【OGG】RAC环境下配置OGG单向同步 (四)

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【OGG】RAC环境下配置OGG单向同步 (四)

小麦苗 2015-06-15 09:18:17 浏览380
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OGGRAC环境下配置OGG单向同步 ()

一.1  BLOG文档结构图

 

wpsF62E.tmp 

 

一.2  前言部分

 

一.2.1  导读

各位技术爱好者,看完本文后,你可以掌握如下的技能,也可以学到一些其它你所不知道的知识,~O(∩_∩)O~:

① RAC环境下配置OGG单向同步

 

 

注意:本篇BLOG中代码部分需要特别关注的地方我都用黄色背景和红色字体来表示,比如下边的例子中,thread 1的最大归档日志号为33thread 2的最大归档日志号为43是需要特别关注的地方。

  List of Archived Logs in backup set 11

  Thrd Seq     Low SCN    Low Time            Next SCN   Next Time

  ---- ------- ---------- ------------------- ---------- ---------

  1    32      1621589    2015-05-29 11:09:52 1625242    2015-05-29 11:15:48

  1    33      1625242    2015-05-29 11:15:48 1625293    2015-05-29 11:15:58

  2    42      1613951    2015-05-29 10:41:18 1625245    2015-05-29 11:15:49

  2    43      1625245    2015-05-29 11:15:49 1625253    2015-05-29 11:15:53

 

 

 

 

 

本文如有错误或不完善的地方请大家多多指正,ITPUB留言或QQ皆可,您的批评指正是我写作的最大动力。

一.2.2  实验环境介绍

 

项目

source db

target  db

db 类型

rac

单实例

db version

11.2.0.1

11.2.0.1

db 存储

ASM

FS type

ORACLE_SID

jmrac1/jmrac2

orcl

db_name

jmrac

orcl

主机IP地址:

192.168.1.31/192.168.1.32

192.168.1.128

OS版本及kernel版本

RHEL5.7 64位,2.6.18-274.el5

RHEL6.5 64位,2.6.32-504.16.2.el6.x86_64

OGG版本

11.2.1.0.1 64

11.2.1.0.1 64

OS hostname

node1/node2

orcltest

 

 

 

一.2.3  相关参考文章链接

 

OGGOGG的下载和安装篇:http://blog.itpub.net/26736162/viewspace-1693241/

OGGOGG的单向DML复制配置():http://blog.itpub.net/26736162/viewspace-1696020/

OGGOGG的单向复制配置-支持DDL()http://blog.itpub.net/26736162/viewspace-1696031/

OGGOGG简单配置双向复制()http://blog.itpub.net/26736162/viewspace-1699516/

 

 

一.2.4  本文简介

 

 

本文基于RAC环境下配置OGG单向同步,主要参考网址为:http://ylw6006.blog.51cto.com/all/470441/16 ,非常感谢斩月大师。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

一.3  实验部分

 

一.3.1  实验目标

本文配置是:racsource)同单实例(target)数据库之间的ogg单向同步

 

一.4  RAC环境下配置OGG单向同步

 

一.4.1  首先在两个rac节点上配置ASM动态注册,11g的监听器引入了endpoints_listener.ora文件管理

一.4.1.1  配置listener

配置监听,加入对ASM的动态注册:

[oracle@node1 ~]$ srvctl status listener

Listener LISTENER is enabled

Listener LISTENER is running on node(s): node1,node2

[oracle@node1 ~]$ lsnrctl services

 

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on 11-JUN-2015 16:39:32

 

Copyright (c) 1991, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521))

Services Summary...

Service "+ASM" has 2 instance(s).

  Instance "+ASM1", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

    Handler(s):

      "DEDICATED" established:0 refused:0

         LOCAL SERVER

  Instance "+ASM1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

    Handler(s):

      "DEDICATED" established:3 refused:0 state:ready

         LOCAL SERVER

Service "HAHA" has 2 instance(s).

  Instance "jmrac1", status READY, has 2 handler(s) for this service...

    Handler(s):

      "DEDICATED" established:0 refused:0 state:ready

         REMOTE SERVER

         (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node1-vip)(PORT=1521)))

      "DEDICATED" established:5 refused:0 state:ready

         LOCAL SERVER

  Instance "jmrac2", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

    Handler(s):

      "DEDICATED" established:0 refused:0 state:ready

         REMOTE SERVER

         (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node2-vip)(PORT=1521)))

The command completed successfully

[oracle@node1 ~]$

 

[grid@node1 ~]$ cat $TNS_ADMIN/listener.ora

LISTENER=(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=LISTENER))))   # line added by Agent

LISTENER_SCAN1=(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN1))))                # line added by Agent

ENABLE_GLOBAL_DYNAMIC_ENDPOINT_LISTENER_SCAN1=ON                # line added by Agent

ENABLE_GLOBAL_DYNAMIC_ENDPOINT_LISTENER=ON              # line added by Agent

 

SID_LIST_LISTENER =

  (SID_LIST =

   (SID_DESC =

     (GLOBAL_DBNAME = +ASM)

     (ORACLE_HOME=/u01/grid)

     (SID_NAME = +ASM1)

   )

  )

[grid@node1 ~]$ cat $TNS_ADMIN/endpoints_listener.ora

LISTENER_NODE1=(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node1-vip)(PORT=1521))(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.31)(PORT=1521)(IP=FIRST))))         # line added by Agent

[grid@node1 ~]$

 

节点二监听:

[grid@node2 ~]$ cat $TNS_ADMIN/listener.ora

LISTENER_SCAN1=(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN1))))                # line added by Agent

LISTENER=(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=LISTENER))))            # line added by Agent

ENABLE_GLOBAL_DYNAMIC_ENDPOINT_LISTENER=ON              # line added by Agent

ENABLE_GLOBAL_DYNAMIC_ENDPOINT_LISTENER_SCAN1=ON                # line added by Agent

 

SID_LIST_LISTENER =

  (SID_LIST =

   (SID_DESC =

     (GLOBAL_DBNAME = +ASM)

     (ORACLE_HOME=/u01/grid)

     (SID_NAME = +ASM2)

   )

  )

[grid@node2 ~]$ cat $TNS_ADMIN/endpoints_listener.ora

LISTENER_NODE2=(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node2-vip)(PORT=1521))(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.32)(PORT=1521)(IP=FIRST))))         # line added by Agent

[grid@node2 ~]$

 

 

检查配置情况:

C:\Users\Administrator> sqlplus sys/lhr@192.168.1.31:1521/+ASM as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Jun 11 11:13:37 2015

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

 

SQL> set line 9999

SQL> show parameter name

 

NAME                                 TYPE                   VALUE

------------------------------------ ---------------------- ------------------------------

db_unique_name                       string                 +ASM

instance_name                        string                 +ASM1

lock_name_space                      string

service_names                        string                 +ASM

SQL> conn  sys/lhr@192.168.1.32:1521/+ASM as sysdba

Connected.

SQL> show parameter name

 

NAME                                 TYPE                   VALUE

------------------------------------ ---------------------- ------------------------------

db_unique_name                       string                 +ASM

instance_name                        string                 +ASM2

lock_name_space                      string

service_names                        string                 +ASM

SQL>

 

 

一.4.1.2  配置tnsnames.ora

注意切换到oracle用户下,2个节点均配置:

节点一:

[oracle@node1 ~]$ su - oracle

Password:

[oracle@node1 ~]$ cd $TNS_ADMIN

[oracle@node1 admin]$ ll

total 16

drwxr-xr-x 2 oracle oinstall 4096 Feb 27  2012 samples

-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall  187 May  7  2007 shrept.lst

-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 1137 Apr 28 14:41 tnsnames1504282PM4155.bak

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 1752 May 12 16:17 tnsnames.ora

[oracle@node1 admin]$ more tnsnames.ora

# tnsnames.ora Network Configuration File: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/network/admin/tnsnames.ora

# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

 

RAC =

  (DESCRIPTION =

    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.32)(PORT = 1521))

    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.31)(PORT = 1521))

    (CONNECT_DATA =

      (SERVER = DEDICATED)

      (SERVICE_NAME = HAHA)

    )

  )

 

ASM = 

(DESCRIPTION = 

    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.31)(PORT = 1521)) 

    (CONNECT_DATA = 

      (SERVER = DEDICATED) 

      (SERVICE_NAME = +ASM) 

      (SID_NAME = +ASM1) 

    ) 

  )

 

 

[oracle@node1 admin]$

 

 

节点二:

[oracle@node2 admin]$ more tnsnames.ora

# tnsnames.ora.node2 Network Configuration File: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/network/admin/tnsnames.ora.node2

# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

 

RAC =

  (DESCRIPTION =

    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.32)(PORT = 1521))

    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.31)(PORT = 1521))

    (CONNECT_DATA =

      (SERVER = DEDICATED)

      (SERVICE_NAME = HAHA)

    )

  )

 

ASM = 

(DESCRIPTION = 

    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.32)(PORT = 1521)) 

    (CONNECT_DATA = 

      (SERVER = DEDICATED) 

      (SERVICE_NAME = +ASM) 

      (SID_NAME = +ASM2) 

    ) 

  )

[oracle@node2 admin]$

 

 

 

 

 

检查配置情况:

 

 

[oracle@node1 admin]$ sqlplus lhr/lhr@rac

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Jun 11 16:47:45 2015

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,

Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

 

SQL> show parameter name

 

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE

------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------

db_file_name_convert                 string

db_name                              string      jmrac

db_unique_name                       string      jmrac

global_names                         boolean     FALSE

instance_name                        string      jmrac2

lock_name_space                      string

log_file_name_convert                string

service_names                        string      HAHA, jmrac

SQL> conn sys/lhr@ASM  as sysasm

Connected.

SQL> show parameter name

 

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE

------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------

db_unique_name                       string      +ASM

instance_name                        string      +ASM1

lock_name_space                      string

service_names                        string      +ASM

SQL>

 

 

一.4.2  RAC上安装OGG软件

一.4.2.1  安装ACFS

我们首先来安装ACFS,ASM Cluster File System,相关知识不多解释,而安装ACFS也有很多种办法,这里我们采用命令行的方式来安装ACFS,我们在节点一上操作:

   aroot用户手工加载驱动:ASM volume driveracfsload为grid用户下的命令

[root@node1 ~]# acfsload -s

acfsload: ACFS-9228: usage: acfsload {start|stop} [-s]

[root@node1 ~]# acfsload start

ACFS-9327: Verifying ADVM/ACFS devices.

ACFS-9322: done.

[root@node1 ~]#

 

b、创建磁盘组也可以不用创建磁盘组,后边采用已经存在的磁盘组来创建卷组,我们这里就不再重新创建磁盘组了

c、创建asm      

[root@node1 ~]# su - grid

[grid@node1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Jun 11 14:16:13 2015

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

 

SQL> alter diskgroup DATA add volume acfsvol1 size 1G;

 

Diskgroup altered.

 

SQL> exit

Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

[grid@node1 ~]$ ll /dev/asm

total 0

brwxrwx--- 1 root asmadmin 252, 118786 Jun 11 14:16 acfsvol1-232

brwxrwx--- 1 root asmadmin 252, 118785 Jun 11 13:45 vol01-232

[grid@node1 ~]$

 d、创建acfs挂载目录rac1rac2节点都执行

 

[root@node1 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232

 

[root@node2 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232

 

e、用mkfs创建文件系统

[root@node1 ~]# /sbin/mkfs -t acfs -n acfs01 /dev/asm/acfsvol1-232

mkfs.acfs: version                   = 11.2.0.1.0.0

mkfs.acfs: on-disk version           = 39.0

mkfs.acfs: volume                    = /dev/asm/acfsvol1-232

mkfs.acfs: volume size               = 1073741824

mkfs.acfs: Format complete.

[root@node1 ~]#

f、用acfsuit命令注册文件系统

[root@node1 ~]# /sbin/acfsutil registry -a -f /dev/asm/acfsvol1-232   /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232

acfsutil registry: mount point /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232 successfully added to Oracle Registry

 g、用mount.acfs命令挂载文件系统

[root@node1 ~]# mount.acfs -o all

[root@node1 ~]# df -h

Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on

/dev/sda3              75G   57G   15G  81% /

/dev/sda1              99M   27M   67M  29% /boot

tmpfs                1005M  463M  542M  47% /dev/shm

/dev/asm/vol01-232    1.0G   73M  952M   8% /u01/app/acfsmounts/data_vol01

/dev/asm/acfsvol1-232

                      1.0G   73M  952M   8% /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232

[root@node1 ~]#

[root@node1 ~]# ssh node2 "df -h"

root@node2's password:

Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on

/dev/sda3              75G   16G   55G  23% /

/dev/sda1              99M   26M   69M  28% /boot

tmpfs                1005M  463M  542M  47% /dev/shm

/dev/asm/vol01-232    1.0G   73M  952M   8% /u01/app/acfsmounts/data_vol01

/dev/asm/acfsvol1-232

                      1.0G   73M  952M   8% /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232

[root@node1 ~]#

h、改变文件系统属性供oracle使用

 

[root@node1 ~]# chown oracle.asmadmin /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232

[root@node1 ~]# ll -d /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232

drwxrwx--- 4 oracle asmadmin 4096 Jun 11 14:24 /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232

[root@node1 ~]# ssh node2 "ls -ld /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232"

root@node2's password:

drwxrwx--- 4 oracle asmadmin 4096 Jun 11 14:24 /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232

[root@node1 ~]#

 

 

一.4.2.2  acfs上安装oggacfs用来存放ogg的安装目录,便于集群件的共享,在10g上部署可以选择ocfs2

首先上传ogg软件到/TMP目录下:

wpsF62F.tmp 

2个节点均配置环境变量,加入如下参数:

export OGG_HOME=/u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11

export PATH=$OGG_HOME:$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$OGG_HOME:$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$LD_LIBRARYPATH

 

alias ggsci='rlwrap ggsci'

 

节点一:

[oracle@node1 gg11]$ source ~/.bash_profile

[oracle@node1 gg11]$ echo $OGG_HOME

/u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11

[oracle@node1 gg11]$

节点二:

[oracle@node2 ~]$  source ~/.bash_profile

[oracle@node2 ~]$ echo $OGG_HOME

/u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11

[oracle@node2 ~]$

 

开始在节点一安装OGG软件:

[root@node1 tmp]# chown oracle.oinstall ogg112101_fbo_ggs_Linux_x64_ora11g_64bit.zip

[root@node1 tmp]# su - oracle

[oracle@node1 tmp]$ unzip ogg112101_fbo_ggs_Linux_x64_ora11g_64bit.zip

Archive:  ogg112101_fbo_ggs_Linux_x64_ora11g_64bit.zip

  inflating: fbo_ggs_Linux_x64_ora11g_64bit.tar 

 

  inflating: OGG_WinUnix_Rel_Notes_11.2.1.0.1.pdf 

  inflating: Oracle GoldenGate 11.2.1.0.1 README.txt 

  inflating: Oracle GoldenGate 11.2.1.0.1 README.doc 

[oracle@node1 tmp]$

[oracle@node1 tmp]$  tar xvf fbo_ggs_Linux_x64_ora11g_64bit.tar -C $OGG_HOME

。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。

[oracle@node1 ~]$ cd $OGG_HOME

[oracle@node1 gg11]$ pwd

/u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11

[oracle@node1 gg11]$ ggsci

 

Oracle GoldenGate Command Interpreter for Oracle

Version 11.2.1.0.1 OGGCORE_11.2.1.0.1_PLATFORMS_120423.0230_FBO

Linux, x64, 64bit (optimized), Oracle 11g on Apr 23 2012 08:32:14

 

Copyright (C) 1995, 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 1>

GGSCI (node1) 1> create subdirs

 

Creating subdirectories under current directory /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11

 

Parameter files                /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11/dirprm: already exists

Report files                   /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11/dirrpt: created

Checkpoint files               /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11/dirchk: created

Process status files           /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11/dirpcs: created

SQL script files               /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11/dirsql: created

Database definitions files     /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11/dirdef: created

Extract data files             /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11/dirdat: created

Temporary files                /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11/dirtmp: created

Stdout files                   /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11/dirout: created

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 2>

 

 

 

节点二测试:

[root@node2 ~]# su - oracle

[oracle@node2 ~]$ cd $OGG_HOME

[oracle@node2 gg11]$ ggsci

 

Oracle GoldenGate Command Interpreter for Oracle

Version 11.2.1.0.1 OGGCORE_11.2.1.0.1_PLATFORMS_120423.0230_FBO

Linux, x64, 64bit (optimized), Oracle 11g on Apr 23 2012 08:32:14

 

Copyright (C) 1995, 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

GGSCI (node2) 1>

 

 

一.4.2.3  配置mgr进程

 

节点一上配置mgr进程:

 

GGSCI (node1) 2> edit params mgr

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 3> view params mgr

 

port 7809 

autostart er * 

autorestart er *

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 4> start mgr

 

Manager started.

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 5> info mgr

 

Manager is running (IP port node1.7809).

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 6> sh netstat -ntpl |grep 7809 

 

(Not all processes could be identified, non-owned process info

will not be shown, you would have to be root to see it all.)

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:7809                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      7561/mgr           

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 7> sh ps -ef|grep mgr

 

gdm       5077  5060  0 14:52 ?        00:00:00 /usr/libexec/gdmgreeter

oracle    7561  7424  0 15:11 ?        00:00:00 ./mgr PARAMFILE /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11/dirprm/mgr.prm REPORTFILE /u01/app/acfsmounts/acfsvol1-232/gg11/dirrpt/MGR.rpt PROCESSID MGR PORT 7809

oracle    7595  7424  0 15:11 pts/2    00:00:00 sh -c ps -ef|grep mgr

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 8>

 

一.4.3  target库安装OGG软件

省略安装过程。。。。

 

一.4.4  rac数据库上进行配置,创建用户,授权,运行执行序列号和ddl复制的相关脚本等

脚本:

create user ogg identified by ogg; 

grant connect,resource,dba to ogg; 

@sequence.sql

alter database  add supplemental log data; 

alter database  add supplemental log data (primary key) columns; 

alter database  add supplemental log data (foreign key) columns; 

alter database  add supplemental log data (unique) columns; 

alter system archive log current; 

grant execute on utl_file to ogg; 

@marker_setup.sql 

@ddl_setup.sql 

@role_setup.sql 

grant ggs_ggsuser_role to ogg; 

@ddl_enable.sql 

@ddl_pin ogg

 

 

[oracle@node1 gg11]$ ORACLE_SID=jmrac1

[oracle@node1 gg11]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Jun 11 15:17:43 2015

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,

Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

 

SQL> select instance_name from v$instance;

 

INSTANCE_NAME

----------------

jmrac1

 

SQL> create user ogg identified by ogg;

 

User created.

 

SQL> grant connect,resource,dba to ogg;

 

Grant succeeded.

 

SQL> @sequence.sql

Please enter the name of a schema for the GoldenGate database objects:

ogg

Setting schema name to OGG

 

UPDATE_SEQUENCE STATUS:

 

Line/pos

--------------------

Error

-----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors

No errors

 

 

GETSEQFLUSH

 

Line/pos

--------------------

Error

-----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors

No errors

 

 

SEQTRACE

 

Line/pos

--------------------

Error

-----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors

No errors

 

 

REPLICATE_SEQUENCE STATUS:

 

Line/pos

--------------------

Error

-----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors

No errors

 

 

STATUS OF SEQUENCE SUPPORT

--------------------------------------------------------------

SUCCESSFUL installation of Oracle Sequence Replication support

SQL> alter database  add supplemental log data; 

 

Database altered.

 

SQL> alter database  add supplemental log data (primary key) columns;  

 

Database altered.

 

SQL> alter database  add supplemental log data (foreign key) columns; 

 

Database altered.

 

SQL> alter database  add supplemental log data (unique) columns;

 

Database altered.

 

SQL> alter system archive log current;  

 

System altered.

 

SQL> grant execute on utl_file to ogg; 

 

Grant succeeded.

 

SQL> @marker_setup.sql 

 

Marker setup script

 

You will be prompted for the name of a schema for the Oracle GoldenGate database objects.

NOTE: The schema must be created prior to running this script.

NOTE: Stop all DDL replication before starting this installation.

 

Enter Oracle GoldenGate schema name:ogg

 

 

Marker setup table script complete, running verification script...

Please enter the name of a schema for the GoldenGate database objects:

Setting schema name to OGG

 

MARKER TABLE

-------------------------------

OK

 

MARKER SEQUENCE

-------------------------------

OK

 

Script complete.

SQL> @ddl_setup.sql 

 

Oracle GoldenGate DDL Replication setup script

 

Verifying that current user has privileges to install DDL Replication...

 

You will be prompted for the name of a schema for the Oracle GoldenGate database objects.

NOTE: For an Oracle 10g source, the system recycle bin must be disabled. For Oracle 11g and later, it can be enabled.

NOTE: The schema must be created prior to running this script.

NOTE: Stop all DDL replication before starting this installation.

 

Enter Oracle GoldenGate schema name:ogg

 

Working, please wait ...

Spooling to file ddl_setup_spool.txt

 

Checking for sessions that are holding locks on Oracle Golden Gate metadata tables ...

 

Check complete.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Using OGG as a Oracle GoldenGate schema name.

 

Working, please wait ...

 

DDL replication setup script complete, running verification script...

Please enter the name of a schema for the GoldenGate database objects:

Setting schema name to OGG

 

CLEAR_TRACE STATUS:

 

Line/pos             Error

-------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors            No errors

 

CREATE_TRACE STATUS:

 

Line/pos             Error

-------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors            No errors

 

TRACE_PUT_LINE STATUS:

 

Line/pos             Error

-------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors            No errors

 

INITIAL_SETUP STATUS:

 

Line/pos             Error

-------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors            No errors

 

DDLVERSIONSPECIFIC PACKAGE STATUS:

 

Line/pos             Error

-------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors            No errors

 

DDLREPLICATION PACKAGE STATUS:

 

Line/pos             Error

-------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors            No errors

 

DDLREPLICATION PACKAGE BODY STATUS:

 

Line/pos             Error

-------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors            No errors

 

DDL IGNORE TABLE

-----------------------------------

OK

 

DDL IGNORE LOG TABLE

-----------------------------------

OK

 

DDLAUX  PACKAGE STATUS:

 

Line/pos             Error

-------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors            No errors

 

DDLAUX PACKAGE BODY STATUS:

 

Line/pos             Error

-------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors            No errors

 

SYS.DDLCTXINFO  PACKAGE STATUS:

 

Line/pos             Error

-------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors            No errors

 

SYS.DDLCTXINFO  PACKAGE BODY STATUS:

 

Line/pos             Error

-------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors            No errors

 

DDL HISTORY TABLE

-----------------------------------

OK

 

DDL HISTORY TABLE(1)

-----------------------------------

OK

 

DDL DUMP TABLES

-----------------------------------

OK

 

DDL DUMP COLUMNS

-----------------------------------

OK

 

DDL DUMP LOG GROUPS

-----------------------------------

OK

 

DDL DUMP PARTITIONS

-----------------------------------

OK

 

DDL DUMP PRIMARY KEYS

-----------------------------------

OK

 

DDL SEQUENCE

-----------------------------------

OK

 

GGS_TEMP_COLS

-----------------------------------

OK

 

GGS_TEMP_UK

-----------------------------------

OK

 

DDL TRIGGER CODE STATUS:

 

Line/pos             Error

-------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

No errors            No errors

 

DDL TRIGGER INSTALL STATUS

-----------------------------------

OK

 

DDL TRIGGER RUNNING STATUS

----------------------------------------------------------------------

ENABLED

 

STAYMETADATA IN TRIGGER

----------------------------------------------------------------------

OFF

 

DDL TRIGGER SQL TRACING

----------------------------------------------------------------------

0

 

DDL TRIGGER TRACE LEVEL

----------------------------------------------------------------------

0

 

LOCATION OF DDL TRACE FILE

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

/u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/jmrac/jmrac1/trace/ggs_ddl_trace.log

 

Analyzing installation status...

 

 

STATUS OF DDL REPLICATION

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SUCCESSFUL installation of DDL Replication software components

 

Script complete.

SQL> @role_setup.sql

 

GGS Role setup script

 

This script will drop and recreate the role GGS_GGSUSER_ROLE

To use a different role name, quit this script and then edit the params.sql script to change the gg_role parameter to the preferred name. (Do not run the script.)

 

You will be prompted for the name of a schema for the GoldenGate database objects.

NOTE: The schema must be created prior to running this script.

NOTE: Stop all DDL replication before starting this installation.

 

Enter GoldenGate schema name:ogg

Wrote file role_setup_set.txt

 

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

 

 

Role setup script complete

 

Grant this role to each user assigned to the Extract, GGSCI, and Manager processes, by using the following SQL command:

 

GRANT GGS_GGSUSER_ROLE TO

 

where is the user assigned to the GoldenGate processes.

SQL>  grant ggs_ggsuser_role to ogg;

 

Grant succeeded.

 

SQL> @ddl_enable.sql 

 

Trigger altered.

 

SQL> @ddl_pin ogg

 

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

 

 

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

 

 

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

 

SQL> archive log list;

Database log mode              Archive Mode

Automatic archival             Enabled

Archive destination            USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST

Oldest online log sequence     49

Next log sequence to archive   50

Current log sequence           50

SQL>

SQL> create user test identified by test; 

 

User created.

 

SQL> grant connect,resource to test;

 

Grant succeeded.

 

SQL>

 

 

一.4.5  source端配置extract group

[oracle@node1 gg11]$ ggsci

 

Oracle GoldenGate Command Interpreter for Oracle

Version 11.2.1.0.1 OGGCORE_11.2.1.0.1_PLATFORMS_120423.0230_FBO

Linux, x64, 64bit (optimized), Oracle 11g on Apr 23 2012 08:32:14

 

Copyright (C) 1995, 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 1> dblogin userid ogg,password ogg 

Successfully logged into database.

 

GGSCI (node1) 2> add extract testext,tranlog,begin now,threads 2

EXTRACT added.

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 3> add exttrail ./dirdat/et, extract testext 

EXTTRAIL added.

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 4> edit params testext 

EXTRACT testext

SETENV (ORACLE_HOME = "/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1")

USERID ogg@rac, PASSWORD ogg

TRANLOGOPTIONS ASMUSER sys@ASM,ASMPASSWORD lhr

THREADOPTIONS MAXCOMMITPROPAGATIONDELAY 20000

EXTTRAIL ./dirdat/et

DYNAMICRESOLUTION

DDL INCLUDE ALL

TABLE test.*;

~

~

~

。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。

~

~

"dirprm/testext.prm" [New] 9L, 289C written

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 5> view params testext 

 

EXTRACT testext 

SETENV (ORACLE_HOME = "/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1") 

USERID ogg@rac, PASSWORD ogg 

TRANLOGOPTIONS ASMUSER sys@ASM,ASMPASSWORD lhr 

THREADOPTIONS MAXCOMMITPROPAGATIONDELAY 20000 

EXTTRAIL ./dirdat/et 

DYNAMICRESOLUTION 

DDL INCLUDE ALL 

TABLE test.*;

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 6>

 

[oracle@node1 gg11]$ sqlplus ogg/ogg@rac

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Jun 11 15:31:41 2015

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,

Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

 

SQL> exit

Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,

Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

[oracle@node1 gg11]$ sqlplus sys/lhr@ASM as sysasm

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Jun 11 15:32:10 2015

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

 

SQL> exit

Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

[oracle@node1 gg11]$

 

 

一.4.6  source端配置data pump extract group

 

GGSCI (node1) 1> add extract testpump,exttrailsource ./dirdat/et,begin now 

EXTRACT added.

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 2> add rmttrail ./dirdat/rt,extract testpump 

RMTTRAIL added.

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 3> edit params  testpump 

EXTRACT testpump

RMTHOST 192.168.1.128, MGRPORT 7809

RMTTRAIL ./dirdat/rt

PASSTHRU

TABLE test.*; 

~

~

~

。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。

~

~

~

~

"dirprm/testpump.prm" [New] 5L, 105C written

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 4> view params  testpump

 

EXTRACT testpump 

RMTHOST 192.168.1.128, MGRPORT 7809 

RMTTRAIL ./dirdat/rt 

PASSTHRU 

TABLE test.*; 

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 5>

GGSCI (node1) 5> info all

 

Program     Status      Group       Lag at Chkpt  Time Since Chkpt

 

MANAGER     RUNNING                                          

EXTRACT     STOPPED     TESTEXT     00:00:00      00:10:18   

EXTRACT     STOPPED     TESTPUMP    00:00:00      00:02:19   

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 6>

 

 

 

 

一.4.7  target端配置

注意:这里要保证在tnsnames.ora文件中配置了orcl连接串

[oracle@orcltest ~]$ ORACLE_SID=orcl

[oracle@orcltest ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Jun 11 15:38:14 2015

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

 

SQL> create user ogg identified by ogg; 

 

User created.

 

SQL> grant connect,resource,dba to ogg; 

 

Grant succeeded.

 

SQL> create user test identified by test; 

 

User created.

 

SQL> grant connect,resource to test;

 

Grant succeeded.

 

SQL> exit

Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

[oracle@orcltest ~]$

 

[oracle@orcltest ~]$ cd $OGG_HOME

[oracle@orcltest gg11]$ ggsci

 

Oracle GoldenGate Command Interpreter for Oracle

Version 11.2.1.0.1 OGGCORE_11.2.1.0.1_PLATFORMS_120423.0230_FBO

Linux, x64, 64bit (optimized), Oracle 11g on Apr 23 2012 08:32:14

 

Copyright (C) 1995, 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

GGSCI (orcltest) 1> info all

 

Program     Status      Group       Lag at Chkpt  Time Since Chkpt

 

MANAGER     STOPPED                                          

 

 

 

GGSCI (orcltest) 2> add replicat testrpt,exttrail ./dirdat/rt,nodbcheckpoint 

REPLICAT added.

 

 

GGSCI (orcltest) 3> edit params testrpt 

REPLICAT testrpt

setenv (ORACLE_SID=orcl)

SETENV (ORACLE_HOME = "/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1")

USERID ogg@orcl,PASSWORD ogg

ASSUMETARGETDEFS

HANDLECOLLISIONS

REPERROR (DEFAULT, DISCARD)

DDLERROR DEFAULT DISCARD

DDLOPTIONS REPORT

DISCARDFILE ./repsz.dsc,append,megabytes 100

MAP test.*, TARGET test.*;

~

~

~

~

~

。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。

~

~

~

~

"dirprm/testrpt.prm" [New] 11L, 328C written

 

 

GGSCI (orcltest) 4> view params testrpt

 

REPLICAT testrpt

setenv (ORACLE_SID=orcl)

SETENV (ORACLE_HOME = "/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1") 

USERID ogg@orcl,PASSWORD ogg

ASSUMETARGETDEFS 

HANDLECOLLISIONS 

REPERROR (DEFAULT, DISCARD) 

DDLERROR DEFAULT DISCARD 

DDLOPTIONS REPORT 

DISCARDFILE ./repsz.dsc,append,megabytes 100 

MAP test.*, TARGET test.*;

 

 

GGSCI (orcltest) 5>

GGSCI (orcltest) 5> info all

 

Program     Status      Group       Lag at Chkpt  Time Since Chkpt

 

MANAGER     STOPPED                                          

REPLICAT    STOPPED     TESTRPT     00:00:00      00:25:50   

 

 

GGSCI (orcltest) 6>

 

 

[oracle@orcltest ~]$ sqlplus ogg/ogg@orcl

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Jun 11 16:04:06 2015

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

 

SQL>

 

 

 

一.4.8  启动各进程

 

注意进程的启动顺序,先是sourcetarget端的mgr进程,其次是source端的extract进程,target端的replicat进程,最后是source端的extract pump进程

 

进程安排在最后启动,在启动source端的pump进程之前,如果target端的replicat进程未启动,则会报如下错误:

2012-07-15 13:56:14  ERROR   OGG-01033  There is a problem in network communication, a remote file problem, encryption keys for target and source do not match (if using ENCRYPT) or an unknown error. (Remote file used is /vol2/ogg/dirdat/rt000000, reply received is Could not create /vol2/ogg/dirdat/rt000000).

 

利用start group名称启动各个进程,启动后的情况:

source端:

GGSCI (node1) 1> info all

 

Program     Status      Group       Lag at Chkpt  Time Since Chkpt

 

MANAGER     RUNNING                                          

EXTRACT     RUNNING     TESTEXT     00:00:00      00:00:03   

EXTRACT     RUNNING     TESTPUMP    00:00:00      00:00:02   

 

 

GGSCI (node1) 2>

 

target端:

GGSCI (orcltest) 7> info all

 

Program     Status      Group       Lag at Chkpt  Time Since Chkpt

 

MANAGER     RUNNING                                          

REPLICAT    RUNNING     TESTRPT     00:00:00      00:00:04

 

 

确保每个进程都是running状态,如果不是的话就view report 进程名,查看日志解决错误后重新启动进程。

 

一.4.9  测试同步情况

 

C:\Users\Administrator>sqlplus test/test@rac

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Jun 11 16:15:59 2015

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,

Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

 

SQL> create table t1 (id number,name char(10));

 

Table created.

 

SQL> desc t1;

Name                                      Null?    Type

----------------------------------------- -------- ----------------------------

ID                                                 NUMBER

NAME                                               CHAR(10)

 

SQL> insert into t1 values (1,'one');

 

1 row created.

 

SQL> select * from t1;

 

        ID NAME

---------- ----------

         1 one

 

SQL> commit;

 

Commit complete.

 

SQL> conn test/test@orcl

Connected.

SQL> select * from tab;

 

TNAME                          TABTYPE  CLUSTERID

------------------------------ ------- ----------

T1                             TABLE

 

SQL> select * from t1;

 

        ID NAME

---------- ----------

         1 one

 

SQL>

SQL> conn test/test@rac

Connected.

SQL> create table rac_test as select * from all_objects;

 

Table created.

 

SQL>  conn test/test@orcl

Connected.

SQL> select count(1) from rac_test;

 

  COUNT(1)

----------

     68092

 

SQL> conn test/test@rac

Connected.

SQL> select count(1) from rac_test;

 

  COUNT(1)

----------

     55664

 

SQL>

 

 

 

 

一.4.10  总结

 

总结:rac环境下配置ogg,基本同单实例无异!重点需要注意的地方有以下几点!
1:使用ASM存储,需要先配置ASM实例的静态注册,同时在tnsnames.ora文件中配置连接串
2:在配置exttract进程中,注意需要配置TRANLOGOPTIONS 参数,输入连接asm实例的凭证
3:在配置exttract进程中,添加tranlog的时候,需要写thread 2
4: 注意进程的启动顺序,先是sourcetarget端的mgr进程,其次是source端的extract进程,target端的replicat进程,最后是source端的extract pump进程

 

 

一.5  About Me

 

...........................................................................................................................................................................................

本文作者:小麦苗,只专注于数据库的技术,更注重技术的运用

ITPUB BLOG:http://blog.itpub.net/26736162

本文地址:http://blog.itpub.net/26736162/viewspace-1699522/

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QQ:642808185 若加QQ请注明你所正在读的文章标题

创作时间地点:2015-06-11 09:00~ 2015-06-11 19:00 于外汇交易中心

...........................................................................................................................................................................................

 

 

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