【转】python3 发邮件实例(包括:文本、html、图片、附件、SSL、群邮件)

  1. 云栖社区>
  2. 博客>
  3. 正文

【转】python3 发邮件实例(包括:文本、html、图片、附件、SSL、群邮件)

天飞 2016-05-16 11:28:19 浏览3493
展开阅读全文

特别留意群邮件方式,这是工作中用得多的。

附件,HTML,图片,都需要的。

复制代码
文件形式的邮件



[python]  view plain copy 
 
1.#!/usr/bin/env python3  
2.#coding: utf-8  
3.import smtplib  
4.from email.mime.text import MIMEText  
5.from email.header import Header  
6.  
7.sender = '***'  
8.receiver = '***'  
9.subject = 'python email test'  
10.smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'  
11.username = '***'  
12.password = '***'  
13.  
14.msg = MIMEText('你好','plain','utf-8')#中文需参数‘utf-8’,单字节字符不需要  
15.msg['Subject'] = Header(subject, 'utf-8')  
16.  
17.smtp = smtplib.SMTP()  
18.smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')  
19.smtp.login(username, password)  
20.smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msg.as_string())  
21.smtp.quit()  

HTML形式的邮件



[python]  view plain copy 
 
1.#!/usr/bin/env python3  
2.#coding: utf-8  
3.import smtplib  
4.from email.mime.text import MIMEText  
5.  
6.sender = '***'  
7.receiver = '***'  
8.subject = 'python email test'  
9.smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'  
10.username = '***'  
11.password = '***'  
12.  
13.msg = MIMEText('<html><h1>你好</h1></html>','html','utf-8')  
14.  
15.msg['Subject'] = subject  
16.  
17.smtp = smtplib.SMTP()  
18.smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')  
19.smtp.login(username, password)  
20.smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msg.as_string())  
21.smtp.quit()  

带图片的HTML邮件



[python]  view plain copy 
 
1.#!/usr/bin/env python3  
2.#coding: utf-8  
3.import smtplib  
4.from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart  
5.from email.mime.text import MIMEText  
6.from email.mime.image import MIMEImage  
7.  
8.sender = '***'  
9.receiver = '***'  
10.subject = 'python email test'  
11.smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'  
12.username = '***'  
13.password = '***'  
14.  
15.msgRoot = MIMEMultipart('related')  
16.msgRoot['Subject'] = 'test message'  
17.  
18.msgText = MIMEText('<b>Some <i>HTML</i> text</b> and an image.<br><img src="cid:image1"><br>good!','html','utf-8')  
19.msgRoot.attach(msgText)  
20.  
21.fp = open('h:\\python\\1.jpg', 'rb')  
22.msgImage = MIMEImage(fp.read())  
23.fp.close()  
24.  
25.msgImage.add_header('Content-ID', '<image1>')  
26.msgRoot.attach(msgImage)  
27.  
28.smtp = smtplib.SMTP()  
29.smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')  
30.smtp.login(username, password)  
31.smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msgRoot.as_string())  
32.smtp.quit()  
带附件的邮件 


[python]  view plain copy 
 
1.#!/usr/bin/env python3  
2.#coding: utf-8  
3.import smtplib  
4.from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart  
5.from email.mime.text import MIMEText  
6.from email.mime.image import MIMEImage  
7.  
8.sender = '***'  
9.receiver = '***'  
10.subject = 'python email test'  
11.smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'  
12.username = '***'  
13.password = '***'  
14.  
15.msgRoot = MIMEMultipart('related')  
16.msgRoot['Subject'] = 'test message'  
17.  
18.#构造附件  
19.att = MIMEText(open('h:\\python\\1.jpg', 'rb').read(), 'base64', 'utf-8')  
20.att["Content-Type"] = 'application/octet-stream'  
21.att["Content-Disposition"] = 'attachment; filename="1.jpg"'  
22.msgRoot.attach(att)  
23.          
24.smtp = smtplib.SMTP()  
25.smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')  
26.smtp.login(username, password)  
27.smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msgRoot.as_string())  
28.smtp.quit()  

群邮件



[python]  view plain copy 
 
1.#!/usr/bin/env python3  
2.#coding: utf-8  
3.import smtplib  
4.from email.mime.text import MIMEText  
5.  
6.sender = '***'  
7.receiver = ['***','****',……]  
8.subject = 'python email test'  
9.smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'  
10.username = '***'  
11.password = '***'  
12.  
13.msg = MIMEText('你好','plain','utf-8')  
14.  
15.msg['Subject'] = subject  
16.  
17.smtp = smtplib.SMTP()  
18.smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')  
19.smtp.login(username, password)  
20.smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msg.as_string())  
21.smtp.quit()  

各种元素都包含的邮件



[python]  view plain copy 
 
1.#!/usr/bin/env python3  
2.#coding: utf-8  
3.import smtplib  
4.from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart  
5.from email.mime.text import MIMEText  
6.from email.mime.image import MIMEImage  
7.  
8.sender = '***'  
9.receiver = '***'  
10.subject = 'python email test'  
11.smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'  
12.username = '***'  
13.password = '***'  
14.  
15.# Create message container - the correct MIME type is multipart/alternative.  
16.msg = MIMEMultipart('alternative')  
17.msg['Subject'] = "Link"  
18.  
19.# Create the body of the message (a plain-text and an HTML version).  
20.text = "Hi!\nHow are you?\nHere is the link you wanted:\nhttp://www.python.org"  
21.html = """\ 
22.<html> 
23.  <head></head> 
24.  <body> 
25.    <p>Hi!<br> 
26.       How are you?<br> 
27.       Here is the <a href="http://www.python.org">link</a> you wanted. 
28.    </p> 
29.  </body> 
30.</html> 
31."""  
32.  
33.# Record the MIME types of both parts - text/plain and text/html.  
34.part1 = MIMEText(text, 'plain')  
35.part2 = MIMEText(html, 'html')  
36.  
37.# Attach parts into message container.  
38.# According to RFC 2046, the last part of a multipart message, in this case  
39.# the HTML message, is best and preferred.  
40.msg.attach(part1)  
41.msg.attach(part2)  
42.#构造附件  
43.att = MIMEText(open('h:\\python\\1.jpg', 'rb').read(), 'base64', 'utf-8')  
44.att["Content-Type"] = 'application/octet-stream'  
45.att["Content-Disposition"] = 'attachment; filename="1.jpg"'  
46.msg.attach(att)  
47.     
48.smtp = smtplib.SMTP()  
49.smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')  
50.smtp.login(username, password)  
51.smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msg.as_string())  
52.smtp.quit()  

基于SSL的邮件



[python]  view plain copy 
 
1.#!/usr/bin/env python3  
2.#coding: utf-8  
3.import smtplib  
4.from email.mime.text import MIMEText  
5.from email.header import Header  
6.sender = '***'  
7.receiver = '***'  
8.subject = 'python email test'  
9.smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'  
10.username = '***'  
11.password = '***'  
12.  
13.msg = MIMEText('你好','plain','utf-8')#中文需参数‘utf-8’,单字节字符不需要  
14.msg['Subject'] = Header(subject, 'utf-8')  
15.  
16.smtp = smtplib.SMTP()  
17.smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')  
18.smtp.ehlo()  
19.smtp.starttls()  
20.smtp.ehlo()  
21.smtp.set_debuglevel(1)  
22.smtp.login(username, password)  
23.smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msg.as_string())  
24.smtp.quit()  
复制代码

网友评论

登录后评论
0/500
评论