Go语言学习笔记(八)golang 操作 Redis & Mysql & RabbitMQ

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Go语言学习笔记(八)golang 操作 Redis & Mysql & RabbitMQ

xumaojun 2018-03-12 12:24:27 浏览1567
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Reids

安装导入

go get github.com/garyburd/redigo/redis
import "github.com/garyburd/redigo/redis"

链接

github:https://github.com/antirez/redis

Doc:http://godoc.org/github.com/garyburd/redigo/redis

Redis全套使用:http://www.cnblogs.com/suoning/p/5807247.html

使用

连接

复制代码
import "github.com/garyburd/redigo/redis"

func main() {
    c, err := redis.Dial("tcp", "localhost:6379")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("conn redis failed, err:", err)
        return
    }
    defer c.Close()
}
复制代码

 

set & get

复制代码
        _, err = c.Do("Set", "name", "nick")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
        return
    }

    r, err := redis.String(c.Do("Get", "name"))
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
        return
    }
    fmt.Println(r)
复制代码

 

mset & mget

批量设置

复制代码
        _, err = c.Do("MSet", "name", "nick", "age", "18")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("MSet error: ", err)
        return
    }

    r2, err := redis.Strings(c.Do("MGet", "name", "age"))
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("MGet error: ", err)
        return
    }
    fmt.Println(r2)
复制代码

 

hset & hget

hash操作

复制代码
    _, err = c.Do("HSet", "names", "nick", "suoning")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("hset error: ", err)
        return
    }

    r, err = redis.String(c.Do("HGet", "names", "nick"))
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("hget error: ", err)
        return
    }
    fmt.Println(r)
复制代码

 

expire

设置过期时间

    _, err = c.Do("expire", "names", 5)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("expire error: ", err)
        return
    }

 

lpush & lpop & llen

队列

复制代码
    // 队列
    _, err = c.Do("lpush", "Queue", "nick", "dawn", 9)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("lpush error: ", err)
        return
    }
    for {
        r, err = redis.String(c.Do("lpop", "Queue"))
        if err != nil {
            fmt.Println("lpop error: ", err)
            break
        }
        fmt.Println(r)
    }
    r3, err := redis.Int(c.Do("llen", "Queue"))
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("llen error: ", err)
        return
    }
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连接池

各参数的解释如下:

MaxIdle:最大的空闲连接数,表示即使没有redis连接时依然可以保持N个空闲的连接,而不被清除,随时处于待命状态。

MaxActive:最大的激活连接数,表示同时最多有N个连接

IdleTimeout:最大的空闲连接等待时间,超过此时间后,空闲连接将被关闭

复制代码
    pool := &redis.Pool{
        MaxIdle:     16,
        MaxActive:   1024,
        IdleTimeout: 300,
        Dial: func() (redis.Conn, error) {
            return redis.Dial("tcp", "localhost:6379")
        },
    }
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连接池栗子

复制代码
package main

import (
    "fmt"

    "github.com/garyburd/redigo/redis"
)

var pool *redis.Pool

func init() {
    pool = &redis.Pool{
        MaxIdle:     16,
        MaxActive:   1024,
        IdleTimeout: 300,
        Dial: func() (redis.Conn, error) {
            return redis.Dial("tcp", "localhost:6379")
        },
    }
}

func main() {
    c := pool.Get()
    defer c.Close()

    _, err := c.Do("Set", "name", "nick")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
        return
    }

    r, err := redis.String(c.Do("Get", "name"))
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
        return
    }
    fmt.Println(r)
}
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管道操作

请求/响应服务可以实现持续处理新请求,客户端可以发送多个命令到服务器而无需等待响应,最后在一次读取多个响应。

使用Send(),Flush(),Receive()方法支持管道化操作

Send向连接的输出缓冲中写入命令。

Flush将连接的输出缓冲清空并写入服务器端。

Recevie按照FIFO顺序依次读取服务器的响应。

复制代码
func main() {
    c, err := redis.Dial("tcp", "localhost:6379")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("conn redis failed, err:", err)
        return
    }
    defer c.Close()

    c.Send("SET", "name1", "sss1")
    c.Send("SET", "name2", "sss2")

    c.Flush()

    v, err := c.Receive()
    fmt.Printf("v:%v,err:%v\n", v, err)
    v, err = c.Receive()
    fmt.Printf("v:%v,err:%v\n", v, err)

    v, err = c.Receive()    // 夯住,一直等待
    fmt.Printf("v:%v,err:%v\n", v, err)
}
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Mysql

安装导入

复制代码
go get "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"
go get "github.com/jmoiron/sqlx"

import (
    _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"
    "github.com/jmoiron/sqlx"
)
复制代码

链接:

github:

  https://github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql

  https://github.com/jmoiron/sqlx

Doc:

      http://godoc.org/github.com/jmoiron/sqlx

  http://jmoiron.github.io/sqlx/

Mysql全套使用:http://www.cnblogs.com/suoning/p/5769141.html

 

连接

复制代码
import (
    _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"
    "github.com/jmoiron/sqlx"
)

var Db *sqlx.DB

func init() {

    database, err := sqlx.Open("mysql", "root:@tcp(127.0.0.1:3306)/test")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("open mysql failed,", err)
        return
    }

    Db = database
}
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栗子建表

CREATE TABLE `person` (
  `user_id` int(128) DEFAULT NULL,
  `username` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `sex` varchar(16) DEFAULT NULL,
  `email` varchar(128) DEFAULT NULL
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

 

栗子(insert)

复制代码
package main

import (
    "fmt"

    _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"
    "github.com/jmoiron/sqlx"
)

type Person struct {
    UserId   int    `db:"user_id"`
    Username string `db:"username"`
    Sex      string `db:"sex"`
    Email    string `db:"email"`
}

var Db *sqlx.DB

func init() {
    database, err := sqlx.Open("mysql", "root:@tcp(127.0.0.1:3306)/test")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("open mysql failed,", err)
        return
    }
    Db = database
}

func main() {
    r, err := Db.Exec("insert into person(username, sex, email)values(?, ?, ?)", "suoning", "man", "suoning@net263.com")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("exec failed, ", err)
        return
    }
    id, err := r.LastInsertId()
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("exec failed, ", err)
        return
    }

    fmt.Println("insert succ:", id)
}
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栗子(update)

复制代码
package main

import (
    "fmt"

    _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"
    "github.com/jmoiron/sqlx"
)

type Person struct {
    UserId   int    `db:"user_id"`
    Username string `db:"username"`
    Sex      string `db:"sex"`
    Email    string `db:"email"`
}

var Db *sqlx.DB

func init() {

    database, err := sqlx.Open("mysql", "root:@tcp(127.0.0.1:3306)/test")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("open mysql failed,", err)
        return
    }

    Db = database
}

func main() {

    _, err := Db.Exec("update person set user_id=? where username=?", 20170808, "suoning")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("exec failed, ", err)
        return
    }

}
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栗子(select)

复制代码
package main

import (
    "fmt"

    _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"
    "github.com/jmoiron/sqlx"
)

type Person struct {
    UserId   int    `db:"user_id"`
    Username string `db:"username"`
    Sex      string `db:"sex"`
    Email    string `db:"email"`
}

type Place struct {
    Country string `db:"country"`
    City    string `db:"city"`
    TelCode int    `db:"telcode"`
}

var Db *sqlx.DB

func init() {

    database, err := sqlx.Open("mysql", "root:@tcp(127.0.0.1:3306)/test")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("open mysql failed,", err)
        return
    }

    Db = database
}

func main() {

    var person []Person
    err := Db.Select(&person, "select user_id, username, sex, email from person where user_id=?", 1)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("exec failed, ", err)
        return
    }
    fmt.Println("select succ:", person)

    people := []Person{}
    Db.Select(&people, "SELECT * FROM person ORDER BY user_id ASC")
    fmt.Println(people)
    jason, john := people[0], people[1]
    fmt.Printf("%#v\n%#v", jason, john)
}
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栗子(delete)

复制代码
package main

import (
    "fmt"

    _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"
    "github.com/jmoiron/sqlx"
)

type Person struct {
    UserId   int    `db:"user_id"`
    Username string `db:"username"`
    Sex      string `db:"sex"`
    Email    string `db:"email"`
}

var Db *sqlx.DB

func init() {

    database, err := sqlx.Open("mysql", "root:@tcp(127.0.0.1:3306)/test")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("open mysql failed,", err)
        return
    }

    Db = database
}

func main() {

    _, err := Db.Exec("delete from person where username=? limit 1", "suoning")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println("exec failed, ", err)
        return
    }

    fmt.Println("delete succ")
}
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事务

复制代码
package main

import (
    "github.com/astaxie/beego/logs"
    _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"
    "github.com/jmoiron/sqlx"
)

var Db *sqlx.DB

func init() {
    database, err := sqlx.Open("mysql", "root:@tcp(127.0.0.1:3306)/test")
    if err != nil {
        logs.Error("open mysql failed,", err)
        return
    }
    Db = database
}

func main()  {
    conn, err := Db.Begin()
    if err != nil {
        logs.Warn("DB.Begin failed, err:%v", err)
        return
    }

    defer func() {
        if err != nil {
            conn.Rollback()
            return
        }
        conn.Commit()
    }()

    // do something
}
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RabbitMQ

安装

go get "github.com/streadway/amqp"

文档:

https://github.com/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-tutorials/tree/master/go

 

栗子一(普通模式)

生产者:

复制代码
package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "log"
    "os"
    "strings"

    "github.com/streadway/amqp"
    "time"
)

/*
默认点对点模式
*/

func failOnError(err error, msg string) {
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatalf("%s: %s", msg, err)
        panic(fmt.Sprintf("%s: %s", msg, err))
    }
}

func main() {
    // 连接
    conn, err := amqp.Dial("amqp://guest:guest@localhost:5672/")
    failOnError(err, "Failed to connect to RabbitMQ")
    defer conn.Close()

    // 打开一个并发服务器通道来处理消息
    ch, err := conn.Channel()
    failOnError(err, "Failed to open a channel")
    defer ch.Close()

    // 申明一个队列
    q, err := ch.QueueDeclare(
        "task_queue", // name
        true,         // durable  持久性的,如果事前已经声明了该队列,不能重复声明
        false,        // delete when unused
        false,        // exclusive 如果是真,连接一断开,队列删除
        false,        // no-wait
        nil,          // arguments
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to declare a queue")

    body := bodyFrom(os.Args)

    // 发布
    err = ch.Publish(
        "",     // exchange 默认模式,exchange为空
        q.Name,           // routing key 默认模式路由到同名队列,即是task_queue
        false,  // mandatory
        false,
        amqp.Publishing{
            // 持久性的发布,因为队列被声明为持久的,发布消息必须加上这个(可能不用),但消息还是可能会丢,如消息到缓存但MQ挂了来不及持久化。
            DeliveryMode: amqp.Persistent,
            ContentType:  "text/plain",
            Body:         []byte(body),
        })
    failOnError(err, "Failed to publish a message")
    log.Printf(" [x] Sent %s", body)
}

func bodyFrom(args []string) string {
    var s string
    if (len(args) < 2) || os.Args[1] == "" {
        s = fmt.Sprintf("%s-%v","hello", time.Now())
    } else {
        s = strings.Join(args[1:], " ")
    }
    return s
}
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消费者:

复制代码
package main

import (
    "bytes"
    "fmt"
    "github.com/streadway/amqp"
    "log"
    "time"
)

/*
默认点对点模式
工作方,多个,拿发布方的消息
*/

func failOnError(err error, msg string) {
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatalf("%s: %s", msg, err)
        panic(fmt.Sprintf("%s: %s", msg, err))
    }
}

func main() {
    conn, err := amqp.Dial("amqp://guest:guest@localhost:5672/")
    failOnError(err, "Failed to connect to RabbitMQ")
    defer conn.Close()

    ch, err := conn.Channel()
    failOnError(err, "Failed to open a channel")
    defer ch.Close()

    // 指定队列!
    q, err := ch.QueueDeclare(
        "task_queue", // name
        true,         // durable
        false,        // delete when unused
        false,        // exclusive
        false,        // no-wait
        nil,          // arguments
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to declare a queue")

    // Fair dispatch 预取,每个工作方每次拿一个消息,确认后才拿下一次,缓解压力
    err = ch.Qos(
        1,     // prefetch count
        0,     // prefetch size
        false, // global
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to set QoS")

    // 消费根据队列名
    msgs, err := ch.Consume(
        q.Name, // queue
        "",     // consumer
        false,  // auto-ack   设置为真自动确认消息
        false,  // exclusive
        false,  // no-local
        false,  // no-wait
        nil,    // args
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to register a consumer")

    forever := make(chan bool)

    go func() {
        for d := range msgs {
            log.Printf("Received a message: %s", d.Body)
            dot_count := bytes.Count(d.Body, []byte("."))
            t := time.Duration(dot_count)
            time.Sleep(t * time.Second)
            log.Printf("Done")

            // 确认消息被收到!!如果为真的,那么同在一个channel,在该消息之前未确认的消息都会确认,适合批量处理
            // 真时场景:每十条消息确认一次,类似
            d.Ack(false)
        }
    }()

    log.Printf(" [*] Waiting for messages. To exit press CTRL+C")
    <-forever
}
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栗子二(订阅模式)

订阅 生产者:

复制代码
package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "github.com/streadway/amqp"
    "log"
    "os"
    "strings"
    "time"
)

/*
广播模式
发布方
*/

func failOnError(err error, msg string) {
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatalf("%s: %s", msg, err)
        panic(fmt.Sprintf("%s: %s", msg, err))
    }
}

func main() {
    conn, err := amqp.Dial("amqp://guest:guest@localhost:5672/")
    failOnError(err, "Failed to connect to RabbitMQ")
    defer conn.Close()

    ch, err := conn.Channel()
    failOnError(err, "Failed to open a channel")
    defer ch.Close()

    // 默认模式有默认交换机,广播自己定义一个交换机,交换机可与队列进行绑定
    err = ch.ExchangeDeclare(
        "logs",   // name
        "fanout", // type 广播模式
        true,     // durable
        false,    // auto-deleted
        false,    // internal
        false,    // no-wait
        nil,      // arguments
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to declare an exchange")

    body := bodyFrom(os.Args)

    // 发布
    err = ch.Publish(
        "logs", // exchange 消息发送到交换机,这个时候没队列绑定交换机,消息会丢弃
        "",     // routing key  广播模式不需要这个,它会把所有消息路由到绑定的所有队列
        false,  // mandatory
        false,  // immediate
        amqp.Publishing{
            ContentType: "text/plain",
            Body:        []byte(body),
        })
    failOnError(err, "Failed to publish a message")

    log.Printf(" [x] Sent %s", body)
}

func bodyFrom(args []string) string {
    var s string
    if (len(args) < 2) || os.Args[1] == "" {
        s = fmt.Sprintf("%s-%v","hello", time.Now())
    } else {
        s = strings.Join(args[1:], " ")
    }
    return s
}
复制代码

 

订阅 消费者:

复制代码
package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "github.com/streadway/amqp"
    "log"
)

/*
广播模式
订阅方
*/

func failOnError(err error, msg string) {
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatalf("%s: %s", msg, err)
        panic(fmt.Sprintf("%s: %s", msg, err))
    }
}

func main() {
    conn, err := amqp.Dial("amqp://guest:guest@localhost:5672/")
    failOnError(err, "Failed to connect to RabbitMQ")
    defer conn.Close()

    ch, err := conn.Channel()
    failOnError(err, "Failed to open a channel")
    defer ch.Close()

    // 同样要申明交换机
    err = ch.ExchangeDeclare(
        "logs",   // name
        "fanout", // type
        true,     // durable
        false,    // auto-deleted
        false,    // internal
        false,    // no-wait
        nil,      // arguments
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to declare an exchange")

    // 新建队列,这个队列没名字,随机生成一个名字
    q, err := ch.QueueDeclare(
        "",    // name
        false, // durable
        false, // delete when usused
        true,  // exclusive  表示连接一断开,这个队列自动删除
        false, // no-wait
        nil,   // arguments
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to declare a queue")

    // 队列和交换机绑定,即是队列订阅了发到这个交换机的消息
    err = ch.QueueBind(
        q.Name, // queue name  队列的名字
        "",     // routing key  广播模式不需要这个
        "logs", // exchange  交换机名字
        false,
        nil)
    failOnError(err, "Failed to bind a queue")

    // 开始消费消息,可开多个订阅方,因为队列是临时生成的,所有每个订阅方都能收到同样的消息
    msgs, err := ch.Consume(
        q.Name, // queue  队列名字
        "",     // consumer
        true,   // auto-ack  自动确认
        false,  // exclusive
        false,  // no-local
        false,  // no-wait
        nil,    // args
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to register a consumer")

    forever := make(chan bool)

    go func() {
        for d := range msgs {
            log.Printf(" [x] %s", d.Body)
        }
    }()

    log.Printf(" [*] Waiting for logs. To exit press CTRL+C")
    <-forever
}
复制代码

 

栗子三(RPC模式)

RPC 应答方:

复制代码
package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "log"
    "strconv"

    "github.com/streadway/amqp"
)

/*
RPC模式
应答方
*/

func failOnError(err error, msg string) {
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatalf("%s: %s", msg, err)
        panic(fmt.Sprintf("%s: %s", msg, err))
    }
}

func fib(n int) int {
    if n == 0 {
        return 0
    } else if n == 1 {
        return 1
    } else {
        return fib(n-1) + fib(n-2)
    }
}

func main() {

    conn, err := amqp.Dial("amqp://guest:guest@localhost:5672/")
    failOnError(err, "Failed to connect to RabbitMQ")
    defer conn.Close()

    ch, err := conn.Channel()
    failOnError(err, "Failed to open a channel")
    defer ch.Close()

    q, err := ch.QueueDeclare(
        "rpc_queue", // name
        false,       // durable
        false,       // delete when usused
        false,       // exclusive
        false,       // no-wait
        nil,         // arguments
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to declare a queue")

    // 公平分发 没有这个则round-robbin
    err = ch.Qos(
        1,     // prefetch count
        0,     // prefetch size
        false, // global
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to set QoS")

    // 消费,等待请求
    msgs, err := ch.Consume(
        q.Name, // queue
        "",     // consumer
        false,  // auto-ack
        false,  // exclusive
        false,  // no-local
        false,  // no-wait
        nil,    // args
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to register a consumer")

    forever := make(chan bool)

    go func() {
        //请求来了
        for d := range msgs {
            n, err := strconv.Atoi(string(d.Body))
            failOnError(err, "Failed to convert body to integer")

            log.Printf(" [.] fib(%d)", n)

            // 计算
            response := fib(n)

            // 回答
            err = ch.Publish(
                "",        // exchange
                d.ReplyTo, // routing key
                false,     // mandatory
                false,     // immediate
                amqp.Publishing{
                    ContentType:   "text/plain",
                    CorrelationId: d.CorrelationId,  //序列号
                    Body:          []byte(strconv.Itoa(response)),
                })
            failOnError(err, "Failed to publish a message")

            // 确认回答完毕
            d.Ack(false)
        }
    }()

    log.Printf(" [*] Awaiting RPC requests")
    <-forever
}
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RPC 请求方:

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package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "log"
    "math/rand"
    "os"
    "strconv"
    "strings"
    "time"

    "github.com/streadway/amqp"
)

/*
RPC模式
请求方
*/

func failOnError(err error, msg string) {
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatalf("%s: %s", msg, err)
        panic(fmt.Sprintf("%s: %s", msg, err))
    }
}

func randomString(l int) string {
    bytes := make([]byte, l)
    for i := 0; i < l; i++ {
        bytes[i] = byte(randInt(65, 90))
    }
    return string(bytes)
}

func randInt(min int, max int) int {
    return min + rand.Intn(max-min)
}

func fibonacciRPC(n int) (res int, err error) {

    conn, err := amqp.Dial("amqp://guest:guest@localhost:5672/")
    failOnError(err, "Failed to connect to RabbitMQ")
    defer conn.Close()

    ch, err := conn.Channel()
    failOnError(err, "Failed to open a channel")
    defer ch.Close()

    // 队列声明
    q, err := ch.QueueDeclare(
        "",    // name
        false, // durable
        false, // delete when usused
        true,  // exclusive 为真即连接断开就删除
        false, // noWait
        nil,   // arguments
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to declare a queue")

    msgs, err := ch.Consume(
        q.Name, // queue
        "",     // consumer
        true,   // auto-ack
        false,  // exclusive   这个为真,服务器会认为这是该队列唯一的消费者
        false,  // no-local
        false,  // no-wait
        nil,    // args
    )
    failOnError(err, "Failed to register a consumer")

    corrId := randomString(32)

    err = ch.Publish(
        "",          // exchange
        "rpc_queue", // routing key
        false,       // mandatory
        false,       // immediate
        amqp.Publishing{
            ContentType:   "text/plain",
            CorrelationId: corrId,
            ReplyTo:       q.Name,
            Body:          []byte(strconv.Itoa(n)),
        })
    failOnError(err, "Failed to publish a message")

    for d := range msgs {
        if corrId == d.CorrelationId {
            res, err = strconv.Atoi(string(d.Body))
            failOnError(err, "Failed to convert body to integer")
            break
        }
    }

    return
}

func main() {
    rand.Seed(time.Now().UTC().UnixNano())

    n := bodyFrom(os.Args)

    log.Printf(" [x] Requesting fib(%d)", n)
    res, err := fibonacciRPC(n)
    failOnError(err, "Failed to handle RPC request")

    log.Printf(" [.] Got %d", res)
}

func bodyFrom(args []string) int {
    var s string
    if (len(args) < 2) || os.Args[1] == "" {
        s = "30"
    } else {
        s = strings.Join(args[1:], " ")
    }
    n, err := strconv.Atoi(s)
    failOnError(err, "Failed to convert arg to integer")
    return n
}

 

复制代码

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