Python发送邮件的模块类(包括发送文本、HTML、带附件的邮件)

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Python发送邮件的模块类(包括发送文本、HTML、带附件的邮件)

cloudcoder 2016-05-13 11:06:19 浏览3696
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    使用Python发邮件,主要用到smtplib和email两个模块。
#!/usr/bin/python
# encoding=utf-8
# Filename: send_email.py
from email.mime.image import MIMEImage
from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart
from email.mime.text import MIMEText  
import smtplib  


class SendEmail:
    # 构造函数:初始化基本信息
    def __init__(self, host, user, passwd):
        lInfo = user.split("@")
        self._user = user
        self._account = lInfo[0]
        self._me = self._account + "<" + self._user + ">" 
        
        server = smtplib.SMTP()  
        server.connect(host)  
        server.login(self._account, passwd)
        self._server = server      
    
    # 发送文件或html邮件    
    def sendTxtMail(self, to_list, sub, content, subtype='html'):    
        # 如果发送的是文本邮件,则_subtype设置为plain
        # 如果发送的是html邮件,则_subtype设置为html
        msg = MIMEText(content, _subtype=subtype, _charset='utf-8')  
        msg['Subject'] = sub  
        msg['From'] = self._me  
        msg['To'] = ";".join(to_list)  
        try:
            self._server.sendmail(self._me, to_list, msg.as_string())   
            return True  
        except Exception, e:  
            print str(e)  
            return False
        
    # 发送带附件的文件或html邮件       
    def sendAttachMail(self, to_list, sub, content, subtype='html'):
        # 创建一个带附件的实例
        msg = MIMEMultipart()  
        # 增加附件1
        att1 = MIMEText(open(r'D:\javawork\PyTest\src\main.py','rb').read(), 'base64', 'utf-8')
        att1["Content-Type"] = 'application/octet-stream'
        # 这里的filename可以任意写,写什么名字,邮件中显示什么名字
        att1["Content-Disposition"] = 'attachment; filename="main.py"'
        msg.attach(att1)
        
        # 增加附件2
        att2 = MIMEText(open(r'D:\javawork\PyTest\src\main.py','rb').read(), 'base64', 'utf-8')
        att2["Content-Type"] = 'application/octet-stream'
        att2["Content-Disposition"] = 'attachment; filename="main.txt"'
        msg.attach(att2)
        
        # 增加邮件内容
        msg.attach(MIMEText(content, _subtype=subtype, _charset='utf-8'))
        
        msg['Subject'] = sub  
        msg['From'] = self._me
        msg['To'] = ";".join(to_list)
         
        try:
            self._server.sendmail(self._me, to_list, msg.as_string())   
            return True  
        except Exception, e:  
            print str(e)  
            return False
     # 发送带附件的文件或html邮件       
    def sendImageMail(self, to_list, sub, content, subtype='html'):
        # 创建一个带附件的实例
        msg = MIMEMultipart()
        
        # 增加邮件内容
        msg.attach(MIMEText(content, _subtype=subtype, _charset='utf-8'))
        
        # 增加图片附件
        image = MIMEImage(open(r'D:\javawork\PyTest\src\test.jpg','rb').read())
        #附件列表中显示的文件名
        image.add_header('Content-Disposition', 'attachment;filename=p.jpg')     
        msg.attach(image)  
        
        msg['Subject'] = sub  
        msg['From'] = self._me
        msg['To'] = ";".join(to_list)
        
        try:
            self._server.sendmail(self._me, to_list, msg.as_string())   
            return True  
        except Exception, e:  
            print str(e)  
            return False
        
    # 析构函数:释放资源  
    def __del__(self):
        self._server.quit()
        self._server.close()
        
mailto_list = ['xxx@163.com'] 
mail = SendEmail('smtp.163.com', 'xxx@163.com', 'xxxxxx')
if mail.sendTxtMail(mailto_list, "测试邮件", "hello world!<br><br><h1>你好,发送文本文件测试<h1>"):  
    print "发送成功"  
else:  
    print "发送失败"

if mail.sendAttachMail(mailto_list, "测试邮件-带两个附件", "hello world!<br><br><h1>你好,发送文本文件测试<h1>"):  
    print "发送成功"  
else:  
    print "发送失败"
    
if mail.sendImageMail(mailto_list, "测试邮件-带一个图片的附件", "hello world!<br><br><h1>你好,发送文本文件测试<h1>"):  
    print "发送成功"  
else:  
    print "发送失败"


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