Solaris 10(x86)构建Oracle 10g RAC之--配置系统环境(2)

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Solaris 10(x86)构建Oracle 10g RAC之--配置系统环境(2)

余二五 2017-11-08 15:26:00 浏览949
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系统环境:

操作系统:Solaris 10(x86-64)

Cluster: Oracle CRS 10.2.0.1.0

Oracle:  Oracle 10.2.0.1.0


如图所示:RAC 系统架构

wKiom1S_b-OSHjhcAAGktznT6W4920.jpg


一、建立主机之间的信任关系(在所有node)


1、配置主机hosts.equiv文件

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[root@node1:/]# cat /etc/hosts.equiv 
node1  root
node1  oracle
node1-vip root
node1-vip oracle
node1-priv root
node1-priv oracle
 
node2  root
node2  oracle
node2-vip  root
node2-vip  oracle
node2-priv  root
node2-priv  oracle

2、配置Oracle用户.rhosts文件

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[oracle@node1:/export/home/oracle]$ cat .rhosts 
node1  root
node1  oracle
node1-vip root
node1-vip oracle
node1-priv root
node1-priv oracle
 
node2  root
node2  oracle
node2-vip  root
node2-vip  oracle
node2-priv  root
node2-priv  oracle

3、启动相关的服务,验证

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[root@node1:/]# svcs -a |grep rlogin
disabled       10:05:17 svc:/network/login:rlogin
 
[root@node1:/]# svcadm enable svc:/network/login:rlogin
[root@node1:/]# svcadm enable svc:/network/rexec:default
[root@node1:/]# svcadm enable svc:/network/shell:default
 
[root@node1:/]# svcs -a |grep rlogin
online         11:37:34 svc:/network/login:rlogin
 
[root@node1:/]# su - oracle
Oracle Corporation      SunOS 5.10      Generic Patch   January 2005
[oracle@node1:/export/home/oracle]$ rlogin node1
 
Last login: Wed Jan 21 11:29:36 from node2-priv
Oracle Corporation      SunOS 5.10      Generic Patch   January 2005

二、安装CRS前系统环境的检测(在node1)

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[oracle@node1:/export/home/oracle]$ unzip 10201_clusterware_solx86_64.zip
 
[oracle@node1:/export/home/oracle/clusterware/cluvfy]$ ./runcluvfy.sh    
USAGE:
cluvfy [ -help ]
cluvfy stage { -list | -help }
cluvfy stage {-pre|-post} <stage-name> <stage-specific options>  [-verbose]
cluvfy comp  { -list | -help }
cluvfy comp  <component-name> <component-specific options>  [-verbose]
[oracle@node1:/export/home/oracle/clusterware/cluvfy]$ ./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n node1,node2 -verbose
 
Performing pre-checks for cluster services setup 
Checking node reachability...
Check: Node reachability from node "node1"
  Destination Node                      Reachable?              
  ------------------------------------  ------------------------
  node1                                 yes                     
  node2                                 yes                     
Result: Node reachability check passed from node "node1".
Checking user equivalence...
Check: User equivalence for user "oracle"
  Node Name                             Comment                 
  ------------------------------------  ------------------------
  node2                                 passed                  
  node1                                 passed                  
Result: User equivalence check passed for user "oracle".
Checking administrative privileges...
Check: Existence of user "oracle"
  Node Name     User Exists               Comment                 
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  node2         yes                       passed                  
  node1         yes                       passed                  
Result: User existence check passed for "oracle".
Check: Existence of group "oinstall"
  Node Name     Status                    Group ID                
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  node2         exists                    200                     
  node1         exists                    200                     
Result: Group existence check passed for "oinstall".
Check: Membership of user "oracle" in group "oinstall" [as Primary]
  Node Name         User Exists   Group Exists  User in Group  Primary       Comment     
  ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
  node2             yes           yes           yes           yes           passed      
  node1             yes           yes           yes           yes           passed      
Result: Membership check for user "oracle" in group "oinstall" [as Primary] passed.
Administrative privileges check passed.
Checking node connectivity...
Interface information for node "node2"
  Interface Name                  IP Address                      Subnet          
  ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
  e1000g0                         192.168.8.12                    192.168.8.0     
  e1000g1                         10.10.10.12                     10.10.10.0      
Interface information for node "node1"
  Interface Name                  IP Address                      Subnet          
  ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
  e1000g0                         192.168.8.11                    192.168.8.0     
  e1000g1                         10.10.10.11                     10.10.10.0      
Check: Node connectivity of subnet "192.168.8.0"
  Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
  ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
  node2:e1000g0                   node1:e1000g0                   yes             
Result: Node connectivity check passed for subnet "192.168.8.0" with node(s) node2,node1.
Check: Node connectivity of subnet "10.10.10.0"
  Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
  ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
  node2:e1000g1                   node1:e1000g1                   yes             
Result: Node connectivity check passed for subnet "10.10.10.0" with node(s) node2,node1.
Suitable interfaces for the private interconnect on subnet "192.168.8.0":
node2 e1000g0:192.168.8.12
node1 e1000g0:192.168.8.11
Suitable interfaces for the private interconnect on subnet "10.10.10.0":
node2 e1000g1:10.10.10.12
node1 e1000g1:10.10.10.11
 
ERROR: 
Could not find a suitable set of interfaces for VIPs.
Result: Node connectivity check failed.
---vip 网络检测失败
 
Checking system requirements for 'crs'...
Check: Total memory 
  Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  node2         1.76GB (1843200KB)        512MB (524288KB)          passed    
  node1         1.76GB (1843200KB)        512MB (524288KB)          passed    
Result: Total memory check passed.
Check: Free disk space in "/tmp" dir
  Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  node2         3GB (3150148KB)           400MB (409600KB)          passed    
  node1         2.74GB (2875128KB)        400MB (409600KB)          passed    
Result: Free disk space check passed.
Check: Swap space 
  Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  node2         2GB (2096476KB)           512MB (524288KB)          passed    
  node1         2GB (2096476KB)           512MB (524288KB)          passed    
Result: Swap space check passed.
Check: System architecture 
  Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  node2         64-bit                    64-bit                    passed    
  node1         64-bit                    64-bit                    passed    
Result: System architecture check passed.
Check: Operating system version 
  Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  node2         SunOS 5.10                SunOS 5.10                passed    
  node1         SunOS 5.10                SunOS 5.10                passed    
Result: Operating system version check passed.
Check: Operating system patch for "118345-03" 
  Node Name     Applied                   Required                  Comment   
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  node2         unknown                   118345-03                 failed    
  node1         unknown                   118345-03                 failed    
Result: Operating system patch check failed for "118345-03".
Check: Operating system patch for "119961-01" 
  Node Name     Applied                   Required                  Comment   
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  node2         119961-06                 119961-01                 passed    
  node1         119961-06                 119961-01                 passed    
Result: Operating system patch check passed for "119961-01".
Check: Operating system patch for "117837-05" 
  Node Name     Applied                   Required                  Comment   
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  node2         unknown                   117837-05                 failed    
  node1         unknown                   117837-05                 failed    
Result: Operating system patch check failed for "117837-05".
Check: Operating system patch for "117846-08" 
  Node Name     Applied                   Required                  Comment   
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  node2         unknown                   117846-08                 failed    
  node1         unknown                   117846-08                 failed    
Result: Operating system patch check failed for "117846-08".
Check: Operating system patch for "118682-01" 
  Node Name     Applied                   Required                  Comment   
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  node2         unknown                   118682-01                 failed    
  node1         unknown                   118682-01                 failed    
Result: Operating system patch check failed for "118682-01".
---系统补丁检测失败
 
Check: Group existence for "dba" 
  Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  node2         exists                    passed                  
  node1         exists                    passed                  
Result: Group existence check passed for "dba".
Check: Group existence for "oinstall" 
  Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  node2         exists                    passed                  
  node1         exists                    passed                  
Result: Group existence check passed for "oinstall".
Check: User existence for "oracle" 
  Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  node2         exists                    passed                  
  node1         exists                    passed                  
Result: User existence check passed for "oracle".
Check: User existence for "nobody" 
  Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  node2         exists                    passed                  
  node1         exists                    passed                  
Result: User existence check passed for "nobody".
System requirement failed for 'crs'
Pre-check for cluster services setup was unsuccessful on all the nodes.

----在以上的系统环境检测中,VIP网络检查失败;

如果在检测前没有配置VIP网络,可以用一下方式进行配置;如果已经配置过,就不会检测失败。

配置vip network(node1):
[root@node1:/]# ifconfig e1000g0:1 plumb up
[root@node1:/]# ifconfig e1000g0:1 192.168.8.13 netmask 255.255.255.0
[root@node1:/]# ifconfig -a
lo0: flags=2001000849<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4,VIRTUAL> mtu 8232 index 1
        inet 127.0.0.1 netmask ff000000 
e1000g0: flags=1000843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 1500 index 2
        inet 192.168.8.11 netmask ffffff00 broadcast 192.168.8.255
        ether 8:0:27:28:b1:8c 
e1000g0:1: flags=4001000842<BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4,DUPLICATE> mtu 1500 index 2
        inet 192.168.8.13 netmask ffffff00 broadcast 192.168.8.255
e1000g1: flags=1000843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 1500 index 3
        inet 10.10.10.11 netmask ffffff00 broadcast 10.10.10.255
        ether 8:0:27:6e:16:1 
         
配置vip network(node2):
[root@node2:/]# ifconfig e1000g0:1 plumb up
[root@node2:/]# ifconfig e1000g0:1 192.168.8.14 netmask 255.255.255.0     
[root@node2:/]# ifconfig -a
lo0: flags=2001000849<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4,VIRTUAL> mtu 8232 index 1
        inet 127.0.0.1 netmask ff000000 
e1000g0: flags=1000843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 1500 index 2
        inet 192.168.8.12 netmask ffffff00 broadcast 192.168.8.255
        ether 8:0:27:1f:bf:4c 
e1000g0:1: flags=1000843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 1500 index 2
        inet 192.168.8.14 netmask ffffff00 broadcast 192.168.8.255
e1000g1: flags=1000843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 1500 index 3
        inet 10.10.10.12 netmask ffffff00 broadcast 10.10.10.255
        ether 8:0:27:a5:2c:db

----在以上的系统环境检测中,部分补丁没有安装(可以通过Oracle官方网站下载,本机为测试环境暂不安装)

wKiom1TAdVXiJfiMAALB9MzZMrs024.jpg










本文转自 客居天涯 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/tiany/1606941,如需转载请自行联系原作者

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