Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server(RHEL) yum安装软件时This system is not registered with RHN. RHN support will be disabled. 的解决方法(转)

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Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server(RHEL) yum安装软件时This system is not registered with RHN. RHN support will be disabled. 的解决方法(转)

developerguy 2016-02-29 19:51:00 浏览858
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新安装了redhat6.5.安装后,登录系统,使用yum update 更新系统。提示:

This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.

无法更新。

redhat 默认自带的 yum 源需要注册,才能更新。我们想不花钱也可以更新,需要替换掉redhat的yum源。

 

1.检查是否安装yum包

查看RHEL是否安装了yum,若是安装了,那么又有哪些yum包:

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa |grep yum

yum-metadata-parser-1.0-8.fc6

yum-3.0.1-5.el5

yum-rhn-plugin-0.4.3-1.el5

yum-updatesd-3.0.1-5.el5

2 删除redhat自带的yum包

卸载上面显示的所有yum包:

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa|grep yum|xargs rpm -e --nodeps(不检查依赖,直接删除rpm包)

再用

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa |grep yum

[root@localhost ~]# 

查看,无信息显示表示已经卸载完成。

3.下载新的yum包。使用Centos6.5的yum包

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# wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/os/i386/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.i686.rpm
# wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/os/i386/Packages/yum-3.2.29-40.el6.centos.noarch.rpm
# wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/os/i386/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-14.el6.noarch.rpm

 

 

安装yum软件包

注意:单个的安装包可能会依赖其它包(例如yum和yum-fastestmirror会相互依赖),所以我们可以把所有这些包放在一起,用一行命令将它们同时安装即可:

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# rpm -ivh yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.i686.rpm yum-3.2.29-40.el6.centos.noarch.rpm yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-14.el6.noarch.rpm

4.更换yum源。使用163的源

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# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
# wget  http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo
# vi CentOS6-Base-163.repo

编辑文件,把文件里面的$releasever全部替换为版本号,即6.5 最后保存!或者直接把下面的内存拷贝到CentOS6-Base-163.repo文件中即可(已经修改好)

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# CentOS-Base.repo
#
# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and
# geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates
# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
#
# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the 
# remarked out baseurl= line instead.
#
#
 
[base]
name=CentOS-6.5 - Base - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/os/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6.5&arch=$basearch&repo=os
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
 
#released updates 
[updates]
name=CentOS-6.5 - Updates - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/updates/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6.5&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
 
#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-6.5 - Extras - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/extras/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6.5&arch=$basearch&repo=extras
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
 
#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-6.5 - Plus - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/centosplus/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6.5&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
 
#contrib - packages by Centos Users
[contrib]
name=CentOS-6.5 - Contrib - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/contrib/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6.5&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

5.清除原有缓存

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# yum clean all

重建缓存,以提高搜索安装软件的速度

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# yum makecache

6.更新系统

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# yum update
 

 

http://qingwang.blog.51cto.com/505009/1551228/

 

Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server(RHEL) 的yum服务是付费的,因为没有付费,所以无法使用yum安装软件,如RHEL想安装LNMP必须要先按此教程设置好yum,并可以正常使用后才可以安装LNMP一键安装包,会提示如下错误:This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register. 或如下错误信息:This system is not registered with RHN. RHN support will be disabled.

解决方法:
执行:rpm -qa|grep yum|xargs rpm -e --nodeps  将yum卸载掉
cat /etc/issue && uname -a 看一下系统版本号和系统位数

到 http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/ 或 http://mirrors.163.com/centos/ 找对应系统版本号

如果系统是5.* 64位,则打开http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/5/os/x86_64/CentOS/
如果系统是5.* 32位,则打开http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/5/os/i386/CentOS/
如果系统是6.* 32位:http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/6/os/i386/Packages/
如果系统是6.* 32位:http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/6/os/i386/Packages/

找到yum 、yum-fastestmirror、yum-metadata-parser 这3个软件包的地址,然后执行:以下命令下载地址可能会无法下载,到上面网址找对应的下载文件!下面是以RHEL 5.* 64位 为例,下面下载地址里的链接可能会变,自行更换下载地址

复制内容到剪贴板
代码:
wget http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/5/os/x86_64/CentOS/yum-3.2.22-39.el5.centos.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/5/os/x86_64/CentOS/yum-fastestmirror-1.1.16-21.el5.centos.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/5/os/x86_64/CentOS/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-3.el5.centos.x86_64.rpm

下载下这3个软件包,再执行:
rpm -ivh yum-*
再执行:(如果是6.*的版本,则将下面内容里面的5改成6,同时将下面文件里的$releasever全部替换为版本号5或6后再执行。)

复制内容到剪贴板
代码:
cat >/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo<<eof
[base]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=os
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#released updates 
[updates]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#packages used/produced in the build but not released
[addons]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Addons
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$releasever/addons/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=addons
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extras
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#contrib - packages by Centos Users
[contrib]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Contrib
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$releasever/contrib/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5
eof

再执行:yum makecache 生成缓存,再yum install 安装软件试试

http://bbs.vpser.net/thread-7553-1-1.html

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