阿里云主机centos7.2上安装二进制mysql5.7

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阿里云主机centos7.2上安装二进制mysql5.7

proinsightio 2018-01-03 12:50:05 浏览1152
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1.创建目录


mkdir -p /opt/soft
cd/opt/soft

2.下载并解压


wget "https://cdn.mysql.com//Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.20-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz"
tar -zxvf mysql-5.7.20-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz -C /opt/

3.创建软连接和必要目录


ln -s /opt/mysql-5.7.20-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 /opt/mysql
mkdir /opt/mysql-5.7.20-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64/data
mkdir /opt/mysql/log
touch /opt/mysql/log/mysql-error.log


4.创建用户,赋予权限


#添加用户组mysql
 groupadd mysql  
#新建msyql用户,-r为系统用户,并禁止登录shell
useradd -r -s /sbin/nologin -g mysql mysql -d /opt/mysql/
#修改权限
chown -R mysql:mysql  /opt/mysql/
5.初始化数据库


/opt/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/opt/mysql/ --datadir=/opt/mysql/data/


遇到问题:/opt/mysql/bin/mysqld: error while loading shared libraries: libaio.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

执行


yum install libaio-devel
6.mysql5.7的包里没有默认的my.cnf,因此需要自己建一个

备份系统自带my.cnf

mv /etc/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf.bak
新建


vi /etc/my.cnf
录入内容

[client]
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
default-character-set = utf8

[mysqld]
server_id=1
port = 3306
user = mysql
character-set-server = utf8
default_storage_engine = innodb
log_timestamps = SYSTEM
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
basedir = /opt/mysql
datadir = /opt/mysql/data
pid-file = /opt/mysql/data/mysql.pid
max_connections = 1000
max_connect_errors = 1000
table_open_cache = 1024
max_allowed_packet = 2048M
open_files_limit = 65535
#####====================================[innodb]==============================
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_write_io_threads = 4
innodb_read_io_threads = 4
innodb_purge_threads = 2
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
innodb_log_file_size = 512M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 80
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 30
#innodb_data_file_path=ibdata1:1024M:autoextend

#####====================================[log]==============================
log_error = /opt/mysql/log/mysql-error.log
slow_query_log = 1
long_query_time = 1
slow_query_log_file = /opt/mysql/log/mysql-slow.log
sql_mode=NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES




7.把mysql放到本地系统服务中



 cp -a /opt/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
chmod a+x /etc/init.d/mysqld


修改里面的路径
vi /etc/init.d/mysqld



basedir=/opt/mysql
datadir=/opt/mysql/data
8.增加环境变量


vi /etc/profile
在最后增加:

export PATH=$PATH:/opt/mysql/bin
9.启动mysql

service mysqld start

启动出错请查看/opt/mysql/log/mysql-error.log


10.修改root密码

查看root的初始密码


cat /root/.mysql_secret


登录mysql,输入root密码


mysql -p 

修改密码

SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@localhost=PASSWORD('test123'); 




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