深入理解MySQL 5.7 GTID系列(三):GTID的生成时机

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深入理解MySQL 5.7 GTID系列(三):GTID的生成时机

技术小能手 2018-01-15 17:40:39 浏览2495
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一、GTID生成类型
这里首先使用源码的解释给出三种类型:

AUTOMATIC_GROUP

GTID_GROUP

ANONYMOUS_GROUP

其中AUTOMATIC_GROUP通常用于主库开启GTID的情况,GTID_GROUP通常用于备库和使用了GTID_NEXT的情况下。

源码中有详细解释如下:

/**
    Specifies that the GTID has not been generated yet; it will be
    generated on commit.  It will depend on the GTID_MODE: if
    GTID_MODE<=OFF_PERMISSIVE, then the transaction will be anonymous;
    if GTID_MODE>=ON_PERMISSIVE, then the transaction will be assigned
    a new GTID.

    This is the default value: thd->variables.gtid_next has this state
    when GTID_NEXT="AUTOMATIC".

    It is important that AUTOMATIC_GROUP==0 so that the default value
    for thd->variables->gtid_next.type is AUTOMATIC_GROUP.
  */
  AUTOMATIC_GROUP= 0,
  /**
    Specifies that the transaction has been assigned a GTID (UUID:NUMBER).

    thd->variables.gtid_next has this state when GTID_NEXT="UUID:NUMBER".

    This is the state of GTID-transactions replicated to the slave.
  */
  GTID_GROUP,
  /**
    Specifies that the transaction is anonymous, i.e., it does not
    have a GTID and will never be assigned one.

    thd->variables.gtid_next has this state when GTID_NEXT="ANONYMOUS".

    This is the state of any transaction generated on a pre-GTID
    server, or on a server with GTID_MODE==OFF.
  */
ANONYMOUS_GROUP

二、GTID和LAST_COMMT/SEQUNCE_NUMBER的生成时机
GTID其实是在COMMIT的时候调用MySQL_BIN_LOG::ORDERED_COMMIT执行到FLUSH阶段产生GTID EVENT的时候才生成,生成后会将这个GTID加入到GTID_STATE的OWNED_GTIDS中,实际上这个过程不仅要生成GTID还会生成SEQUENCE_NUMBER和LAST_COMMIT并且会构造GTID_EVENT写入到BINLOG CACHE,最后将BINLOG CACHE写入到BINLOG FILE(注意这里还没有调用FSYNC真正落盘),下面是BINLOG_CACHE_DATA::FLUSH函数的片段:

if (!error)
      if ((error= mysql_bin_log.write_gtid(thd, this, &writer))) //生成Gtid和Last_commt/sequnce_number构造好Gtid event并且写入到到binlog cache中
        thd->commit_error= THD::CE_FLUSH_ERROR;
if (!error)
      error= mysql_bin_log.write_cache(thd, this, &writer);  //将binlog cache写入到文件

下面是MySQL_BIN_LOG.WRITE_GTID中生成GTID和LAST_COMMT/SEQUNCE_NUMBER的代码片段:

if (thd->variables.gtid_next.type == AUTOMATIC_GROUP)//如果过是非指定的Gtid则需要自动生成调用generate_automatic_gtid生成
  {
    if (gtid_state->generate_automatic_gtid(thd,
            thd->get_transaction()->get_rpl_transaction_ctx()->get_sidno(),
            thd->get_transaction()->get_rpl_transaction_ctx()->get_gno())
            != RETURN_STATUS_OK)
      DBUG_RETURN(true);
  }
.....
//下面生成sequence_number和last_committed
  int64 relative_sequence_number= trn_ctx->sequence_number - clock.get_offset();
  int64 relative_last_committed=
    trn_ctx->last_committed <= clock.get_offset() ?
    SEQ_UNINIT : trn_ctx->last_committed - clock.get_offset();

其调用栈帧如下:

#0  Gtid_state::get_automatic_gno (this=0x2ff8bb0, sidno=1) at /root/mysql5.7.14/percona-server-5.7.14-7/sql/rpl_gtid_state.cc:564
#1  0x0000000001803248 in Gtid_state::generate_automatic_gtid (this=0x2ff8bb0, thd=0x7fff2c000b70, specified_sidno=0, specified_gno=0)
    at /root/mysql5.7.14/percona-server-5.7.14-7/sql/rpl_gtid_state.cc:628
#2  0x0000000001845703 in MYSQL_BIN_LOG::write_gtid (this=0x2dffc80, thd=0x7fff2c000b70, cache_data=0x7fff2c021178, writer=0x7ffff0358810)
    at /root/mysql5.7.14/percona-server-5.7.14-7/sql/binlog.cc:1167
#3  0x0000000001846307 in binlog_cache_data::flush (this=0x7fff2c021178, thd=0x7fff2c000b70, bytes_written=0x7ffff03588b8, wrote_xid=0x7ffff0358917)
    at /root/mysql5.7.14/percona-server-5.7.14-7/sql/binlog.cc:1454
#4  0x0000000001860e57 in binlog_cache_mngr::flush (this=0x7fff2c020ff0, thd=0x7fff2c000b70, bytes_written=0x7ffff0358918, wrote_xid=0x7ffff0358917)
    at /root/mysql5.7.14/percona-server-5.7.14-7/sql/binlog.cc:768
#5  0x0000000001856d46 in MYSQL_BIN_LOG::flush_thread_caches (this=0x2dffc80, thd=0x7fff2c000b70) at /root/mysql5.7.14/percona-server-5.7.14-7/sql/binlog.cc:8470
#6  0x0000000001856f77 in MYSQL_BIN_LOG::process_flush_stage_queue (this=0x2dffc80, total_bytes_var=0x7ffff0358a88, rotate_var=0x7ffff0358a87, 
    out_queue_var=0x7ffff0358a78) at /root/mysql5.7.14/percona-server-5.7.14-7/sql/binlog.cc:8532
#7  0x0000000001858593 in MYSQL_BIN_LOG::ordered_commit (this=0x2dffc80, thd=0x7fff2c000b70, all=false, skip_commit=false)

接下来我们就需要具体研究下一个GTID是依靠什么逻辑生成的。我们需要查看函数GTID_STATE::GENERATE_AUTOMATIC_GTID和GTID_STATE::GET_AUTOMATIC_GNO逻辑,他们用于生成一个GTID。

三、GTID_STATE::GENERATE_AUTOMATIC_GTID逻辑

// If GTID_MODE = ON_PERMISSIVE or ON, generate a new GTID
 if (get_gtid_mode(GTID_MODE_LOCK_SID) >= GTID_MODE_ON_PERMISSIVE)//如果GTID_MODE是ON_PERMISSIVE和ON则生成GTID
 {
   Gtid automatic_gtid= { specified_sidno, specified_gno };

   if (automatic_gtid.sidno == 0)//如果是备库则sidno>0,如果是主库sidno==0,因为主库的Gtid这个时候才生成,但是备库则是使用GTID_GROUP指定生成
     automatic_gtid.sidno= get_server_sidno();//此处返回本server的sidno

   lock_sidno(automatic_gtid.sidno);//此处对并发生成GNO的多个线程进行控制

   if (automatic_gtid.gno == 0)//如果是备库则gno>0,如果是主库gno == 0,因为主库的Gtid这个时候才生成,但是备库则是使用GTID_GROUP指定生成
     automatic_gtid.gno= get_automatic_gno(automatic_gtid.sidno);//此处返回最后指定sidno的end gno

   if (automatic_gtid.gno != -1)
     acquire_ownership(thd, automatic_gtid);//此处将这个gtid 及上面的SIDNO:gno加入到owned_gtids中 并且赋予给线程 经过本步骤 可以显示
   else
     ret= RETURN_STATUS_REPORTED_ERROR;

   unlock_sidno(automatic_gtid.sidno);//分配完成其他线程可以分配
 }
 else //如果是OFF_PERMISSIVE或者OFF状态如何处理 这里不做讨论了
 {
   // If GTID_MODE = OFF or OFF_PERMISSIVE, just mark this thread as
   // using an anonymous transaction.
   thd->owned_gtid.sidno= THD::OWNED_SIDNO_ANONYMOUS;
   thd->owned_gtid.gno= 0;
   acquire_anonymous_ownership();
   thd->owned_gtid.dbug_print(NULL,
                              "set owned_gtid (anonymous) in generate_automatic_gtid");
 }

 sid_lock->unlock();//释放读写锁
接下来看看GNO的生成逻辑GTID_STATE::GET_AUTOMATIC_GNO。

四、GTID_STATE::GENERATE_AUTOMATIC_GTID逻辑
while (true)
 {
   const Gtid_set::Interval *iv= ivit.get(); //定义Interval指针指向 这个链表指针开头,如果在进行下次循环会获得NULL
   rpl_gno next_interval_start= iv != NULL ? iv->start : MAX_GNO; //正常情况下不会为NULL因此 next_interval_start 等于第一个interval的start,当然如果初始化会为NULL,
                                                                  //如果Interval->next =NULL 则标示没有区间了。
   while (next_candidate.gno < next_interval_start &&
          DBUG_EVALUATE_IF("simulate_gno_exhausted", false, true)) //这里next_candidate.gno正常不会小于next_interval_start ,如果Interval->next =NULL或者初始化
                                                                   //next_interval_start会被制为MAX_GNO那么条件成立  
                                                                   //DBUG_RETURN(next_candidate.gno);返回了这个gno 则GTID生成
   {
     if (owned_gtids.get_owner(next_candidate) == 0) //如果本GTID已经被其他线程占用则next_candidate.gno++;返回这个gno。
       DBUG_RETURN(next_candidate.gno);
     next_candidate.gno++;
   }
   if (iv == NULL ||
       DBUG_EVALUATE_IF("simulate_gno_exhausted", true, false))
   {
     my_error(ER_GNO_EXHAUSTED, MYF(0));
     DBUG_RETURN(-1);
   }
   next_candidate.gno= iv->end; //iv->end 则指向了本区间最大的值+1
   ivit.next();
 }

五、本节小结
学习完本节至少能够学习到:
1、GTID在主库什么时候时候生成。
2、LAST_COMMIT/SEQUENCE_NUMBER什么时候生成。
3、GTID的生成逻辑是怎么样的。

原文发布时间为:2018-01-13
本文作者:高鹏(重庆八怪)
本文来自云栖社区合作伙伴“老叶茶馆”,了解相关信息可以关注“老叶茶馆”微信公众号

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