mysql高可用方案之集群(cluster)

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mysql高可用方案之集群(cluster)

余二五 2017-11-23 21:35:00 浏览471 评论0

摘要: 1.实验环境 我用三台服务器搭建mysql cluster环境,sql节点和数据节点在同一服务器上,管理节点单独一台. cluster node1:192.168.1.102        data node1:192.

1.实验环境

我用三台服务器搭建mysql cluster环境,sql节点和数据节点在同一服务器上,管理节点单独一台.

cluster node1:192.168.1.102        data node1:192.168.1.102

cluster node2:192.168.1.104        data node2:192.168.1.104

manager node:192.168.1.19

OS:centos 6.4 64位

 

2.在sql节点和数据节点安装mysql cluster(注:cluster节点1和节点2是一样的)

cluster node1:

[root@node1 home]# wget http://mirrors.sohu.com/mysql/MySQL-Cluster-7.3/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz

[root@node1 home]# tar xvf mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz

[root@node1 home]# mv mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64 /usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/

[root@node1 home]# cd /usr/local/

[root@node1 local]# groupadd mysql
[root@node1 local]# useradd  -r -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql

[root@node1 local]# chown -R root:mysql mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/
[root@node1 local]# chown -R mysql:mysql mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/data/

[root@node1 scripts]# ./mysql_install_db  --user=mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/data --basedir=/usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6

[root@node1 scripts]# cd ../bin/

[root@node1 bin]# cp -a ../support-files/mysql.server  /etc/init.d/mysqld

[root@node1 bin]# chkconfig  --add mysqld

[root@node1 bin]# chkconfig  mysqld on

[root@node1 bin]# cp -a ../my.cnf  /etc/my.cnf

[root@node1 bin]# vim /etc/my.cnf

[mysqld]

basedir = /usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6                      --数据库的安装路径
datadir = /usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/data               --数据库的数据目录
port = 3306
ndbcluster             --集群服务
ndb-connectstring=192.168.1.19           --管理节点的IP地址

 

[mysql_cluster]
ndb-connectstring=192.168.1.19           --管理节点的IP地址

[root@node1 bin]# ./mysqld_safe --user=mysql

[root@node1 bin]# /etc/init.d/mysqld restart
 ERROR! MySQL server PID file could not be found!
Starting MySQL...................................... SUCCESS! 
[root@node1 bin]# netstat -anp |grep mysql
tcp        0      0 :::3306                     :::*                        LISTEN      1982/mysqld         
unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     48481  1982/mysqld         /tmp/mysql.sock[root@node1 bin]# /etc/init.d/iptables stop

iptables: Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter          [  OK  ]
iptables: Flushing firewall rules:                         [  OK  ]
iptables: Unloading modules:                               [  OK  ]
[root@node1 bin]#

 

cluster node2:

注:节点2上的mysql cluster安装和节点1是一样的,配置文件也是一样

 

3.管理节点

[root@db2 home]# wget http://mirrors.sohu.com/mysql/MySQL-Cluster-7.3/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz

[root@db2 home]# tar xvf mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz

[root@db2 home]#  mv mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64 /usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/

[root@db2 home]# cd /usr/local/

[root@db2 local]# groupadd mysql
[root@db2 local]# useradd  -r -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql

[root@db2 local]# chown -R root:mysql mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/
[root@db2 local]# chown -R mysql:mysql mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/data/

[root@db2 scripts]# ./mysql_install_db  --user=mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/data --basedir=/usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6

[root@db2 scripts]# cd ../bin/

[root@db2 bin]# cp -a ../my.cnf  /etc/my.cnf

[root@db2 bin]# vim /etc/my.cnf

 [mysqld]

basedir = /usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6
datadir = /usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/data
port = 3306

[root@db2 home]# /etc/init.d/iptables stop
iptables: Flushing firewall rules:                         [  OK  ]
iptables: Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter          [  OK  ]
iptables: Unloading modules:                               [  OK  ]

[root@db2 home]# mkdir  /var/lib/mysql-cluster/

[root@db2 home]# vim  /var/lib/mysql-cluster/config.ini     --配置文件中注意大小写

[ndbd default]
NoOfReplicas=1

[tcp default]
portnumber=2202

[ndb_mgmd]
Id=1
Hostname=192.168.1.19
datadir=/usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/data

[ndbd]
Id=2
Hostname=192.168.1.102
datadir=/usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/data/


[ndbd]
Id=3
Hostname=192.168.1.104
datadir=/usr/local/mysql-cluster-gpl-7.3.6/data/

[MYSQLD]
Id=4
Hostname=192.168.1.102

[MYSQLD]
Id=5
Hostname=192.168.1.104

[root@db2 bin]# ./ndb_mgmd --configdir=/var/lib/mysql-cluster/ -f /var/lib/mysql-cluster/config.ini  --initial  --启动管理节点服务
MySQL Cluster Management Server mysql-5.6.17 ndb-7.3.6

[root@db2 bin]# netstat -anp | grep ndb
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:1186                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      3569/ndb_mgmd       
tcp        0      0 192.168.1.105:1186         192.168.1.102:45799        ESTABLISHED 3569/ndb_mgmd       
tcp        0      0 192.168.1.105:1186         192.168.1.104:46933        ESTABLISHED 3569/ndb_mgmd       
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:1186              127.0.0.1:55347             ESTABLISHED 3569/ndb_mgmd       
tcp        0      0 192.168.1.105:1186         192.168.1.102:45800        ESTABLISHED 3569/ndb_mgmd       
tcp        0      0 192.168.1.105:1186         192.168.1.102:45801        ESTABLISHED 3569/ndb_mgmd       
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:55347             127.0.0.1:1186              ESTABLISHED 3569/ndb_mgmd       
unix  3      [ ]         STREAM     CONNECTED     20977  3569/ndb_mgmd       
unix  3      [ ]         STREAM     CONNECTED     20976  3569/ndb_mgmd       
[root@db2 bin]#

 

4.启动cluster节点和数据库服务

cluster node1:

[root@node1 bin]# ./ndbd --initial

2014-10-10 09:59:20 [ndbd] INFO     -- Angel connected to '192.168.1.19:1186'
2014-10-10 09:59:20 [ndbd] INFO     -- Angel allocated nodeid: 2

[root@node1 bin]# ../support-files/mysql.server start
Starting MySQL SUCCESS! 
[root@node1 bin]#

 

cluster node2:

[root@node2 bin]# ./ndbd --initial

2014-10-10 10:01:24 [ndbd] INFO     -- Angel connected to '192.168.1.19:1186'
2014-10-10 10:01:24 [ndbd] INFO     -- Angel allocated nodeid: 3

[root@node2 bin]# ../support-files/mysql.server start
Starting MySQL SUCCESS! 
[root@node2 bin]#

 

管理节点查看信息:

[root@db2 bin]# ./ndb_mgm
-- NDB Cluster -- Management Client --
ndb_mgm> show
Connected to Management Server at: localhost:1186
Cluster Configuration
---------------------
[ndbd(NDB)] 2 node(s)
id=2 @192.168.1.102  (mysql-5.6.17 ndb-7.3.6, Nodegroup: 0, *)
id=3 @192.168.1.104  (mysql-5.6.17 ndb-7.3.6, Nodegroup: 1)

[ndb_mgmd(MGM)] 1 node(s)
id=1 @192.168.1.19  (mysql-5.6.17 ndb-7.3.6)

[mysqld(API)] 2 node(s)
id=4 @192.168.1.102  (mysql-5.6.17 ndb-7.3.6)
id=5 @192.168.1.102  (mysql-5.6.17 ndb-7.3.6)

ndb_mgm>










本文转自 z597011036 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/tongcheng/1561980,如需转载请自行联系原作者
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