kubernetes 1.8 单机部署

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kubernetes 1.8 单机部署

技术小牛人 2017-11-22 20:36:00 浏览1056
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注:这里就不科普了,直接开始部署。[这里使用HTTP来部署]

1. 关闭 SeLinux 和 FireWall

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# sed -i "s/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/selinux/config
# systemctl stop firewalld
# systemctl disable firewalld


2. 安装 docker

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# yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2
# yum-config-manager --add-repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
# yum list docker-ce --showduplicates | sort -r
# yum -y install docker-ce
# docker --version
Docker version 17.06.2-ce, build cec0b72
# systemctl start docker
# systemctl status docker
# systemctl enable docker


3. 安装 etcd

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# curl -L https://storage.googleapis.com/etcd/v3.2.9/etcd-v3.2.9-linux-amd64.tar.gz -o /root/etcd-v3.2.9-linux-amd64.tar.gz
# tar -zxvf etcd-v3.2.9-linux-amd64.tar.gz
# cp etcd-v3.2.9-linux-amd64/etcd* /usr/bin/
# etcd --version
etcd Version: 3.2.9
Git SHA: f1d7dd8
Go Version: go1.8.4
Go OS/Arch: linux/amd64
# etcdctl --version
etcdctl version: 3.2.9
API version: 2


4. 安装 Kubernetes

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# wget https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/v1.8.1/kubernetes-server-linux-amd64.tar.gz
# tar -zxvf kubernetes-server-linux-amd64.tar.gz
# cd kubernetes/server/bin/
# cp kubectl kube-apiserver kube-scheduler kube-controller-manager kubelet kube-proxy /usr/bin/       
# kube-apiserver --version
Kubernetes v1.8.1


5. 安装 flanneld

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# curl -L https://github.com/coreos/flannel/releases/download/v0.9.0/flannel-v0.9.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz -o flannel-v0.9.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz
# tar -zxvf flannel-v0.9.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz
# mv flanneld /usr/bin/
# mkdir /usr/libexec/flannel/
# mv mk-docker-opts.sh /usr/libexec/flannel/
# flanneld --version
v0.9.0


6. 配置并启用 etcd


A. 配置启动项

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# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/etcd.service
[Unit]
Description=etcd
After=network.target
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target
Documentation=https://github.com/coreos/etcd
[Service]
Type=notify
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/etcd
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/etcd/etcd.conf
ExecStart=/usr/bin/etcd --config-file /etc/etcd/etcd.conf
Restart=on-failure
LimitNOFILE=65536
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5
LimitNOFILE=65536
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target


B. 配置各节点 etcd.conf 配置文件

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# mkdir -p /var/lib/etcd/
# mkdir -p /etc/etcd/
# export ETCD_NAME=etcd
# export INTERNAL_IP=192.168.100.104
# cat << EOF > /etc/etcd/etcd.conf 
name: '${ETCD_NAME}'
data-dir"/var/lib/etcd/"
listen-peer-urls: http://${INTERNAL_IP}:2380
listen-client-urls: http://${INTERNAL_IP}:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379
initial-advertise-peer-urls: http://${INTERNAL_IP}:2380
advertise-client-urls: http://${INTERNAL_IP}:2379
initial-cluster: "etcd=http://${INTERNAL_IP}:2380"
initial-cluster-token: 'etcd-cluster'
initial-cluster-state: 'new'
EOF

注:

   new-----初始化集群安装时使用该选项;

   existing-----新加入集群时使用该选项。


C.启动 etcd

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# systemctl start etcd
# systemctl status etcd
# systemctl enable etcd



##查看集群成员

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# etcdctl member list
b0f5befc15246c67: name=etcd peerURLs=http://192.168.100.104:2380 clientURLs=http://192.168.100.104:2379 isLeader=true


##查看集群健康状况

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# etcdctl cluster-health
member b0f5befc15246c67 is healthy: got healthy result from http://192.168.100.104:2379
cluster is healthy


7. 配置并启用flanneld


A. 配置启动项

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# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/flanneld.service
[Unit]
Description=Flanneld overlay address etcd agent
After=network.target
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target
After=etcd.service
Before=docker.service
[Service]
Type=notify
EnvironmentFile=/etc/sysconfig/flanneld
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/sysconfig/docker-network
ExecStart=/usr/bin/flanneld-start $FLANNEL_OPTIONS
ExecStartPost=/usr/libexec/flannel/mk-docker-opts.sh -k DOCKER_NETWORK_OPTIONS -d /run/flannel/docker
Restart=on-failure
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
RequiredBy=docker.service
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# vim /usr/bin/flanneld-start 
#!/bin/sh
exec /usr/bin/flanneld \
        -etcd-endpoints=${FLANNEL_ETCD_ENDPOINTS:-${FLANNEL_ETCD}} \
        -etcd-prefix=${FLANNEL_ETCD_PREFIX:-${FLANNEL_ETCD_KEY}} \
        "$@"
# chmod 755 /usr/bin/flanneld-start


B. 配置 flannel 配置文件

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# etcdctl mkdir /kube/network
# etcdctl set /kube/network/config '{ "Network": "10.254.0.0/16" }'
# grep ^[A-Z] /etc/sysconfig/flanneld
FLANNEL_ETCD_ENDPOINTS="http://192.168.100.104:2379"
FLANNEL_ETCD_PREFIX="/kube/network"


C. 启动 flanneld

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# systemctl start flanneld
# systemctl status flanneld
# systemctl enable flanneld


D. 查看各节点网段

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# cat /var/run/flannel/subnet.env
FLANNEL_NETWORK=10.254.0.0/16
FLANNEL_SUBNET=10.254.26.1/24
FLANNEL_MTU=1472
FLANNEL_IPMASQ=false


E. 更改 docker 网段为 flannel 分配的网段

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# export FLANNEL_SUBNET=10.254.26.1/24
# cat << EOF > /etc/docker/daemon.json
{
  "bip" "$FLANNEL_SUBNET"
}
EOF
# systemctl daemon-reload
# systemctl restart docker


F. 查看是否已分配相应网段

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# route -n
Kernel IP routing table
Destination  Gateway        Genmask     Flags Metric Ref  Use Iface
0.0.0.0     192.168.200.2   0.0.0.0      UG    100    0    0  ens33
10.254.0.0   0.0.0.0       255.255.0.0    U     0     0    0 flannel0
10.254.26.0  0.0.0.0       255.255.255.0  U     0     0    0  docker0
192.168.100.0 0.0.0.0      255.255.255.0  U    100    0    0  ens33


G. 使用 etcdctl 命令查看 flannel 的相关信息

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# etcdctl ls /kube/network/subnets
/kube/network/subnets/10.254.26.0-24
# etcdctl -o extended  get /kube/network/subnets/10.254.26.0-24
Key: /kube/network/subnets/10.254.26.0-24
Created-Index: 6
Modified-Index: 6
TTL: 85638
Index: 6
{"PublicIP":"192.168.100.104"}


H. 测试网络是否正常

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# ping -c 4 10.254.26.1


8. 配置并启用 Kubernetes Master 节点

Kubernetes Master 节点包含的组件:


kube-apiserver

kube-scheduler

kube-controller-manager


A. 配置 config 文件

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# mkdir -p /etc/kubernetes/
# grep ^[A-Z] /etc/kubernetes/config
KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR="--logtostderr=true"
KUBE_LOG_LEVEL="--v=0"
KUBE_ALLOW_PRIV="--allow-privileged=false"
KUBE_MASTER="--master=http://192.168.100.104:8080"


B. 配置 kube-apiserver 启动项

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# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-apiserver.service 
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes API Server
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target
After=etcd.service
[Service]
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/kubernetes/config
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/kubernetes/apiserver
ExecStart=/usr/bin/kube-apiserver \
            $KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR \
            $KUBE_LOG_LEVEL \
            $KUBE_ETCD_SERVERS \
            $KUBE_API_ADDRESS \
            $KUBE_API_PORT \
            $KUBELET_PORT \
            $KUBE_ALLOW_PRIV \
            $KUBE_SERVICE_ADDRESSES \
            $KUBE_ADMISSION_CONTROL \
            $KUBE_API_ARGS
Restart=on-failure
Type=notify
LimitNOFILE=65536
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target


C. 配置 apiserver 配置文件

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# grep ^[A-Z] /etc/kubernetes/apiserver
KUBE_API_ADDRESS="--advertise-address=192.168.100.104 --bind-address=192.168.100.104 --insecure-bind-address=0.0.0.0"
KUBE_ETCD_SERVERS="--etcd-servers=http://192.168.100.104:2379"
KUBE_SERVICE_ADDRESSES="--service-cluster-ip-range=10.254.0.0/16"
KUBE_ADMISSION_CONTROL="--admission-control=NamespaceLifecycle,NamespaceExists,LimitRanger,SecurityContextDeny,ResourceQuota"
KUBE_API_ARGS="--enable-swagger-ui=true --apiserver-count=3 --audit-log-maxage=30 --audit-log-maxbackup=3 --audit-log-maxsize=100 --audit-log-path=/var/log/apiserver.log"

注:使用 HTTP 和 使用 HTTPS 的最大不同就是--admission-control=ServiceAccount选项。


D. 启动 kube-apiserver

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# systemctl start kube-apiserver
# systemctl status kube-apiserver
# systemctl enable kube-apiserver


E. 配置 kube-controller-manager 启动项

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# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-controller-manager.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Controller Manager
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
[Service]
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/kubernetes/config
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager
ExecStart=/usr/bin/kube-controller-manager \
            $KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR \
            $KUBE_LOG_LEVEL \
            $KUBE_MASTER \
            $KUBE_CONTROLLER_MANAGER_ARGS
Restart=on-failure
LimitNOFILE=65536
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target


F. 配置 kube-controller-manager 配置文件

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# grep ^[A-Z] /etc/kubernetes/controller-manager
KUBE_CONTROLLER_MANAGER_ARGS="--address=127.0.0.1 --service-cluster-ip-range=10.254.0.0/16 --cluster-name=kubernetes"


G.启动 kube-controller-manager

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# systemctl start kube-controller-manager
# systemctl status kube-controller-manager
# systemctl enable kube-controller-manager


H. 配置 kube-scheduler 启动项

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# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-scheduler.service 
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Scheduler Plugin
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
[Service]
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/kubernetes/config
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/kubernetes/scheduler
ExecStart=/usr/bin/kube-scheduler \
            $KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR \
            $KUBE_LOG_LEVEL \
            $KUBE_MASTER \
            $KUBE_SCHEDULER_ARGS
Restart=on-failure
LimitNOFILE=65536
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target


I. 配置 kube-scheduler 配置文件

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# grep ^[A-Z] /etc/kubernetes/scheduler
KUBE_SCHEDULER_ARGS="--address=127.0.0.1"


J. 启动 kube-scheduler

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# systemctl start kube-scheduler
# systemctl status kube-scheduler
# systemctl enable kube-scheduler


K. 验证 Master 节点

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# kubectl get componentstatuses
# kubectl get cs
NAME                 STATUS    MESSAGE              ERROR
controller-manager   Healthy   ok                   
scheduler            Healthy   ok                   
etcd-0               Healthy   {"health""true"}


9. 配置并启用 Kubernetes Node 节点 

Kubernetes Node 节点包含如下组件:


kubelet

kube-proxy


A. 配置 kubelet 启动项

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# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service 
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kubelet Server
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=docker.service
Requires=docker.service
[Service]
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/kubelet
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/kubernetes/config
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/kubernetes/kubelet
ExecStart=/usr/bin/kubelet \
            $KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR \
            $KUBE_LOG_LEVEL \
            $KUBELET_ADDRESS \
            $KUBELET_PORT \
            $KUBELET_HOSTNAME \
            $KUBE_ALLOW_PRIV \
            $KUBELET_POD_INFRA_CONTAINER \
            $KUBELET_ARGS
Restart=on-failure
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target


B. 配置 kubelet 配置文件

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# mkdir -p /var/lib/kubelet
# export MASTER_ADDRESS=192.168.100.104
# export KUBECONFIG_DIR=/etc/kubernetes
# cat <<EOF > "${KUBECONFIG_DIR}/kubelet.kubeconfig"
apiVersion: v1
kind: Config
clusters:
  - cluster:
      server: http://${MASTER_ADDRESS}:8080/
    name: local
contexts:
  - context:
      cluster: local
    name: local
current-context: local
EOF
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# grep ^[A-Z] /etc/kubernetes/kubelet
KUBELET_ADDRESS="--address=192.168.100.104"
KUBELET_PORT="--port=10250"
KUBELET_HOSTNAME="--hostname-override=master"
KUBELET_POD_INFRA_CONTAINER="--pod-infra-container-image=hub.c.163.com/k8s163/pause-amd64:3.0"
KUBELET_ARGS="--kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kubelet.kubeconfig --fail-swap-on=false --cluster-dns=10.254.0.2 --cluster-domain=cluster.local. --serialize-image-pulls=false"


C. 启动 kubelet

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# systemctl start kubelet
# systemctl status kubelet
# systemctl enable kubelet


注:

--fail-swap-on    ##如果在节点上启用了swap,则Kubelet无法启动.(default true)[该命令是1.8版本开始才有的]

--cluster-dns=10.254.0.2  

--cluster-domain=cluster.local.

                  ##与 KubeDNS Pod 配置的参数一致   

--kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kubelet.kubeconfig 

                  ##新版本不再支持 --api-servers 模式


D. 配置 kube-proxy 启动项

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# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-proxy.service 
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kube-Proxy Server
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target
[Service]
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/kubernetes/config
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/kubernetes/proxy
ExecStart=/usr/bin/kube-proxy \
            $KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR \
            $KUBE_LOG_LEVEL \
            $KUBE_MASTER \
            $KUBE_PROXY_ARGS
Restart=on-failure
LimitNOFILE=65536
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target


E. 配置 kube-proxy 配置文件

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# grep ^[A-Z] /etc/kubernetes/proxy 
KUBE_PROXY_ARGS="--bind-address=192.168.100.104 --hostname-override=192.168.100.104 --cluster-cidr=10.254.0.0/16"


F. 启动 kube-proxy

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# systemctl start kube-proxy
# systemctl status kube-proxy
# systemctl enable kube-proxy


G. 查看 Nodes相关信息

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# kubectl get nodes
NAME      STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION
master    Ready     <none>    5h        v1.8.1
# kubectl get nodes -o wide
NAME      STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION   EXTERNAL-IP   OS-IMAGE                KERNEL-VERSION              CONTAINER-RUNTIME
master    Ready     <none>    5h        v1.8.1    <none>        CentOS Linux 7 (Core)   3.10.0-693.2.2.el7.x86_64   docker://Unknown
# kubectl get nodes --show-labels
NAME      STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION   LABELS
master    Ready     <none>    5h        v1.8.1    beta.kubernetes.io/arch=amd64,beta.kubernetes.io/os=linux,kubernetes.io/hostname=master
# kubectl version --short
Client Version: v1.8.1
Server Version: v1.8.1


H. 查看集群信息

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# kubectl cluster-info
Kubernetes master is running at http://localhost:8080


10. 部署 KubeDNS 插件

官方的yaml文件目录:kubernetes/cluster/addons/dns。

https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/tree/master/cluster/addons/dns


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# mkdir dns && cd dns


##下载 Kube-DNS 相关 yaml 文件

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# curl -O https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/master/cluster/addons/dns/kube-dns.yaml.base


##修改后缀

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# cp kube-dns.yaml.base kube-dns.yaml


### 替换所有的 images

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# sed -i 's/gcr.io\/google_containers/192.168.100.100\/k8s/g' kube-dns.yaml


####替换如下

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# sed -i "s/__PILLAR__DNS__SERVER__/10.254.0.2/g" kube-dns.yaml
# sed -i "s/__PILLAR__DNS__DOMAIN__/cluster.local/g" kube-dns.yaml


######对比

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# diff kube-dns.yaml kube-dns.yaml.base
33c33
<   clusterIP: 10.254.0.2
---
>   clusterIP: __PILLAR__DNS__SERVER__
97c97
<         image: 192.168.100.100/k8s/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64:1.14.5
---
>         image: gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64:1.14.6
127,128c127
<         - --domain=cluster.local.
<         - --kube-master-url=http://192.168.100.104:8080
---
>         - --domain=__PILLAR__DNS__DOMAIN__.
149c148
<         image: 192.168.100.100/k8s/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64:1.14.5
---
>         image: gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64:1.14.6
169c168
<         - --server=/cluster.local/127.0.0.1#10053
---
>         - --server=/__PILLAR__DNS__DOMAIN__/127.0.0.1#10053
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<         image: 192.168.100.100/k8s/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64:1.14.5
---
>         image: gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64:1.14.6
201,202c200,201
<         - --probe=kubedns,127.0.0.1:10053,kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local,5,A
<         - --probe=dnsmasq,127.0.0.1:53,kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local,5,A
---
>         - --probe=kubedns,127.0.0.1:10053,kubernetes.default.svc.__PILLAR__DNS__DOMAIN__,5,SRV
>         - --probe=dnsmasq,127.0.0.1:53,kubernetes.default.svc.__PILLAR__DNS__DOMAIN__,5,SRV

注1:这里我用的镜像是自己搭建的镜像仓库来pull,写这篇博文时kube-dns更新到了1.14.6,开会,墙又高了许多,所以拉取困难,我用回了1.14.5的版本,这里自行更改,自己能科学上网拉取最新版当然更好。

注2:看对比,第二个不同,1.14.6版--probe最后是SRV,而1.14.5版最后是A,这儿也要更改,不然会产生 CrashLoopBackOff 错误。

注3:这里我们要使用--kube-master-url命令指定apiserver,不然也会产生 CrashLoopBackOff 错误。

注4: 我将镜像放在了网易蜂巢上,地址:

     hub.c.163.com/zhijiansd/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64:1.14.5

          hub.c.163.com/zhijiansd/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64:1.14.5

          hub.c.163.com/zhijiansd/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64:1.14.5

          

### 执行该文件

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# kubectl create -f kube-dns.yaml
service "kube-dns" created
serviceaccount "kube-dns" created
configmap "kube-dns" created
deployment "kube-dns" created


### 查看 KubeDNS 服务

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# kubectl get pod -n kube-system
NAME                                    READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
kube-dns-84f48d556b-qprmw               3/3       Running   3          5h


###查看集群信息

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# kubectl get service -n kube-system | grep dns
kube-dns               ClusterIP   10.254.0.2       <none>        53/UDP,53/TCP   5h
# kubectl cluster-info
Kubernetes master is running at http://localhost:8080
KubeDNS is running at http://localhost:8080/api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/kube-dns/proxy


####查看 KubeDNS 守护程序的日志

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# kubectl logs --namespace=kube-system $(kubectl get pods --namespace=kube-system -l k8s-app=kube-dns -o name) -c kubedns
# kubectl logs --namespace=kube-system $(kubectl get pods --namespace=kube-system -l k8s-app=kube-dns -o name) -c dnsmasq
# kubectl logs --namespace=kube-system $(kubectl get pods --namespace=kube-system -l k8s-app=kube-dns -o name) -c sidecar


11. 部署 Heapster 组件

###下载 heapster

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# wget https://codeload.github.com/kubernetes/heapster/tar.gz/v1.5.0-beta.0 -O heapster-1.5.0-beta.tar.gz
# tar -zxvf heapster-1.5.0-beta.tar.gz
# cd heapster-1.5.0-beta.0/deploy/kube-config
# cp rbac/heapster-rbac.yaml influxdb/
# cd influxdb/
# ls
grafana.yaml  heapster-rbac.yaml  heapster.yaml  influxdb.yaml


###替换所有 images

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# sed -i 's/gcr.io\/google_containers/192.168.100.100\/k8s/g' *.yaml

注:这里我也将镜像放在了网易蜂巢上,请自行更改:

      hub.c.163.com/zhijiansd/heapster-grafana-amd64:v4.4.3

            hub.c.163.com/zhijiansd/heapster-amd64:v1.4.0

            hub.c.163.com/zhijiansd/heapster-influxdb-amd64:v1.3.3


###更改 heapster.yaml 

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# grep source heapster.yaml 
       # - --source=kubernetes:https://kubernetes.default
        - --source=kubernetes:http://192.168.100.104:8080?inClusterConfig=false

注: heapster 默认使用 https 连接 apiserver ,这里更改为使用 http 连接。 


###执行 influxdb 目录下的所有文件

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# kubectl create -f  .
deployment "monitoring-grafana" created
service "monitoring-grafana" created
clusterrolebinding "heapster" created
serviceaccount "heapster" created
deployment "heapster" created
service "heapster" created
deployment "monitoring-influxdb" created
service "monitoring-influxdb" created


###检查执行结果

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# kubectl get deployments -n kube-system | grep -E 'heapster|monitoring'
heapster               1         1         1            1           6h
monitoring-grafana     1         1         1            1           6h
monitoring-influxdb    1         1         1            1           6h


###检查 Pods

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# kubectl get pods -n kube-system | grep -E 'heapster|monitoring'
heapster-6c96ccd7c4-xbmlc               1/1       Running   1          6h
monitoring-grafana-98d44cd67-z5m99      1/1       Running   1          6h
monitoring-influxdb-6b6d749d9c-schdp    1/1       Running   1          6h
# kubectl get svc -n kube-system  | grep -E 'heapster|monitoring'
heapster               ClusterIP   10.254.201.85    <none>        80/TCP          6h
monitoring-grafana     ClusterIP   10.254.138.73    <none>        80/TCP          6h
monitoring-influxdb    ClusterIP   10.254.45.121    <none>        8086/TCP        6h


###查看集群信息

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# kubectl cluster-info
Kubernetes master is running at http://localhost:8080
Heapster is running at http://localhost:8080/api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/heapster/proxy
KubeDNS is running at http://localhost:8080/api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/kube-dns/proxy
monitoring-grafana is running at http://localhost:8080/api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-grafana/proxy
monitoring-influxdb is running at http://localhost:8080/api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-influxdb/proxy


12. 部署 Kubernetes Dashboard

这里我们使用不需要证书的版本:

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# curl -O https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubernetes/dashboard/master/src/deploy/alternative/kubernetes-dashboard.yaml


### 替换 images

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# sed -i 's/gcr.io\/google_containers/192.168.100.100\/k8s/g' kubernetes-dashboard.yaml

注:请自行更改镜像地址:

     hub.c.163.com/zhijiansd/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:v1.7.1


###添加 apiserver 地址 

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# grep apiserver kubernetes-dashboard.yaml 
          # - --apiserver-host=http://my-address:port
           - --apiserver-host=http://192.168.100.104:8080


###执行该文件

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# kubectl create -f kubernetes-dashboard.yaml 
serviceaccount "kubernetes-dashboard" configured
role "kubernetes-dashboard-minimal" configured
rolebinding "kubernetes-dashboard-minimal" configured
deployment "kubernetes-dashboard" configured
service "kubernetes-dashboard" configured


###检查 kubernetes-dashboard 服务

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# kubectl get pods -n kube-system | grep dash
kubernetes-dashboard-7648996855-54x6l   1/1       Running   1          7h


注:1.7版不能使用 kubectl cluster-info 查看到 kubernetes-dashboard 地址,1.6.3版的可以。

1.7.0版需要使用http://localhost:8080/api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/http:kubernetes-dashboard:/proxy/ 进行访问。而1.7.1版可以使用http://localhost:8080/api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/http:kubernetes-dashboard:/proxy/ 访问,也可以使用http://localhost:8080/ui访问,其会自动跳转。


13.查看 kubernetes dashboard

使用http://localhost:8080/ui访问

ac7a81393d26be0888175baf10b19c84.png


节点界面

302305126794be2677032d6bada562ff.png


查看Pod界面

e3e10770783cb850eadf7d7b0e656000.png

a43014c553ba3289f36c017632e54af2.png


14. 查看 grafana 

 使用http://localhost:8080/api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-grafana/proxy访问  

613de1f6167e51cf7172ec2cc24f4991.png


查看Cluster

6406876ac513661a58c195345df2c941.png75d32d5c42f14ba78970447a68aaeda5.pngdd4be2451818f0eba1e6427973ae6e43.pngb7afc7e23981b27caa1bb172b8235753.png


查看Pod

75a30392fd879cc086d5a5e3d68fd5d5.png89f4462b0f8c59acd2e423996aeca7e7.png

d5f00e3cc82f6f41da28c7cfbd51f204.pngf980ae313fd74448328124676c75d9d2.png


本文转自  结束的伤感  51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/wangzhijian/1975356


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