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《Cobbler部署指南》系列
1、《Cobbler部署指南之安装篇》http://dreamway.blog.51cto.com/blog/1281816/1166589
2、《Cobbler部署指南之配置管理篇[上文]》http://dreamway.blog.51cto.com/blog/1281816/1166921
3、《Cobbler部署指南之配置管理篇[下文]》http://dreamway.blog.51cto.com/blog/1281816/1166932
4、《Cobbler部署指南之yum仓库配置管理篇》http://dreamway.blog.51cto.com/blog/1281816/1166936
5、《Cobbler部署指南之Cobbler安装操作系统篇》http://dreamway.blog.51cto.com/blog/1281816/1166947
6、《Cobbler部署指南之安装虚拟化Xen系统篇》http://dreamway.blog.51cto.com/blog/1281816/1166950
7、《Cobbler部署指南之电源管理篇》http://dreamway.blog.51cto.com/blog/1281816/1166957
8、《Cobbler部署指南之FAQ处理篇》http://dreamway.blog.51cto.com/blog/1281816/1167078
4.8 自定义ks
更改kickstart文件,可为http等,具体cobbler --help查看,这里采用我们自定制ks文件 
 
ks目录位置
/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/
默认的ks位置
/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/sample.ks
更改指定系统版本对应的ks配置文件
cobbler profile edit --name=centos5.8-x86_64    --kickstart=/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/centos5u8-x64.cfg
 
cobbler profile edit --name=centos6.3-x86_64    --kickstart=/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/centos6u3-x64.cfg
 
cobbler profile edit --name=centos6.4-x86_64    --kickstart=/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/centos6u4-x64.cfg  
4.9 配置信息查看
cobbler report
distros:
==========
Name                           : centos5.8-xen-x86_64
Architecture                   : x86_64
TFTP Boot Files                : {}
Breed                          : redhat
Comment                        : rhel5.8
Fetchable Files                : {}
Initrd                         : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/centos5.8-x86_64/images/xen/initrd.img
Kernel                         : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/centos5.8-x86_64/images/xen/vmlinuz
Kernel Options                 : {}
Kernel Options (Post Install) : {}
Kickstart Metadata             : {'tree': 'http://@@http_server@@/cblr/links/centos5.8-xen-x86_64'}
Management Classes             : []
OS Version                     : rhel5
Owners                         : ['admin']
Red Hat Management Key         : <<inherit>>
Red Hat Management Server      : <<inherit>>
Template Files                 : {}
 
Name                           : centos6.4-x86_64
Architecture                   : x86_64
TFTP Boot Files                : {}
Breed                          : redhat
Comment                        : rhel6.4
Fetchable Files                : {}
Initrd                         : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/centos6.4-x86_64/images/pxeboot/initrd.img
Kernel                         : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/centos6.4-x86_64/images/pxeboot/vmlinuz
Kernel Options                 : {}
Kernel Options (Post Install) : {}
Kickstart Metadata             : {'tree': 'http://@@http_server@@/cblr/links/centos6.4-x86_64'}
Management Classes            : []
OS Version                     : rhel6
Owners                         : ['admin']
Red Hat Management Key         : <<inherit>>
Red Hat Management Server      : <<inherit>>
Template Files                 : {}
 
……略……
 
 
systems:
==========
 
repos:
==========
 
images:
==========
 
mgmtclasses:
==========
 
packages:
==========
 
files:
==========
4.10 系统版本列表
cobbler distro list
   centos5.8-x86_64
   centos5.8-xen-x86_64
   centos6.3-x86_64
   centos6.4-x86_64
4.11 同步Cobbler配置
建议先执行cobbler check进行配置检查再执行cobbler sync,修改cobbler配置后都需要执行此步骤
cobbler check
No configuration problems found. All systems go.
 
cobbler sync
task started: 2013-03-12_171702_sync
task started (id=Sync, time=Tue Mar 12 17:17:02 2013)
running pre-sync triggers
cleaning trees
……略……
rendering Rsync files
running post-sync triggers
running python triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*
running python trigger cobbler.modules.sync_post_restart_services
running: dhcpd -t -q
received on stdout:
received on stderr:
running: service dhcpd restart
received on stdout: Shutting down dhcpd: [ OK ]
Starting dhcpd: [ OK ]
 
received on stderr:
running shell triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*
running python triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*
running python trigger cobbler.modules.scm_track
running shell triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*
*** TASK COMPLETE ***
4.12 创建PXE菜单密码
增加装机安全设置菜单密码
 
生成hash密码
支持两种不同类型的密码:
sha1pass mypassword
openssl passwd -1 -salt sXiKzkus mypassword
我这里选择后者
# openssl passwd -1 -salt sXiKzkus hexun
$1$sXiKzkus$2DoZ6pfTe8rrc0Si60ecB/
编辑配置文件pxedefault,添加如下蓝色部分
vim /etc/cobbler/pxe/pxedefault.template
 
DEFAULT menu
PROMPT 0
MENU TITLE Cobbler | http://fedorahosted.org/cobbler
MENU MASTER PASSWD $1$sXiKzkus$2DoZ6pfTe8rrc0Si60ecB/
TIMEOUT 200
TOTALTIMEOUT 6000
ONTIMEOUT $pxe_timeout_profile
 
LABEL local
        MENU LABEL (local)
        MENU DEFAULT
        LOCALBOOT -1
 
$pxe_menu_items
 
MENU end
 
配置pxeprofile,增加蓝色部分
vim /etc/cobbler/pxe/pxeprofile.template
LABEL $profile_name
        MENU PASSWD
        kernel $kernel_path
        $menu_label
        $append_line
        ipappend 2
 
修改完毕注意检查、同步配置使其生效
cobbler check
No configuration problems found. All systems go.
cobbler sync
 
PXE装机时选择装机系统版本,输入装机密码,效果图

4.13 定制PXE菜单TITLE

编辑pxedefault文件,

vim /etc/cobbler/pxe/pxedefault.template

MENU TITLE Cobbler | http://fedorahosted.org/cobbler

将原文上面的内容根据自定义进行修改

MENU TITLE Hexun Automation Install System

修改后的文件

DEFAULT menu

PROMPT 0

MENU TITLE Hexun Automation Install System

MENU MASTER PASSWD $1$sXiKzkus$2DoZ6pfTe8rrc0Si60ecB/

TIMEOUT 200

TOTALTIMEOUT 6000

ONTIMEOUT $pxe_timeout_profile

 

LABEL local

        MENU LABEL (local)

        MENU DEFAULT

        LOCALBOOT -1

 

$pxe_menu_items

 

MENU end

修改完毕执行如下两条命令

cobbler check

cobbler sync

4.14 添加指定客户机系统配置到Cobbler

4.14.1 指定一个网段使用特定的装机配置

cobbler system add --name=network --ip=172.17.188.0/16 --profile=centos5.8-x86_64

4.14.2 添加一个指定服务器的装机配置

指定服务器就是绑定它的mac地址,并设置好ipdnshostname

 

定义系统

cobbler system add --name=host-188116 --hostname=host-188116 --mac=00:19:B9:E5:34:FE --interface=eth0 --ip-address=172.17.188.116 --subnet=255.255.0.0 --gateway=172.17.188.1 --static=1 --profile=centos5.8-x86_64  

 

查看定义的系统列表

cobbler system list

   host-188116

 

更多参数见cobbler system add  --help

五、Cobbler Web管理

Cobbler web界面是一个很好的前端,非常容易管理Cobbler

可以添加和删除 system distro profile 

可以查看、编辑distros, profiles, subprofiles, systems, repos  kickstart文件

5.1 安装cobbler_web

yum -y install cobbler-web

5.2 设置用户名密码

为已存在的用户cobbler重置密码

htdigest /etc/cobbler/users.digest "Cobbler" cobbler  

添加新用户

htdigest /etc/cobbler/users.digest "Cobbler" your_newname 

5.3 配置cobbler web可以登录

sed -i 's/authn_denyall/authn_configfile/g' /etc/cobbler/modules.conf

5.4 重启Cobblerhttp

/etc/init.d/cobblerd restart 

/etc/init.d/httpd restart

5.5 访问Cobbler Web页面

 

浏览器访问登录页面https://172.17.10.14/cobbler_web

输入用户名密码

登录后的页面

 

web管理相对易于使用管理这里这就不再赘述。

 请看《Cobbler部署指南》系列续文

《Cobbler部署指南》系列文档下载:http://down.51cto.com/data/745895