WeChat Official Account Admin Platform Message API Guide

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WeChat Official Account Admin Platform Message API Guide

方倍工作室 2013-09-03 02:19:00 浏览1312
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Keyword: WeChat Message API Text Image Location Link Event Music RichMedia
Author: PondBay Studio[WeChat Developer EXPERT]
Address:  http://www.cnblogs.com/txw1958/p/WeChat-Message-API.html

 

  

Guide for Message API

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Introduction

The WeChat Official Account Admin Platform provides developers with a Message API to manage incoming messages and reply logic.

Apply for Message API

Click Apply and fill in a name, phone and email for a contact person, as well as a URL pointing to your server and a token. The token is used to generate a signature for communication between your app and WeChat.

URL Access

When the application is submitted, a GET request will be sent to the URL provided above with the 4 parameters below:

Parameter Description
signature signature for communication encryption
timestamp time stamp
nonce a random number
echostr a random string

You should check whether the HTTP request is from WeChat by verifying the signature. If the signature is correct, you should return the echostr.

The signature will be generated in the following way using the token (that you provided), timestamp and nonce.

1. Sort the 3 values of token, timestamp and nonce alphabetically.
2. Combine the 3 parameters into one string, encrypt it using SHA-1.
3. Compare the SHA-1 digest string with the signature from the request. If they are the same, the access request is from WeChat.

Pushing Messages

When a WeChat user sends a message to an Official Account, WeChat Official Account Admin Platform will POST it to you via the URL you provided.

Text messages

 <xml>
 <ToUserName><![CDATA[toUser]]></ToUserName>
 <FromUserName><![CDATA[fromUser]]></FromUserName> 
 <CreateTime>1348831860</CreateTime>
 <MsgType><![CDATA[text]]></MsgType>
 <Content><![CDATA[this is a test]]></Content>
 <MsgId>1234567890123456</MsgId>
 </xml>
Parameter Description
ToUserName WeChat ID of your app
FromUserName a unique ID for the sender
CreateTime create time of the message
MsgType message type ("text" for text messages)
Content message contents
MsgId a unique ID for the message (64 bit integer)

 

Image messages

 <xml>
 <ToUserName><![CDATA[toUser]]></ToUserName>
 <FromUserName><![CDATA[fromUser]]></FromUserName>
 <CreateTime>1348831860</CreateTime>
 <MsgType><![CDATA[image]]></MsgType>
 <PicUrl><![CDATA[this is a url]></PicUrl>
 <MsgId>1234567890123456</MsgId>
 </xml>
Parameter Description
ToUserName WeChat ID of your app
FromUserName a unique ID for the sender
CreateTime create time of the message
MsgType message type ("image" for image messages)
PicUrl URL for the image
MsgId a unique ID for the message (64 bit integer)

Location data messages

<xml>
<ToUserName><![CDATA[toUser]]></ToUserName>
<FromUserName><![CDATA[fromUser]]></FromUserName>
<CreateTime>1351776360</CreateTime>
<MsgType><![CDATA[location]]></MsgType>
<Location_X>23.134521</Location_X>
<Location_Y>113.358803</Location_Y>
<Scale>20</Scale>
<Label><![CDATA[location]]></Label>
<MsgId>1234567890123456</MsgId>
</xml> 
Parameter Description
ToUserName WeChat ID of your app
FromUserName a unique ID for the sender
CreateTime create time of the message
MsgType message type ("location" for location messages)
Location_X latitude of the location
Location_Y longitude of the location
Scale scale of the map
Label location description
MsgId a unique ID for the message (64 bit integer)

Link messages

 <xml>
 <ToUserName><![CDATA[toUser]]></ToUserName>
 <FromUserName><![CDATA[fromUser]]></FromUserName>
 <CreateTime>1357290913</CreateTime>
 <MsgType><![CDATA[link]]></MsgType>
 <Title><![CDATA[WeChat Official Account Platform portal]]></Title>
 <Description><![CDATA[The URL of the portal]]></Description>
 <Url><![CDATA[url]]></Url>
 <MsgId>1234567890123456</MsgId>
 </xml> 
Parameter Description
ToUserName WeChat ID of your app
FromUserName a unique ID for the sender
CreateTime create time of the message
MsgType message type ("link" for link messages)
Title title of the message
Description description of the message
Url url which is sent to users
MsgId a unique ID for the message (64 bit integer)

Event messages

 <xml><ToUserName><![CDATA[toUser]]></ToUserName>
 <FromUserName><![CDATA[FromUser]]></FromUserName>
 <CreateTime>123456789</CreateTime>
 <MsgType><![CDATA[event]]></MsgType>
 <Event><![CDATA[EVENT]]></Event>
 <EventKey><![CDATA[EVENTKEY]]></EventKey>
 </xml>
Parameter Description
ToUserName WeChat ID of your app
FromUserName a unique ID for the sender
CreateTime create time of the message
MsgType message type ("event" for event messages)
Event event type, currently we have 3 types: subscribe, unsubscribe, CLICK(coming soon)
EventKey for future usage

Messages Replies

You can reply to incoming messages. Now the platform supports different kinds of messages, including text, image, voice, video and music. You can also do the operation 'add to my favorites'.

If you fail to perform your response within 5 seconds, we will close the connection.

The data structure for a reply message:

Text messages

 <xml>
 <ToUserName><![CDATA[toUser]]></ToUserName>
 <FromUserName><![CDATA[fromUser]]></FromUserName>
 <CreateTime>12345678</CreateTime>
 <MsgType><![CDATA[text]]></MsgType>
 <Content><![CDATA[content]]></Content>
 <FuncFlag>0</FuncFlag>
 </xml>
Parameter Description
ToUserName a unique ID for the receiver, you can get it from the request
FromUserName WeChat ID of your app
CreateTime create time of the message, the type is integer
MsgType message type ("text" for text messages)
Content reply message contents
FuncFlag add a star for the message if the bit (0x0001) is set

 

Music message

 <xml>
 <ToUserName><![CDATA[toUser]]></ToUserName>
 <FromUserName><![CDATA[fromUser]]></FromUserName>
 <CreateTime>12345678</CreateTime>
 <MsgType><![CDATA[music]]></MsgType>
 <Music>
 <Title><![CDATA[TITLE]]></Title>
 <Description><![CDATA[DESCRIPTION]]></Description>
 <MusicUrl><![CDATA[MUSIC_Url]]></MusicUrl>
 <HQMusicUrl><![CDATA[HQ_MUSIC_Url]]></HQMusicUrl>
 <ThumbMediaId><![CDATA[media_id]]></ThumbMediaId>
 </Music>
 <FuncFlag>0</FuncFlag>
 </xml>
Parameter Description
ToUserName a unique ID for the receiver, you can get it from the request
FromUserName WeChat ID of your app
CreateTime create time of the message, the type is integer
MsgType message type("music" for music messages)
MusicUrl URL for the music
HQMusicUrl URL for high quality, WeChat will access it when using WiFi
ThumbMediaId OPTIONAL. You will get this ID after you upload the thumb (80*80) by using the API
FuncFlag add a star for the message if the bit (0x0001) is set

Rich media messages

 <xml>
 <ToUserName><![CDATA[toUser]]></ToUserName>
 <FromUserName><![CDATA[fromUser]]></FromUserName>
 <CreateTime>12345678</CreateTime>
 <MsgType><![CDATA[news]]></MsgType>
 <ArticleCount>2</ArticleCount>
 <Articles>
 <item>
 <Title><![CDATA[title1]]></Title> 
 <Description><![CDATA[description1]]></Description>
 <PicUrl><![CDATA[picurl]]></PicUrl>
 <Url><![CDATA[url]]></Url>
 </item>
 <item>
 <Title><![CDATA[title]]></Title>
 <Description><![CDATA[description]]></Description>
 <PicUrl><![CDATA[picurl]]></PicUrl>
 <Url><![CDATA[url]]></Url>
 </item>
 </Articles>
 <FuncFlag>1</FuncFlag>
 </xml> 
Parameter Description
ToUserName a unique ID for the receiver, you can get it from the request
FromUserName WeChat ID of your app
CreateTime create time of the message, the type is integer
MsgType message type ("news" for rich media messages)
ArticleCount quantity of rich media messages (no larger than 10)
Articles contents of rich media messages. The first item will be displayed in large image by default.
Title title of the rich media message
Description description of the rich media message
PicUrl URL of images in the rich media message. Domain name of this URL should be the same as the one of URL provided in basic info. Recommended image size: 640*320 (large image); 80*80 (small image)
Url redirection link of the rich media message

Notes

1. One user's unique ID is different for different Official Accounts.

2. Recommend you use port 80 for your app server.

Sample code

PHP:Download

 

 

 

PondBay Studio is the Expert of WeChat Development, and has a lots of cases in China, Japan, Europe and US.  The Founder has served the top companies such as China HuaWei and Israel Company.  You can Contact US via email  

 

 

 

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