Jenkins详细安装与构建部署使用教程

  1. 云栖社区>
  2. 博客>
  3. 正文

Jenkins详细安装与构建部署使用教程

科技小能手 2017-11-12 14:35:00 浏览1951
展开阅读全文

基础环境部署:

Ubuntu安装配置JDK、Tomcat、SVN服务器

链接: http://blog.51cto.com/13505030/2054688

========================================================

一、安装Jenkins

Jenkins在自动化方面使用很广泛,那么怎么部署呢?

工具/原料

  • Jenkins war包

  • Tomcat

方法/步骤

  1. 从官网下载Jenkins的war包  

  2. 链接:   https://jenkins.io/download/


将下载好的War放到Tomcat的网站根目录webapps下,然后启动Tomcat。


root@iZuf6ea6asxmy2epuhqiodZ:/usr/java/tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.82/webapps# ll

total 72588

drwxr-xr-x  8 root root     4096 Dec 26 13:22 ./

drwxr-xr-x  9 root root     4096 Dec 26 12:47 ../

drwxr-xr-x 14 root root     4096 Dec 26 12:47 docs/

drwxr-xr-x  7 root root     4096 Dec 26 12:47 examples/

drwxr-xr-x  5 root root     4096 Dec 26 12:47 host-manager/

drwxr-xr-x 10 root root     4096 Dec 26 13:22 jenkins/

-rw-r--r--  1 root root 74294776 Dec 26 13:18 jenkins.war

drwxr-xr-x  5 root root     4096 Dec 26 12:47 manager/

drwxr-xr-x  3 root root     4096 Dec 26 12:47 ROOT/


 解压jenkins.war包

root@iZuf6ea6asxmy2epuhqiodZ:/usr/java/tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.82/webapps# java -jar jenkins.war

Running from: /usr/java/tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.82/webapps/jenkins.war

webroot: $user.home/.jenkins

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:41 PM Main deleteWinstoneTempContents

WARNING: Failed to delete the temporary Winstone file /tmp/winstone/jenkins.war

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:41 PM org.eclipse.jetty.util.log.Log initialized

INFO: Logging initialized @260ms to org.eclipse.jetty.util.log.JavaUtilLog

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:41 PM winstone.Logger logInternal

INFO: Beginning extraction from war file

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:42 PM org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler setContextPath

WARNING: Empty contextPath

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:42 PM org.eclipse.jetty.server.Server doStart

INFO: jetty-9.4.z-SNAPSHOT

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:42 PM org.eclipse.jetty.webapp.StandardDescriptorProcessor visitServlet

INFO: NO JSP Support for /, did not find org.eclipse.jetty.jsp.JettyJspServlet

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:42 PM org.eclipse.jetty.server.session.DefaultSessionIdManager doStart

INFO: DefaultSessionIdManager workerName=node0

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:42 PM org.eclipse.jetty.server.session.DefaultSessionIdManager doStart

INFO: No SessionScavenger set, using defaults

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:42 PM org.eclipse.jetty.server.session.HouseKeeper startScavenging

INFO: Scavenging every 660000ms

Jenkins home directory: /root/.jenkins found at: $user.home/.jenkins

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:43 PM org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler doStart

INFO: Started w.@65e61854{/,file:///root/.jenkins/war/,AVAILABLE}{/root/.jenkins/war}

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:43 PM org.eclipse.jetty.server.AbstractConnector doStop

INFO: Stopped ServerConnector@40dd3977{HTTP/1.1,[http/1.1]}{0.0.0.0:8080}

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:43 PM org.eclipse.jetty.server.session.HouseKeeper stopScavenging

INFO: Stopped scavenging

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:43 PM hudson.WebAppMain contextDestroyed

INFO: Shutting down a Jenkins instance that was still starting up

java.lang.Throwable: reason

at hudson.WebAppMain.contextDestroyed(WebAppMain.java:388)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler.callContextDestroyed(ContextHandler.java:898)

at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletContextHandler.callContextDestroyed(ServletContextHandler.java:545)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler.stopContext(ContextHandler.java:873)

at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletContextHandler.stopContext(ServletContextHandler.java:355)

at org.eclipse.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.stopWebapp(WebAppContext.java:1507)

at org.eclipse.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.stopContext(WebAppContext.java:1471)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler.doStop(ContextHandler.java:927)

at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletContextHandler.doStop(ServletContextHandler.java:271)

at org.eclipse.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.doStop(WebAppContext.java:569)

at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.AbstractLifeCycle.stop(AbstractLifeCycle.java:89)

at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.ContainerLifeCycle.stop(ContainerLifeCycle.java:142)

at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.ContainerLifeCycle.doStop(ContainerLifeCycle.java:160)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.AbstractHandler.doStop(AbstractHandler.java:124)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.Server.doStop(Server.java:523)

at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.AbstractLifeCycle.stop(AbstractLifeCycle.java:89)

at winstone.Launcher.shutdown(Launcher.java:307)

at winstone.Launcher.<init>(Launcher.java:167)

at winstone.Launcher.main(Launcher.java:354)

at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)

at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)

at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)

at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)

at Main._main(Main.java:294)

at Main.main(Main.java:132)


Exception in thread "Jenkins initialization thread" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: hudson/util/HudsonFailedToLoad

at hudson.WebAppMain$3.run(WebAppMain.java:247)

Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: hudson.util.HudsonFailedToLoad

at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:381)

at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:424)

at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:357)

at org.eclipse.jetty.webapp.WebAppClassLoader.loadClass(WebAppClassLoader.java:560)

at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:357)

... 1 more

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:43 PM org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler doStop

INFO: Stopped w.@65e61854{/,null,UNAVAILABLE}{/root/.jenkins/war}

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:43 PM winstone.Logger logInternal

INFO: Winstone shutdown successfully

java.io.IOException: Failed to start Jetty

at winstone.Launcher.<init>(Launcher.java:156)

at winstone.Launcher.main(Launcher.java:354)

at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)

at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)

at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)

at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)

at Main._main(Main.java:294)

at Main.main(Main.java:132)

Caused by: java.net.BindException: Address already in use

at sun.nio.ch.Net.bind0(Native Method)

at sun.nio.ch.Net.bind(Net.java:433)

at sun.nio.ch.Net.bind(Net.java:425)

at sun.nio.ch.ServerSocketChannelImpl.bind(ServerSocketChannelImpl.java:223)

at sun.nio.ch.ServerSocketAdaptor.bind(ServerSocketAdaptor.java:74)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.ServerConnector.open(ServerConnector.java:298)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.AbstractNetworkConnector.doStart(AbstractNetworkConnector.java:80)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.ServerConnector.doStart(ServerConnector.java:236)

at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:68)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.Server.doStart(Server.java:431)

at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:68)

at winstone.Launcher.<init>(Launcher.java:154)

... 7 more

Dec 26, 2017 1:27:43 PM winstone.Logger logInternal

SEVERE: Container startup failed

java.io.IOException: Failed to start Jetty

at winstone.Launcher.<init>(Launcher.java:156)

at winstone.Launcher.main(Launcher.java:354)

at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)

at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)

at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)

at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)

at Main._main(Main.java:294)

at Main.main(Main.java:132)

Caused by: java.net.BindException: Address already in use

at sun.nio.ch.Net.bind0(Native Method)

at sun.nio.ch.Net.bind(Net.java:433)

at sun.nio.ch.Net.bind(Net.java:425)

at sun.nio.ch.ServerSocketChannelImpl.bind(ServerSocketChannelImpl.java:223)

at sun.nio.ch.ServerSocketAdaptor.bind(ServerSocketAdaptor.java:74)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.ServerConnector.open(ServerConnector.java:298)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.AbstractNetworkConnector.doStart(AbstractNetworkConnector.java:80)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.ServerConnector.doStart(ServerConnector.java:236)

at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:68)

at org.eclipse.jetty.server.Server.doStart(Server.java:431)

at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:68)

at winstone.Launcher.<init>(Launcher.java:154)

... 7 more


root@iZuf6ea6asxmy2epuhqiodZ:/usr/java/tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.82/webapps# ll

total 72588

drwxr-xr-x  8 root root     4096 Dec 26 13:22 ./

drwxr-xr-x  9 root root     4096 Dec 26 12:47 ../

drwxr-xr-x 14 root root     4096 Dec 26 12:47 docs/

drwxr-xr-x  7 root root     4096 Dec 26 12:47 examples/

drwxr-xr-x  5 root root     4096 Dec 26 12:47 host-manager/

drwxr-xr-x 10 root root     4096 Dec 26 13:22 jenkins/

-rw-r--r--  1 root root 74294776 Dec 26 13:18 jenkins.war

drwxr-xr-x  5 root root     4096 Dec 26 12:47 manager/

drwxr-xr-x  3 root root     4096 Dec 26 12:47 ROOT/



打开浏览器,输入http://IP:8080/jenkins/ 进行访问,按提示找到Jenkins生成的密码并粘贴到框中



输入密码进入:

 

这里选择把建议的插件全装上去

--设置用户名和密码

保存,进入主界面

 


==================================================



二、构建一个Maven项目

1、新建一个job

2、输入名称和项目类型

3、设置编译的版本号等信息

4、设置svn库地址:

输入项目托管的svn的地址,如果有出现要输入账号和密码的地方,输入即可。

如果有出现如下说明用户或密码不对:

点击进去重新设置用户和密码

5、配置jdk和maven

第一次打开出现如下,点击进去。要求提示设置JDK和Maven

点击系统管理-》系统设置,找到JDK和Maven的设置位置

选择本电脑的:

9、到这里已经可以构造这个项目了。

点击构建

构建输出的信息:

构建成功输出如下 :

10、验证

这时它已经自动把这个项目打包了一个war包,默认打包到了C:\Users\linbingwen\.jenkins\workspace\JavaWeb\JavaWeb\target


或者点击如下:


三、自动远程部署到tomcat

接下来要完成自动构建成war包后,将些war包上传到远程linux的tomcat的webapps目录,更新项目的war包,并重启tomcat.

1、安装插件

系统管理-》管理插件,在可选插件里找到下面这个,然后点击直接安装命令,安装成功后要重启jenkins

t笔者在安装插件时报错如下:


这应该是天朝的墙所导致的,所以笔者就使用了手动安装的方式。

解决方法:

手动安装

到https://wiki.jenkins-ci.org/display/JENKINS/Publish+Over+SSH+Plugin,下载hpi到本地电脑到

在系统管理--管理插件--高级--浏览-上传插件即可

然后它自动上传并安装:

红色的是笔者在线安装不成功的,蓝色的是笔者安装成功的了,之后重启jenkis即可。

2、配置ssh内容:

在系统管理-》系统设置里

找到Publish over SSH
然后输入:


3、配置Post Steps
这里还是接着上面的JavaWeb项目,这个配置得安装了上面的插件后才会显示!



其中,
Transfer SetSource files:表示要上传的本地的war包及路径,可到工作空间去看


Remove prefix:表示要上传时要去除的文件夹,即只上传war包


remote driectory:即表示执行时的路径,相当于把war包上传到这里了


exec commad:要执行的命令

要执行的脚本的内容:

#!/bin/sh
#defined 
TOMCAT_HOME="/usr/java/tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.67/"
ID=`ps -ef | grep java | grep tomcat|awk '{print $2}'`
echo $ID 
echo "kill tomcat"
kill -9 $ID
echo "remover war file"
cd "$TOMCAT_HOME"/webapps
rm -rf JavaWeb-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
rm -rf JavaWeb-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.war
echo "copy war to webapp"
cd /home/lin
cp JavaWeb-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.war "$TOMCAT_HOME"/webapps
cd "$TOMCAT_HOME"/bin
echo "start tomcat"
./startup.sh

步骤:

先停掉tomcat

删除webapp下对应的war包

复制war到webapps

重启tomcat

4、构建部署

点击项目的构建按钮,最终出现如下:


在linux上打开浏览器,输入http://localhost:8080/JavaWeb-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT/


注意:这里配置的ssh用户:lin要有root的权限,要不可以会报错没有权限执行kill 或rm 命令

本文使用的Linux:Ubuntu14.04

其中JDK、Tomcat、SVN服务器请看这里Ubuntu安装配置JDK、Tomcat、SVN服务器


转自:http://m.blog.csdn.net/article/details?id=50518959


本文转自 顶风走千里 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/13505030/2054703


网友评论

登录后评论
0/500
评论
科技小能手
+ 关注