python模块:smtplib模块

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python模块:smtplib模块

余二五 2017-11-23 20:43:00 浏览738

1.使用本地的sendmail协议进行邮件发送

格式(1):smtpObj=smtplib.SMTP([host [,port [,local_hostname]]])

host:SMTP服务器主机的IP地址或者是域名

port:服务的端口号(默认是25)

local_hostname:服务器的地址(默认是localhost)


格式(2):SMTP.sendmail(from_addr),to_addrs,msg[,mail_options,rcpt_options]

from_addr:邮件发送的地址

to_addr:邮件接收地址

msg:发送信息


(3).邮件发送代码

[root@web01 ~]# vim smtplib12.py 
#!/bin/env python
#!-*- coding:UTF-8 -*-

import smtplib
from email.mime.text import MIMEText
from email.header import Header

sender='z597011036@126.com'
receivers='z597011036@qq.com'         #如果收件人是多个可写成列表message=MIMEText('Python 邮件内容:邮件发送测试.......','plain','utf-8')
message['From']=Header('邮件发送端','utf-8')
message['To']=Header('收件端','utf-8')

subject='Python SMTP 邮件测试'
message['Subject']=Header(subject,'utf-8')

try:
    smtpObj=smtplib.SMTP('localhost')
    smtpObj.sendmail(sender,receivers,message.as_string())
    print "恭喜你!邮件发送成功"

except smtplib.SMTPException:
    print "Error: 无法发送邮件"
[root@web01 ~]# python smtplib12.py 
恭喜你!邮件发送成功
[root@web01 ~]#


(4).邮件接收

wKiom1coDvjTtaUIAAAqosoJ9qM936.png

wKiom1coDyiw4h2VAABUPZx6J4w619.png

2.使用第三方平台(QQ,网易,新浪)发送邮件,本机没有安装sendmail服务端.

(1).邮件代码

[root@web01 ~]# vim smtplib12.py 

#!/bin/env python
#!-*- coding:UTF-8 -*-

import smtplib
from email.mime.text import MIMEText
from email.header import Header

mail_host='smtp.126.com'
mail_user='z597011036@126.com'
mail_password='z597011036zzz'

sender='z597011036@126.com'
receivers=['z597011036@qq.com']

message=MIMEText('Python 邮件时间:2015-02-01','plain','utf-8')
message['From']=Header("邮件发送端","utf-8")
message['To']=Header("收件端","utf-8")

subject="Python SMTP"
message['Subject']=Header(subject,"utf-8")

try:
    smtpObj=smtplib.SMTP()
    smtpObj.connect(mail_host,25)
    smtpObj.login(mail_user,mail_password)
    smtpObj.sendmail(sender,receivers,message.as_string())
    print "恭喜你!邮件发送成功"
    smtpObj.quit()

except smtplib.SMTPException as e:
     print "Error 无法发送邮件"
     print e
[root@web01 ~]# python smtplib12.py 
恭喜你!邮件发送成功
[root@web01 ~]#


(2).邮件发送成功

wKioL1coOLiQAkEsAAA57pLdTmk329.pngwKiom1coOBSAVpSPAABqACUv8iE940.png










本文转自 z597011036 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/tongcheng/1766856,如需转载请自行联系原作者