate只支持源端和目标端结构一直的

2. DDL处理方法

(1). 不支持DDL类型的处理方法

a. 不支持的Schema,OGG默认不复制,不许更多设定

b. 关闭Oracle回收站:alter system set recyclebin=off scope=both

(2). 受限支持DDL类型的处理费方法

a. 通过脚本ddl_ddl2file.sql获取被忽略的Oracle DDL操作,将其获取的操作放在USER_DUMP_DEST目录一个文本文件中

b. 投递过程中必须使用ASSUMETARGETDEFS参数

3. DDL复制的配置

(1). Oracle DDL复制的原理

(2). 安装GoldenGate DDL对象

(3). 配置DDL支持

(4). DDL异常与错误处理

 

二、Oracle DDL复制的原理


1. DDL复制原理

基于数据库全局Trigger的复制,在源数据建立一个Oracle全库级别的Trigger捕捉DDL操作到中间表,Extract读取中间表DDL语句并与DML语句根据csn排序,Pump投递到目标端,目标端Replicat在重现该DDL语句

2. DDL复制和DML复制的区别

(1). DDL复制是基于Trigger

(2). DML复制是基于日志

(3). 只是在主Extract进程中通过scn号安装发生顺序进行组装,保证DDL操作和DML操作按照原来的顺序之下你给

3. DDL复制和DML复制的关系

DDL复制和DML复制可以项目独立,可以只启动DDL复制,也可以只启动DML复制,相互并不影响,他们之间只是在Extract进行组装时根据scn号进行排序

 

三、安装GoldenGate DDL对象


Step1. 停止Extract进程组

[ggate@gavinprod ~]$ cd $GGATE
[ggate@gavinprod ggate]$ ./ggsci
Oracle GoldenGate Command Interpreter for Oracle
Version 11.2.1.0.1 OGGCORE_11.2.1.0.1_PLATFORMS_120423.0230_FBO
Linux, x64, 64bit (optimized), Oracle 11g on Apr 23 2012 08:32:14
Copyright (C) 1995, 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

GGSCI (gavinprod.com) 1> stop E*
EXTRACT EXT1 is already stopped.
EXTRACT EXT2 is already stopped.

Step2. 指定源端数据库的模式

GGSCI (gavinprod.com) 2> edit params ./GLOBALS
GGSCHEMA ggate

Step3. 停止Manager进程

GGSCI (gavinprod.com) 5> stop MGR !
Manager is already stopped.

Step4. 关闭Oracle的recyclebin

[oracle@gavinprod bin]$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Fri Jan 30 22:50:10 2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> show parameter recyclebin
NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
recyclebin                           string      OFF
SQL> alter system set recyclebin = off scope = both;

Step5. 安装DDL对象

[oracle@gavinprod ggate]$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Fri Jan 30 22:54:49 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> @/opt/oracle/ggate/marker_setup.sql

SQL> @/opt/oracle/ggate/ddl_setup.sql

SQL> @/opt/oracle/ggate/role_setup.sql

SQL> @/opt/oracle/ggate/ddl_enable.sql


Step6. 验证DDL对象

[oracle@gavinprod ggate]$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Fri Jan 30 22:54:49 2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> @/opt/oracle/ggate/marker_status.sql

 

四、配置DDL支持


Step1. 停止Extract 和 Replicat进程组

--Extract 端
GGSCI (gavinprod.com) 1> stop E*
EXTRACT EXT1 is already stopped.
EXTRACT EXT2 is already stopped.

GGSCI (gavinprod.com) 2> stop D*
EXTRACT DMP2 is already stopped.


--Replicat 端
GGSCI (odellprod.com) 1> stop R*
REPLICAT REP1 is already stopped.
REPLICAT REP2 is already stopped.

Step2. 修改Extract配置文件

GGSCI (gavinprod.com) 6> view params EXT2
extract ext2
userid ggate@gavinprod, password oracle
exttrail /opt/oracle/ggate/dirdat/ld

DDL INCLUDE ALL
DDLOPTIONS ADDTRANDATA, REPORT
table source_prod.*;

Step3. 修改Replicat配置文件

GGSCI (odellprod.com) 2> view params REP2

replicat rep2
ASSUMETARGETDEFS
userid ggate@odellprod,password oracle
discardfile /opt/oracle/ggate/dirdat/rep2_discard.txt, append, megabytes 10

DDL INCLUDE MAPPED
DDLOPTIONS REPORT
map source_prod.*, target target_prod.*;

Step4. 重启进程

--Extract 端
GGSCI (gavinprod.com) 1> start E*
GGSCI (gavinprod.com) 2> start D*

--Replicat 端
GGSCI (odellprod.com) 1> start R*

Step5. 验证结果

1. 目标端建立table bxj_ogg_ddl

create table bxj_ogg_ddl (id number, name varchar2 (100) ); 

2. 目标端查看所创建的table是否存在

select * from dba_objects where object_name = 'BXJ_OGG_DDL';

3. 如果存在,测试成功

 

Thanks and Regards

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