MySQL5.7.10安装配置

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MySQL5.7.10安装配置

技术小胖子 2017-11-18 22:14:00 浏览659
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一、安装前准备

下载MySQL源码安装包 http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/ 需要有oracle账户登录下载

同时需要下载与MySQL版本对应的boost,下载地址:http://sourceforge.net/projects/boost/files/boost/

安装cmake:yum install -y cmake ncurses-devel

创建MySQL用户

groupadd mysql

useradd -g mysql -d /usr/local/mysql mysql


二、将MySQL源码包以及boost_1_57_0.tar.gz上传到服务器上,并解压

tar zxvf boost_1_59_0.tar.gz && mv boost_1_59_0/* boost/

tar zxvf mysql-5.7.10.tar.gz && cd mysql-5.7.10


三、编译安装

cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE:STRING=Release -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH=/usr/local/mysql -DCOMMUNITY_BUILD:BOOL=ON -DENABLED_PROFILING:BOOL=ON -DENABLE_DEBUG_SYNC:BOOL=OFF -DINSTALL_LAYOUT:STRING=STANDALONE -DMYSQL_DATADIR:PATH=/data/mysql/db -DMYSQL_MAINTAINER_MODE:BOOL=OFF -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER:BOOL=ON -DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS:STRING=all -DWITH_SSL:STRING=bundled -DWITH_UNIT_TESTS:BOOL=OFF -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/mysql/boost/ && gmake && gmake install


四、创建相关目录

mkdir -p /data/mysql/sock

mkdir -p /data/mysql/run

mkdir -p /data/mysql/db

mkdir -p /data/mysql/tmp

mkdir -p /data/mysql/logs

mkdir -p /data/mysql/binlogs

mkdir -p /data/mysql/binlogs/mysql-bin

mkdir -p /data/mysql/innodb

mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql/etc

chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql

chown -R mysql.mysql /data/mysql


五、创建配置文件:/usr/local/mysql/etc/my.cnf

#++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ multi ++++++++++++++++++++++++++

[mysqld_multi]

mysqld = /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe

mysqladmin = /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin

use = root

log = /usr/local/mysql/logs/multi.log


#+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++client+++++++++++++++++++++++++++

[client]

default-character-set = utf8


#+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++mysql+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

[mysql]

prompt = mysql(\\u@\h-\R:\\m:\\s [\\d])>

#提示当前数据库操作用户名、库名、时间等

default-character-set=utf8


#++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++monitor++++++++++++++++++++++++++

[mysqld]

user = mysql


#Add at 2014/05/21

init_connect='SET collation_connection = utf8_general_ci; SET NAMES utf8;'


port = 3307

character-set-server=utf8

collation-server = utf8_general_ci

socket = /data/mysql/sock/mysql.sock

pid-file = /data/mysql/run/mysql.pid

datadir = /data/mysql/db

tmpdir = /data/mysql/tmp

big_tables

skip_external_locking

skip-name-resolve

lower_case_table_names = 1

back_log = 2048

max_connections = 3000

max_connect_errors = 100000

interactive_timeout = 28800

wait_timeout = 28800

max_allowed_packet = 32M

max_heap_table_size = 128M

tmp_table_size = 128M

max_length_for_sort_data = 8072

net_buffer_length = 1M

sort_buffer_size = 4M

join_buffer_size = 4M

read_buffer_size = 2M

read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M

table_open_cache = 2048

thread_cache_size = 64

#thread_concurrency = 12

query_cache_type = 0

query_cache_size = 64M

query_cache_limit = 4M

#******************************* Logs related settings ***************************

log-error = /data/mysql/logs/error.log

log_warnings

long_query_time = 1

slow_query_log

slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql/logs/slow-query.log

log_queries_not_using_indexes

binlog_cache_size = 8M

max_binlog_size = 512M

log-bin = /data/mysql/binlogs/mysql-bin

log-bin-index = /data/mysql/binlogs/mysql-bin.index

expire_logs_days = 60

#******************************* Replication related settings **********************

server-id = 1

report_port = 3307

report_user = repl

slave_net_timeout = 60


sync_binlog = 1

binlog-format = ROW


#Change at 2014/05/21

transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED


slave-skip-errors = 1062

#******************************* MyISAM Specific options ****************************

key_buffer_size = 32M

bulk_insert_buffer_size = 16M

myisam_sort_buffer_size = 64M

myisam_max_sort_file_size = 1G

myisam_repair_threads = 1

#myisam_recover

#***************************** INNODB Specific options ******************************

innodb_file_per_table = 1

innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1

innodb_autoinc_lock_mode = 1

innodb_fast_shutdown = 0

#innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 64M

innodb_buffer_pool_size = 2G

innodb_data_home_dir = /data/mysql/innodb

innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:256M:autoextend

#innodb_file_io_threads = 8

innodb_thread_concurrency = 4

innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M

innodb_log_file_size = 128M

innodb_log_group_home_dir = /data/mysql/innodb


#Change at 2014/05/21

#innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 20

innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 30


innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120

innodb_flush_method=O_DIRECT


[mysqldump]

quick

max_allowed_packet = 2048M


sql_mode=NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES


六、数据库初始化

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --defaults-file=/usr/local/mysql/etc/my.cnf --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql/db --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp --initialize


七、启动数据库

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --defaults-extra-file=/usr/local/mysql/etc/my.cnf --user=mysql &


八、查看数据库初始root密码

cat /data/mysql/logs/error.log | grep password


九、修改数据库密码

mysqladmin -u root -p password 新密码 -S /data/mysql/sock/mysql.sock


十、登录数据库进行常用操作测试

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -S /data/mysql/sock/mysql.sock -uroot -p


十一、配置系统环境信息,在/etc/profile添加以下信息

export MYSQL_HOME=/usr/local/mysql

export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$MYSQL_HOME/bin:$PATH


十二、在/usr/local/mysql/script路径下创建以下脚本便于日常运维管理操作

进程查看脚本:ps.sh

#/bin/sh

ps -ef | grep mysql


启动脚本:start.sh

#/bin/sh

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --defaults-extra-file=/usr/local/mysql/etc/my.cnf --user=mysql &


停止脚本:stop.sh

#/bin/sh

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -S /data/mysql/sock/mysql.sock -uroot shutdown


登录数据库脚本:connect.sh

#/bin/sh

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -S /data/mysql/sock/mysql.sock -uroot -p


查看错误日志脚本:tailerrog.sh

#/bin/sh

echo "显示最近两百行日志"

tail -200 /data/mysql/logs/tailerrorlog.log


查看慢查询日志脚本:tailslowlog.sh

#/bin/sh

echo "显示最近两百行日志"

tail -200 /data/mysql/logs/slow-query.log






     本文转自aaron428 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/aaronsa/1740632,如需转载请自行联系原作者

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