【MOS】EVENT: DROP_SEGMENTS - cleanup of TEMPORARY segments (文档 ID 47400.1)

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【MOS】EVENT: DROP_SEGMENTS - cleanup of TEMPORARY segments (文档 ID 47400.1)

小麦苗 2017-04-11 13:27:23 浏览467
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【MOS】EVENT: DROP_SEGMENTS - Forcing cleanup of TEMPORARY segments (文档 ID 47400.1)




***Checked for relevance on 14-Jun-2012***
 The DROP_SEGMENTS event
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 Available from 8.0 onwards.
 

   DESCRIPTION Finds all the temporary segments in a tablespace which are not
     currently locked and drops them.
     For the purpose of this event a "temp" segment is defined as a 
     segment (seg$ entry) with TYPE#=3. Sort space in a TEMPORARY
     tablespace does not qualify under this definition as such
     space is managed independently of SEG$ entries.

   PARAMETERS
     level - tablespace number+1. If the value is 2147483647 then
             temp segments in ALL tablespaces are dropped, otherwise, only
             segments in a tablespace whose number is equal to the LEVEL
             specification are dropped.

   NOTES
     This routine does what SMON does in the background, i.e. drops
     temporary segments. It is provided as a manual intervention tool which
     the user may invoke if SMON misses the post and does not get to
     clean the temp segments for another 2 hours. We do not know whether
     missed post is a real possibility or more theoretical situation, so
     we provide this event as an insurance against SMON misbehaviour.

     Under normal operation there is no need to use this event.

     It may be a good idea to 
        alter tablespace <tablespace> coalesce;
     after dropping lots of extents to tidy things up.

 *SQL Session (if you can connect to the database):      
    alter session set events 'immediate trace name DROP_SEGMENTS level TS#+1';

     The TS# can be obtained from v$tablespace view:
     select ts# from v$tablespace where name = '<Tablespace name>';

     Or from SYS.TS$:

     select ts# from sys.ts$ where name = '<Tablespace name>' and online$ != 3;
     
     If ts# is 5, an example of dropping the temporary segments in that tablespace 
     would be:

    alter session set events 'immediate trace name DROP_SEGMENTS level 6'; 




Master Note: Database System Monitor Process (SMON) (文档 ID 1495163.1)

Temporary Segment Cleanup


Oracle Database often requires temporary workspace for intermediate stages of SQL statement execution. Typical operations that may require a temporary segment include sorting, hashing, and merging bitmaps. While creating an index, Oracle Database also places index segments into temporary segments and then converts them into permanent segments when the index is complete.

Oracle Database does not create a temporary segment if an operation can be performed in memory. However, if memory use is not possible, then the database automatically allocates a temporary segment on disk.

Temporary segments will also be created for the following operations a well.

  • CREATE TABLE AS SELECT
  • ALTER INDEX REBUILD
  • DROP TABLE
  • CREATE SNAPSHOT
  • CREATE PARTITION TABLE

When does SMON cleanup temporary segments?

During normal operations, user processes that create temporary segments are responsible for cleanup. If the user process dies before cleaning them up, or the user process receives an error causing the statement to fail, SMON is posted to do the cleanup.

  • Sort segments residing in PERMANENT tablespace are cleaned up by SMON after the sort is completed.
  • For performance issues, extents in TEMPORARY tablespaces are not released or deallocated once the operation is complete. Instead, the extent is simply marked as available for the next sort operation. SMON cleans up the segments at startup.
SMON also might get tied up cleaning uncommitted transactions though, and be too busy to process requests to grow an existing sort segment. Starting with Oracle 8i, playing around with fast_start_parallel_rollback might workaround that.In addition, actions like CREATE INDEX create a temporary segment for the index, and only convert it to permanent once the index has been created. Also, DROP <object> converts the segment to temporary and then cleans up the temporary segment.
Temporary Segments in a Permanent Tablespace

The background process System Monitor (SMON) frees the temporary segments when the statement has been completed.If a large number of sort segments has been created, then SMON may take some time to drop them; this process automatically implies a loss of overall database performance.After SMON has freed up the temporary segment, the space is released for use by other objects.

Temporary Segments in a Temporary Tablespace

The background process SMON actually de-allocates the sort segment after the instance has been started and the database has been opened. Thus, after the database has been opened, SMON may be seen to consume large amounts of CPU as it first de-allocates the (extents from the) temporary segment, and after that performs free space coalescing of the free extents created by the temporary segment cleanup. This behavior will be exaggerated if the temporary tablespace, in which the sort segment resides, has inappropriate (small) default NEXT storage parameters.

How to identify whether SMON is cleaning up temporary extents ?

Check whether there are a large number of temporary extents that might be being cleaned up by running the following query a few times

 

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