LAMP&LNMP自动化安装脚本

===================================

一、脚本的环境介绍

二、脚本的介绍

三、脚本的功能介绍

===================================

一、脚本的环境介绍

此脚本运行在RHEL 6.4版本上

运行此脚本需注意:

1)、主机需要能够上网,因为博主是搭建的搜狐的外网yum源,此yum源由两部分组成,一个是光盘里面的所有软件包,一个是epel源。

2)、需了解软件之间的相互依赖性。


二、脚本的介绍

脚本是由函数组成,每一个函数实现一个功能

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function  create_yum             #此函数是搭建sohu的yum仓库
function  download               #此函数是下载全部所需的软件包
function  install_apache         #此函数是安装apache软件包
function config_apache           #此函数是修改apache的服务脚本和开启
                                  apache服务   
function  install_nginx          #此函数是安装nginx软件包
function  install_mysql          #此函数是安装mysql软件包
function config_mysql            #此函数是初始化mysql和开启mysql的服务
function  install_php            #此函数是安装php软件包
function config_php              #此函数提供php的配置文件
function  install_php_fpm       #此函数是安装php-fpm软件包提供fastcgi服务
function config_php_fpm          #此函数是修改php-fpm的配置文件盒开启
                                 php-fpm的服务
function  install_xcache         #此函数是安装为php代码加速的软件包
function  install_memcache       #此函数是安装连接memcached的软件包
function  install_memcached      #此函数是安装memcached软件包
function  install_lamp        #此函数里面只包含了apache,mysql,php的函数
function config_lamp
function  install_lammp          #此函数里面只包含了apache,mysql,
                                 memcached,php的函数
function config_lammp
function  install_lnmp         #此函数里面只包含了nginx,mysql,php的函数
function config_lnmp
function  install_lnmmp          #此函数里面只包含了nginx,mysql,
                                 memcached,php的函数
function config_lnmmp

如果各位博友觉得配置文件的路径存放数据的路径与各位博友所要求的结果不一样,那请各位博友只需小小的自行修改一下



三、脚本的功能介绍

1)、支持某台机器单独安装某一个软件,如apache、nginx、mysql、php-fpm,memcached

2)、支持某台机器直接安装lamp、lnmp、lammp、lnmmp架构

3)、如果想一个一个的安装lamp(lnmp)架构,请注意安装顺序:apache(nginx)-->

mysql-->php

4)、php与php-fpm其实都是安装php源码软件包,但是提供的功能不一样

如果你的apache与php安装在不同的机器上,那么php的那台主机安装的是

php-fpm;

如果你的php与mysql安装在不同的机器上,那么php的那台主机也是安装

php-fpm;

php-fpm与memcached安装在不同的机器上,那么php-fpm的那台主机必须安装memcache,用于连接memcached。

5)、安装完每个脚本后,会把源码包生成的文件与系统能识别的头文件、库文件、二进制中

6)、会为服务提供system V 脚本文件

7)、会自行的把服务开启,并加入到开机自动启动的服务列表中


整个脚本

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#!/bin/bash
#discripte:frist,you linux server must be surf Internet because we use http://mirrors.sohu.com/  yum source and epel source
function create_yum {
dir=/etc/yum.repos.d/
mv $dir/*.repo /tmp
cat >> $dir/sohu.repo <<EOF
[centos]
name=sohu-centos
baseurl=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/\$releasever/os/\$basearch
gpgcheck=1
enable=0
gpgkey=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
[epel]
name=sohu-epel
baseurl=http://mirrors.sohu.com/fedora-epel/\$releasever/\$basearch/
enable=1
gpgcheck=0
EOF
yum clean all &>/dev/null
}
function download {
yum -y install wget
cd /root
echo -e "\033[32m=========download about web server source package==========\033[0m"
wget http://mirror.esocc.com/apache/apr/apr-1.4.6.tar.bz2
wget http://mirror.esocc.com/apache/apr/apr-util-1.5.2.tar.bz2
wget http://mirror.esocc.com/apache/httpd/httpd-2.4.6.tar.bz2
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.4.2.tar.gz
echo -e "\033[32m=========download about php or php-fpm soure package========\033[0m"
wget http://xcache.lighttpd.net/pub/Releases/3.0.3/xcache-3.0.3.tar.bz2
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-2.2.7.tgz
wget http://downloads.php.net/stas/php-5.4.19.tar.bz2
echo -e "\033[32m======download about memcached source package========\033[0m"
wget http://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/project/levent/libevent/libevent-2.0/libevent-2.0.21-stable.tar.gz
wget http://memcached.googlecode.com/files/memcached-1.4.15.tar.gz
echo -e "\033[32m======download about mysql source package=========\033[0m"
wget http://mysql.llarian.net/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.33.tar.gz
}
function install_apache {
cd /root
yum -y install pcre-devel
tar xf apr-1.4.6.tar.bz2
tar xf apr-util-1.5.2.tar.bz2
tar xf httpd-2.4.6.tar.bz2
cd /root/apr-1.4.6
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr && make && make install
echo -e "\033[32m=========apr is ok========\033[0m"
cd /root/apr-util-1.5.2
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-util --with-apr=/usr/local/apr && make && make install
echo -e "\033[32m=========apr-util is ok========\033[0m"
cd /root/httpd-2.4.6
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --enable-so --enable-ssl --enable-cgi --enable-rewrite --with-zlib \
--with-pcre --with-apr=/usr/local/apr --with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util --enable-modules=most \
--enable-mpms-shared=all --with-mpm=event && make && make install
echo -e "\033[32m=========httpd is ok========\033[0m"
}
function config_apache {
echo -e "\033[32m frist,Associated system path \033[0m"
echo "PATH=/usr/local/apache/bin/:$PATH" >/etc/profile.d/httpd.sh
source /etc/profile.d/httpd.sh
ln -sv /usr/local/apache/include/  /usr/include/httpd
echo -e "\033[32m second,Modify configuration files and provided systemV scripts \033[0m"
IP=`ifconfig grep "inet addr" grep -v "127.0.0.1" awk -F: '{print $2}' cut -d' ' -f1`
cp /root/httpd-2.4.6/build/rpm/httpd.init  /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd
sed -i '/httpd/s/usr\/sbin\/httpd/usr\/local\/apache\/bin\/httpd/g' /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd
sed -i '/^httpd/a\prog=httpd' /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd
sed -i '/^pidfile/s/var\/run/usr\/local\/apache\/logs/g' /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd
sed -i 's/etc\/httpd\/conf\/httpd.conf/usr\/local\/apache\/conf\/httpd.conf/g' /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd
sed -i '$a ServerName '$IP':80' /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf
chkconfig --add httpd
chkconfig --level 35 httpd on
service httpd start
}
function install_nginx {
cd /root
yum -y install pcre-devel
tar xf nginx-1.4.2.tar.gz
groupadd nginx
useradd -r -g nginx nginx
cd /root/nginx-1.4.2
./configure \
--prefix=/usr \
--sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx \
--conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
--error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
--http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
--pid-path=/var/run/nginx/nginx.pid \
--lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock \
--user=nginx \
--group=nginx \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-http_flv_module \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--with-http_gzip_static_module \
--http-client-body-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/client/ \
--http-proxy-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/proxy/ \
--http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/fcgi/ \
--http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/uwsgi \
--http-scgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/scgi \
--with-pcre && make && make install
echo -e "\033[32m=========nginx is ok========\033[0m"
}
function install_mysql {
cd /root
yum -y install cmake bison
useradd -r mysql
tar xf mysql-5.5.33.tar.gz
cd /root/mysql-5.5.33
cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/mydata/data  -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_READLINE=1 -DWITH_SSL=system -DWITH_ZLIB=system -DWITH_LIBWRAP=0  -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci
make  && make install
echo -e "\033[32m=========mysqld is ok========\033[0m"
}
function config_mysql {
echo -e "\033[32m frist,Associated system path,and Initialization database \033[0m"
cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/my-large.cnf /etc/my.cnf
cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server  /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
chown -R root.mysql /usr/local/mysql/
mkdir -pv /mydata/data
chown -R mysql:mysql /mydata/data/
sed -i '/thread_concurrency/a\ datadir = /mydata/data' /etc/my.cnf
sed -i '/datadir/a\ innodb_file_per_table = 1' /etc/my.cnf
/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/mydata/data/  --basedir=/usr/local/mysql
service mysqld start
echo "PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH" >/etc/profile.d/mysqld.sh
source /etc/profile.d/mysqld.sh
echo "/usr/local/mysql/lib" >/etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysqld.conf
ldconfig -v grep mysql
ln -sv /usr/local/mysql/include/ /usr/include/mysqld
chkconfig --add mysqld
chkconfig --level 35 mysqld on
}
function install_php {
yum -y install libxml2-devel bzip2-devel curl-devel  libmcrypt-devel  mhash-devel
tar xf php-5.4.19.tar.bz2
cd /root/php-5.4.19
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-openssl --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config \
--enable-mbstring --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr \
--enable-xml  --enable-sockets --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs --with-mcrypt --with-curl \
--with-config-file-path=/etc --with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php.d --with-bz2  --enable-maintainer-zts
make && make install
echo -e "\033[32m=========php is ok========\033[0m"
}
function config_php {
cp /root/php-5.4.19/php.ini-production /etc/php.ini
}
function install_php_fpm {
yum -y install libxml2-devel bzip2-devel curl-devel  libmcrypt-devel  mhash-devel
tar xf php-5.4.19.tar.bz2
cd /root/php-5.4.19
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php  --with-mysql=mysqlnd --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd --with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
--with-openssl  --enable-sockets --enable-sysvshm --enable-mbstring --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir \
--with-zlib-dir --with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml  --with-mhash --with-mcrypt  --with-config-file-path=/etc  \
--with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php.d --with-bz2 --with-curl --enable-maintainer-zts --enable-fpm && make && make install
echo -e "\033[32m=========php-fpm is ok========\033[0m"
}
function config_php_fpm {
echo -e "\033[32m frist,Associated system path \033[0m"
IP2=`ifconfig grep "inet addr" grep -v "127.0.0.1" awk -F: '{print $2}' cut -d' ' -f1`
cp /root/php-5.4.19/php.ini-production /etc/php.ini
echo "PATH=/usr/local/php/bin:/usr/local/php/sbin:$PATH" >/etc/profile.d/php-fpm.sh
source /etc/profile.d/php-fpm.sh
echo -e "\033[32m second,Modify configuration files and provided systemV scripts \033[0m"
mv /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
sed -i 's/127\.0\.0\.1/'$IP2'/g' /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
cp /root/php-5.4.19/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm
service php-fpm start
chkconfig --add php-fpm
chkconfig --level 35 php-fpm on
}
function install_xcache {
cd /root
tar xf xcache-3.0.3.tar.bz2
if [ -d /usr/local/php ];then
   cd /root/xcache-3.0.3
   /usr/local/php/bin/phpize
   ./configure --enable-xcache --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
   make && make install
else
    install_php_fpm
   cd /root/xcache-3.0.3
   /usr/local/php/bin/phpize
   ./configure --enable-xcache --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
   make && make install
   echo -e "\033[32m=========xcache is ok========\033[0m"
fi
}
function install_memcache {
cd /root
tar xf memcache-2.2.7.tgz
if [ -d /usr/local/php ];then
   cd /root/memcache-2.2.7
   /usr/local/php/bin/phpize
   ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --enable-memcache   && make && make install
else
    install_php_fpm
    cd /root/memcache-2.2.7
    /usr/local/php/bin/phpize
   ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --enable-memcache   && make && make install
   echo -e "\033[32m=========memcache is ok========\033[0m"
fi
}
function install_memcached {
cd /root
tar xf libevent-2.0.21-stable.tar.gz
tar xf memcached-1.4.15.tar.gz
cd /root/libevent-2.0.21-stable
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libevent && make && make install
echo -e "\033[32m=========libevent is ok========\033[0m"
cd /usr/local/libevent/
echo "/usr/local/libevent/lib" >/etc/ld.so.conf.d/libevent.conf
ldconfig -v grep libevent
ln -sv /usr/local/libevent/ /usr/include/libevent
cd /root/memcached-1.4.15
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/memcached --with-libevent=/usr/local/libevent/
make && make install
echo -e "\033[32m=========memcached is ok========\033[0m"
}
function install_lamp {
install_apache
install_mysql
install_php
install_xcache
}
function config_lamp {
config_apache
config_mysql
config_php
}
function install_lnmp {
install_nginx
install_mysql
install_php
install_xcache
}
function config_lnmp {
config_mysql
config_php
}
function install_lammp {
install_apache
install_mysql
install_php
install_xcache
install_memcache
install_memcached
}
function config_lammp {
config_apache
config_mysql
config_php
config_php_fpm
}
function install_lnmmp {
install_nginx
install_mysql
install_php
install_xcache
install_memcache
install_memcached
}
function config_lnmmp {
config_mysql
config_php
config_php_fpm
}
echo -e "\033[32m====make sure yum is ok=========\033[0m"
#create_yum
echo -e "\033[32m====now,download all package====\033[0m"
#download
echo -e "\033[32m====install development packages====\033[0m"
#yum -y groupinstall "Development tools" "Server Platform Development"
 echo -e "\033[32m=========you can choice you need install package==========\033[0m"
cat <<EOF
apache|A)        install apache source package.
nginx|N)         install nginx source package.
mysql|M)         install mysql source package.
php|P)           install php source package.
php-fpm|PF)      install php-fpm source package.
xcache|X)         install xcahe source package.
memcache|ME)     install memcache source package.
memcached|MD)    install memcached source package.
lamp)            install lamp source package.
lammp)           install lammp source package.
lnmp)            install lnmp source package.
lnmmp)           install lnmmp source package.
q|Q)             quit
EOF
read -p "Please choose to install: " Choice
echo -e "\033[32m=====start install $Choice====\033[0m"
until [ $Choice == q -o $Choice == Q ];do
 case $Choice in
apache|A)   
   install_apache
   config_apache ;;
nginx|N)
   install_nginx ;;
mysql|M)     
   install_mysql
   config_mysql ;;
php|P)
   install_php
   config_php ;;
php-fpm|PF)
   install_php_fpm
   config_php_fpm ;;
xcache|X)     
   install_xcache ;;
memcache|ME) 
   install_memcache ;;
memcached|MD)
   install_memcached ;;
lamp)
   install_lamp
   config_lamp ;;
lammp)       
   install_lammp
   config_lammp ;;
lnmp)        
   install_lnmp
   config_lnmp ;;
lnmmp)       
   install_lnmmp
   config_lnmmp ;;
q|Q)      
    break
esac
  read -p "Have any choice agin, if you no,q|Q is quit: " Choice
  done

这个脚本和nginx systemV,memcached system V的脚本以附件的形式上传了


缺陷:

1)没能为nginx提供自动化system V脚本,但是nginx的system V脚本我会以附件的方式上传,各位博友需要 vim /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx 然后copy我提供的system V脚本然后添加权限,就可以service nginx start了

2)、也没能为memcached提供自动化system V脚本,但是memcached的system V脚本会以附件方式上传,各位博友需要 vim /etc/rc.d/init.d/memcached 然后copy我提供的system V脚本然后添加权限,就可以service memcached start了