RHEL6 64位系统安装ORACLE 10g 64bit 数据库

  1. 云栖社区>
  2. 博客>
  3. 正文

RHEL6 64位系统安装ORACLE 10g 64bit 数据库

潇湘隐者 2016-04-25 14:21:02 浏览1822
展开阅读全文

    记得去年4月份的时候,为公司部署测试环境和UAT环境时,在红帽RHEL6 64位系统安装ORACLE 10g 64位数据库时遇到了许多小问题,当时匆匆忙忙也没记录一下这些问题,前几天在虚拟机安装ORACLE 64位 10g时,又有一些常见问题又遇到了,顺便整理一下这篇文章。也许在RHEL6 64版本上安装64位Oracle 10g 的问题是最多的,估计很多人都被这个虐过无数次(很多人都是Oracle虐我无数遍,我待Oracle如初恋)。从网上搜索关于这方面的内容就可见一斑。 好,废话少说,正式进入正题。

步骤1:准备系统以及在虚拟机上设置共享目录DataBase,准备数据库安装介质。有些细节东西我可能会一笔带过,不清楚的可以看看我这篇文章Rhel-Server 5.5 安装ORACLE10

                  安装介质文件10201_database_linux_x86_64.cpio.gz,必须先用gunzip解压,然后用cpio解压cpio格式的文件。

解压安装文件
  1. [root@bogon DataBase]# cd /mnt/hgfs/DataBase/
  2. [root@bogon DataBase]# ls
  3.      10201_database_linux_x86_64.cpio.gz
  4. [root@bogon DataBase]# gunzip 10201_database_linux_x86_64.cpio.gz
  5. [root@bogon DataBase]# ls
  6.      10201_database_linux_x86_64.cpio
  7. [root@bogon DataBase]# cpio -idmv < 10201_database_linux_x86_64.cpio
  8. [root@bogon DataBase]# cd database/
  9. [root@bogon database]# ls
  10.   doc  install  response  runInstaller  stagewelcome.html

 

步骤2:查看安装文档,在解压目录下打开welcome.html文件,点击“Installing Oracle Database”下的“Documentation”链接即可进入。安装前最好将安装文档初略看一遍,当然你也可以在安装过程中参考。


[root@bogon database]# firefox welcome.html 

clipboard

步骤3:检查硬件要求(Checking the Hardware Requirements)

 

官方文档对系统硬件的要求

#At least 512 MB of physical RAM

#The following table describes the relationship between installed RAM and the configured swap space requirement.

    RAM                                                   Swap Space

Up to 512 MB                                            2 times the size of RAM

Between 1024 MB and 2048 MB                             1.5 times the size of RAM

Between 2049 MB and 8192 MB                             Equal to the size of RAM

More than 8192 MB                                       0.75 times the size of RAM

#400 MB of disk space in the /tmp directory

#Between 1.5 GB and 3.5 GB of disk space for the Oracle software, depending on the installation type

#1.2 GB of disk space for a preconfigured database that uses file system storage (optional

内存检测:内存最低要求512M,如今不能满足这个条件的计算机的都是老古董了,虚拟机我分配的是2G内存,如下所示

Code Snippet
  1. [root@bogon Desktop]# grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo
  2.         MemTotal:2051700 kB
  3.  
  4. [root@bogon Desktop]# free -g
  5.              total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached
  6.              Mem:1          0          1          0          0          0
  7.           -/+ buffers/cache:0          1
  8.             Swap:3          0          3

交换空间(Swap Space)检测:

Code Snippet
  1. [root@bogon Desktop]# grepSwapTotal /proc/meminfo
  2.      SwapTotal:4128760 kB

磁盘空间检测/tmp目录检测:

Code Snippet
  1. [root@bogon Desktop]# df -m /tmp
  2.       Filesystem           1M-blocksUsed Available Use% Mounted on
  3.                 /dev/sda213878      2186     10987  17% /
  4.  
  5.  
  6. [root@bogon Desktop]# df -h
  7.   Filesystem            Size   Used  Avail  Use% Mounted on
  8.   /dev/sda2               14G  2.2G   11G    17%     /
  9.    tmpfs                1002M  100K 1002M     1%     /dev/shm
  10.   /dev/sda1             291M   30M  246M     11%     /boot
  11.   .host:/                30G   16G   15G     52%     /mnt/hgfs
  12. [root@bogon Desktop]#

CPU检测:

[root@bogon Desktop]# grep "model name" /proc/cpuinfo

model name : Intel(R) Core(TM)2 Duo CPU     T6670  @ 2.20GHz

[root@bogon Desktop]# 


步骤4:检查软件要求(Checking the Software Requirements)

 

    下面是官方文档的系统要求

The operating system must be one of the following:

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 (Update 4 or later)

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0 (Update 1 or later)

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9.0

The system must be running the following (or later) kernel version:

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0

2.4.21-27.EL

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0

2.6.9-11.EL

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9.0

2.6.5-7.201

The following packages (or later versions) must be installed:

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0:

make-3.79.1-17
compat-db 4.0.14-5.1
control-center-2.2.0.1-13
gcc-3.2.3-47
gcc-c++-3.2.3-47
gdb-6.1post-1.20040607.52
glibc-2.3.2-95.30
glibc-common-2.3.2-95.30
glibc-devel-2.3.2-95.30
glibc-devel-2.3.2-95.20 (32 bit)
compat-db-4.0.14-5
compat-gcc-7.3-2.96.128
compat-gcc-c++-7.3-2.96.128
compat-libstdc++-7.3-2.96.128
compat-libstdc++-devel-7.3-2.96.128
gnome-libs-1.4.1.2.90-34.2 (32 bit)
libstdc++-3.2.3-47
libstdc++-devel-3.2.3-47
openmotif-2.2.3-3.RHEL3
sysstat-5.0.5-5.rhel3
setarch-1.3-1
libaio-0.3.96-3
libaio-devel-0.3.96-3

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0:

binutils-2.15.92.0.2-10.EL4
compat-db-4.1.25-9
control-center-2.8.0-12
gcc-3.4.3-9.EL4
gcc-c++-3.4.3-9.EL4
glibc-2.3.4-2
glibc-common-2.3.4-2
gnome-libs-1.4.1.2.90-44.1
libstdc++-3.4.3-9.EL4
libstdc++-devel-3.4.3-9.EL4
make-3.80-5
pdksh-5.2.14-30
sysstat-5.0.5-1
xscreensaver-4.18-5.rhel4.2

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9

binutils-2.15.90.0.1.1-32.5
gcc-3.3.3-43.24
gcc-c++-3.3.3-43.24
glibc-2.3.3-98.28
gnome-libs-1.4.1.7-671.1
libstdc++-3.3.3-43.24
libstdc++-devel-3.3.3-43.24
make-3.80-184.1
pdksh-5.2.14-780.1
sysstat-5.0.1-35.1
xscreensaver-4.16-2.6

从文档中可以看出ORACLE 10g只支持到Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0,并没有明确表示支持Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.0. 这是因为Oracle官方并没有在Rhel 4以后的版本测试过Oracle 10g,另外一方面应该是Oracle出于自己的商业利益战略考虑。安装过程中你必须修改配置文件 /etc/redhat-release 将“Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.0 (Santiago)” 改为“Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 4.0 (Santiago)”,否则安装过程会报错,无法继续。

查看内核版本,比文档要求的版本要高。

[root@bogon Desktop]# cat /proc/version

Linux version 2.6.32-71.el6.x86_64 (mockbuild@x86-007.build.bos.redhat.com) (gcc version 4.4.4 20100726 (Red Hat 4.4.4-13) (GCC) ) #1 SMP Wed Sep 1 01:33:01 EDT 2010

[root@bogon Desktop]# uname -r

2.6.32-71.el6.x86_64

检查必须安装以下软件包(或更高版本):注意千万不要用下面语句检查,否则全部都 是没有,因为Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.0下的包的版本可能比这个高,所以你最好忽略那些版本号,然后去检查。这部相当重要。安装过程很多报错信息就是因为这一步没有到位导致的。当然有些错 误是因为缺少一些包,安装文档也没有提及(后面有讲解)

rpm -q binutils-2.15.92.0.2-10.EL4

rpm -q compat-db-4.1.25-9

rpm -q control-center-2.8.0-12

rpm -q gcc-3.4.3-9.EL4

rpm -q gcc-c++-3.4.3-9.EL4

rpm -q glibc-2.3.4-2

rpm -q glibc-common-2.3.4-2

rpm -q gnome-libs-1.4.1.2.90-44.1

rpm -q libstdc++-3.4.3-9.EL4

rpm -q libstdc++-devel-3.4.3-9.EL4

rpm -q make-3.80-5

rpm -q pdksh-5.2.14-30

rpm -q sysstat-5.0.5-1

rpm -q xscreensaver-4.18-5.rhel4.2

 

 

 

[root@bogon Desktop]# rpm -q binutils

binutils-2.20.51.0.2-5.11.el6.x86_64

[root@bogon Desktop]# rpm -q compat-db

package compat-db is not installed

[root@bogon Desktop]# rpm -q control-center

control-center-2.28.1-25.el6.x86_64

[root@bogon Desktop]# rpm -q glibc-*

glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.x86_64

[root@bogon Desktop]# rpm -q gcc

gcc-4.4.4-13.el6.x86_64

[root@bogon Desktop]# rpm -q gcc-c++

package gcc-c++ is not installed

[root@bogon Desktop]# rpm -q glibc

glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.x86_64

[root@bogon Desktop]# rpm -q gnome-libs

package gnome-libs is not installed

[root@bogon Desktop]# rpm -q libstdc++-

libstdc++-4.4.4-13.el6.x86_64

[root@bogon Desktop]# rpm -q make

make-3.81-19.el6.x86_64

[root@bogon Desktop]# rpm -q sysstat

sysstat-9.0.4-11.el6.x86_64

[root@bogon Desktop]# rpm -q xscreensaver

package xscreensaver is not installed

 

安装缺少的包,首先配置yum,如果缺少文件 rhel-debuginfo.repo ,新建文件 rhel-debuginfo.repo,其中Relhat6目录是Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.0的安装介质目录,下面红色部分是需要根据你系统具体配置的部分

[root@bogon yum.repos.d]# vi rhel-debuginfo.repo

[rhel-debuginfo]

name=Red Hat Enterprise Linux LOCAL SOURCE

baseurl=file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/Server

enabled=1

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release

接下来就是安装缺少的一些包的过程,甚是枯燥和无聊。

[root@bogon yum.repos.d]#  yum list compat-db
Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin
This system is not registered with RHN.
RHN support will be disabled.
Available Packages
compat-db.i686                  4.6.21-15.el6                rhel-debuginfo
compat-db.x86_64                4.6.21-15.el6                rhel-debuginfo
[root@bogon yum.repos.d]# 


[root@bogon yum.repos.d]# yum install compat-db.x86_64 
Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin
This system is not registered with RHN.
RHN support will be disabled.
file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml
Trying other mirror.
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package compat-db.x86_64 0:4.6.21-15.el6 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: compat-db43(x86-64) = 4.3.29-15.el6 for package: compat-db-4.6.21-15.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: compat-db42(x86-64) = 4.2.52-15.el6 for package: compat-db-4.6.21-15.el6.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package compat-db42.x86_64 0:4.2.52-15.el6 set to be updated
---> Package compat-db43.x86_64 0:4.3.29-15.el6 set to be updated
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=============================================================================================================================================================
 Package                              Arch                            Version                                  Repository                               Size
=============================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 compat-db                            x86_64                          4.6.21-15.el6                            rhel-debuginfo                           12 k
Installing for dependencies:
 compat-db42                          x86_64                          4.2.52-15.el6                            rhel-debuginfo                          805 k
 compat-db43                          x86_64                          4.3.29-15.el6                            rhel-debuginfo                          874 k

Transaction Summary
=============================================================================================================================================================
Install       3 Package(s)
Upgrade       0 Package(s)

Total download size: 1.7 M
Installed size: 4.6 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                        5.8 MB/s | 1.7 MB     00:00     
warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID fd431d51: NOKEY
rhel-debuginfo/gpgkey                                                                                                                 | 6.3 kB     00:00 ... 
Importing GPG key 0xFD431D51 "Red Hat, Inc. (release key 2) <security@redhat.com>" from /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Importing GPG key 0x2FA658E0 "Red Hat, Inc. (auxiliary key) <security@redhat.com>" from /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.
  Installing     : compat-db43-4.3.29-15.el6.x86_64                                                                                                      1/3 
  Installing     : compat-db42-4.2.52-15.el6.x86_64                                                                                                      2/3 
  Installing     : compat-db-4.6.21-15.el6.x86_64                                                                                                        3/3 

Installed:
  compat-db.x86_64 0:4.6.21-15.el6                                                                                                                          

Dependency Installed:
  compat-db42.x86_64 0:4.2.52-15.el6                                            compat-db43.x86_64 0:4.3.29-15.el6                                          

Complete!
[root@bogon yum.repos.d]# 


[root@bogon Packages]# rpm -ivh glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.i686.rpm 
error: Failed dependencies:
    libfreebl3.so is needed by glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.i686
    libfreebl3.so(NSSRAWHASH_3.12.3) is needed by glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.i686
[root@bogon Packages]# yum install glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.i686.rpm 
Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin
This system is not registered with RHN.
RHN support will be disabled.
file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml
Trying other mirror.
Setting up Install Process
Examining glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.i686.rpm: glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.i686
Marking glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.i686.rpm to be installed
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package glibc.i686 0:2.12-1.7.el6 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libfreebl3.so for package: glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libfreebl3.so(NSSRAWHASH_3.12.3) for package: glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.i686
--> Running transaction check
---> Package nss-softokn-freebl.i686 0:3.12.7-1.1.el6 set to be updated
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================
 Package              Arch   Version           Repository                  Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 glibc                i686   2.12-1.7.el6      /glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.i686    13 M
Installing for dependencies:
 nss-softokn-freebl   i686   3.12.7-1.1.el6    rhel-debuginfo             109 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install       2 Package(s)
Upgrade       0 Package(s)

Total size: 13 M
Total download size: 109 k
Installed size: 13 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing     : glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.i686                                  1/2 
  Installing     : nss-softokn-freebl-3.12.7-1.1.el6.i686                   2/2 

Installed:
  glibc.i686 0:2.12-1.7.el6                                                     

Dependency Installed:
  nss-softokn-freebl.i686 0:3.12.7-1.1.el6                                      

Complete!
[root@bogon Packages]# 



[root@bogon yum.repos.d]# yum list gcc-c++
Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin
This system is not registered with RHN.
RHN support will be disabled.
file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml
Trying other mirror.
Available Packages
gcc-c++.x86_64 



[root@bogon yum.repos.d]# yum install gcc-c++.x86_64
Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin
This system is not registered with RHN.
RHN support will be disabled.
file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml
Trying other mirror.
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package gcc-c++.x86_64 0:4.4.4-13.el6 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libstdc++-devel = 4.4.4-13.el6 for package: gcc-c++-4.4.4-13.el6.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libstdc++-devel.x86_64 0:4.4.4-13.el6 set to be updated
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=============================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                 Arch                           Version                                 Repository                              Size
=============================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 gcc-c++                                 x86_64                         4.4.4-13.el6                            rhel-debuginfo                         4.7 M
Installing for dependencies:
 libstdc++-devel                         x86_64                         4.4.4-13.el6                            rhel-debuginfo                         1.5 M

Transaction Summary
=============================================================================================================================================================
Install       2 Package(s)
Upgrade       0 Package(s)

Total download size: 6.3 M
Installed size: 20 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                        8.9 MB/s | 6.3 MB     00:00     
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing     : libstdc++-devel-4.4.4-13.el6.x86_64                                                                                                   1/2 
  Installing     : gcc-c++-4.4.4-13.el6.x86_64                                                                                                           2/2 

Installed:
  gcc-c++.x86_64 0:4.4.4-13.el6                                                                                                                              

Dependency Installed:
  libstdc++-devel.x86_64 0:4.4.4-13.el6                                                                                                                      

Complete!


[root@bogon yum.repos.d]# yum list glibc-common
Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin
This system is not registered with RHN.
RHN support will be disabled.
file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml
Trying other mirror.
Installed Packages
glibc-common.x86_64                                   2.12-1.7.el6                                    @anaconda-RedHatEnterpriseLinux-201009221801.x86_64/6.0


[root@bogon yum.repos.d]# yum install glibc-common.x86_64
Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin
This system is not registered with RHN.
RHN support will be disabled.
file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml
Trying other mirror.
Setting up Install Process
Package glibc-common-2.12-1.7.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Nothing to do



[root@bogon yum.repos.d]# yum list libstdc++-devel
Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin
This system is not registered with RHN.
RHN support will be disabled.
file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml
Trying other mirror.
Installed Packages
libstdc++-devel.x86_64                                                      4.4.4-13.el6                                                      @rhel-debuginfo
Available Packages
libstdc++-devel.i686                                                        4.4.4-13.el6                                                      rhel-debuginfo 
[root@bogon yum.repos.d]# yum install libstdc++-devel.x86_64
Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin
This system is not registered with RHN.
RHN support will be disabled.
file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml
Trying other mirror.
Setting up Install Process
Package libstdc++-devel-4.4.4-13.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Nothing to do

 

有三个包没有,也找不到对应的安装文件,如下所示:

[root@bogon yum.repos.d]# rpm -q xscreensaver

package xscreensaver is not installed

[root@bogon yum.repos.d]# yum list xscreensaver

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Error: No matching Packages to list

[oracle@bogon database]$ yum list gnome-libs

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

*Note* Red Hat Network repositories are not listed below. You must run this command as root to access RHN repositories.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Error: No matching Packages to list

[root@bogon Packages]# yum list gnome-libs

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Error: No matching Packages to list

[root@bogon Packages]# rpm -q gnome-libs-

package gnome-libs- is not installed

步骤5: 创建需要的系统用户和用户组(Creating Required Operating System Groups and User)

   5.1 首先检查是否存在用户组dba、oinstall

     [root@bogon ~]# grep dba /etc/group

     [root@bogon ~]# grep dba /etc/oinstall

   5.2 创建用户组dba、oinstall

     [root@bogon ~]# /usr/sbin/groupadd oinstall

     [root@bogon ~]# /usr/sbin/groupadd dba

   5.3 检查是否存在oracle用户

     [root@bogon ~]# id oracle

     id: oracle: No such user

   5.4 创建oracle用户

     [root@bogon ~]#  /usr/sbin/useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle

     [root@bogon ~]# id oracle

      uid=502(oracle) gid=502(oinstall) groups=502(oinstall),503(dba)

   5.5 设置oracle用户的密码

     [root@bogon ~]# password oracle

       bash: password: command not found

     [root@bogon ~]# passwd oracle

     Changing password for user oracle.

     New password:

     Retype new password:

     passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

    [root@bogon ~]#

步骤6: 配置Linux系统内核参数 Configuring Kernel Parameters

在 /etc/sysctl.conf文件中添加内核参数信息

[root@bogon ~]# vi /etc/sysctl.conf

kernel.shmall = 2097152

kernel.shmmax = 2147483648

kernel.shmmni = 4096

kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

fs.file-max = 65536

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000

net.core.rmem_default = 262144

net.core.rmem_max = 262144

net.core.wmem_default = 262144

net.core.wmem_max = 262144

[root@bogon ~]# vi /etc/security/limits.conf

添加

oracle           soft    nproc   2047

oracle           hard    nproc   16384

oracle           soft    nofile  1024

oracle           hard    nofile  65536

[root@bogon ~]# vi /etc/pam.d/login

[root@bogon ~]#

if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then

        if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then

              ulimit -p 16384

              ulimit -n 65536

        else

              ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

        fi

fi

步骤7:创建安装路径 Creating Required Directories

[root@bogon ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle

[root@bogon ~]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle

[root@bogon ~]# chmod -R 775 /u01/app/oracle

步骤8:配置oracle用户的环境变量 Configuring the oracle User's Environment

[oracle@bogon ~]$ vi .bash_profile

[oracle@bogon ~]$ tail -20 .bash_profile

# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions

if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then

. ~/.bashrc

fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

export PATH

export ORACLE_SID=gsp

export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle

export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/dbhome_1

export ORACLE_OWNER=oracle

export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH

umask 022

[oracle@bogon ~]$

[oracle@bogon ~]$ source .bash_profile

[oracle@bogon ~]$

[oracle@bogon ~]$ DISPLAY=local_host:0.0 ; export DISPLAY

步骤9: 检查是否安装了JDK,没有的话需要安装JDK,配置环境变量。

步骤10: 开始安装

错误现象1:

[oracle@bogon database]$ ./runInstaller

./runInstaller: /mnt/hgfs/DataBase/database/install/.oui: /lib/ld-linux.so.2: bad ELF interpreter: No such file or directory

出错原因:如果出现这个错误是因为缺少包 glibc.i686

[root@bogon database]$yum install glibc.i686

错误现象2:

[oracle@bogon database]$ ./runInstaller

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking installer requirements...

Checking operating system version: must be redhat-3, SuSE-9, redhat-4, UnitedLinux-1.0, asianux-1 or asianux-2

                                      Failed <<<<

Exiting Oracle Universal Installer, log for this session can be found at /tmp/OraInstall2013-08-05_07-24-40AM/installActions2013-08-05_07-24-40AM.log

[oracle@bogon database]$

错误原因:这个是因为上面所说的支持到Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 4.0,所以你修改一下配置文件 /etc/redhat-release ,将原来的配置注释掉,添加一行Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 4.0 (Santiago),待安装完成后再修改过来。

[root@bogon Packages]# more /etc/redhat-release

Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 4.0 (Santiago)

#Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.0 (Santiago)

错误现象3:

[oracle@bogon database]$ ./runInstaller

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking installer requirements...

Checking operating system version: must be redhat-3, SuSE-9, redhat-4, UnitedLinux-1.0, asianux-1 or asianux-2

                                      Passed

All installer requirements met.

Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2013-08-05_07-34-52AM. Please wait ...[oracle@bogon database]$ Exception in thread "main" java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError: /tmp/OraInstall2013-08-05_07-34-52AM/jre/1.4.2/lib/i386/libawt.so: libXp.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

at java.lang.ClassLoader$NativeLibrary.load(Native Method)

at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadLibrary0(Unknown Source)

at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadLibrary(Unknown Source)

at java.lang.Runtime.loadLibrary0(Unknown Source)

at java.lang.System.loadLibrary(Unknown Source)

at sun.security.action.LoadLibraryAction.run(Unknown Source)

at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)

at sun.awt.NativeLibLoader.loadLibraries(Unknown Source)

at sun.awt.DebugHelper.<clinit>(Unknown Source)

at java.awt.Component.<clinit>(Unknown Source)

错误原因:如果出现上面错误,一般是缺少系统安装包libXp

[root@bogon Packages]# ls libXp*

libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686.rpm          libXpm-3.5.8-2.el6.i686.rpm

libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.x86_64.rpm        libXpm-3.5.8-2.el6.x86_64.rpm

libXp-devel-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686.rpm    libXpm-devel-3.5.8-2.el6.i686.rpm

libXp-devel-1.0.0-15.1.el6.x86_64.rpm  libXpm-devel-3.5.8-2.el6.x86_64.rpm

[root@bogon Packages]# yum list libXp

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Available Packages

libXp.i686                      1.0.0-15.1.el6                    rhel-debuginfo

libXp.x86_64                    1.0.0-15.1.el6                    rhel-debuginfo

[root@bogon Packages]# rpm -ivh libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.x86_64.rpm

Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]

   1:libXp                  ########################################### [100%]

[root@bogon Packages]#

[root@bogon Packages]# rpm -ivh libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686.rpm

error: Failed dependencies:

libX11.so.6 is needed by libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686

libXau.so.6 is needed by libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686

libXext.so.6 is needed by libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686

[root@bogon Packages]# yum install libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686.rpm

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Setting up Install Process

Examining libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686.rpm: libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686

Marking libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686.rpm to be installed

Resolving Dependencies

--> Running transaction check

---> Package libXp.i686 0:1.0.0-15.1.el6 set to be updated

--> Processing Dependency: libX11.so.6 for package: libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686

--> Processing Dependency: libXau.so.6 for package: libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686

--> Processing Dependency: libXext.so.6 for package: libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686

--> Running transaction check

---> Package libX11.i686 0:1.3-2.el6 set to be updated

--> Processing Dependency: libxcb.so.1 for package: libX11-1.3-2.el6.i686

---> Package libXau.i686 0:1.0.5-1.el6 set to be updated

---> Package libXext.i686 0:1.1-3.el6 set to be updated

--> Running transaction check

---> Package libxcb.i686 0:1.5-1.el6 set to be updated

--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================

Package     Arch     Version              Repository                      Size

================================================================================

Installing:

libXp       i686     1.0.0-15.1.el6       /libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686      33 k

Installing for dependencies:

libX11      i686     1.3-2.el6            rhel-debuginfo                 585 k

libXau      i686     1.0.5-1.el6          rhel-debuginfo                  22 k

libXext     i686     1.1-3.el6            rhel-debuginfo                  33 k

libxcb      i686     1.5-1.el6            rhel-debuginfo                 103 k

Transaction Summary

================================================================================

Install       5 Package(s)

Upgrade       0 Package(s)

Total size: 777 k

Total download size: 743 k

Installed size: 1.8 M

Is this ok [y/N]: y

Downloading Packages:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total                                           3.5 MB/s | 743 kB     00:00    

Running rpm_check_debug

Running Transaction Test

Transaction Test Succeeded

Running Transaction

Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.

  Installing     : libXau-1.0.5-1.el6.i686                                  1/5

  Installing     : libxcb-1.5-1.el6.i686                                    2/5

  Installing     : libX11-1.3-2.el6.i686                                    3/5

  Installing     : libXext-1.1-3.el6.i686                                   4/5

  Installing     : libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686                                5/5

Installed:

  libXp.i686 0:1.0.0-15.1.el6                                                  

Dependency Installed:

  libX11.i686 0:1.3-2.el6  libXau.i686 0:1.0.5-1.el6  libXext.i686 0:1.1-3.el6

  libxcb.i686 0:1.5-1.el6

Complete!

[root@bogon Packages]#

错误现象4:

[oracle@bogon database]$ ./runInstaller

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking installer requirements...

Checking operating system version: must be redhat-3, SuSE-9, redhat-4, UnitedLinux-1.0, asianux-1 or asianux-2

                                      Passed

All installer requirements met.

Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2013-08-05_08-30-45AM. Please wait ...[oracle@bogon database]$ Exception in thread "main" java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError: /tmp/OraInstall2013-08-05_08-30-45AM/jre/1.4.2/lib/i386/libawt.so: libXt.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

at java.lang.ClassLoader$NativeLibrary.load(Native Method)

at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadLibrary0(Unknown Source)

at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadLibrary(Unknown Source)

at java.lang.Runtime.loadLibrary0(Unknown Source)

at java.lang.System.loadLibrary(Unknown Source)

at sun.security.action.LoadLibraryAction.run(Unknown Source)

at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)

at sun.awt.NativeLibLoader.loadLibraries(Unknown Source)

at sun.awt.DebugHelper.<clinit>(Unknown Source)

at java.awt.Component.<clinit>(Unknown Source)

错误原因:导致出现上面错误有几个,你可能是其中的一个

1:缺少了一些包libXp-devel.i686

[root@bogon Packages]# yum install libXp-devel.i686

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Setting up Install Process

Package libXp-devel-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686 already installed and latest version

Nothing to do

[root@bogon Packages]# yum install libXp-devel.x86_64

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Setting up Install Process

Package libXp-devel-1.0.0-15.1.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version

Nothing to do

[root@bogon Packages]# yum install libXau.i686

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Setting up Install Process

Package libXau-1.0.5-1.el6.i686 already installed and latest version

Nothing to do

[root@bogon Packages]# yum install libXau.x86_64

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Setting up Install Process

Package libXau-1.0.5-1.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version

Nothing to do

2:缺少 libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686.rpm,你查看的时候呢,提示已经安装了,但是一直报上面错误,这时候,你需要强制安装一次,即可解决上面问题。这个问题我折腾了好久。

[root@bogon Packages]# rpm -ivh libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686.rpm

Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]

package libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686 is already installed

[root@bogon Packages]# rpm -ivh --force libXp-1.0.0-15.1.el6.i686.rpm

Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]

   1:libXp                  ########################################### [100%]

[root@bogon Packages]#

3:缺少包libXt

[root@bogon Packages]# yum install libXt.x86_64

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Setting up Install Process

Package libXt-1.0.7-1.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version

Nothing to do

[root@bogon Packages]# yum install libXt.i686

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Setting up Install Process

Resolving Dependencies

--> Running transaction check

---> Package libXt.i686 0:1.0.7-1.el6 set to be updated

--> Processing Dependency: libICE.so.6 for package: libXt-1.0.7-1.el6.i686

--> Processing Dependency: libSM.so.6 for package: libXt-1.0.7-1.el6.i686

--> Running transaction check

---> Package libICE.i686 0:1.0.6-1.el6 set to be updated

---> Package libSM.i686 0:1.1.0-7.1.el6 set to be updated

--> Processing Dependency: libuuid.so.1 for package: libSM-1.1.0-7.1.el6.i686

--> Processing Dependency: libuuid.so.1(UUID_1.0) for package: libSM-1.1.0-7.1.el6.i686

--> Running transaction check

---> Package libuuid.i686 0:2.17.2-6.el6 set to be updated

--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

============================================================================================================

Package               Arch               Version                        Repository                    Size

============================================================================================================

Installing:

libXt                 i686               1.0.7-1.el6                    rhel-debuginfo               168 k

Installing for dependencies:

libICE                i686               1.0.6-1.el6                    rhel-debuginfo                52 k

libSM                 i686               1.1.0-7.1.el6                  rhel-debuginfo                26 k

libuuid               i686               2.17.2-6.el6                   rhel-debuginfo                62 k

Transaction Summary

============================================================================================================

Install       4 Package(s)

Upgrade       0 Package(s)

Total download size: 309 k

Installed size: 560 k

Is this ok [y/N]: y

Downloading Packages:

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total                                                                       985 kB/s | 309 kB     00:00    

Running rpm_check_debug

Running Transaction Test

Transaction Test Succeeded

Running Transaction

  Installing     : libICE-1.0.6-1.el6.i686                                                              1/4

  Installing     : libuuid-2.17.2-6.el6.i686                                                            2/4

  Installing     : libSM-1.1.0-7.1.el6.i686                                                             3/4

  Installing     : libXt-1.0.7-1.el6.i686                                                               4/4

Installed:

  libXt.i686 0:1.0.7-1.el6                                                                                 

Dependency Installed:

  libICE.i686 0:1.0.6-1.el6         libSM.i686 0:1.1.0-7.1.el6         libuuid.i686 0:2.17.2-6.el6       

Complete!

[root@bogon Packages]#

错误现象5:

[oracle@bogon database]$ ./runInstaller

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking installer requirements...

Checking operating system version: must be redhat-3, SuSE-9, redhat-4, UnitedLinux-1.0, asianux-1 or asianux-2

                                      Passed

All installer requirements met.

Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2013-08-08_08-15-30AM. Please wait ...[oracle@bogon database]$ Exception in thread "main" java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError: /tmp/OraInstall2013-08-08_08-15-30AM/jre/1.4.2/lib/i386/libawt.so: libXtst.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

at java.lang.ClassLoader$NativeLibrary.load(Native Method)

at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadLibrary0(Unknown Source)

at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadLibrary(Unknown Source)

at java.lang.Runtime.loadLibrary0(Unknown Source)

at java.lang.System.loadLibrary(Unknown Source)

at sun.security.action.LoadLibraryAction.run(Unknown Source)

at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)

at sun.awt.NativeLibLoader.loadLibraries(Unknown Source)

at sun.awt.DebugHelper.<clinit>(Unknown Source)

at java.awt.Component.<clinit>(Unknown Source)

错误原因:这个一般是没有安装包libXtst

[root@bogon Packages]# yum list libXtst

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Installed Packages

libXtst.x86_64            1.0.99.2-3.el6             @anaconda-RedHatEnterpriseLinux-201009221801.x86_64/6.0

Available Packages

libXtst.i686              1.0.99.2-3.el6             rhel-debuginfo                                        

[root@bogon Packages]#

[root@bogon Packages]# yum install libXtst.x86_64

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Setting up Install Process

Package libXtst-1.0.99.2-3.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version

Nothing to do

[root@bogon Packages]# yum install libXtst.i686

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Setting up Install Process

Resolving Dependencies

--> Running transaction check

---> Package libXtst.i686 0:1.0.99.2-3.el6 set to be updated

--> Processing Dependency: libXi.so.6 for package: libXtst-1.0.99.2-3.el6.i686

--> Running transaction check

---> Package libXi.i686 0:1.3-3.el6 set to be updated

--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

============================================================================================================

Package               Arch               Version                        Repository                    Size

============================================================================================================

Installing:

libXtst               i686               1.0.99.2-3.el6                 rhel-debuginfo                22 k

Installing for dependencies:

libXi                 i686               1.3-3.el6                      rhel-debuginfo                32 k

Transaction Summary

============================================================================================================

Install       2 Package(s)

Upgrade       0 Package(s)

Total download size: 54 k

Installed size: 92 k

Is this ok [y/N]: y

Downloading Packages:

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total                                                                       519 kB/s |  54 kB     00:00    

Running rpm_check_debug

Running Transaction Test

Transaction Test Succeeded

Running Transaction

  Installing     : libXi-1.3-3.el6.i686                                                                 1/2

  Installing     : libXtst-1.0.99.2-3.el6.i686                                                          2/2

Installed:

  libXtst.i686 0:1.0.99.2-3.el6                                                                            

Dependency Installed:

  libXi.i686 0:1.3-3.el6                                                                                   

Complete!

[root@bogon Packages]#

错误现象6:

[oracle@bogon database]$ ./runInstaller

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking installer requirements...

Checking operating system version: must be redhat-3, SuSE-9, redhat-4, UnitedLinux-1.0, asianux-1 or asianux-2

                                      Passed

All installer requirements met.

Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2013-08-08_08-18-00AM. Please wait ...[oracle@bogon database]$ No protocol specified

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.InternalError: Can't connect to X11 window server using ':0.0' as the value of the DISPLAY variable.

at sun.awt.X11GraphicsEnvironment.initDisplay(Native Method)

at sun.awt.X11GraphicsEnvironment.<clinit>(Unknown Source)

at java.lang.Class.forName0(Native Method)

at java.lang.Class.forName(Unknown Source)

at java.awt.GraphicsEnvironment.getLocalGraphicsEnvironment(Unknown Source)

at java.awt.Window.init(Unknown Source)

at java.awt.Window.<init>(Unknown Source)

at java.awt.Frame.<init>(Unknown Source)

at oracle.ewt.popup.PopupFrame.<init>(Unknown Source)

at oracle.ewt.lwAWT.BufferedFrame.<init>(Unknown Source)

at oracle.sysman.oio.oioc.OiocOneClickInstaller.<init>(OiocOneClickInstaller.java:378)

at oracle.sysman.oio.oioc.OiocOneClickInstaller.main(OiocOneClickInstaller.java:2091)

出现这个错误可以参考一下http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_73582d750100ppto.html,我刚开始用方法1,折腾来折腾去始终不行,用方法2立马OK

下面进入图形化安置界面

clip_image002

clip_image004

clip_image006

clip_image008

clip_image010

在安装到65%的时候报如下错误

clip_image012

在安装到65%的时候,报如上错误,查看日志信息

View Code

 

这个错误时因为缺少包glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.i686.rpm

[root@bogon Packages]# yum install glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.i686.rpm

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Setting up Install Process

Examining glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.i686.rpm: glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.i686

Marking glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.i686.rpm to be installed

Resolving Dependencies

--> Running transaction check

---> Package glibc-devel.i686 0:2.12-1.7.el6 set to be updated

--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================

Package        Arch    Version         Repository                         Size

================================================================================

Installing:

glibc-devel    i686    2.12-1.7.el6    /glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.i686    953 k

Transaction Summary

================================================================================

Install       1 Package(s)

Upgrade       0 Package(s)

Total size: 953 k

Installed size: 953 k

Is this ok [y/N]: y

Downloading Packages:

Running rpm_check_debug

Running Transaction Test

Transaction Test Succeeded

Running Transaction

  Installing     : glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.i686                            1/1

Installed:

  glibc-devel.i686 0:2.12-1.7.el6                                              

Complete!

[root@bogon Packages]# yum install glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.x86_64.rpm

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

Existing lock /var/run/yum.pid: another copy is running as pid 4411.

Another app is currently holding the yum lock; waiting for it to exit...

  The other application is: PackageKit

    Memory :  34 M RSS (349 MB VSZ)

    Started: Thu Aug  8 09:10:43 2013 - 00:05 ago

    State  : Sleeping, pid: 4411

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Setting up Install Process

Examining glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.x86_64.rpm: glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.x86_64

Marking glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.x86_64.rpm to be installed

Package glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version

glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.x86_64.rpm: does not update installed package.

Error: Nothing to do

[root@bogon Packages]#

[root@bogon Packages]# yum install -y compat-gcc* compat-glibc* compat-libstd*

Loaded plugins: refresh-packagekit, rhnplugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///mnt/hgfs/DataBase/Relhat6/repodata/repomd.xml

Trying other mirror.

Setting up Install Process

Examining compat-gcc-34-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64.rpm: compat-gcc-34-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64

Marking compat-gcc-34-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64.rpm to be installed

Examining compat-gcc-34-c++-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64.rpm: compat-gcc-34-c++-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64

Marking compat-gcc-34-c++-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64.rpm to be installed

Examining compat-gcc-34-g77-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64.rpm: compat-gcc-34-g77-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64

Marking compat-gcc-34-g77-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64.rpm to be installed

Examining compat-glibc-2.5-46.2.x86_64.rpm: 1:compat-glibc-2.5-46.2.x86_64

Marking compat-glibc-2.5-46.2.x86_64.rpm to be installed

Examining compat-glibc-headers-2.5-46.2.x86_64.rpm: 1:compat-glibc-headers-2.5-46.2.x86_64

Marking compat-glibc-headers-2.5-46.2.x86_64.rpm to be installed

Examining compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-144.el6.i686.rpm: compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-144.el6.i686

Marking compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-144.el6.i686.rpm to be installed

Examining compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.i686.rpm: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.i686

Marking compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.i686.rpm to be installed

Examining compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64.rpm: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64

Marking compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64.rpm to be installed

Resolving Dependencies

--> Running transaction check

---> Package compat-gcc-34.x86_64 0:3.4.6-19.el6 set to be updated

---> Package compat-gcc-34-c++.x86_64 0:3.4.6-19.el6 set to be updated

---> Package compat-gcc-34-g77.x86_64 0:3.4.6-19.el6 set to be updated

--> Processing Dependency: compat-libf2c-34 = 3.4.6-19.el6 for package: compat-gcc-34-g77-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64

--> Processing Dependency: libg2c.so.0()(64bit) for package: compat-gcc-34-g77-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64

---> Package compat-glibc.x86_64 1:2.5-46.2 set to be updated

---> Package compat-glibc-headers.x86_64 1:2.5-46.2 set to be updated

---> Package compat-libstdc++-296.i686 0:2.96-144.el6 set to be updated

--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1 for package: compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-144.el6.i686

--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1(GLIBC_2.0) for package: compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-144.el6.i686

---> Package compat-libstdc++-33.i686 0:3.2.3-69.el6 set to be updated

---> Package compat-libstdc++-33.x86_64 0:3.2.3-69.el6 set to be updated

--> Running transaction check

---> Package compat-libf2c-34.x86_64 0:3.4.6-19.el6 set to be updated

---> Package libgcc.i686 0:4.4.4-13.el6 set to be updated

--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

======================================================================================================

Package                 Arch      Version          Repository                                   Size

======================================================================================================

Installing:

compat-gcc-34           x86_64    3.4.6-19.el6     /compat-gcc-34-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64           13 M

compat-gcc-34-c++       x86_64    3.4.6-19.el6     /compat-gcc-34-c++-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64       84 M

compat-gcc-34-g77       x86_64    3.4.6-19.el6     /compat-gcc-34-g77-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64      5.9 M

compat-glibc            x86_64    1:2.5-46.2       /compat-glibc-2.5-46.2.x86_64               6.4 M

compat-glibc-headers    x86_64    1:2.5-46.2       /compat-glibc-headers-2.5-46.2.x86_64       1.9 M

compat-libstdc++-296    i686      2.96-144.el6     /compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-144.el6.i686     256 k

compat-libstdc++-33     i686      3.2.3-69.el6     /compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.i686      716 k

compat-libstdc++-33     x86_64    3.2.3-69.el6     /compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64    806 k

Installing for dependencies:

compat-libf2c-34        x86_64    3.4.6-19.el6     rhel-debuginfo                               51 k

libgcc                  i686      4.4.4-13.el6     rhel-debuginfo                              104 k

Transaction Summary

======================================================================================================

Install      10 Package(s)

Upgrade       0 Package(s)

Total size: 112 M

Total download size: 156 k

Installed size: 112 M

Downloading Packages:

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total                                                                 2.1 MB/s | 156 kB     00:00    

Running rpm_check_debug

Running Transaction Test

Transaction Test Succeeded

Running Transaction

  Installing     : libgcc-4.4.4-13.el6.i686                                                      1/10

  Installing     : compat-gcc-34-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64                                             2/10

  Installing     : compat-libf2c-34-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64                                          3/10

  Installing     : 1:compat-glibc-headers-2.5-46.2.x86_64                                        4/10

  Installing     : 1:compat-glibc-2.5-46.2.x86_64                                                5/10

  Installing     : compat-gcc-34-g77-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64                                         6/10

  Installing     : compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64                                       7/10

  Installing     : compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.i686                                         8/10

  Installing     : compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-144.el6.i686                                        9/10

  Installing     : compat-gcc-34-c++-3.4.6-19.el6.x86_64                                        10/10

Installed:

  compat-gcc-34.x86_64 0:3.4.6-19.el6              compat-gcc-34-c++.x86_64 0:3.4.6-19.el6          

  compat-gcc-34-g77.x86_64 0:3.4.6-19.el6          compat-glibc.x86_64 1:2.5-46.2                   

  compat-glibc-headers.x86_64 1:2.5-46.2           compat-libstdc++-296.i686 0:2.96-144.el6         

  compat-libstdc++-33.i686 0:3.2.3-69.el6          compat-libstdc++-33.x86_64 0:3.2.3-69.el6        

Dependency Installed:

  compat-libf2c-34.x86_64 0:3.4.6-19.el6                  libgcc.i686 0:4.4.4-13.el6                

Complete!

重新安装还是报如下错误,但是这个错误从另外一个人的帖子说是可以忽略的。点击继续安装按钮

[root@bogon logs]# tail -20 installActions2013-08-09_08-14-21AM.log

INFO: product/dbhome_1/sysman/lib/libnmcbuf.a(nmcbufw.o)' is incompatible with i386:x86-64 output

/usr/bin/ld: i386 architecture of input file `/u01/app/oracle/product/dbhome_1/sysman/lib/libnmcbuf.a(nmcbufu.o)' is incompatible with i386:x86-64 output

/usr/bin/ld: i386 architecture of input file `/u01/app/oracle/product/dbhome_1/sysman/lib/libnmcbuf.a(snmcbufm.o)' is incompatible with i386:x86-64 output

/usr/bin/ld: i386 architecture of input file `/u01/app/oracle/product/dbhome_1/sysman/lib/libnmcbuf.a(nmcbuff.o

INFO: )' is incompatible with i386:x86-64 output

/usr/bin/ld: i386 architecture of input file `/u01/app/oracle/product/dbhome_1/sysman/lib//libnmadbg.a(nmadbg.o)' is incompatible with i386:x86-64 output

/usr/bin/ld: i386 architecture of input file `/u01/app/oracle/product/dbhome_1/sysman/lib//libnmadbg.a(snmadbg.o)' is incompatible with i386:x86-64 output

collect2: ld returned 1 exit status

INFO: make[1]: Leaving directory `/u01/app/oracle/product/dbhome_1/sysman/lib'

INFO: make[1]: *** [/u01/app/oracle/product/dbhome_1/sysman/lib/nmccollector] Error 1

make: *** [nmccollector] Error 2

INFO: End output from spawned process.

INFO: ----------------------------------

INFO: Exception thrown from action: make

Exception Name: MakefileException

Exception String: Error in invoking target 'collector' of makefile '/u01/app/oracle/product/dbhome_1/sysman/lib/ins_emdb.mk'. See '/u01/app/oracle/oraInventory/logs/installActions2013-08-09_08-14-21AM.log' for details.

Exception Severity: 1

clip_image014

安装过程中如果报“ORA-27125:unable to create shared memory segment”这个错误,一般原因是操作系统用户权限不足的问题,可以通过下面的方式来解决:

将oracle的dba组的gid写入/proc/sys/vm/hugetld_shm_group文件中

解决方法

[root@bogon logs]# id oracle

uid=502(oracle) gid=502(oinstall) groups=502(oinstall),503(dba)

[root@bogon logs]# more /proc/sys/vm/hugetlb_shm_group

0

[root@bogon logs]# echo vm.hugetlb_shm_group=502 > /etc/sysctl.conf

[root@bogon logs]#  sysctl -p

vm.hugetlb_shm_group = 502

[root@bogon logs]#

clip_image016

clip_image018

clip_image020

clip_image022

网友评论

登录后评论
0/500
评论