Linux 运维自动化之Cobbler的管理与使用详解

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Linux 运维自动化之Cobbler的管理与使用详解

技术小美 2017-11-08 14:35:00 浏览1054
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大纲

一、前言

二、Cobbler 命令详解

三、导入要安装的镜像文件

四、客户端安装操作系统

注,操作系统 CentOS 6.4 x86_64,软件版本 Cobbler-2.4.0-1。(目前最新版


一、前言

在上一篇博客中(http://freeloda.blog.51cto.com/2033581/1320090)我们详细的讲解了Cobbler安装与基本配置,在最后的实验中我们已经安装好了Cobbler。在这一篇博客中我们来主要讲解一下Cobbler命令的使用与相关配置目录的说明。好了,下面废话不多说直接上干货。(注,这一篇博客的内容是跟着上一篇博客的内容写的,对安装不了解的博友可以先参考上一篇博客。


二、Cobbler 命令详解

1.查看一下Cobbler命令

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler
usage 
===== 
cobbler <distro|profile|system|repo|image|mgmtclass|package|file> ... 
    [add|edit|copy|getks*|list|remove|rename|report] [options|--help] 
cobbler <aclsetup|buildiso|import|list|replicate|report|reposync|sync|validateks|version> [options|--help]
注,大家可以在上面的显示中可以看到cobbler命令有很多的选项,想获得相关选项的帮助只需要加--help即可。
[root@node2 ~]# cobbler profile --help
usage 
===== 
cobbler profile add 
cobbler profile copy 
cobbler profile dumpvars 
cobbler profile edit 
cobbler profile find 
cobbler profile getks 
cobbler profile list 
cobbler profile remove 
cobbler profile rename 
cobbler profile report
[root@node2 ~]# cobbler profile add --help
Usage: cobbler [options]
Options:
 -h, --help      show this help message and exit 
 --name=NAME      Name (Ex: F10-i386-webserver) 
 --uid=UID     
 --owners=OWNERS    Owners (Owners list for authz_ownership (space 
            delimited)) 
 --distro=DISTRO    Distribution (Parent distribution) 
 --parent=PARENT    Parent Profile 
 --enable-gpxe=ENABLE_GPXE 
            Enable gPXE? (Use gPXE instead of PXELINUX for 
            advanced booting options) 
 --enable-menu=ENABLE_MENU 
            Enable PXE Menu? (Show this profile in the PXE menu?) 
 --kickstart=KICKSTART 
            Kickstart (Path to kickstart template) 
 --kopts=KERNEL_OPTIONS 
            Kernel Options (Ex: selinux=permissive) 
 --kopts-post=KERNEL_OPTIONS_POST 
            Kernel Options (Post Install) (Ex: clocksource=pit 
            noapic) 
 --ksmeta=KS_META   Kickstart Metadata (Ex: dog=fang agent=86) 
 --proxy=PROXY     Proxy (Proxy URL) 
 --repos=REPOS     Repos (Repos to auto-assign to this profile) 
 --comment=COMMENT   Comment (Free form text description) 
 --virt-auto-boot=VIRT_AUTO_BOOT 
            Virt Auto Boot (Auto boot this VM?) 
 --virt-cpus=VIRT_CPUS 
            Virt CPUs (integer) 
 --virt-file-size=VIRT_FILE_SIZE 
            Virt File Size(GB) 
 --virt-disk-driver=VIRT_DISK_DRIVER 
            Virt Disk Driver Type (The on-disk format for the 
            virtualization disk) 
 --virt-ram=VIRT_RAM  Virt RAM (MB) 
 --depth=DEPTH   
 --virt-type=VIRT_TYPE 
            Virt Type (Virtualization technology to use) (valid 
            options: xenpv,xenfv,qemu,kvm,vmware,openvz) 
 --virt-path=VIRT_PATH 
            Virt Path (Ex: /directory OR VolGroup00) 
 --virt-bridge=VIRT_BRIDGE 
            Virt Bridge 
 --dhcp-tag=DHCP_TAG  DHCP Tag (See manpage or leave blank) 
 --server=SERVER    Server Override (See manpage or leave blank) 
 --ctime=CTIME   
 --mtime=MTIME   
 --name-servers=NAME_SERVERS 
            Name Servers (space delimited) 
 --name-servers-search=NAME_SERVERS_SEARCH 
            Name Servers Search Path (space delimited) 
 --mgmt-classes=MGMT_CLASSES 
            Management Classes (For external configuration 
            management) 
 --mgmt-parameters=MGMT_PARAMETERS 
            Management Parameters (Parameters which will be handed 
            to your management application (Must be valid YAML 
            dictionary)) 
 --boot-files=BOOT_FILES 
            TFTP Boot Files (Files copied into tftpboot beyond the 
            kernel/initrd
 --fetchable-files=FETCHABLE_FILES 
            Fetchable Files (Templates for tftp or wget) 
 --template-files=TEMPLATE_FILES 
            Template Files (File mappings for built-in config 
            management) 
 --redhat-management-key=REDHAT_MANAGEMENT_KEY 
            Red Hat Management Key (Registration key for RHN, 
            Spacewalk, or Satellite) 
 --redhat-management-server=REDHAT_MANAGEMENT_SERVER 
            Red Hat Management Server (Address of Spacewalk or 
            Satellite Server) 
 --template-remote-kickstarts=TEMPLATE_REMOTE_KICKSTARTS 
 --clobber       allow add to overwrite existing objects 
 --in-place      edit items in kopts or ksmeta without clearing the 
            other items

2.Cobbler 常用命令详解

  • cobbler check #检查cobbler配置

  • cobbler sync #同步配置到dhcp/pxe和数据目录

  • cobbler list #列出所有的cobbler元素

  • cobbler import #导入安装的系统镜像

  • cobbler report #列出各元素的详细信息

  • cobbler distro #查看导入的发行版系统信息

  • cobbler profile #查看配置信息

  • cobbler system #查看添加的系统信息

  • cobbler reposync #同步yum仓库到本地

(1).cobbler check

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler check 
No configuration problems found. All systems go.

注,主要用于检查cobbler配置是否有错。

(2).cobbler sync

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler sync 
task started: 2013-11-11_133827_sync  
task started (id=Sync, time=Mon Nov 11 13:38:27 2013)  
running pre-sync triggers  
cleaning trees  
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg/default  
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86_64.efi  
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/images  
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/efidefault  
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86.efi  
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/s390x/profile_list  
copying bootloaders  
trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86_64.efi -> /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86_64.efi  
trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86.efi -> /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86.efi  
copying distros to tftpboot  
copying images  
generating PXE configuration files  
generating PXE menu structure  
rendering DHCP files  
generating /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf  
rendering TFTPD files  
generating /etc/xinetd.d/tftp  
cleaning link caches  
running post-sync triggers  
running python triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*  
running python trigger cobbler.modules.sync_post_restart_services  
running: dhcpd -t -q  
received on stdout:  
received on stderr:  
running: service dhcpd restart  
received on stdout: 关闭 dhcpd:[确定]  
正在启动 dhcpd:[确定]
received on stderr: 
running shell triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*  
running python triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*  
running python trigger cobbler.modules.scm_track  
running shell triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*  
*** TASK COMPLETE ***

注,同步cobbler配置到数据目录中,更改某些配置后得执行一下,同步一下配置。

(3).cobbler list

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler list 
distros: #导入的发行版本
profiles: #安装的配置信息
systems: #增加的系统信息
repos: #yum仓库
images: #存储所有导入发行版的Kernel和initrd镜像用于远程网络启动
mgmtclasses:
packages:
files:

注,用cobbler list 命令可以列出cobbler所有元素。

(4).cobbler import

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler import --help 
Usage: cobbler [options]
Options: 
 -h, --help      show this help message and exit  
 --arch=ARCH      OS architecture being imported  
 --breed=BREED     the breed being imported  
 --os-version=OS_VERSION  
            the version being imported  
 --path=PATH      local path or rsync location  
 --name=NAME      name, ex 'RHEL-5'  
 --available-as=AVAILABLE_AS  
            tree is here, don't mirror  
 --kickstart=KICKSTART_FILE  
            assign this kickstart file  
 --rsync-flags=RSYNC_FLAGS  
            pass additional flags to rsync

注,cobbler import 命令可以导入我们要安装的镜像文件(ISO文件)。

(5).cobbler report

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler report 
distros:  
==========
profiles: 
==========
systems: 
==========
repos: 
==========
images: 
==========
mgmtclasses: 
==========
packages: 
==========
files: 
==========

注,由于我们还没有导入任何的系统镜像文件,所以这里显示为空。一会我们导入完系统镜像后,就可以看到详细信息。

(6).cobbler distro

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler distro 
usage  
=====  
cobbler distro add  
cobbler distro copy  
cobbler distro edit  
cobbler distro find  
cobbler distro list  
cobbler distro remove  
cobbler distro rename  
cobbler distro report

注,cobbler distro 命令不但可以查看导入的发行版系统信息还可以增加与修改等。

(7).cobbler profile

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler profile 
usage  
=====  
cobbler profile add  
cobbler profile copy  
cobbler profile dumpvars  
cobbler profile edit  
cobbler profile find  
cobbler profile getks  
cobbler profile list  
cobbler profile remove  
cobbler profile rename  
cobbler profile report

注,cobbler profile命令不但可以查看Kickstart文件而且还可以编辑与删除此文件。

(8).cobbler system

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler system 
usage  
=====  
cobbler system add  
cobbler system copy  
cobbler system dumpvars  
cobbler system edit  
cobbler system find  
cobbler system getks  
cobbler system list  
cobbler system poweroff  
cobbler system poweron  
cobbler system powerstatus  
cobbler system reboot  
cobbler system remove  
cobbler system rename  
cobbler system report

注,cobbler system 命令可以将cobbler的配置安装文件与客户端相关联。下面是具体的案例,

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler system add --name=desktop-xfce-1 \
                   --profile=Fedora17-xfce \
                   --mac=52:54:00:b8:5e:8f \
                   --ip-address=192.168.122.10
[root@node2 ~]# cobbler system add --name=desktop-gnome-1 \
                   --profile=Fedora17-gnome \
                   --mac=52:54:00:88:f3:44 \
                   --ip-address=192.168.122.11
[root@node2 ~]# cobbler system report

(9).cobbler reposync

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler reposync
task started: 2013-11-11_144127_reposync
task started (id=Reposync, time=Mon Nov 11 14:41:27 2013)
hello, reposync
run, reposync, run!
*** TASK COMPLETE ***

注,cobbler reposync命令可以同步远程的yum源到本地。


三、导入要安装的镜像文件

1.镜像文件

  • CentOS-5.5-x86_64-bin-DVD-1of2.iso

  • CentOS-6.4-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso

注,这里我们主要演示两个系统。一个是CentOS 5.5,另一个是CentOS6.4。这两个系统是现在比较常用的两个,重点给大家演示一下怎么导入系统。(在上篇博客中我们已经安装好Cobbler,并修改好相关配置,但是没有导入任何系统,不清楚的博友可以先参考一下上一篇博客:http://freeloda.blog.51cto.com/2033581/1320090。下面我们就来具体演示一下!)


2.导入CentOS 5.5镜像

(1).选择CentOS 5.5镜像

2013-11-11_153115

(2).选择 “使用ISO映像文件”

2013-11-11_153133

(3).选择 “CentOS-5.5-x86_64-bin-DVD-1of2.iso”,并确定。

2013-11-11_153145

(4).挂载镜像

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[root@node2 ~]# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt
mount: block device /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only
[root@node2 ~]# cd /mnt/
[root@node2 mnt]# ls
CentOS  RELEASE-NOTES-cs    RELEASE-NOTES-en_US    RELEASE-NOTES-ja     RELEASE-NOTES-ro
EULA   RELEASE-NOTES-cs.html RELEASE-NOTES-en_US.html RELEASE-NOTES-ja.html   RELEASE-NOTES-ro.html
GPL    RELEASE-NOTES-de    RELEASE-NOTES-es     RELEASE-NOTES-nl     repodata
images  RELEASE-NOTES-de.html RELEASE-NOTES-es.html   RELEASE-NOTES-nl.html   RPM-GPG-KEY-beta
isolinux RELEASE-NOTES-en    RELEASE-NOTES-fr     RELEASE-NOTES-pt_BR    RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5
NOTES   RELEASE-NOTES-en.html RELEASE-NOTES-fr.html   RELEASE-NOTES-pt_BR.html TRANS.TBL
(5).使用cobbler import命令导入镜像
[root@node2 mnt]# cobbler import --help
Usage: cobbler [options]
Options:
 -h, --help      show this help message and exit
 --arch=ARCH      OS architecture being imported
 --breed=BREED     the breed being imported
 --os-version=OS_VERSION
            the version being imported
 --path=PATH      local path or rsync location
 --name=NAME      name, ex 'RHEL-5'
 --available-as=AVAILABLE_AS
            tree is here, don't mirror
 --kickstart=KICKSTART_FILE
            assign this kickstart file
 --rsync-flags=RSYNC_FLAGS
            pass additional flags to rsync

注,主要有以下几个参数--path 指定导入镜像的路径,--name 指定导入镜像的名称,--arch 指定导入镜像的架构(32位还是64位)。还有需要说明的是这里导入的时间相对较长大概在5-10分钟左右,请大家耐心等待。下面是具体的导入过程,

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler import --path=/mnt/ --name=CentOS-5.5 --arch=x86_64
task started: 2013-11-11_154941_import
task started (id=Media importtime=Mon Nov 11 15:49:41 2013)
Found a candidate signature: breed=redhat, version=rhel5
Found a matching signature: breed=redhat, version=rhel5
Adding distros from path /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64:
creating new distro: CentOS-5.5-x86_64
trying symlink/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64 -> /var/www/cobbler/links/CentOS-5.5-x86_64
creating new profile: CentOS-5.5-x86_64
creating new distro: CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
trying symlink/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64 -> /var/www/cobbler/links/CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
creating new profile: CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
associating repos
checking for rsync repo(s)
checking for rhn repo(s)
checking for yum repo(s)
starting descent into /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64 for CentOS-5.5-x86_64
processing repo at : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64
need to process repo/comps/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64
looking for /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/repodata/*comps*.xml
running: createrepo -c cache -s sha --groupfile /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/repodata/comps.xml /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64
received on stdout: Spawning worker 0 with 3392 pkgs
Workers Finished
Gathering worker results
Saving Primary metadata
Saving file lists metadata
Saving other metadata
Generating sqlite DBs
Sqlite DBs complete
received on stderr:
starting descent into /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64 for CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
processing repo at : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64
need to process repo/comps/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64
looking for /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/repodata/*comps*.xml
*** TASK COMPLETE ***

注,从上面显示信息所知,cobbler会将镜像中的拷贝到本地一份,放在/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirrors下的CentOS-5.5-x86_64目录下。同时会创建一个名字为CentOS-5.5-x86_64的一个发布版本,以及一个名字为CentOS-5.5-x86_64的profile文件。下面我们来具体查看一下,

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[root@node2 cobbler]# cobbler list
distros:
  CentOS-5.5-x86_64
  CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
profiles:
  CentOS-5.5-x86_64
  CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
systems:
repos:
images:
mgmtclasses:
packages:
files:

(6).cobbler report 查看一下详细信息

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[root@node2 ks_mirror]# cobbler report
distros:
==========
Name              : CentOS-5.5-x86_64
Architecture          : x86_64
TFTP Boot Files        : {}
Breed             : redhat
Comment            :
Fetchable Files        : {}
Initrd             : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/images/pxeboot/initrd.img
Kernel             : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/images/pxeboot/vmlinuz
Kernel Options         : {}
Kernel Options (Post Install) : {}
Kickstart Metadata       : {'tree''http://@@http_server@@/cblr/links/CentOS-5.5-x86_64'}
Management Classes       : []
OS Version           : rhel5
Owners             : ['admin']
Red Hat Management Key     : <<inherit>>
Red Hat Management Server   : <<inherit>>
Template Files         : {}
Name              : CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
Architecture          : x86_64
TFTP Boot Files        : {}
Breed             : redhat
Comment            :
Fetchable Files        : {}
Initrd             : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/images/xen/initrd.img
Kernel             : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/images/xen/vmlinuz
Kernel Options         : {}
Kernel Options (Post Install) : {}
Kickstart Metadata       : {'tree''http://@@http_server@@/cblr/links/CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64'}
Management Classes       : []
OS Version           : rhel5
Owners             : ['admin']
Red Hat Management Key     : <<inherit>>
Red Hat Management Server   : <<inherit>>
Template Files         : {}
profiles:
==========
Name              : CentOS-5.5-x86_64
TFTP Boot Files        : {}
Comment            :
DHCP Tag            : default
Distribution          : CentOS-5.5-x86_64
Enable gPXE?          : 0
Enable PXE Menu?        : 1
Fetchable Files        : {}
Kernel Options         : {}
Kernel Options (Post Install) : {}
Kickstart           : /var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/sample.ks
Kickstart Metadata       : {}
Management Classes       : []
Management Parameters     : <<inherit>>
Name Servers          : []
Name Servers Search Path    : []
Owners             : ['admin']
Parent Profile         :
Proxy             :
Red Hat Management Key     : <<inherit>>
Red Hat Management Server   : <<inherit>>
Repos             : []
Server Override        : <<inherit>>
Template Files         : {}
Virt Auto Boot         : 1
Virt Bridge          : xenbr0
Virt CPUs           : 1
Virt Disk Driver Type     : raw
Virt File Size(GB)       : 5
Virt Path           :
Virt RAM (MB)         : 512
Virt Type           : kvm
Name              : CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
TFTP Boot Files        : {}
Comment            :
DHCP Tag            : default
Distribution          : CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
Enable gPXE?          : 0
Enable PXE Menu?        : 1
Fetchable Files        : {}
Kernel Options         : {}
Kernel Options (Post Install) : {}
Kickstart           : /var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/sample.ks
Kickstart Metadata       : {}
Management Classes       : []
Management Parameters     : <<inherit>>
Name Servers          : []
Name Servers Search Path    : []
Owners             : ['admin']
Parent Profile         :
Proxy             :
Red Hat Management Key     : <<inherit>>
Red Hat Management Server   : <<inherit>>
Repos             : []
Server Override        : <<inherit>>
Template Files         : {}
Virt Auto Boot         : 1
Virt Bridge          : xenbr0
Virt CPUs           : 1
Virt Disk Driver Type     : raw
Virt File Size(GB)       : 5
Virt Path           :
Virt RAM (MB)         : 512
Virt Type           : xenpv
systems:
==========
repos:
==========
images:
==========
mgmtclasses:
==========
packages:
==========
files:
==========

好了,到这里我们的CentOS5.5的镜像文件就导入完成了,同样的CentOS 6.4导入方法与CentOS5.5是一样的,在下面我们会为大家具体演示。下面我们为大家演示一下,用客户端安装操作系统!


四、客户端安装操作系统

1.实验拓扑

Cobbler 拓扑

2.在VMWare中新建客户端

(1).新建虚拟机

无标题

(2).这里我们选择自定义

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(3). 这里默认就好,选择“下一步”。

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(4).这里选择“以后安装操作系统”

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(5).这里我们选择“CentOS 64-bit”

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(6).这里我们设置虚拟机名称与存放位置

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(7).这里我们设置CPU个数

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(8).这里我们设置虚拟机的内存

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(9).这里我们设置一下网络连接,这里我们设置的“桥接”

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(10).这里我们选择一下I/O设备的控制器

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(11).创建一个磁盘

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(12).选择磁盘类型

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(13).选择磁盘存放的位置

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(14).到这里我们虚拟机就新建完成

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(15).结果如下

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3.具体的安装过程

(1).安装前检查

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[root@node2 ~]# cobbler check
No configuration problems found. All systems go.
[root@node2 ~]# cobbler sync
task started: 2013-11-11_170434_sync
task started (id=Sync, time=Mon Nov 11 17:04:34 2013)
running pre-sync triggers
cleaning trees
removing: /var/www/cobbler/images/CentOS-5.5-x86_64
removing: /var/www/cobbler/images/CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg/default
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86_64.efi
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/images
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/efidefault
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86.efi
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/images/CentOS-5.5-x86_64
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/images/CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/s390x/profile_list
copying bootloaders
trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86_64.efi -> /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86_64.efi
trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86.efi -> /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86.efi
copying distros to tftpboot
copying files for distro: CentOS-5.5-x86_64
trying hardlink /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/images/pxeboot/vmlinuz -> /var/lib/tftpboot/images/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/vmlinuz
trying hardlink /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/images/pxeboot/initrd.img -> /var/lib/tftpboot/images/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/initrd.img
copying files for distro: CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
trying hardlink /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/images/xen/vmlinuz -> /var/lib/tftpboot/images/CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64/vmlinuz
trying hardlink /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/images/xen/initrd.img -> /var/lib/tftpboot/images/CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64/initrd.img
copying images
generating PXE configuration files
generating PXE menu structure
copying files for distro: CentOS-5.5-x86_64
trying hardlink /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/images/pxeboot/vmlinuz -> /var/www/cobbler/images/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/vmlinuz
trying hardlink /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/images/pxeboot/initrd.img -> /var/www/cobbler/images/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/initrd.img
Writing template files for CentOS-5.5-x86_64
copying files for distro: CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
trying hardlink /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/images/xen/vmlinuz -> /var/www/cobbler/images/CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64/vmlinuz
trying hardlink /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS-5.5-x86_64/images/xen/initrd.img -> /var/www/cobbler/images/CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64/initrd.img
Writing template files for CentOS-5.5-xen-x86_64
rendering DHCP files
generating /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf
rendering TFTPD files
generating /etc/xinetd.d/tftp
cleaning link caches
running post-sync triggers
running python triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*
running python trigger cobbler.modules.sync_post_restart_services
running: dhcpd -t -q
received on stdout:
received on stderr:
running: service dhcpd restart
received on stdout: 关闭 dhcpd:[确定]
正在启动 dhcpd:[确定]
received on stderr:
running shell triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*
running python triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*
running python trigger cobbler.modules.scm_track
running shell triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*
*** TASK COMPLETE ***

(2).查看一下启动的服务端口

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[root@node2 mnt]# netstat -ntulp
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address        Foreign Address       State    PID/Program name
tcp    0   0 0.0.0.0:22         0.0.0.0:*          LISTEN   1031/sshd    
tcp    0   0 127.0.0.1:25        0.0.0.0:*          LISTEN   1108/master   
tcp    0   0 127.0.0.1:6010       0.0.0.0:*          LISTEN   1143/sshd    
tcp    0   0 127.0.0.1:25151       0.0.0.0:*          LISTEN   2015/python   
tcp    0   0 :::80            :::*            LISTEN   2030/httpd   
tcp    0   0 :::22            :::*            LISTEN   1031/sshd    
tcp    0   0 ::1:25           :::*            LISTEN   1108/master   
tcp    0   0 ::1:6010          :::*            LISTEN   1143/sshd    
tcp    0   0 :::873           :::*            LISTEN   1990/xinetd   
udp    0   0 0.0.0.0:67         0.0.0.0:*                1974/dhcpd   
udp    0   0 0.0.0.0:69         0.0.0.0:*                1990/xinetd   
udp    0   0 0.0.0.0:69         0.0.0.0:*                1905/in.tftpd

(3).启动客户端(设置为网络启动)

102706426.png

102746676.png

102746724.png


(4).下面是具体安装过程

注,重新启动直接进入安装界面。

102835113.png

注,我们选择CentOS-5.5-x86_64。

102902949.png

注,我们点击 “Tab”键查看具体参数。

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注,直接敲“回车”键进行安装。

102930536.png

注,下面是加载驱动界面。

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注,下面是检查安装的依赖关系。

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注,下面是进行格式化。

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注,下面进行软件包的安装 。

103056627.png

注,下面是软件包安装完成界面。安装完成后自动重启!

103110514.png

注,安装完成重启以后进行登录界面。

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注,输入用户名和密码,我这里的用户是root,密码为123456。

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好了,到这里我们的CentOS 5.5就安装完成了。在下篇博客中我们为大家讲解Cobbler安装CentOS6.4以及各种问题汇总解答。最后,希望大家有所收获^_^……
















本文转自陈明乾51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/freeloda/1323620,如需转载请自行联系原作者


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