【DBCA -SILENT】静默安装之rac数据库安装

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【DBCA -SILENT】静默安装之rac数据库安装

小麦苗 2015-04-19 23:10:28 浏览1259
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DBCA -SILENT】静默安装之rac数据库安装

 

BLOG文档结构图

 

wps46BC.tmp 

 

 

之前的相关文章连接:

 

 

之前的文章中介绍了单实例的数据库静默安装方式,今天我们来看看rac数据库的静默安装方式。

 

 

查看集群环境是否准备好:

[root@node2 ~]# crsctl check cluster -all

**************************************************************

node1:

CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online

CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online

CRS-4533: Event Manager is online

**************************************************************

node2:

CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online

CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online

CRS-4533: Event Manager is online

**************************************************************

[root@node2 ~]#

 

 

查看磁盘组空间:

SQL> select name,state,free_mb,required_mirror_free_mb,usable_file_mb,a.group_number  from v$asm_diskgroup a;

 

NAME                           STATE          FREE_MB REQUIRED_MIRROR_FREE_MB USABLE_FILE_MB GROUP_NUMBER

------------------------------ ----------- ---------- ----------------------- -------------- ------------

ARCH                           MOUNTED           9142                       0           9142            1

DATA                           MOUNTED          18242                       0          18242            2

OVDISK                         MOUNTED           2703                       0           2703            3

TEST                           MOUNTED            929                       0            929            4

 

查看节点列表:

 

[root@node2 ~]# olsnodes

node1

node2

[root@node2 ~]#

 

 

修改General_Purpose.dbc 文件,让生成的rac库在归档模式:

[oracle@node1 dbca]$ strings $ORACLE_HOME/assistants/dbca/templates/General_Purpose.dbc | grep -i arch

         true/archiveLogMode>

[oracle@node1 dbca]$

 

 

确保以上集群环境已经搭建好后,开始创建rac数据库,当然有2种方式可以搭建,个人觉得2种方式都挺方便的,下边我们分别介绍:

一、 方法一:利用模板文件来创建

sid:jmrac

文件磁盘组:data

闪回恢复区:arch

节点:node1node2

 

 

 

[oracle@node1 dbca]$ dbca -silent -createDatabase -templateName General_Purpose.dbc -gdbname jmrac  -sid jmrac -sysPassword lhr -systemPassword lhr -datafileDestination 'DATA/' -redoLogFileSize 50 -recoveryAreaDestination 'ARCH/' -storageType ASM -asmsnmpPassword lhr  -diskGroupName 'DATA' -responseFile NO_VALUE -characterset ZHS16GBK -nationalCharacterSet AL16UTF16 -sampleSchema true -automaticMemoryManagement true -totalMemory 500  -nodeinfo node1,node2

 

Copying database files

1% complete

3% complete

9% complete

15% complete

21% complete

27% complete

30% complete

Creating and starting Oracle instance

32% complete

36% complete

40% complete

44% complete

45% complete

48% complete

50% complete

Creating cluster database views

52% complete

70% complete

Completing Database Creation

73% complete

76% complete

85% complete

94% complete

100% complete

Look at the log file "/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/jmrac/jmrac.log" for further details.

[oracle@node1 jmrac]$ more /u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/jmrac/jmrac.log

Copying database files

DBCA_PROGRESS : 1%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 3%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 9%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 15%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 21%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 27%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 30%

Creating and starting Oracle instance

DBCA_PROGRESS : 32%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 36%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 40%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 44%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 45%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 48%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 50%

Creating cluster database views

DBCA_PROGRESS : 52%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 70%

Completing Database Creation

DBCA_PROGRESS : 73%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 76%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 85%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 94%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 100%

Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at:

/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/jmrac.

Database Information:

Global Database Name:jmrac

System Identifier(SID) Prefix:jmrac

[oracle@node1 jmrac]$

 

[oracle@node1 jmrac]$ ORACLE_SID=jmrac1

[oracle@node1 jmrac]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Sun Apr 19 22:00:18 2015

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,

Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

 

SQL> archive log list;

Database log mode             Archive Mode

Automatic archival             Enabled

Archive destination            USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST

Oldest online log sequence     4

Next log sequence to archive   5

Current log sequence           5

SQL>

 

SQL> set line 9999

SQL> col HOST_NAME format a10

SQL> select INSTANCE_NAME,HOST_NAME,VERSION,STARTUP_TIME,STATUS,ACTIVE_STATE,INSTANCE_ROLE,DATABASE_STATUS from gv$INSTANCE;

 

INSTANCE_NAME    HOST_NAME  VERSION           STARTUP_T STATUS       ACTIVE_ST INSTANCE_ROLE      DATABASE_STATUS

---------------- ---------- ----------------- --------- ------------ --------- ------------------ -----------------

jmrac1           node1      11.2.0.1.0        19-APR-15 OPEN         NORMAL    PRIMARY_INSTANCE   ACTIVE

jmrac2           node2      11.2.0.1.0        19-APR-15 OPEN         NORMAL    PRIMARY_INSTANCE   ACTIVE

 

SQL> select INST_ID,name , open_mode, log_mode,force_logging from gv$database;

 

   INST_ID NAME      OPEN_MODE            LOG_MODE     FOR

---------- --------- -------------------- ------------ ---

         1 JMRAC     READ WRITE           ARCHIVELOG   NO

         2 JMRAC     READ WRITE           ARCHIVELOG   NO

 

SQL> show parameter DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST

 

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE

------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------

db_recovery_file_dest                string      +ARCH

db_recovery_file_dest_size           big integer 3882M

SQL>

 

 

 

---查看tnslistener信息

[oracle@node1 dbca]$ cd /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/network/admin/

[oracle@node1 admin]$ ll

total 12

drwxr-xr-x 2 oracle oinstall 4096 Feb 27  2012 samples

-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall  187 May  7  2007 shrept.lst

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall  685 Apr 19 22:13 tnsnames.ora

[oracle@node1 admin]$ more tnsnames.ora

# tnsnames.ora Network Configuration File: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/network/admin/tnsnames.ora

# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

 

JMRAC =

  (DESCRIPTION =

    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = cluster-SCAN)(PORT = 1521))

    (CONNECT_DATA =

      (SERVER = DEDICATED)

      (SERVICE_NAME = jmrac)

    )

  )

 

[oracle@node1 dbca]$ srvctl status listener

Listener LISTENER is enabled

Listener LISTENER is running on node(s): node1,node2

[oracle@node1 dbca]$

 

说明tns已经自动添加,监听也已经启动

 

查看rac服务:

[root@node2 ~]#  crsctl status resource -t

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS      

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Local Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.ARCH.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                                       

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node2                                       

ora.DATA.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                                       

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node2                                       

ora.LISTENER.lsnr

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                                       

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node2                                       

ora.OVDISK.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                                       

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node2                                       

ora.TEST.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                                       

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node2                                       

ora.asm

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                    Started            

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node2                    Started            

ora.eons

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                                       

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node2                                       

ora.gsd

               OFFLINE OFFLINE      node1                                       

               OFFLINE OFFLINE      node2                                       

ora.net1.network

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                                       

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node2                                       

ora.ons

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                                       

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node2                                       

ora.registry.acfs

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                                       

               ONLINE  ONLINE       node2                                       

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cluster Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                                       

ora.db.db

      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               Instance Shutdown  

      2        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               Instance Shutdown  

ora.jmrac.db

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                    Open               

      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       node2                    Open               

ora.node1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                                       

ora.node2.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       node2                                       

ora.oc4j

      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                                                  

ora.scan1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       node1                                       

[root@node2 ~]# crs_stat -t

Name           Type           Target    State     Host       

------------------------------------------------------------

ora.ARCH.dg    ora....up.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora.DATA.dg    ora....up.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora....ER.lsnr ora....er.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora....N1.lsnr ora....er.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora.OVDISK.dg  ora....up.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora.TEST.dg    ora....up.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora.asm        ora.asm.type   ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora.db.db      ora....se.type OFFLINE   OFFLINE              

ora.eons       ora.eons.type  ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora.gsd        ora.gsd.type   OFFLINE   OFFLINE              

ora.jmrac.db   ora....se.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora....network ora....rk.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora....SM1.asm application    ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora....E1.lsnr application    ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora.node1.gsd  application    OFFLINE   OFFLINE              

ora.node1.ons  application    ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora.node1.vip  ora....t1.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora....SM2.asm application    ONLINE    ONLINE    node2      

ora....E2.lsnr application    ONLINE    ONLINE    node2      

ora.node2.gsd  application    OFFLINE   OFFLINE              

ora.node2.ons  application    ONLINE    ONLINE    node2      

ora.node2.vip  ora....t1.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node2      

ora.oc4j       ora.oc4j.type  OFFLINE   OFFLINE              

ora.ons        ora.ons.type   ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora....ry.acfs ora....fs.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1      

ora.scan1.vip  ora....ip.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1 

 

[root@node2 ~]# srvctl  status database -d jmrac

Instance jmrac1 is running on node node1

Instance jmrac2 is running on node node2

 

[root@node2 ~]# srvctl config database -d jmrac

Database unique name: jmrac

Database name: jmrac

Oracle home: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

Oracle user: oracle

Spfile: +DATA/jmrac/spfilejmrac.ora

Domain:

Start options: open

Stop options: immediate

Database role: PRIMARY

Management policy: AUTOMATIC

Server pools: jmrac

Database instances: jmrac1,jmrac2

Disk Groups: DATA

Services:

Database is administrator managed

[root@node2 ~]#     

 

 

 

二、 方法二:编辑响应文件

添加文件$ORACLE_HOME/assistants/dbca/dbca_rac.rsp,内容如下:

[oracle@node1 dbca]$ more $ORACLE_HOME/assistants/dbca/dbca_rac.rsp

[GENERAL]

RESPONSEFILE_VERSION = "11.2.0"

OPERATION_TYPE = "createDatabase"

[CREATEDATABASE]

GDBNAME = "myrac"

SID = "myrac"

NODELIST=node1,node2

TEMPLATENAME = "General_Purpose.dbc"

SYSPASSWORD = "lhr"

SYSTEMPASSWORD = "lhr"

SYSMANPASSWORD = "lhr"

DBSNMPPASSWORD = "lhr"

STORAGETYPE=ASM

DISKGROUPNAME=DATA

ASMSNMP_PASSWORD="lhr"

RECOVERYGROUPNAME=ARCH

CHARACTERSET = "ZHS16GBK"

NATIONALCHARACTERSET= "UTF8"

 

利用响应文件来创建rac库:

[oracle@node1 dbca]$ dbca -silent -responseFile $ORACLE_HOME/assistants/dbca/dbca_rac.rsp

Copying database files

1% complete

3% complete

9% complete

15% complete

21% complete

27% complete

30% complete

Creating and starting Oracle instance

32% complete

36% complete

40% complete

44% complete

45% complete

48% complete

50% complete

Creating cluster database views

52% complete

70% complete

Completing Database Creation

73% complete

76% complete

85% complete

94% complete

100% complete

Look at the log file "/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/myrac/myrac.log" for further details.

[oracle@node1 dbca]$ more /u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/myrac/myrac.log

Copying database files

DBCA_PROGRESS : 1%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 3%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 9%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 15%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 21%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 27%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 30%

Creating and starting Oracle instance

DBCA_PROGRESS : 32%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 36%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 40%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 44%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 45%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 48%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 50%

Creating cluster database views

DBCA_PROGRESS : 52%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 70%

Completing Database Creation

DBCA_PROGRESS : 73%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 76%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 85%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 94%

DBCA_PROGRESS : 100%

Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at:

/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/myrac.

Database Information:

Global Database Name:myrac

System Identifier(SID) Prefix:myrac

[oracle@node1 dbca]$ ORACLE_SID=myrac1

[oracle@node1 admin]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Sun Apr 19 22:37:08 2015

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,

Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

 

SQL> set line 9999

SQL> col HOST_NAME format a10

SQL> select INSTANCE_NAME,HOST_NAME,VERSION,STARTUP_TIME,STATUS,ACTIVE_STATE,INSTANCE_ROLE,DATABASE_STATUS from gv$INSTANCE;

 

INSTANCE_NAME    HOST_NAME  VERSION           STARTUP_T STATUS       ACTIVE_ST INSTANCE_ROLE      DATABASE_STATUS

---------------- ---------- ----------------- --------- ------------ --------- ------------------ -----------------

myrac1           node1      11.2.0.1.0        19-APR-15 OPEN         NORMAL    PRIMARY_INSTANCE   ACTIVE

myrac2           node2      11.2.0.1.0        19-APR-15 OPEN         NORMAL    PRIMARY_INSTANCE   ACTIVE

 

SQL> select INST_ID,name , open_mode, log_mode,force_logging from gv$database;

 

   INST_ID NAME      OPEN_MODE            LOG_MODE     FOR

---------- --------- -------------------- ------------ ---

         1 MYRAC     READ WRITE           ARCHIVELOG   NO

         2 MYRAC     READ WRITE           ARCHIVELOG   NO

 

SQL>

 

 

 

三、 删除新建的rac

[oracle@node1 dbca]$ dbca -silent -deleteDatabase -sourceDB  myrac -sysDBAUserName sys -sysDBAPassword lhr

Connecting to database

9% complete

14% complete

19% complete

23% complete

28% complete

33% complete

38% complete

47% complete

Updating network configuration files

48% complete

52% complete

Deleting instances and datafiles

66% complete

80% complete

95% complete

100% complete

Look at the log file "/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/myrac.log" for further details.

[oracle@node1 dbca]$

 

 

 

...........................................................................................................................................................................................

本文作者:小麦苗,只专注于数据库的技术,更注重技术的运用

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