centos 6.5_64bit最小化安装环境下源码安装mysql-5.6

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centos 6.5_64bit最小化安装环境下源码安装mysql-5.6

余二五 2017-11-14 15:49:00 浏览1007
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一、操作环境

华为云服务 Centos 6.5_64bit最小化安装内网IP10.124.156.237

mysql-5.6.20.tar.gz



二、源码编译安装流程

1.基础环境搭建

由于操作系统是最小化安装,因此一些常用的编译环境是没有安装的;加上我们的操作环境是内网,所以不能使用yum源。解决这个问题,可以从华为云购买一个临时公网Ip与我们服务器的内网IP进行邦定,这样我们就可以使用yum源来安装必要的编译环境了。

yum -y install gccgcc-c++ vim tree make cmake autoconf openssl openssl-devel openssl-clients curlcurl-devel wget rsync expect readline readline-devel bison bison-devel  pcre pcre-devel zlib-devel zlib  freetype freetype-devel

  • 上面这段代码可以满足基本的环境操作,不仅仅适用于在安装mysql的过程中。

2.mysql用户以及必需目录

mysql运行中涉及到很多权限的问题,所以提前进行这方面的准备,避免在后期遇到一些不必要的权限问题。

groupadd mysql

useradd -g mysql mysql

mkdir -p/home/mysql/data/data_3306/binlog /home/mysql/data/data_3306/relay_log/home/mysql/data/data_3306/socket

mkdir -p/home/mysql/data/data_3307/binlog /home/mysql/data/data_3307/relay_log/home/mysql/data/data_3307/socket

chown –Rmysql.mysql  /home/mysql/

3.     源码编译安装

cd /usr/local/src/

tar xf mysql-5.6.20.tar.gz

cd mysql-5.6.20

cmake .-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/home/mysql/data-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1-DWITH_READLINE=1 -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci

make && makeinstall

4.     初始化设置

1)单实例初始化

/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db--basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/home/mysql/data --user=mysql

2)多实例初始化

首先修改配置文件

vim /etc/my.cnf

[mysqld_multi]

mysqld =/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe

mysqladmin =/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin

#log = /home/mysql/data/log/mysqld_multi.log

#user = root

#password = password

[mysqld1]

socket =/home/mysql/data/data_3306/socket/mysql.sock

port = 3306

pid-file =/home/mysql/data/data_3306/3306.pid

datadir =/home/mysql/data/data_3306

user = mysql

skip-name-resolve

lower_case_table_names=1

innodb_file_per_table=1

back_log = 50

max_connections = 300

max_connect_errors =1000

table_open_cache =2048

max_allowed_packet =16M

binlog_cache_size = 2M

max_heap_table_size =64M

sort_buffer_size = 2M

join_buffer_size = 2M

thread_cache_size = 64

thread_concurrency = 8

query_cache_size = 64M

query_cache_limit = 2M

ft_min_word_len = 4

default-storage-engine= MYISAM

thread_stack = 192K

transaction_isolation= REPEATABLE-READ

tmp_table_size = 64M

log-bin=mysql-bin

binlog_format=mixed

slow_query_log

long_query_time = 1

server-id = 1

key_buffer_size = 8M

read_buffer_size = 2M

read_rnd_buffer_size =2M

bulk_insert_buffer_size= 64M

myisam_sort_buffer_size= 128M

myisam_max_sort_file_size= 10G

myisam_repair_threads= 1

myisam_recover

innodb_additional_mem_pool_size= 16M

innodb_buffer_pool_size= 200M

innodb_data_file_path= ibdata1:10M:autoextend

innodb_file_io_threads= 8

innodb_thread_concurrency= 16

innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit= 1

innodb_log_buffer_size= 16M

innodb_log_file_size =512M

innodb_log_files_in_group= 3

innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct= 60

innodb_lock_wait_timeout= 120

[mysqld2]

socket =/home/mysql/data/data_3307/socket/mysql.sock

port = 3307

pid-file =/home/mysql/data/data_3307/3307.pid

datadir = /home/mysql/data/data_3307

user = mysql

skip-name-resolve

lower_case_table_names=1

innodb_file_per_table=1

back_log = 50

max_connections = 300

max_connect_errors =1000

table_open_cache =2048

max_allowed_packet =16M

binlog_cache_size = 2M

max_heap_table_size =64M

sort_buffer_size = 2M

join_buffer_size = 2M

thread_cache_size = 64

thread_concurrency = 8

query_cache_size = 64M

query_cache_limit = 2M

ft_min_word_len = 4

default-storage-engine= MYISAM

thread_stack = 192K

transaction_isolation= REPEATABLE-READ

tmp_table_size = 64M

log-bin=mysql-bin

binlog_format=mixed

slow_query_log

long_query_time = 1

server-id = 1

key_buffer_size = 8M

read_buffer_size = 2M

read_rnd_buffer_size =2M

bulk_insert_buffer_size= 64M

myisam_sort_buffer_size= 128M

myisam_max_sort_file_size= 10G

myisam_repair_threads= 1

myisam_recover

innodb_additional_mem_pool_size= 16M

innodb_buffer_pool_size= 200M

innodb_data_file_path= ibdata1:10M:autoextend

innodb_file_io_threads= 8

innodb_thread_concurrency= 16

innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit= 1

innodb_log_buffer_size= 16M

innodb_log_file_size =512M

innodb_log_files_in_group= 3

innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct= 60

innodb_lock_wait_timeout= 120

 

[mysqldump]

quick

max_allowed_packet =256M

[mysql]

no-auto-rehash

[myisamchk]

key_buffer_size = 512M

sort_buffer_size =512M

read_buffer = 8M

write_buffer = 8M

[mysqlhotcopy]

interactive-timeout

[mysqld_safe]

open-files-limit =8192

其次进行初始化操作:

scripts/mysql_install_db--basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/home/mysql/data/data_3306 --user=mysql

scripts/mysql_install_db--basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/home/mysql/data/data_3307 --user=mysql

5.     修改环境变量

这一步至关重要,因为涉及到启动时会报找不到my_print_defaults命令的错误,同时也为了以后方便操作。

vim /etc/profile

在末行添加exportPATH=$PATH:/usr/sbin/:/usr/local/mysql/bin

保存退出执行:source /etc/profile

6.     Mysql数据库的启动和关闭

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_multi start 1,2  –>  mysqld_multi start 1,2

mysqld_multi stop 1

mysqld_multi stop 2

7.     数据库的连接

1)本地连接:

mysql -S/home/mysql/data/data_3306/socket/mysql.sock #第一个实例连接

mysql -S /home/mysql/data/data_3307/socket/mysql.sock  #第二个实例连接

2)远程连接:

mysql –h 10.124.156.237 –P 3306 –u root –p123  #指定端口号连接

mysql –h 10.124.156.237 –P 3307 –u root –p123

三、单机多实例作为多机‘从’设置


四、报错总结

1.启动报错

WARNING: my_print_defaults command not found.

Please make sure you have this command available and

in your path. The command is available from the latest

MySQL distribution.

ABORT: Can't find command 'my_print_defaults'.

This command is available from the latest MySQL

distribution. Please make sure you have the command

in your PATH.

问题解析:找不到my_print_defaults命令,没有设置环境变量的缘故

问题解决:cp /usr/local/mysql/bin/my_print_defaults/usr/bin/

          cp/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_multi /usr/bin/

2.     初始化报错

 FATAL ERROR: The parentdirectory for the data directory '/home/data/data_3306' does not exis

If that path was really intended, please create that directory path andthen

restart this script.

If some other path was intended, please use the correct path whenrestarting this script.

问题解析:文件目录不存在。没有执行编译安装中的第2步,或者配置文件my.cnf中填写有误

问题解决:环境变量的配置

       vim /etc/profile

在末行添加exportPATH=$PATH:/usr/sbin/:/usr/local/mysql/bin

保存退出执行:source /etc/profile

检查配置文件my.cnf

 











本文转自 南非波波 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/nanfeibobo/1598206,如需转载请自行联系原作者

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