实战从源码编译LAMP架构+Discuz搭建bbs论坛

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实战从源码编译LAMP架构+Discuz搭建bbs论坛

科技小先锋 2017-11-21 23:48:00 浏览718
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实验环境:RHEL6.5  server1.example.com 172.25.254.1

实验环境:RHEL6.5

实验内容:1.MYSQL源码编译

                2.NGINX源码编译

                3.PHP源码编译

                4.搭建论坛

安装包:cmake-2.8.12.2-4.el6.x86_64.rpm 

             mysql-boost-5.7.11.tar.gz

             gd-devel-2.0.35-11.el6.x86_64.rpm  

             nginx-1.9.14.tar.gz  

             re2c-0.13.5-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

             php-5.6.19.tar.bz2

             Discuz_X3.2_SC_UTF8.zip


1.MYSQL源码编译

1)

[root@server1 1.mysql编译]# ls

cmake-2.8.12.2-4.el6.x86_64.rpm   mysql-boost-5.7.11.tar.gz

[root@server1 1.mysql编译]# tar -zxf mysql-boost-5.7.11.tar.gz

[root@server1 1.mysql编译]# cd mysql-5.7.11

2 )

[root@server1 1.mysql编译]# yum update cmake-2.8.12.2-4.el6.x86_64.rpm 

[root@server1 mnt]# yum install cmake gcc gcc-c++ ncurses-devel bison -y

3) cmake \          #检查编译环境

-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/lnmp/mysql  \    ##安装路径

-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/lnmp/mysql/data \    ##数据路径

-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/local/lnmp/mysql/data/mysql.sock \    #套接字接口

-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1  \       ##mysql引擎

-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1  \

-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8    \        ##使用utf8字符

-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci     \        ##校验字符

-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all \            ##安装所有扩展字符集

-DWITH_BOOST=boost/boost_1_59_0/ \        ##boost路径

[root@server1 mysql-5.7.11]# make             ###编译

[root@server1 mysql-5.7.11]# make install     ###安装

注意:

rm -fr CMakeCache.txt    ##错误解决完毕每次删除

lscpu   ##检测cpu

top  按1     ##检测每个cpu负载

make -j2##用两个cpu做编译


4)设定mysql信息

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# groupadd -g 27 mysql

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# useradd -u 27 -g 27 -s /bin/false mysql

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# cp /usr/local/lnmp/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# mv /etc/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf.bak

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# cp /usr/local/lnmp/mysql/support-files/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# vim /etc/profile

PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/lnmp/mysql/bin

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# source /etc/profile

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/lnmp/mysql

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# mysqld --initialize --user=mysql

( --initialize-insecure ##密码为空,--user=mysql ##运行用户 --basedir=    ##mysql基本目录 --datadir= ##mysql数据目录)

2016-09-15T04:12:17.004704Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).

。。。。。。。。。。。。。。

2016-09-15T04:12:17.626882Z 1 [Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: jT!#LrMg-5t1    《《《数据库密码(安全初始化时需要使用)


[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# chown -R root /usr/local/lnmp/mysql/

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# chown -R mysql /usr/local/lnmp/mysql/data/

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# /etc/init.d/mysql.server start

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# mysql_secure_installation   ####安全初始化

Securing the MySQL server deployment.

Enter password for user root:         ###此处输入前边产生的密码

Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No: y

Please enter 0 = LOW, 1 = MEDIUM and 2 = STRONG: 1    ##选择密码类型

Change the password for root ? ((Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y   ###修改密码

New password: 

Re-enter new password: 

Estimated strength of the password: 100 

Do you wish to continue with the password provided?(Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y

Remove anonymous users? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y

Remove test database and access to it? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y 

Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y

All done! 


2.NGINX源码编译

    2.1关闭debug调式模式,屏蔽nginx版本号

[root@server1 mnt]# tar -zxf nginx-1.9.14.tar.gz 

[root@server1 mnt]# cd nginx-1.9.14

[root@server1 nginx-1.9.14]# vim src/core/nginx.h    ##伪装版本

        #define nginx_version      1009014

        #define NGINX_VERSION      "1.9.14"

        #define NGINX_VER          "willis/" 

[root@server1 nginx-1.9.14]# vim auto/cc/gcc  ##关闭debug调式

   178 # debug

   179 #CFLAGS="$CFLAGS -g"

[root@server1 fpm]# groupadd -g 666 nginx

[root@server1 fpm]# useradd -u 666 -g 666 -s /sbin/nologin nginx

    2.2编译安装

[root@server1 nginx-1.9.14]# yum  insall pcre-devel openssl-devel -y

[root@server1 nginx-1.9.14]# ./configure \

> --prefix=/usr/local/lnmp/nginx \

> --with-http_ssl_module \

> --with-http_stub_status_module    ##监控模块

[root@server1 nginx-1.9.14]# make

[root@server1 nginx-1.9.14]# make  install

[root@server1 nginx-1.9.14]# cd /usr/local/lnmp/nginx/

[root@server1 nginx]# vim /etc/profile

    export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/lnmp/mysql/bin:/usr/local/lnmp/nginx/sbin

[root@server1 nginx]# source /etc/profile

[root@server1 nginx]# nginx     ##开启nginx

[root@server1 nginx]# netstat -antple |grep nginx

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:80                  0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      0          181762     29192/nginx

[root@server1 nginx]# curl -I localhost   ##检测http协议提供程序

HTTP/1.1 200 OK

Server: willis/       ###显示版本已经隐藏

Date: Thu, 15 Sep 2016 04:48:49 GMT

Content-Type: text/html

Content-Length: 612

Last-Modified: Wed, 14 Sep 2016 21:26:20 GMT

Connection: keep-alive

ETag: "57d9c07c-264"

Accept-Ranges: bytes

[root@server1 nginx]# du -sh /usr/local/lnmp/nginx/      ###轻量级nginx

944K/usr/local/lnmp/nginx/

[root@server1 nginx]# nginx -t          ##检测nginx配置

nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/lnmp/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok

nginx: configuration file /usr/local/lnmp/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful

[root@server1 nginx]# nginx -s reload     ##加载配置


3.PHP源码编译

    3.1编译安装php

[root@server1 mnt]# ls

gd-devel-2.0.35-11.el6.x86_64.rpm   re2c-0.13.5-1.el6.x86_64.rpm   php-5.6.19.tar.bz2

[root@server1 mnt]# yum install libxml2-devel  curl-devel  gd-devel-2.0.35-11.el6.x86_64.rpm   gmp-devel  net-snmp-devel.x86_64  re2c-0.13.5-1.el6.x86_64.rpm  -y

[root@server1 mnt]# tar -jxf php-5.6.19.tar.bz2 

[root@server1 mnt]# cd php-5.6.19

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/lnmp/php \

> --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/lnmp/php/etc \

> --with-mysql=mysqlnd \##自动加载mysql信息

> --with-mysqli=mysqlnd \

> --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \

> --with-openssl \

> --with-snmp \##加载简单网管协议

> --with-gd \##支持图形

> --with-zlib \##支持网页压缩

> --with-curl \##支持文本浏览

> --with-libxml-dir \##支持xml

> --with-png-dir \##支持png图片

> --with-jpeg-dir \##支持jpeg

> --with-freetype-dir \

> --without-pear \##不联网安装

> --with-gettext \##

> --with-gmp \##支持gmp

> --enable-inline-optimization \

> --enable-soap \##支持动态加载模块

> --enable-ftp \##支持ftp

> --enable-sockets \##支持套结字

> --enable-mbstring \

> --enable-fpm \

> --with-fpm-user=nginx \##使php和nginx权限一致

> --with-fpm-group=nginx

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# make

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# make  install

    3.2php 配置

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# cp php.ini-production /usr/local/lnmp/php/etc/php.ini

[root@server1 php-5.6.19]# cd /usr/local/lnmp/php/etc

[root@server1 etc]# cp php-fpm.conf.default  php-fpm.conf

[root@server1 etc]# vim php-fpm.conf

    25 pid = run/php-fpm.pid

[root@server1 etc]# vim php.ini 


    925 date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai

    1001 pdo_mysql.default_socket=/usr/local/lnmp/mysql/data/mysql.sock

    1150 mysql.default_socket=/usr/local/lnmp/mysql/data/mysql.sock

    1209 mysqli.default_socket=/usr/local/lnmp/mysql/data/mysql.sock

[root@server1 etc]# cd /mnt/php-5.6.19/sapi/fpm/

[root@server1 fpm]# mv  init.d.php-fpm  /etc/init.d/fpm     

[root@server1 fpm]# chmod +x /etc/init.d/fpm 

[root@server1 fpm]# chmod 775 /usr/local/ln

[root@server1 fpm]# /etc/init.d/fpm start

[root@server1 fpm]# vim /etc/profile

    export  PATH=$PATH: /usr/local/lnmp/php/bin: /usr/local/lnmp/php/sbin

[root@server1 fpm]# source /etc/profile

[root@server1 fpm]# php -m ##查看php支持插件

    3.3配置nginx使其支持php

[root@server1 fpm]# vim /usr/local/lnmp/nginx/html/index.php  ##php测试页

<?php

phpinfo();

?>

[root@server1 fpm]# vim /usr/local/lnmp/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

 47         location / {

 48             root   html;

 49             index  index.php index.html index.htm;

 50         }

 73         location ~ \.php$ {

 74             root           html;

 75             fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;

 76             fastcgi_index  index.php;

 77             fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;

 78             include        fastcgi.conf;   ##修改成存在的名称

 79         }

[root@server1 fpm]# nginx -t

nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/lnmp/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok

nginx: configuration file /usr/local/lnmp/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful

[root@server1 fpm]# nginx -s reload

    3.4 测试nginx对php支持


wKiom1feHTfQPCfmAAEAv9mPOmQ984.png


4.搭建论坛

    4.1新建数据库并赋权限

[root@server1 mnt]# ls

        Discuz_X3.2_SC_UTF8.zip

[root@server1 mnt]# unzip Discuz_X3.2_SC_UTF8.zip  -d /usr/local/lnmp/nginx/html

[root@server1 mnt]# cd /usr/local/lnmp/nginx/html

[root@server1 html]# mv upload/ bbs

[root@server1 html]# chmod -R 777 bbs/

[root@server1 html]# mysql -uroot -p

    mysql> CREATE DATABAsE discuz;

    Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

    mysql> CREATE USER discuz@localhost identified by 'Willis123./';

    Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

    mysql> GRANT ALL ON discuz.* to discuz@localhost identified by 'Willis123./';

    Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

    4.2网页搭建论坛


wKiom1feHZ6DLC9XAACLDewwPrE014.png


wKioL1feHZ_DPLtTAACT8DXslV8254.png


wKiom1feHZ_g9Qu_AAAwWEYIa8o202.png


wKioL1feHaChV9R0AAB5dzlZi24670.png


wKioL1feHaGi4aB9AABh8zJpbBE050.png



wKiom1fU1xvjSEWzAAE7ITyYv_M734.png



    搞定.


本文转自willis_sun 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/willis/1853585,如需转载请自行联系原作者

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