在centos里安装gitlab

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在centos里安装gitlab

技术小胖子 2017-11-07 17:08:00 浏览722
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最近换了公司,在交接公司,所以很忙也没有时间写博客,同时随着能力的逐渐提升,很多知识感觉很简单,也没有必要专门写博客,只是把遇到的情况与解决方法写入到了笔记里,正好现在没什么事,就把我最近研究的gitlab如何在centos里安装的笔记分享给大家。

先给大家介绍一下gitlab

GitLab 是一个用于仓库管理系统的开源项目。使用Git作为代码管理工具,并在此基础上搭建起来的web服务。
应用特点:
1. Web框架使用Ruby on Rails
2. 基于MIT代码发布协议。
3. 需要gitolite协同工作。
安装GitLab的需求:
Ubuntu/Debian(推荐这2个系统,也可以安装到CentOS系统中,并且在GitHub上有CentOS的GitLab一键安装脚本)

官方推荐的是那2个系统,但我这里需要安装在centos里,所以没办法自己多研究与测试,总结的安装经验如下:

前置要求

一定要先关闭iptableselinux

本文安装的系统为centos 6.2 64位系统,安装在dell r410机器

1、安装epel与基础依赖库及软件

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cd /tmp
wget http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
yum install -y readline-devel  libyaml-devel gdbm-devel  ncurses-devel redis openssl-devel zlib-devel gcc gcc-c++ make autoconf readline-devel curl-devel expat-devel gettext-devel  tk-devel  libxml2-devel libffi-devel libxslt-devel libicu-devel httpd httpd-devel gitolite git-all python-devel python-pip sqlite-devel sendmail vim mysql-devel mysql-server patch libyaml* pcre-devel

2、安装ruby(一般默认安装都是1.8的,官方要求1.9以上)

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mkdir /tmp/ruby && cd /tmp/ruby
curl --progress http://ftp.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/1.9/ruby-1.9.3-p392.tar.gz | tar xz
cd ruby-1.9.3-p392/
./configure
make
make install
gem install bundler
ln -s /usr/local/bin/ruby /usr/bin/ruby
ln -s /usr/local/bin/gem /usr/bin/gem
ln -s /usr/local/bin/bundle /usr/bin/bundle

3、创建一个git用户供GitLab使用

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adduser --comment 'GitLab' git
chmod –R 755 /home/git

4、安装gitlab 的shell

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# Login as git
sudo su git
# Go to home directory
cd /home/git
# Clone gitlab shell
git clone https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlab-shell.git
cd gitlab-shell
switch to right version
git checkout v1.3.0
cp config.yml.example config.yml
# Edit config and replace gitlab_url
with something like 'http://domain.com/'
vim config.yml
# Do setup
./bin/install

5、建立gitlab数据库并授权

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# Login to MySQL
mysql -u root -p
# Create a user for GitLab. (change $password to a real password)
mysql> CREATE USER 'gitlab'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'gitlab';
# Create the GitLab production database
mysql> CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS `gitlabhq_production` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET `utf8` COLLATE `utf8_unicode_ci`;
# Grant the GitLab user necessary permissopns on the table.
mysql> GRANT SELECT, LOCK TABLES, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, INDEX, ALTER ON `gitlabhq_production`.* TO 'gitlab'@'localhost';
# Quit the database session
mysql> \q

6、克隆gitlab源

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# Clone GitLab repository
cd /home/git
sudo -u git -H git clone https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq.git gitlab
# Go to gitlab dir
cd /home/git/gitlab
# Checkout to stable release
sudo -u git -H git checkout 5-1-stable
Configure it
cd /home/git/gitlab
# Copy the example GitLab config
sudo -u git -H cp config/gitlab.yml.example config/gitlab.yml
# Make sure to change "localhost" to the fully-qualified domain name of your
# host serving GitLab where necessary
sudo -u git -H vim config/gitlab.yml
# Make sure GitLab can write to the log/ and tmp/ directories
sudo chown -R git log/
sudo chown -R git tmp/
sudo chmod -R u+rwX  log/
sudo chmod -R u+rwX  tmp/
# Create directory for satellites
sudo -u git -H mkdir /home/git/gitlab-satellites
# Create directories for sockets/pids and make sure GitLab can write to them
sudo -u git -H mkdir tmp/pids/
sudo -u git -H mkdir tmp/sockets/
sudo chmod -R u+rwX  tmp/pids/
sudo chmod -R u+rwX  tmp/sockets/
# Create public/uploads directory otherwise backup will fail
sudo -u git -H mkdir public/uploads
sudo chmod -R u+rwX  public/uploads
# Copy the example Puma config
sudo -u git -H cp config/puma.rb.example config/puma.rb
# Configure Git global settings for git user, useful when editing via web
# Edit user.email according to what is set in gitlab.yml
sudo -u git -H git config --global user.name "GitLab"
sudo -u git -H git config --global user.email "gitlab@localhost"

7、配置gitlab数据库

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sudo -u git cp config/database.yml.mysql config/database.yml
sudo -u git vim config/database.yml
Make sure to update username/password in config/database.yml.

这个数据库的账户与密码是在第5步那里创建的。

8、安装gem

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cd /home/git/gitlab
sudo gem install charlock_holmes --version '0.6.9.4'
sudo -u git -H bundle install --deployment --without development test postgres

9、启动redis

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/etc/init.d/redis start

10、对数据库进行初始化

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sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:setup RAILS_ENV=production

11、下载启动脚本

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Download the init script (will be /etc/init.d/gitlab):
sudo curl --output /etc/init.d/gitlab https://raw.github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq/master/lib/support/init.d/gitlab
sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/gitlab
Make GitLab start on boot:
chkconfig --add gitlab

12、检测应用状态

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Check if GitLab and its environment are configured correctly:
sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:env:info RAILS_ENV=production
To make sure you didn't miss anything run a more thorough check with:
sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:check RAILS_ENV=production
If all items are green, then congratulations on successfully installing GitLab! However there are still a few steps left.
出现了Running? ... no
Try fixing it:
sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake sidekiq:start RAILS_ENV=production
For more information see:
doc/install/installation.md in section "Install Init Script"
see log/sidekiq.log for possible errors
Please fix the error above and rerun the checks.
运行sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake sidekiq:start RAILS_ENV=production
然后在运行sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:check RAILS_ENV=production

13、启动gitlab

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sudo service gitlab start

14、下载nginx(我选nging作为web服务器)

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yum install nginx

15、下载官方提供gitlab的虚拟配置文件,并修改配置

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Download an example site config:
sudo curl --output /etc/nginx/conf.d/gitlab https://raw.github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq/master/lib/support/nginx/gitlab
Make sure to edit the config file to match your setup:
# **YOUR_SERVER_FQDN** to the fully-qualified
# domain name of your host serving GitLab. Also, replace
# the 'listen' line with the following:
#   listen 80 default_server;         # e.g., listen 192.168.1.1:80;
sudo vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/gitlab
cd /etc/nginx/conf.d
mv default.conf default.conf.bak
mv gitlab default.conf
Restart
sudo service nginx restart

16、登陆你在nginx里添加的ip,然后输入账户与密码,默认为

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admin@local.host
5iveL!fe

现在就完成了gitlab在centos系统里的安装,希望本文对大家有益。



 本文转自 reinxu 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/dl528888/1213286,如需转载请自行联系原作者





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