iphone开发笔记

  1. 云栖社区>
  2. 博客>
  3. 正文

iphone开发笔记

蓬莱仙羽 2013-04-19 18:30:47 浏览1166
展开阅读全文


 

退回输入键盘

  - (BOOL)textFieldShouldReturn:(id)textField{

    [textField resignFirstResponder];

}

 

CGRect

CGRect frame = CGRectMake (origin.x,origin.y, size.width, size.height);矩形

NSStringFromCGRect(someCG) 把CGRect结构转变为格式化字符串;

CGRectFromString(aString) 由字符串恢复出矩形;

CGRectInset(aRect) 创建较小或较大的矩形(中心点相同),+较小  -较大

CGRectIntersectsRect(rect1, rect2) 判断两矩形是否交叉,是否重叠

CGRectZero 高度和宽度为零的/位于(0,0)的矩形常量

 

CGPoint & CGSize

CGPoint aPoint = CGPointMake(x, y);  

CGSize aSize = CGSizeMake(width, height);

 

设置透明度

[myView setAlpha:value];   (0.0 < value < 1.0)

 

设置背景色

[myView setBackgroundColor:[UIColorredColor]]; 

 (blackColor;darkGrayColor;lightGrayColor;

whiteColor;grayColor;redColor; greenColor;

blueColor;cyanColor;yellowColor;

magentaColor;orangeColor;purpleColor;

brownColor; clearColor;)

 

自定义颜色

UIColor *newColor = [[UIColor alloc]

 initWithRed:(float) green:(float) blue:(float)alpha:(float)]; 

     0.0~1.0

 

竖屏

320X480

 

横屏

480X320   

 

状态栏高 (显示时间和网络状态)

20 像素  

 

导航栏、工具栏高(返回)

44像素

 

隐藏状态栏

[[UIApplication shareApplication]setStatusBarHidden: YES animated:NO]

 

横屏

[[UIApplication shareApplication]

setStatusBarOrientation:UIInterfaceOrientationLandscapeRight].

 

屏幕变动检测

orientation ==UIInterfaceOrientationLandscapeLeft

 

全屏

window=[[UIWindow alloc] initWithFrame:[UIScreenmainScreen] bounds];

 

自动适应父视图大小:

aView.autoresizingSubviews = YES;

aView.autoresizingMask =(UIViewAutoresizingFlexibleWidth |

                                      UIViewAutoresizingFlexibleHeight);

 

 定义按钮

UIButton *scaleUpButton = [UIButtonbuttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];

[scaleUpButton setTitle:@"放 大" forState:UIControlStateNormal];

scaleUpButton.frame = CGRectMake(40, 420,100, 40);

[scaleUpButton addTarget:self

 action:@selector(scaleUp)

forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];

 

设置视图背景图片

UIImageView *aView;

[aView setImage:[UIImageimageNamed:@”name.png”]];

view1.backgroundColor = [UIColorcolorWithPatternImage:

[UIImageimageNamed:@"image1.png"]];

 

自定义UISlider的样式和滑块

 

我们使用的是UISlider的setMinimumTrackImage,和setMaximumTrackImage方法来定义图片的,这两个方法可以设置滑块左边和右边的图片的,不过如果用的是同一张图片且宽度和控件宽度基本一致,就不会有变形拉伸的后果,先看代码,写在 viewDidLoad中:

   //左右轨的图片

   UIImage *stetchLeftTrack= [UIImageimageNamed:@"brightness_bar.png"];

   UIImage *stetchRightTrack = [UIImageimageNamed:@"brightness_bar.png"];

   //滑块图片

   UIImage *thumbImage = [UIImage imageNamed:@"mark.png"];

   

   UISlider *sliderA=[[UISlider alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(30, 320,257, 7)];

   sliderA.backgroundColor = [UIColor clearColor];

   sliderA.value=1.0;

   sliderA.minimumValue=0.7;

   sliderA.maximumValue=1.0;

   

   [sliderA setMinimumTrackImage:stetchLeftTrackforState:UIControlStateNormal];

   [sliderA setMaximumTrackImage:stetchRightTrackforState:UIControlStateNormal];

   //注意这里要加UIControlStateHightlighted的状态,否则当拖动滑块时滑块将变成原生的控件

   [sliderA setThumbImage:thumbImage forState:UIControlStateHighlighted];

   [sliderA setThumbImage:thumbImage forState:UIControlStateNormal];

   //滑块拖动时的事件

   [sliderA addTarget:self action:@selector(sliderValueChanged:)forControlEvents:UIControlEventValueChanged];

   //滑动拖动后的事件

   [sliderA addTarget:self action:@selector(sliderDragUp:)forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];

   

   [self.view addSubview:sliderA];

 

为了大家实验方便,我附上背景图brightness_bar.png和滑块图mark.png

http://pic002.cnblogs.com/images/2011/162291/2011121611431816.png

http://pic002.cnblogs.com/images/2011/162291/2011121611432897.png

 

 -(IBAction)sliderValueChanged:(id)sender{

UISlider *slider = (UISlider *) sender;

NSString *newText = [[NSString alloc]initWithFormat:@”%d”, (int)(slider.value + 0.5f)];

label.text = newText;

}

 

活动表单

<UIActionSheetDelegate>

 

 - (IBActive) someButtonPressed:(id)sender

{

    UIActionSheet *actionSheet =[[UIActionSheet alloc] 

                   initWithTitle:@”Are you sure?”

                   delegate:self

                   cancelButtonTitle:@”No way!”

                   destructiveButtonTitle:@”Yes, I’m Sure!”

                   otherButtonTitles:nil];

    [actionSheetshowInView:self.view];

    [actionSheet release];

}

 

警告视图 

 <UIAlertViewDelegate>

 

 - (void) actionSheet:(UIActionSheet *)actionSheetdidDismissWithButtonIndex:(NSInteger) buttonIndex

{

     if(buttonIndex !=[actionSheet cancelButtonIndex])

     {

          NSString*message = [[NSString alloc] initWithFormat:@”You can         

                  breathe easy, everything went OK.”];

         UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertView alloc]    

                             initWithTitle:@”Something was done”

                              message:message

                              delegate:self

                              cancelButtonTitle:@”OK”

                              otherButtonTitles:nil];

          [alertshow];

          [alertrelease];

          [messagerelease];

     }

}

 

动画效果

-(void)doChange:(id)sender

{

if(view2 == nil)

{

[self loadSec];

}

[UIView beginAnimations:nil context:NULL];

[UIView setAnimationDuration:1];       

[UIView setAnimationTransition:([view1superview]?UIViewAnimationTransitionFlipFromLeft:UIViewAnimationTransitionFlipFromRight)forView:self.viewcache:YES];

   

    if([view1 superview]!= nil)

{

[view1 removeFromSuperview];

[self.view addSubview:view2];

 

}else {

 

[view2 removeFromSuperview];

[self.view addSubview:view1];

}

[UIView commitAnimations];

}

 

Table View  <UITableViewDateSource>

#pragma mark -

#pragma mark Table View Data Source Methods

//指定分区中的行数,默认为1

- (NSInteger)tableView:(UITableView*)tableView 

 numberOfRowsInSection:(NSInteger)section

{

return [self.listData count];

}

 

//设置每一行cell显示的内容

- (UITableViewCell *)tableView:(UITableView*)tableView 

cellForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath*)indexPath

{

static NSString *SimpleTableIndentifier =@"SimpleTableIndentifier";

UITableViewCell *cell = [tableViewdequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier:SimpleTableIndentifier];

if (cell == nil) {

cell = [[[UITableViewCell alloc] 

initWithStyle:UITableViewCellStyleSubtitle 

reuseIdentifier:SimpleTableIndentifier] 

autorelease];

}

     UIImage *image =[UIImage imageNamed:@"13.gif"];

cell.imageView.image = image;

     

NSUInteger row = [indexPath row];

cell.textLabel.text = [listDataobjectAtIndex:row];

     cell.textLabel.font =[UIFont boldSystemFontOfSize:20];

 

     if(row < 5)

cell.detailTextLabel.text = @"Bestfriends";

else 

    cell.detailTextLabel.text =@"friends";

return cell;

}

 

图像、文本标签和详细文本标签

 

图像:如果设置图像,则它显示在文本的左侧;文本标签:这是单元的主要文本(UITableViewCellStyleDefault 只显示文本标签);详细文本标签:这是单元的辅助文本,通常用作解释性说明或标签

 

UITableViewCellStyleSubtitle

UITableViewCellStyleDefault

UITableViewCellStyleValue1

UITableViewCellStyleValue2

 

<UITableViewDelegate>

#pragma mark -

#pragma mark Table View Delegate Methods

//把每一行缩进级别设置为其行号

- (NSInteger)tableView:(UITableView*)tableView indentationLevelForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

{

NSUInteger row = [indexPath row];

return row;

}

//获取传递过来的indexPath值

- (NSIndexPath *)tableView:(UITableView*)tableView willSelectRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

{

NSUInteger row = [indexPath row];

if (row == 0) 

return nil;

return indexPath;

}

 

- (void)tableView:(UITableView *)tableViewdidSelectRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

{

NSUInteger row = [indexPath row];

NSString *rowValue = [listDataobjectAtIndex:row];

NSString *message = [[NSString alloc]initWithFormat:@"You selected %@",rowValue];

UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertView alloc]initWithTitle:@"Row Selected"

message:message

    delegate:nil

  cancelButtonTitle:@"Yes, Idid!"

  otherButtonTitles:nil];

[alert show];

[alert release];

[message release];

[tableView deselectRowAtIndexPath:indexPathanimated:YES];

}

 

//设置行的高度

- (CGFloat)tableView:(UITableView*)tableView heightForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

{

return 40;

}

 

NavigationController 推出push 推出pop

[self.navigationControllerpushViewController:_detailController animated:YES];

[self.navigationControllerpopViewControllerAnimated:YES];

 

Debug:

NSLog(@"%s %d", __FUNCTION__,__LINE__);

 

点击textField外的地方回收键盘

 

先定义一个UIControl类型的对象,在上面可以添加触发事件,令SEL实践为回收键盘的方法,最后将UIControl的实例加到当前View上。

UIControl *m_control = [[UIControl alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 320, 480)];

[m_control addTarget:selfaction:@selector(keyboardReturn)

forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];

[self.view addSubview:m_control];

 

- (void) keyboardReturn

{

[aTextField resignFirstResponder];

}

 

键盘覆盖输入框

当键盘调出时将输入框覆盖时,可以用下方法:

-(BOOL)textFieldShouldBeginEditing:(UITextField *)textField

{

[self.view setFrame:CGRectMake(0, -100,320, 480) ];

return YES;

}

-(BOOL)textFieldShouldEndEditing:(UITextField *)textField

{

  [self.view setFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 320,480)];

           return YES;

}

当准备输入时,将视图的位置上调100,这样键盘就不能覆盖到输入框。

 

当依赖注入方法不好使时,可以在AppDelegate内申明一个全局的控制器实例_anotherViewController,在另一个需要使用_anotherViewController的地方定义以下委托方法,使用共享的UIApplication实例来获取该委托的引用

SomeAppDelegate *appDelegate =(SomeAppDelegate *)[[UIApplication sharedApplication] delegate];

_anotherViewController =appDelegate._anotherViewController;

 

UIViewController内建Table View

 

纯代码在UIViewController控制器内建Table View

@interface RootViewController :UIViewController <UITableViewDelegate, UITableViewDataSource> {

NSArray *timeZoneNames;

}

@property (nonatomic,retain) NSArray*timeZoneNames;

@end

 

(void) loadView

{

UITableView *tableView = [[UITableViewalloc] initWithFrame:[[UIScreen mainScreen] applicationFrame]] style:UITableViewStylePlain];

tableView.autoresizingMask =(UIViewAutoresizingFlexibleHeight | UIViewAutoresizingWidth);

tableView.delegate = self;

tableView.dataSource = self;

[tableView reloadData];

 

self.view = tableView;

[tableView release];

}

 

 

plist文件中的数据赋给数组

NSString *thePath = [[NSBundle mainBundle]pathForResource:@"States" ofType:@"plist"];

NSArray *array = [NSArrayarrayWithContentsOfFile:thePath];

 

UITouch

手指的触摸范围:64X64

 

#pragma mark -

#pragma mark Touch Events

 

- (void)touchesBegan:(NSSet *) toucheswithEvent:(UIEvent *) event {

originFrame = bookCover.frame;

NSLog(@"%s %d",__FUNCTION__,__LINE__);

 

if ([touches count] == 2)

{

NSArray *twoTouches = [touches allObjects];

UITouch *firstTouch = [twoTouchesobjectAtIndex:0];

UITouch *secondTouch = [twoTouchesobjectAtIndex:1];

CGPoint firstPoint = [firstTouchlocationInView:bookCover];

CGPoint secondPoint = [secondTouchlocationInView:bookCover];

 

CGFloat deltaX = secondPoint.x -firstPoint.x;

CGFloat deltaY = secondPoint.y - firstPoint.y;

initialDistance = sqrt(deltaX * deltaX +deltaY * deltaY );

frameX = bookCover.frame.origin.x;

frameY = bookCover.frame.origin.y;

frameW = bookCover.frame.size.width;

frameH = bookCover.frame.size.height;

NSLog(@"%s %d",__FUNCTION__,__LINE__);

}

}

 

- (void)touchesMoved:(NSSet *) toucheswithEvent:(UIEvent *) event {

 

if([touches count] == 2)

{

NSLog(@"%s %d",__FUNCTION__,__LINE__);

 

NSArray *twoTouches = [touches allObjects];

UITouch *firstTouch = [twoTouchesobjectAtIndex:0];

UITouch *secondTouch = [twoTouchesobjectAtIndex:1];

 

CGPoint firstPoint = [firstTouchlocationInView:bookCover];

CGPoint secondPoint = [secondTouchlocationInView:bookCover];

 

CGFloat deltaX = secondPoint.x -firstPoint.x;

CGFloat deltaY = secondPoint.y -firstPoint.y;

CGFloat currentDistance = sqrt(deltaX *deltaX + deltaY * deltaY );

 

if (initialDistance == 0) {

initialDistance = currentDistance;

}

else if (currentDistance !=initialDistance)

{

CGFloat changedDistance = currentDistance -initialDistance;

NSLog(@"changedDistance =%f",changedDistance);

[bookCover setFrame:CGRectMake(frameX -changedDistance / 2,

frameY - (changedDistance * frameH) / (2 *frameW),

frameW + changedDistance,

frameH + (changedDistance * frameH) /frameW)];

}

}

}

 

- (void)touchesEnded:(NSSet *) toucheswithEvent:(UIEvent *) event {

UITouch *touch = [touches anyObject];

 

UITouch双击图片变大/还原

if ([touch tapCount] == 2)

{

NSLog(@"%s %d",__FUNCTION__,__LINE__);

 

if (!flag) {

[bookCoversetFrame:CGRectMake(bookCover.frame.origin.x - bookCover.frame.size.width / 2,

bookCover.frame.origin.y -bookCover.frame.size.height / 2,

2 * bookCover.frame.size.width,

2 * bookCover.frame.size.height)];

flag = YES;

}

else {

[bookCoversetFrame:CGRectMake(bookCover.frame.origin.x + bookCover.frame.size.width / 4,bookCover.frame.origin.y + bookCover.frame.size.height / 4,

bookCover.frame.size.width / 2,bookCover.frame.size.height / 2)];

flag = NO;

}

}

}

 

Get the Location of Touches

(CGPoint)locationInView:(UIView *)view

(CGPoint)previousLocationInView:(UIView*)view

view window

 

Getting Touch Attributes

tapCount(read only) timestamp(read only)phase(read only)

 

Getting a Touch Object's GestureRecognizers

gestureRecognizers

 

Touch Phase

UITouchPhaseBegan

UITouchPhaseMoved

UITouchPhaseStationary

UITouchPhaseEnded

UITouchPhaseCancelled

 

Plist里读内容

NSString *plistPath = [[NSBundlemainBundle] pathForResource:@"book" ofType:@"plist"];

NSDictionary *dictionary = [[NSDictionaryalloc] initWithContentsOfFile:plistPath];

NSString *book = [dictionaryobjectForKey:bookTitle];

[textView setText:book];

 

(void) initialize {

NSUserDefaults = [NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults];

NSDictionary *appDefaults = [NSDictionarydictionaryWithObject:@"YES" forKey:@"DeleteBackup"];

[defaults registerDefaults:appDefaults];

}

 

To get a value of a default, use thevalueForKey: method:

[[theDefaultsController values] valueForKey:@"userName"];

To set a value for a default, usesetValue:forKey:

[[theDefaultsController values]setValue:newUserName forKey:@"userName"];

 

[[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults]setValue:aVale forKey:aKey];

[[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults]valueForKey:aKey];

 

获取Documents目录

NSArray *paths =NSSearchPathForDictionariesInDomains(NSDocumentDirectory,

NSUserDomainMask, YES);

NSString *documentsDirectory = [pathsobjectAtIndex:0];

NSString *filename = [documentsDirectory

stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"theFile.txt"];

 

获取tmp目录

NSString *tempPath =NSTemporaryDirectory();

NSString *tempFile = [tempPathstringByAppendingPathComponent:@"tempFile.txt"];

 

[[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults]setObject:data forKey:@"someKey"];

[[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] objectForKey:aKey];

 

自定义NavigationBar

navigationBar = [[UINavigationBar alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 320, 44)];

[navigationBarsetBarStyle:UIBarStyleBlackOpaque];

 

myNavigationItem = [[UINavigationItemalloc] initWithTitle:@"Setting"];

[navigationBar setItems:[NSArrayarrayWithObject:myNavigationItem]];

[self.view addSubview:navigationBar];

 

backButton = [[UIBarButtonItem alloc]initWithTitle:@"Back" style:UIBarButtonItemStylePlain target:selfaction:@selector(back)];

myNavigationItem.leftBarButtonItem =backButton;

 

 

利用Safari打开一个链接

NSURL *url = [NSURLURLWithString:@"http://www.cnblogs.com/tracy-e/"];

[[UIApplication sharedApplication]openURL:url];

 

利用UIWebView显示pdf文件、网页。。。

webView = [[UIWebView alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 320, 480)];

[webView setDelegate:self];

[webView setScalesPageToFit:YES];

[webViewsetAutoresizingMask:UIViewAutoresizingFlexibleWidth |UIViewAutoresizingFlexibleHeight];

[webView setAllowsInlineMediaPlayback:YES];

[self.view addSubview:webView];

NSString *pdfPath = [[NSBundle mainBundle]pathForResource:@"ojc" ofType:@"pdf"];

NSURL *url = [NSURLfileURLWithPath:pdfPath];

NSURLRequest *request = [NSURLRequestrequestWithURL:url

cachePolicy:NSURLRequestUseProtocolCachePolicy

timeoutInterval:5];

[webView loadRequest:request];

 

 

[myWebView loadRequest:[NSURLRequestrequestWithURL:[NSURL

                       URLWithString:@"http://www.cnblogs.com/tracy-e/"]]];

 

NSString *errorString = [NSStringstringWithFormat:@"<html><center><font size=

+5 color ='red'>An ErrorOccurred:<br>%@</fone></center></html>",error];

[myWebView loadHTMLString:errorStringbaseURL:nil];

 

//Stopping a load request when the view isto disappear

- (void)viewWillDisappear:(BOOL)animate{

if ([myWebView loading]){

[myWebView stopLoading];

}

myWebView.delegate = nil;

[UIApplicationshareApplication].networkActivityIndicatorVisible = NO;

}

 

汉字转码

NSString *oriString =@"\u67aa\u738b";

NSString *escapedString = [oriString

stringByReplacingPercentEscapesUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

 

 

Checking for background support on earlierversions of iOS

UIDevice *device = [UIDevicecurrentDevice];

BOOL backgroundSupported = NO;

if ([devicerespondsToSelector:@selector(isMultitaskingSupported)]){

backgroundSupported =device.multitaskingSupported;

}

 

Being a Responsible,Multitasking-AwareApplication

# Do not make any OpenGL ES calls from yourcode.

# Cancel any Bonjour-related servicesbefore being suspended.

# Be prepared to handle connection failuresin your network-based sockets.

# Save your application state before movingto the background.

# Release any unneeded memory when movingto the background.

# Stop using shared system resources beforebeing suspended.

# Avoid updating your windows and views.

# Respond to connect and disconnectnotification for external accessories.

# Clean up resource for active alerts whenmoving to the background.

# Remove sensitive information from viewsbefore moving to the background.

# Do minimal work while running in thebackground.

 

Handing the Keyboard notifications

//Call this method somewhere in your viewcontroller setup code

- (void) registerForKeyboardNotifications{

 

[[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter]addObserver:self

selector:@selector(keyboardWasShown:)

name:UIKeyboardDidShowNotification

object:nil];

[[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter]addObserver:self

selector:@selector(keyboardWasHidden:)

name:UIKeyboardDidHideNotification

object:nil];

 

}

 

//Called when theUIKeyboardDidShowNotification is sent

- (void)keyboardWasShown:(NSNotification *)aNotification{

if(keyboardShown)

return;

NSDictionary *info = [aNotificationuserInfo];

 

//get the size of the keyboard.

NSValue *aValue = [infoobjectForKey:UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey];

CGSize keyboardSize = [aValueCGRectValue].size;

 

//Resize the scroll view

CGRect viewFrame = [scrollView frame];

viewFrame.size.height -=keyboardSize.height;

 

//Scroll the active text field into view

CGRect textFieldRect = [activeField frame];

[scrollViewscrollRectToVisible:textFieldRect animated:YES];

 

keyboardShown = YES;

}

 

//Called when theUIKeyboardDidHideNotification is sent

- (void)keyboardWasHidden:(NSNotification*) aNotification{

NSDictionary *info = [aNotificationuserInfo];

 

//Get the size of the keyboard.

NSValue *aValue = [infoobjectForKey:UIKeyboardFrameEndUserInfoKey];

CGSize keyboardSize = [aValueCGRectValue].size;

 

//Reset the height of the scroll view toits original value

CGRect viewFrame = [scrollView Frame];

viewFrame.size.height +=keyboardSize.height;

scrollView.frame = viewFrame;

 

keyboardShown = NO;

}

 

点击键盘的next按钮,在不同的textField之间换行

//首先给不同的textField赋不同的且相邻的tag

- (BOOL)textFieldShouldReturn:(UITextField*)textField

{

if ([textField returnKeyType] !=UIReturnKeyDone)

{

NSInteger nextTag = [textField tag] + 1;

UIView *nextTextField = [[self tableView]viewWithTag:nextTag];

[nextTextField becomeFirstResponder];

}

else {

[textField resignFirstResponder];

}

return YES;

}

 

Configuring a date formatter

- (void)viewDidLoad {

[super viewDidLoad];

dateFormatter = [[NSDateFormatter alloc]init];

[dateFormatter setGeneratesCalendarDates:YES];

[dateFormatter setLocale:[NSLocalecurrentLocale]];

[dateFormatter setCalendar:[NSCalendarautoupdatingCurrentCalendar]];

[dateFormatter setTimeZone:[NSTimeZonedefaultTimeZone]];

[dateFormattersetDateStyle:NSDateFormatterShortStyle];

DOB.placeholder = [NSStringstringWithFormat:@"Example: %@",[dateFormatter stringFromDate:[NSDatedate]]];

}

 

- (void)textFieldDidEndEditing:(UITextField*)textField{

[textField resignFirstResponder];

if ([textField.textisEqualToString:@""])

return;

switch (textField.tag){

case DOBField:

NSDate *theDate = [dateFormatterdateFromString:textField.text];

if (theDate)

[inputDate setObject:theDateforKey:MyAppPersonDOBKey];

break;

default:

break;

}

}

 

 tableViewcell高度

 

tableViewcell高度除了在delegate中指定外,还可以在任意位置以[tableView setRowHeight:44]的方式指定

 

[[self navigationItem]setLeftBarButtonItem:[self editButtonItem]];

 

- (void)setEditing:(BOOL)editinganimated:(BOOL)animated{

[super setEditing:editing animated:animated];

if (editing){

......

}

else{

......

}

}

 

One added a subview to a view, release thesubview to avoid the extra retain count of it, Because when you insert a viewas a subview using addSubview:, the subview is retained by its superview. When youremove the subview from its superview using the removeFromSuperview: method,subview is autoreleased.

 

UINavigationBar设置背景图片

在iPhone开发中, 有时候我们想给导航条添加背景图片, 实现多样化的导航条效果, 用其他方法往往无法达到理想的效果, 经过网上搜索及多次实验, 确定如下最佳实现方案:

为UINavigatonBar增加如下Category(类别:提供一种为某个类添加方法而又不必编写子类的途径,类别只能添加成员函数,不能添加数据成员):

 

@implementation UINavigationBar (CustomImage)  

- (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect {  

    UIImage *image = [UIImage imageNamed: @"NavigationBar.png"];  

    [image drawInRect:CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, self.frame.size.height)];  

}  

@end  

 

例如, 在我的项目中, 添加如下代码:

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////  

/* input: The image and a tag to later identify the view */  

@implementation UINavigationBar (CustomImage)  

- (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect {  

    UIImage *image = [UIImage imageNamed: @"title_bg.png"];  

    [image drawInRect:CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, self.frame.size.height)];  

}  

@end  

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////  

@implementation FriendsPageViewController  

// Implement viewDidLoad to do additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.  

- (void)viewDidLoad {     

    self.navigationBar.tintColor = [UIColor purpleColor];  

      

    [self initWithRootViewController:[[RegPageViewController alloc] init]];  

    [super viewDidLoad];  

}  

......  

实现的效果如下图:

 

 

转载,原文地址 http://blog.csdn.net/wave_1102/archive/2009/11/04/4768212.aspx

 

为UINavigationBar添加自定义背景

 

@implementation UINavigationBar(UINavigationBarCategory) 

 

- (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect { 

   //颜色填充 

// UIColor *color = [UIColor redColor]; 

// CGContextRef context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext(); 

// CGContextSetFillColor(context, CGColorGetComponents( [colorCGColor])); 

// CGContextFillRect(context, rect); 

// self.tintColor = color; 

   //图片填充 

UIColor *color= [UIColor colorWithRed:46.0f/255.0f

green:87.0f/255.0fblue:29.0f/255.0f alpha:1.0f];

 

   UIImage *img    = [UIImageimageNamed: @"bg.png"]; 

   [img drawInRect:CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width,self.frame.size.height)]; 

 

   self.tintColor = color; 

 

@end

 

加载图片要及时release

 

你还在使用myImage = [UIImage imageNamed:@"icon.png"]; 吗?

 

如题,是不是大家为了方便都这样加载图片啊

 

myImage = [UIImageimageNamed:@"icon.png"];

 

那么小心了

 

这种方法在一些图片很少,或者图片很小的程序里是ok的。

 

但是,在大量加载图片的程序里,请千万不要这样做。

 

为什么呢 ???????

 

这种方法在applicationbundle的顶层文件夹寻找由供应的名字的图象。 如果找到图片,装载到iPhone系统缓存图象。那意味图片是(理论上)放在内存里作为cache的。

 

试想你图片多了,是什么后果?

 

图片cache极有可能不会响应 memory warnings and releaseits objects

 

所以,用图片的时候一定要小心的alloc和release。

 

推荐使用 NSString*path = [[NSBundle mainBundle] pathForResource:@"icon"ofType:@"png"];

 

myImage = [UIImageimageWithContentsOfFile:path];

 

// Todo use of myImage

 

[myImage release];

 

From: http://www.cocoachina.com/bbs/simple/?t27420.html

 

uiwebview打开doc,pdf文件

UIWebView *webView = [[UIWebViewalloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 55, 320, 300)];

   webView.delegate = self;

   webView.multipleTouchEnabled = YES;

   webView.scalesPageToFit = YES;

 

   NSArray *paths =NSSearchPathForDirectoriesInDomains(NSDocumentDirectory, NSUserDomainMask,YES);

   NSString *documentsDirectory = [paths objectAtIndex:0];

   NSString *docPath = [documentsDirectorystringByAppendingString:@"/doc2003_1.doc"];    NSLog(@"#######%@",docPath);

   

   NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:docPath];

   NSURLRequest *request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:url];

   [webView loadRequest:request];

   

   [self.view addSubview:webView];

[webViewrelease];

 

From:http://blog.csdn.net/dadalan/archive/2010/10/22/5959301.aspx

 

iPhone游戏中既播放背景音乐又播放特效声音的办法

 

有时候在 iPhone 游戏中,既要播放背景音乐,同时又要播放比如枪的开火音效。此时您可以试试以下方法

 

    NSString *musicFilePath = [[NSBundlemainBundle] pathForResource:fileName ofType:@"wav"];       //创建音乐文件路径

    NSURL *musicURL = [[NSURL alloc]initFileURLWithPath:musicFilePath]; 

    AVAudioPlayer* musicPlayer =[[AVAudioPlayer alloc] initWithContentsOfURL:musicURL error:nil];

    [musicURL release];

    [musicPlayer prepareToPlay];

    //[musicPlayer setVolume:1];            //设置音量大小

    //musicPlayer .numberOfLoops = -1;//设置音乐播放次数  -1为一直循环

 

要导入框架 AVFoundation.framework,头文件中 #import <AVFoundation/AVFoundation.h>;做成类的话则更方便。

 

From: http://blog.csdn.net/dadalan/archive/2010/10/19/5950493.aspx

 

NSNotificationCenter用于增加回调函数

[[NSNotificationCenterdefaultCenter] addObserver:self selector:@selector(_willBecomeActive)name:UIApplicationDidBecomeActiveNotification object:nil];

 

UINavigationBar 背景Hack

LOGO_320×44.png 图片显示在背景上,

 

@implementation UINavigationBar(UINavigationBarCategory)

- (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect {

       //加入旋转坐标系代码

    // Drawing code      

       UIImage*navBarImage = [UIImage imageNamed:@"LOGO_320×44.png"];

       CGContextRefcontext = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();

       CGContextTranslateCTM(context,0.0, self.frame.size.height);

       CGContextScaleCTM(context,1.0, -1.0);    

      

       CGPointcenter=self.center;

 

       CGImageRefcgImage= CGImageCreateWithImageInRect(navBarImage.CGImage, CGRectMake(0, 0, 1,44));

       CGContextDrawImage(context,CGRectMake(center.x-160-80, 0, 80, self.frame.size.height), cgImage);

       CGContextDrawImage(context,CGRectMake(center.x-160, 0, 320, self.frame.size.height), navBarImage.CGImage);

       CGContextDrawImage(context,CGRectMake(center.x+160, 0, 80, self.frame.size.height), cgImage);

}

@end

 

old code

CGContextDrawImage(context, CGRectMake(0,0, self.frame.size.width, self.frame.size.height), navBarImage.CGImage);

 

hack 过logo 不再拉伸

From: http://blog.163.com/fengyi1103@126/blog/static/13835627420106279102671/

 

清除电话号码中的其他符号(源码)

 

最近从通讯录读取电话号码,读出得号码如:134-1814-****。

而我需要的为11位纯数字,一直找方法解决此问题,今天终于找到了。。

分享一下……

 

代码如下:

 

NSString *originalString = @"(123)123123 abc";

NSMutableString *strippedString =[NSMutableString

       stringWithCapacity:originalString.length];

 

NSScanner *scanner = [NSScannerscannerWithString:originalString];

NSCharacterSet *numbers = [NSCharacterSet

       characterSetWithCharactersInString:@"0123456789"];

 

while ([scanner isAtEnd] == NO) {

 NSString *buffer;

  if([scanner scanCharactersFromSet:numbers intoString:&buffer]) {

   [strippedString appendString:buffer];

  }

  //--------- Add the following to get out of endless loop

 else {

    [scanner setScanLocation:([scanner scanLocation] + 1)];

 }   

  //--------- End of addition

}

 

NSLog(@"%@", strippedString); //"123123123"

 

From:http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1129521/remove-all-but-numbers-from-nsstring

 

 

正则判断:字符串只包含字母和数字

 

NSString *mystring =@"Letter1234";

NSString *regex =@"[a-z][A-Z][0-9]";

 

NSPredicate *predicate = [NSPredicatepredicateWithFormat:@"SELF MATCHES %@", regex];

 

if ([predicate evaluateWithObject:mystring]== YES) {

    //implement

}

 

 

一行代码设置UITableViewCell 与导航条间距

 

UITableView 的 cell 默认出现在uitableview 的第一行,如果你想自定义UITableViewCell 与导航条间距的话,可以使用下面这行代码

 

tableview.tableHeaderView= [[[UIView alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 5, 20)]autorelease];

 

From: http://blog.163.com/fengyi1103@126/blog/static/1383562742010101611107492/

 

 

修改 UITableview 滚动条颜色的方法

 

    UITableview 的滚动条默认颜色是黑色的,如果 UItableview 背景也是深颜色,则滚动条会变的很不明显。您可以用下面这行代码来改变滚动条的颜色

 

self.tableView.indicatorStyle=UIScrollViewIndicatorStyleWhite;

 

当然,最后的“White”也可以换成其它颜色。

 

 

下文件之前获取到文件大小的代码

 

下面这段代码,能实现在下载文件之前获得文件大小,应用在软件里,能在很大程度上改善用户体验

 

[m_pASIHTTPRequestsetDidReceiveResponseHeadersSelector:@selector(didReceiveResponseHeaders:)];

 

-(void)didReceiveResponseHeaders:(ASIHTTPRequest *)request

{

    NSLog(@"didReceiveResponseHeaders%@",[m_request.responseHeaders valueForKey:@"Content-Length"]);

 

网络编程总结iphone

 

一:确认网络环境3G/WIFI

 

    1. 添加源文件和framework

   

    开发Web等网络应用程序的时候,需要确认网络环境,连接情况等信息。如果没有处理它们,是不会通过Apple的审(我们的)查的。

    Apple 的例程 Reachability 中介绍了取得/检测网络状态的方法。要在应用程序程序中使用Reachability,首先要完成如下两部:

   

    1.1. 添加源文件:

    在你的程序中使用 Reachability 只须将该例程中的 Reachability.h 和 Reachability.m 拷贝到你的工程中。如下图:

 

   

   

    1.2.添加framework:

    将SystemConfiguration.framework 添加进工程。如下图:

   

   

    2. 网络状态

   

    Reachability.h中定义了三种网络状态:

    typedef enum {

        NotReachable = 0,            //无连接

        ReachableViaWiFi,            //使用3G/GPRS网络

        ReachableViaWWAN            //使用WiFi网络

    } NetworkStatus;

   

    因此可以这样检查网络状态:

 

    Reachability *r = [ReachabilityreachabilityWithHostName:@“www.apple.com”];

    switch ([r currentReachabilityStatus]) {

            case NotReachable:

                    // 没有网络连接

                    break;

            case ReachableViaWWAN:

                    // 使用3G网络

                    break;

            case ReachableViaWiFi:

                    // 使用WiFi网络

                    break;

    }

   

    3.检查当前网络环境

    程序启动时,如果想检测可用的网络环境,可以像这样

    // 是否wifi

    + (BOOL) IsEnableWIFI {

        return ([[ReachabilityreachabilityForLocalWiFi] currentReachabilityStatus] != NotReachable);

    }

 

    // 是否3G

    + (BOOL) IsEnable3G {

        return ([[ReachabilityreachabilityForInternetConnection] currentReachabilityStatus] != NotReachable);

    }

    例子:

    - (void)viewWillAppear:(BOOL)animated{   

    if (([ReachabilityreachabilityForInternetConnection].currentReachabilityStatus == NotReachable)&&

           ([Reachability reachabilityForLocalWiFi].currentReachabilityStatus ==NotReachable)) {

            self.navigationItem.hidesBackButton= YES;

            [self.navigationItemsetLeftBarButtonItem:nil animated:NO];

        }

    }

 

    4. 链接状态的实时通知

    网络连接状态的实时检查,通知在网络应用中也是十分必要的。接续状态发生变化时,需要及时地通知用户:

   

    Reachability 1.5版本

    // My.AppDelegate.h

    #import "Reachability.h"

 

    @interface MyAppDelegate : NSObject<UIApplicationDelegate> {

        NetworkStatus remoteHostStatus;

    }

 

    @property NetworkStatus remoteHostStatus;

 

    @end

 

    // My.AppDelegate.m

    #import "MyAppDelegate.h"

 

    @implementation MyAppDelegate

    @synthesize remoteHostStatus;

 

    // 更新网络状态

    - (void)updateStatus {

        self.remoteHostStatus = [[ReachabilitysharedReachability] remoteHostStatus];

    }

 

    // 通知网络状态

    - (void)reachabilityChanged:(NSNotification*)note {

        [self updateStatus];

        if (self.remoteHostStatus ==NotReachable) {

            UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertViewalloc] initWithTitle:NSLocalizedString(@"AppName", nil)

                        message:NSLocalizedString (@"NotReachable", nil)

                        delegate:nilcancelButtonTitle:@"OK" otherButtonTitles: nil];

            [alert show];

            [alert release];

        }

    }

 

    // 程序启动器,启动网络监视

    -(void)applicationDidFinishLaunching:(UIApplication *)application {

   

        // 设置网络检测的站点

        [[Reachability sharedReachability]setHostName:@"www.apple.com"];

        [[Reachability sharedReachability]setNetworkStatusNotificationsEnabled:YES];

        // 设置网络状态变化时的通知函数

        [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter]addObserver:self selector:@selector(reachabilityChanged:)

                                                name:@"kNetworkReachabilityChangedNotification" object:nil];

        [self updateStatus];

    }

 

    - (void)dealloc {

        // 删除通知对象

        [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter]removeObserver:self];

        [window release];

        [super dealloc];

    }

   

    Reachability 2.0版本

   

 

    // MyAppDelegate.h

    @class Reachability;

 

        @interface MyAppDelegate : NSObject<UIApplicationDelegate> {

            Reachability  *hostReach;

        }

 

    @end

 

    // MyAppDelegate.m

    - (void)reachabilityChanged:(NSNotification*)note {

        Reachability* curReach = [note object];

        NSParameterAssert([curReachisKindOfClass: [Reachability class]]);

        NetworkStatus status = [curReachcurrentReachabilityStatus];

   

        if (status == NotReachable) {

            UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertViewalloc] initWithTitle:@"AppName""

                             message:@"NotReachable"

                              delegate:nil

                             cancelButtonTitle:@"YES" otherButtonTitles:nil];

                              [alert show];

                              [alert release];

        }

    }

                             

    -(void)applicationDidFinishLaunching:(UIApplication *)application {

        // ...

                 

        // 监测网络情况

        [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter]addObserver:self

                             selector:@selector(reachabilityChanged:)

                              name:kReachabilityChangedNotification

                              object: nil];

        hostReach = [[ReachabilityreachabilityWithHostName:@"www.google.com"] retain];

        hostReach startNotifer];

        // ...

    }

 

 

二:使用NSConnection下载数据

   

    1.创建NSConnection对象,设置委托对象

   

    NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequestrequestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:[self urlString]]];

    [NSURLConnectionconnectionWithRequest:request delegate:self];

   

    2. NSURLConnection delegate委托方法

        - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection*)connection didReceiveResponse:(NSURLResponse *)response; 

        - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection*)connection didFailWithError:(NSError *)error; 

        - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection*)connection didReceiveData:(NSData *)data; 

        - (void)connectionDidFinishLoading:(NSURLConnection*)connection; 

 

    3. 实现委托方法

    - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection*)connection didReceiveResponse:(NSURLResponse *)response {

        // store data

        [self.receivedData setLength:0];            //通常在这里先清空接受数据的缓存

    }

   

    - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection*)connection didReceiveData:(NSData *)data {

           /* appends the new data to thereceived data */

        [self.receivedDataappendData:data];        //可能多次收到数据,把新的数据添加在现有数据最后

    }

 

    - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection*)connection didFailWithError:(NSError *)error {

        // 错误处理

    }

 

    -(void)connectionDidFinishLoading:(NSURLConnection *)connection {

        // disconnect

        [UIApplicationsharedApplication].networkActivityIndicatorVisible = NO;  

        NSString *returnString = [[NSStringalloc] initWithData:self.receivedData encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

        NSLog(returnString);

        [self urlLoaded:[self urlString]data:self.receivedData];

        firstTimeDownloaded = YES;

    }

 

三:使用NSXMLParser解析xml文件

 

    1. 设置委托对象,开始解析

    NSXMLParser *parser = [[NSXMLParser alloc]initWithData:data];   //或者也可以使用initWithContentsOfURL直接下载文件,但是有一个原因不这么做:

    // It's also possible to have NSXMLParserdownload the data, by passing it a URL, but this is not desirable

    // because it gives less control over thenetwork, particularly in responding to connection errors.

    [parser setDelegate:self];

    [parser parse];

 

    2. 常用的委托方法

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserdidStartElement:(NSString *)elementName

                                namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI

                               qualifiedName:(NSString *)qName

                               attributes:(NSDictionary *)attributeDict;

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserdidEndElement:(NSString *)elementName

                               namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI

                               qualifiedName:(NSString *)qName;

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserfoundCharacters:(NSString *)string;

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserparseErrorOccurred:(NSError *)parseError;

 

    static NSString *feedURLString = @"http://www.yifeiyang.net/test/test.xml";

 

    3.  应用举例

    - (void)parseXMLFileAtURL:(NSURL *)URLparseError:(NSError **)error

    {

        NSXMLParser *parser = [[NSXMLParseralloc] initWithContentsOfURL:URL];

        [parser setDelegate:self];

        [parser setShouldProcessNamespaces:NO];

        [parsersetShouldReportNamespacePrefixes:NO];

        [parser setShouldResolveExternalEntities:NO];

        [parser parse];

        NSError *parseError = [parserparserError];

        if (parseError && error) {

            *error = parseError;

        }

        [parser release];

    }

 

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserdidStartElement:(NSString *)elementName namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI

                                       qualifiedName:(NSString*)qName attributes:(NSDictionary *)attributeDict{

        // 元素开始句柄

        if (qName) {

            elementName = qName;

        }

        if ([elementNameisEqualToString:@"user"]) {

            // 输出属性值

            NSLog(@"Name is %@ , Age is%@", [attributeDict objectForKey:@"name"], [attributeDictobjectForKey:@"age"]);

        }

    }

 

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserdidEndElement:(NSString *)elementName namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI

                                       qualifiedName:(NSString *)qName

    {

        // 元素终了句柄

        if (qName) {

               elementName = qName;

        }

    }

 

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserfoundCharacters:(NSString *)string

    {

        // 取得元素的text

    }

 

    NSError *parseError = nil;

    [self parseXMLFileAtURL:[NSURLURLWithString:feedURLString] parseError:&parseError];

 

Iphone 实现画折线图

 

iphone里面要画图一般都是通过CoreGraphics.framwork和QuartzCore.framwork实现,apple的官方sdk demon中包含了QuartzCore的基本用法,

 

具体demo请参考http://developer.apple.com/library/ios/#samplecode/QuartzDemo/

折线图

 

 

要实现折线图也就把全部的点连起来,movePointLineto,具体的调用里面的api就可以实现了,但是画坐标就比较麻烦了,里面需要去转很多,好在国外有人开源了一个画折线图的开发包,首先看看效果吧,具体怎么用可以参考作者git版本库中的wiki。

http://github.com/devinross/tapkulibrary/wiki/How-To-Use-This-Library

这个包还提供了其他的很好看的UI,都可以调来用,但是我们只需要一个画图要把整个包都导进去,工程太大了,既然是开源的那就想办法提取出来吧,原先之前也有人干过这样的事。http://duivesteyn.net/2010/03/07/iphone-sdk-implementing-the-tapku-graph-in-your-application/

我对源代码进行简单的修改,使其显示坐标之类的,更加符合工程的需要,但是还没有实现画多组数据,只能画一组数据,不用viewContol,而使用addsubview,直接添加到当前的窗口,最终效果如下。

使用方法:

1.工程添加tk库里面的如下文件

2. 添加QuartzCore  framework

#import <QuartzCore/QuartzCore.h>

添加TapkuLibrary.bundle资源文件

3.代码中完成实例,数据初始化就可以用了

下载修改后的版本。下次有时间在整理一个工程版本出来。

 

iPhone屏幕常亮不变暗的方法

 

如果您希望运行自己开发的App时,iPhone的屏幕不再自动变暗,可以使用以下方法让屏幕常亮: iPhone OS用一个布尔值用来控制是否取消应用程序空闲时间:@property(nonatomic,getter=isIdleTime

 

如果您希望运行自己开发的App时,iPhone的屏幕不再自动变暗,可以使用以下方法让屏幕常亮:

 

  iPhone OS用一个布尔值用来控制是否取消应用程序空闲时间:@property(nonatomic, getter=isIdleTimerDisabled) BOOLidleTimerDisabled。这个值的默认属性是"NO"。当大多数应用程序没有接收到用户输入信息的时候,系统会把设备设置成“休眠”状态,iPhone屏幕也会变暗。这样做是为了保存更多电量。事实上,应用程序在运行加速度游戏的时候是不需要用户输入的,当然这里只是一个假设,把这个变量设置为"YES",来取消系统休眠的“空闲时间”。

 

重点是:你必须当真正需要的时候才打开这个属性当你不用的时候马上还愿成"NO"。大多数应用程序在休眠时间到的时候让系统关闭屏幕。这个包括了有音频的应用程序。在Audio Session Services中使用适当的回放和记录功能不会被间断当屏幕关闭时。只有地图应用程序,游戏或者一些不间断的用户交互程序可以取消这个属性。

 

苹果开发网络编程知识总结

 

以下苹果开发网络编程知识由 CocoaChina 会员 cocoa_yang 总结,希望能为苹果开发新手梳理知识脉络,节省入门时间。一:确认网络环境3G/WIFI 1. 添加源文件和framework 开发Web等网络应用程序

 

  以下苹果开发网络编程知识由 CocoaChina 会员 “cocoa_yang” 总结,希望能为苹果开发新手梳理知识脉络,节省入门时间。

 

一:确认网络环境3G/WIFI

 

    1. 添加源文件和framework

   

    开发Web等网络应用程序的时候,需要确认网络环境,连接情况等信息。如果没有处理它们,是不会通过Apple的审查的。

    Apple 的例程 Reachability 中介绍了取得/检测网络状态的方法。要在应用程序程序中使用Reachability,首先要完成如下两部:

   

    1.1. 添加源文件:

    在你的程序中使用 Reachability 只须将该例程中的 Reachability.h 和 Reachability.m 拷贝到你的工程中。如下图:

   

    1.2.添加framework:

    将SystemConfiguration.framework 添加进工程。如下图:

   

   

    2. 网络状态

   

    Reachability.h中定义了三种网络状态:

    typedef enum {

        NotReachable = 0,            //无连接

        ReachableViaWiFi,            //使用3G/GPRS网络

        ReachableViaWWAN            //使用WiFi网络

    } NetworkStatus;

   

    因此可以这样检查网络状态:

 

    Reachability *r = [ReachabilityreachabilityWithHostName:@“www.apple.com”];

    switch ([r currentReachabilityStatus]) {

            case NotReachable:

                    // 没有网络连接

                    break;

            case ReachableViaWWAN:

                    // 使用3G网络

                    break;

            case ReachableViaWiFi:

                    // 使用WiFi网络

                    break;

    }

   

    3.检查当前网络环境

 

    程序启动时,如果想检测可用的网络环境,可以像这样

    // 是否wifi

    + (BOOL) IsEnableWIFI {

        return ([[ReachabilityreachabilityForLocalWiFi] currentReachabilityStatus] != NotReachable);

    }

 

    // 是否3G

    + (BOOL) IsEnable3G {

        return ([[ReachabilityreachabilityForInternetConnection] currentReachabilityStatus] != NotReachable);

    }

    例子:

    - (void)viewWillAppear:(BOOL)animated{   

    if (([Reachability reachabilityForInternetConnection].currentReachabilityStatus== NotReachable) &&

            ([ReachabilityreachabilityForLocalWiFi].currentReachabilityStatus == NotReachable)) {

            self.navigationItem.hidesBackButton= YES;

            [self.navigationItemsetLeftBarButtonItem:nil animated:NO];

        }

    }

 

    4. 链接状态的实时通知

 

    网络连接状态的实时检查,通知在网络应用中也是十分必要的。接续状态发生变化时,需要及时地通知用户:

   

    Reachability 1.5版本

    // My.AppDelegate.h

    #import "Reachability.h"

 

    @interface MyAppDelegate : NSObject<UIApplicationDelegate> {

        NetworkStatus remoteHostStatus;

    }

 

    @property NetworkStatus remoteHostStatus;

 

    @end

 

    // My.AppDelegate.m

    #import "MyAppDelegate.h"

 

    @implementation MyAppDelegate

    @synthesize remoteHostStatus;

 

    // 更新网络状态

    - (void)updateStatus {

        self.remoteHostStatus = [[ReachabilitysharedReachability] remoteHostStatus];

    }

 

    // 通知网络状态

    - (void)reachabilityChanged:(NSNotification*)note {

        [self updateStatus];

        if (self.remoteHostStatus ==NotReachable) {

            UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertViewalloc] initWithTitle:NSLocalizedString(@"AppName", nil)

                        message:NSLocalizedString (@"NotReachable", nil)

                        delegate:nilcancelButtonTitle:@"OK" otherButtonTitles: nil];

            [alert show];

           [alert release];

        }

    }

 

    // 程序启动器,启动网络监视

    -(void)applicationDidFinishLaunching:(UIApplication *)application {

   

        // 设置网络检测的站点

        [[Reachability sharedReachability]setHostName:@"www.apple.com"];

        [[Reachability sharedReachability]setNetworkStatusNotificationsEnabled:YES];

        // 设置网络状态变化时的通知函数

        [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter]addObserver:self selector:@selector(reachabilityChanged:)

                                                name:@"kNetworkReachabilityChangedNotification" object:nil];

        [self updateStatus];

    }

 

    - (void)dealloc {

        // 删除通知对象

        [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter]removeObserver:self];

        [window release];

        [super dealloc];

    }

   

    Reachability 2.0版本

   

 

    // MyAppDelegate.h

    @class Reachability;

 

        @interface MyAppDelegate : NSObject<UIApplicationDelegate> {

            Reachability  *hostReach;

        }

 

    @end

 

    // MyAppDelegate.m

    - (void)reachabilityChanged:(NSNotification*)note {

        Reachability* curReach = [note object];

        NSParameterAssert([curReachisKindOfClass: [Reachability class]]);

        NetworkStatus status = [curReachcurrentReachabilityStatus];

   

        if (status == NotReachable) {

            UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertViewalloc] initWithTitle:@"AppName""

                             message:@"NotReachable"

                              delegate:nil

                             cancelButtonTitle:@"YES" otherButtonTitles:nil];

                              [alert show];

                              [alert release];

        }

    }

                             

    -(void)applicationDidFinishLaunching:(UIApplication *)application {

        // ...

                 

        // 监测网络情况

        [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter]addObserver:self

                             selector:@selector(reachabilityChanged:)

                              name:kReachabilityChangedNotification

                              object: nil];

        hostReach = [[ReachabilityreachabilityWithHostName:@"www.google.com"] retain];

        hostReach startNotifer];

        // ...

    }

 

 

二:使用NSConnection下载数据

   

    1.创建NSConnection对象,设置委托对象

   

    NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequestrequestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:[self urlString]]];

    [NSURLConnectionconnectionWithRequest:request delegate:self];

   

    2. NSURLConnection delegate委托方法

        - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection*)connection didReceiveResponse:(NSURLResponse *)response; 

        - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection*)connection didFailWithError:(NSError *)error; 

        - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection*)connection didReceiveData:(NSData *)data; 

        - (void)connectionDidFinishLoading:(NSURLConnection*)connection; 

 

    3. 实现委托方法

    - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection*)connection didReceiveResponse:(NSURLResponse *)response {

        // store data

        [self.receivedData setLength:0];            //通常在这里先清空接受数据的缓存

    }

   

    - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection*)connection didReceiveData:(NSData *)data {

           /* appends the new data to thereceived data */

        [self.receivedDataappendData:data];        //可能多次收到数据,把新的数据添加在现有数据最后

    }

 

    - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection*)connection didFailWithError:(NSError *)error {

        // 错误处理

    }

 

    -(void)connectionDidFinishLoading:(NSURLConnection *)connection {

        // disconnect

        [UIApplicationsharedApplication].networkActivityIndicatorVisible = NO; 

        NSString *returnString = [[NSStringalloc] initWithData:self.receivedData encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

        NSLog(returnString);

        [self urlLoaded:[self urlString]data:self.receivedData];

        firstTimeDownloaded = YES;

    }

 

三:使用NSXMLParser解析xml文件

 

    1. 设置委托对象,开始解析

    NSXMLParser *parser = [[NSXMLParser alloc]initWithData:data];   //或者也可以使用initWithContentsOfURL直接下载文件,但是有一个原因不这么做:

    // It's also possible to have NSXMLParserdownload the data, by passing it a URL, but this is not desirable

    // because it gives less control over thenetwork, particularly in responding to connection errors.

    [parser setDelegate:self];

    [parser parse];

 

    2. 常用的委托方法

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserdidStartElement:(NSString *)elementName

                                namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI

                               qualifiedName:(NSString *)qName

                               attributes:(NSDictionary *)attributeDict;

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserdidEndElement:(NSString *)elementName

                               namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI

                               qualifiedName:(NSString *)qName;

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserfoundCharacters:(NSString *)string;

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserparseErrorOccurred:(NSError *)parseError;

 

    static NSString *feedURLString =@"http://www.yifeiyang.net/test/test.xml";

 

    3.  应用举例

    - (void)parseXMLFileAtURL:(NSURL *)URLparseError:(NSError **)error

    {

        NSXMLParser *parser = [[NSXMLParseralloc] initWithContentsOfURL:URL];

        [parser setDelegate:self];

        [parser setShouldProcessNamespaces:NO];

        [parsersetShouldReportNamespacePrefixes:NO];

        [parsersetShouldResolveExternalEntities:NO];

        [parser parse];

       NSError *parseError = [parser parserError];

        if (parseError && error) {

            *error = parseError;

        }

        [parser release];

    }

 

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserdidStartElement:(NSString *)elementName namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI

                                       qualifiedName:(NSString*)qName attributes:(NSDictionary *)attributeDict{

        // 元素开始句柄

        if (qName) {

            elementName = qName;

        }

        if ([elementName isEqualToString:@"user"]){

            // 输出属性值

            NSLog(@"Name is %@ , Age is%@", [attributeDict objectForKey:@"name"], [attributeDictobjectForKey:@"age"]);

        }

    }

 

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserdidEndElement:(NSString *)elementName namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI

                                       qualifiedName:(NSString *)qName

    {

        // 元素终了句柄

        if (qName) {

               elementName = qName;

        }

    }

 

    - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parserfoundCharacters:(NSString *)string

    {

        // 取得元素的text

    }

 

    NSError *parseError = nil;

    [self parseXMLFileAtURL:[NSURLURLWithString:feedURLString] parseError:&parseError];

 

如何隐藏状态栏

[ UIApplication sharedApplication].statusBarHidden = YES;

 

.m 文件与.mm文件的区别

.m文件是object-c文件

.mm文件相当于c++或者c文件

 

NSLog(@"afd") NSLog("afd")

 

细微差别会导致程序崩溃。

 

但是我不太明白为何苹果要把编译器做的对这两种常量有区别。

 

不过值得一提的是可能为了方便苹果自身的NSObject对象的格式化输出。

 

safari其实没有把内存的缓存写到存储卡上

 

NSURLCachedoesn't seem to support writing to disk on iPhone. The documentation forNSCachedURLResponse says that the NSURLCacheStoragePolicy"NSURLCacheStorageAllowed" is treated as"NSURLCacheStorageAllowedInMemoryOnly" by iPhone OS.

 

官方文档是这么说的。

 

为了证明这个,我找到了一个目录。

 

/private/var/mobile/Library/Caches/Safari/Thumbnails

 

随机数的使用

 

        头文件的引用

        #import <time.h>

        #import <mach/mach_time.h>

 

        srandom()的使用

        srandom((unsigned)(mach_absolute_time()& 0xFFFFFFFF));

 

        直接使用 random() 来调用随机数

 

UIImageView 中旋转图像

 

        float rotateAngle = M_PI;

        CGAffineTransform transform=CGAffineTransformMakeRotation(rotateAngle);

        imageView.transform = transform;

      

        以上代码旋转imageView, 角度为rotateAngle, 方向可以自己测试哦!

 

 

Quartz中如何设置旋转点

 

        UIImageView *imageView = [[UIImageViewalloc] initWithImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@"bg.png"]];

        imageView.layer.anchorPoint =CGPointMake(0.5, 1.0);

 

        这个是把旋转点设置为底部中间。记住是在QuartzCore.framework中才得到支持。

 

创建.plist文件并存储

 

        NSString *errorDesc;  //用来存放错误信息

        NSMutableDictionary *rootObj = [NSMutableDictionarydictionaryWithCapacity:4]; //NSDictionary, NSData等文件可以直接转化为plist文件

        NSDictionary *innerDict;

        NSString *name;

        Player *player;

        NSInteger saveIndex;

   

        for(int i = 0; i < [playerArraycount]; i++) {

              player = nil;

              player = [playerArrayobjectAtIndex:i];

              if(player == nil)

                     break;

              name = player.playerName;// This"Player1" denotes the player name could also be the computer name

              innerDict = [selfgetAllNodeInfoToDictionary:player];

              [rootObj setObject:innerDictforKey:name]; // This "Player1" denotes the person who start thisgame

        }

        player = nil;

        NSData *plistData =[NSPropertyListSerialization dataFromPropertyList:(id)rootObjformat:NSPropertyListXMLFormat_v1_0 errorDescription:&errorDesc];

 

        红色部分可以忽略,只是给rootObj添加一点内容。这个plistData为创建好的plist文件,用其writeToFile方法就可以写成文件。下面是代码:

       

        /*得到移动设备上的文件存放位置*/

        NSString *documentsPath = [selfgetDocumentsDirectory];

        NSString *savePath = [documentsPathstringByAppendingPathComponent:@"save.plist"];

   

        /*存文件*/

        if (plistData) {

                [plistData writeToFile:savePathatomically:YES];

         }

        else {

                NSLog(errorDesc);

                [errorDesc release];

        }

 

        - (NSString *)getDocumentsDirectory{ 

                NSArray *paths =NSSearchPathForDirectoriesInDomains(NSDocumentDirectory, NSUserDomainMask, YES); 

                return [pathsobjectAtIndex:0]; 

        }

 

读取plist文件并转化为NSDictionary

 

        NSString *documentsPath = [selfgetDocumentsDirectory];

        NSString *fullPath = [documentsPathstringByAppendingPathComponent:@"save.plist"];

        NSMutableDictionary* plistDict =[[NSMutableDictionary alloc] initWithContentsOfFile:fullPath];

 

读取一般性文档文件

 

        NSString *tmp;

        NSArray *lines; /*将文件转化为一行一行的*/

        lines = [[NSString   stringWithContentsOfFile:@"testFileReadLines.txt"]

                      componentsSeparatedByString:@"\n"];

   

         NSEnumerator *nse = [linesobjectEnumerator];

   

         // 读取<>里的内容

         while(tmp = [nse nextObject]) {

                  NSString*stringBetweenBrackets = nil;

                  NSScanner *scanner =[NSScanner scannerWithString:tmp];

                  [scannerscanUpToString:@"<" intoString:nil];

                  [scannerscanString:@"<" intoString:nil];

                  [scannerscanUpToString:@">" intoString:&stringBetweenBrackets];

 

                  NSLog([stringBetweenBracketsdescription]);

          }

 

对于读写文件,还有补充,暂时到此。随机数和文件读写在游戏开发中经常用到。所以把部分内容放在这,以便和大家分享,也当记录,便于查找。

 

隐藏NavigationBar

[self.navigationControllersetNavigationBarHidden:YES animated:YES];

 

在想隐藏的ViewController中使用就可以了。

 

如何在iPhone程序中调用外部命令

 

下面是如何在iPhone非官方SDK程序中调用外部命令的方法。

 

- ( NSString *) executeCommand : ( NSString * ) cmd { NSString * output = [ NSString string ]; FILE * pipe = popen ( [ cmd cStringUsingEncoding : NSASCIIStringEnc

  

下面是如何在iPhone非官方SDK程序中调用外部命令的方法。

 

- (NSString*)executeCommand: (NSString *)cmd

{

    NSString *output = [NSString string];

    FILE *pipe = popen([cmdcStringUsingEncoding: NSASCIIStringEncoding], "r");

    if (!pipe) return;

 

    char buf[1024];

    while(fgets(buf, 1024, pipe)) {

    output = [output stringByAppendingFormat:@"%s", buf];

}

 

pclose(pipe);

return output;

}

 

NSString*yourcmd = [NSString stringWithFormat: @"your command"];

[selfexecuteCommand: yourcmd];

 

如何在iPhone程序读取数据时显示进度窗

 

下面代码说明如何使用iPhone 非官方SDK在读取数据时显示进度条。

 

以下代码参考了MobileRss。

 

定义头文件:

 

#import"uikit/UIProgressHUD.h"

 

@interfaceEyeCandy : UIApplication {

 UIProgressHUD *progress;

}

 

- (void)showProgressHUD:(NSString *)label withWindow:(UIWindow *)w withView:(UIView *)vwithRect:(struct CGRect)rect;

- (void)hideProgressHUD;

 

.@end

 

上面的引号要改成<>。

 

import"EyeCandy.h"

 

@implementationEyeCandy

-(void)showProgressHUD:(NSString *)label withWindow:(UIWindow *)wwithView:(UIView *)v withRect:(struct CGRect)rect

{

 progress = [[UIProgressHUD alloc]initWithWindow: w];

 [progress setText: label];

 [progress drawRect: rect];

 [progress show: YES];

 

 [v addSubview:progress];

}

 

-(void)hideProgressHUD

{

 [progress show: NO];

 [progress removeFromSuperview];

}

 

@end

 

使用下面代码调用:

 

// Setup EyeCandy View

_eyeCandy =[[[EyeCandy alloc] init] retain];

 

// Call loadingdisplay

[_eyeCandyshowProgressHUD:@"Loading …" withWindow:window withView:mainViewwithRect:CGRectMake(0.0f, 100.0f, 320.0f, 50.0f)];

 

// Whenfinished for hiding the &quot;loading text&quot;

[_eyeCandyhideProgressHUD];

 

WebKit的基本用法

 

WebKit是苹果开发中比较常用的浏览器引擎,Safari使用的正是WebKit引擎。WebKit基于KDE的KHTML加以再开发,解析速度超过了以往所有的浏览器。这里简单记录一下WebKit的基本用法。

 

WebKit由下面的结构组成:

 

•DomCore

•JavaScriptCore

•WebCore

一般浏览

 

要打开网页,可以这样做:

 

1.[[webViewmainFrame] loadRequest:[NSURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURLURLWithString:urlText]]];

DomCore

 

DomCore用于处理DOM文档,包括:

 

•DOMDocument

•DOMNamedNodeMap

•DOMNode

•DOMNodeList

要获取一个DOMDocument,可以这样做:

 

1.DOMDocument*myDOMDocument = [[webView mainFrame] DOMDocument];

要用于HTML处理,可以使用DOMHTMLDocument(Mac OS X 10.4之后),获取方式相同:

 

1.DOMHTMLDocument*myDOMDocument = (DOMHTMLDocument*)[[webView mainFrame] DOMDocument];

方法定义:

 

苹果的WebKit更新说明

 

JavaScriptCore

 

在WebKit中执行脚本的方法:

 

1.WebScriptObject*myscript = [webView windowScriptObject];

2.NSString*script = @"alert('hello');";

3.[myscriptevaluateWebScript script];

参考:

 

http://www.macgood.com/thread-24636-1-1.html

 

http://www.cocoadev.com/index.pl?WebKit

 

为什么不要做iPhone上面的应用

 

简单来说就是因为两国的文化不同,或者说生活方式的不同。美国不管多穷的人都有车,他们平时的生活方式和国内绝对是完全不同的。做应用和做游戏不一样,应用需要满足人们某一

  简单来说就是因为两国的文化不同,或者说生活方式的不同。美国不管多穷的人都有车,他们平时的生活方式和国内绝对是完全不同的。做应用和做游戏不一样,应用需要满足人们某一部分的需求,比如,一个计算小费的软件,在国内不会有市场,可是美国人都有一个。

大家可以设身处地的想一下,谁会需要你做的软件,这样的人有多少,这样的人又有iPhone的又有多少。

 

对于应用来说,针对商务人士的又比针对普通人的好,基本上商务人士不太在乎几块钱一个软件,这也是backup assistant卖得最好的一个原因。这个软件一年的年费24美元,大约有数千万美元一年的收入。什么样的应用软件是这些人需要的?连笔者自己也不太清楚,笔者虽然已经在美国工作了多年,但是对于美国文化的了解还处于一知半解状态,更不用说正在留学的学生了。

 

还有一个能成功的应用软件是你已经有非常多的数据,比如你有当地的所有加油站的信息,做一个油价的地图软件,显然市场会不错。不过数据要是美国的数据,国内的没有太大的帮助。

 

综上所述,游戏比应用好做很多,如果要作应用的话,可以从单机的小应用开始。要在美国运营一个支持10万人的网络应用,没有30万美元绝对没戏。如果非要上,只能早死早超生了。

 

获取iPhone用户手机号

 

使用下面的函数可以返回用户的手机号:

 

extern NSString*CTSettingCopyMyPhoneNumber();

 

然后调用即可。

 

由于这个函数是包含在CoreTelephony中,所以只能用于非官方iPhone SDK。

 

在程序中关闭iPhone

首先在程序中引用 #include sys/reboot.h 然后使用 reboot(RB_HALT); 就可以直接将iPhone关机。

  

首先在程序中引用

 

#include<sys/reboot.h>

 

然后使用

 

reboot(RB_HALT);

 

就可以直接将iPhone关机。

 

convert the contentsof an NSData object to an NSString

 

1. NSString*stringFromASC = [NSString stringWithCString:[ascData bytes] length:[ascDatalength]];

 

If the NSDataobject contains unichar characters then do this:

 

NSString*stringFromUnichar = [NSString stringWithCharacters:[unicharData bytes]length:[unicharData length] / sizeof(unichar)];

 

2. -(id)initWithData:(NSData *)data encoding:(NSStringEncoding)encoding

 

iPhone的特殊URL

在iPhone中,可以直接用UIApp打开URL地址。如下所示:

 

1.[ UIAppopenURL: [ NSURL URLWithString:@"http://www.apple.com" ] ];

或者:

 

1.[ UIAppopenURL: [ NSURL URLWithString:@"mailto:apple@mac.com?Subject=hello"] ];

与此同时,iPhone还包含一些其他除了http://或者mailto:之外的URL:

 

sms:// 可以调用短信程序

 

tel:// 可以拨打电话

 

itms:// 可以打开MobileStore.app

 

audio-player-event://可以打开iPod

 

audio-player-event://?uicmd=show-purchased-playlist可以打开iPod播放列表

 

video-player-event://可以打开iPod中的视频

 

 

get iphoneuniqueIdentifier

 

I also findthat I can get uniqueIdentifier using:

 

UIDevice*myDevice = [UIDevice currentDevice];NSString *identifier =myDevice.uniqueIdentifier;

 

 

打开本地网页,与远程网页

 

fileURLWithPath:Initializesand returns a newly created NSURL object as a file URL with a specified path.

 

+(id)fileURLWithPath:(NSString *)path

 

URLWithString:

Creates andreturns an NSURL object initialized with a provided string.

 

+(id)URLWithString:(NSString *)URLString

 

教你如何使用UIWebView

 

Start byopening up the WebBrowserTutorialAppDelegate.h file and editing the @interface lineto read:

 

@interfaceWebBrowserTutorialAppDelegate : NSObject <UIWebViewDelegate> {

What we havedone is to make the main AppDelegate a delegate for the UIWebView as well.

 

Now we need toset our webView to have the main AppDelegate as its delegate, you can do thisby opening up WebBrowserTutorialAppDelegate.m and putting the following linejust inside theapplicationDidFinishLaunching function:

 

webView.delegate= self;

That is allpretty self explanatory, it just sets the delegate of our webView to self,which in this case is our main application delegate.

 

Now we arepretty much done, we just need to add the function to catch the link clicks. Todo this we need to add a new function, copy the content below to theWebBrowserTutorialAppDelegate.m file:

 

-(BOOL)webView:(UIWebView*)webViewshouldStartLoadWithRequest:(NSURLRequest*)requestnavigationType:(UIWebViewNavigationType)navigationType {

       NSURL *url = request.URL;

       NSString *urlString = url.absoluteString;

       NSLog(urlString);

       return YES;

}

This functionwill catch all requests and allow you to either manipulate them and pass themon or to perform your own custom action and stop the event from bubbling.

 

The first linegets the URL of the request, this is the contents inside the href attribute inthe anchor tag.

The next lineconverts the URL to a string so we can log it out. You can access many parts ofthe NSURL, here are some of them and brief description of what they do.

 

*absoluteString - An absolute string for the URL. Creating by resolving thereceiver’s string against its base.

* absoluteURL -An absolute URL that refers to the same resource as the receiver. If thereceiver is already absolute, returns self.

* baseURL - Thebase URL of the receiver. If the receiver is an absolute URL, returns nil.

* host - Thehost of the URL.

*parameterString - The parameter string of the URL.

* password -The password of the URL (i.e. http://user:pass@www.test.com would return pass)

* path -Returns the path of a URL.

* port - Theport number of the URL.

* query - Thequery string of the URL.

* relativePath- The relative path of the URL without resolving against the base URL. If thereceiver is an absolute URL, this method returns the same value as path.

*relativeString - string representation of the relative portion of the URL. Ifthe receiver is an absolute URL this method returns the same value asabsoluteString.

* scheme - Theresource specifier of the URL (i.e. http, https, file, ftp, etc).

* user - Theuser portion of the URL.

 

Then the thirdline simply logs the URL to the console, so you will new to open up the consolewhile you run this in the simulator to see the results.

 

Finally theforth line returns YES, this will allow the UIWebView to follow the link, ifyou would just like to catch a link and stop the UIWebView from following itthen simply return NO.

 

UIBUtton title image 不能同时显示

 

[ leftbuttonsetTitle:_(@"About") forState:UIControlStateNormal ];

 

 

[ leftbuttonsetImage:image forState:UIControlStateNormal ];

 

不能同时显示。

 

其他控件如:UINavigatonItem

 

不要在语言包里面设置空格

有时,为了界面的需要,我们不要在语言包里面加空格,要在程序中进行控制。

buttonTitle = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"       %@", _(@"updateWeb") ];

 

NSNotificationCenter 带参数发送

 

MPMoviePlayerController*theMovie = [[MPMoviePlayerController alloc]initWithContentURL:[NSURLfileURLWithPath:[[[tableTitles objectForKey:keyIndex] objectAtIndex:row]objectAtIndex:3] ]];

 

[[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:selfselector:@selector(myMovieFinishedCallback:)name:MPMoviePlayerPlaybackDidFinishNotification object:theMovie];

 

[theMovieplay];

 

-(void)myMovieFinishedCallback:(NSNotification*)aNotification

 

{

 

     MPMoviePlayerController *theMovie =[aNotification object];

 

  [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] removeObserver:self          name:MPMoviePlayerPlaybackDidFinishNotification object:theMovie];

 

   // Release the movie instance [theMovierelease];

 

}

 

------------

 

MPMoviePlayerController*theMovie = [[MPMoviePlayerController alloc]initWithContentURL:[NSURLfileURLWithPath:[[[tableTitles objectForKey:keyIndex] objectAtIndex:row]objectAtIndex:3] ]];

 

[[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:selfselector:@selector(myMovieFinishedCallback:)name:MPMoviePlayerPlaybackDidFinishNotification object:theMovie userInfo:dic];

 

[theMovieplay];

 

-(void)myMovieFinishedCallback:(NSNotification*)aNotification

 

{

 

MPMoviePlayerController*theMovie = [aNotification object];

 

[[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] removeObserver:selfname:MPMoviePlayerPlaybackDidFinishNotification object:theMovie];

 

// Release themovie instance [theMovie release];

 

}

 

延时一段时间执行某一函数

 

[selfperformSelector:@selector(dismissModal) withObject:self afterDelay:1.0];

 

99美金证书联机开发

第一步:进入 cd/Developer/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/Developer/SDKs/iPhoneOS4.1.sdk/ sudo viSDKSettings.plist,将CODE_SIGNING_REQUIRED的值改成NO. 保存后退出.

 

第二步:重新启动XCode项目.

 

第三步:右击项目GetInfo.将Code Signing下的Code Signing Identity值设置成Don't Code Sign, 将Code Signing Identity下的Any iOS Device的值设置成空.

 

获取IOS设备的基本信息

系统唯一标识

是什么设备:iPad还是iPhone等

iOS版本号

系统名称

 

[[UIDevicecurrentDevice] uniqueIdentifier],

                       [[UIDevice currentDevice] localizedModel],

                       [[UIDevicecurrentDevice] systemVersion],

                       [[UIDevicecurrentDevice] systemName],

                       [[UIDevicecurrentDevice] model]];

 

NSDateFormatter调整时间格式的代码

 

在开发iOS程序时,有时候需要将时间格式调整成自己希望的格式,这个时候我们可以用NSDateFormatter类来处理。

例如:

 

//实例化一个NSDateFormatter对象

 

NSDateFormatter*dateFormatter = [[NSDateFormatter alloc] init];

 

//设定时间格式,这里可以设置成自己需要的格式

 

[dateFormattersetDateFormat:@"yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"];

 

//用[NSDate date]可以获取系统当前时间

 

NSString*currentDateStr = [dateFormatter stringFromDate:[NSDate date]];

 

//输出格式为:2010-10-27 10:22:13

 

NSLog(@”%@”,currentDateStr);

 

//alloc后对不使用的对象别忘了release

 

[dateFormatterrelease];

 

UIView设置成圆角方法

 

m_mainImgView.layer.cornerRadius= 6;

m_mainImgView.layer.masksToBounds= YES;

 

iPhone里的framebounds区别

 

 

Objective-C内存管理

 

在使用Objective-C的工作中内存管理是首先要学会的一项技能,是如此重要,就好比是男人就要追漂亮姑娘一样~~下面就来聊聊Apple官网上的内存管理的事情。

 

Objective-C的对象内存管理是一件非常有意思的事情,由其是在iPhone嵌入式设备中.

 

想玩的省心点,就得熟知它的管理规则,由其是内存的管理机制。了解它的品性了才能在Cocoa的世界里如鱼得水。否则,反之(如水得鱼!!^_^)。

 

首先,要牢记Apple的官网上的内存管理三定律:

 

1,一个对象可以有一个或多个拥有者

 

2,当它一个拥有都都没有时,它就会被回收

 

3,如果想保留一个对象不被回收,你就必需成为它的拥有者

 

 

所有内存管理的原则全在这里!!

 

简单??哈哈!

 

名人曰:“大道至简”

 

这儿玩意儿说起来比过家家还容易,但其实有些事情真正做起来并不是简单的事儿~~

 

咱们首先来说怎么样才能成为一个对象的拥有者。Cocoa提供了一个机制叫"referencecounting",翻译过来就是“关联记数器”(自己翻译的,真不知叫啥,如果有官方的翻译请通知我)。每一个对象都有一个关联记数的值。当它被创建时,它的值为“1”。当值减少到“0”时,就会被回收(调用它的deallocate方法,如果没有写,则调用从NSObject继承而来的回收方法,下文有说,一定要重写该方法)。以下几个方法可以操作这个记数:

 

1,alloc

   为对象分配内存,记数设为“1”,并返回此对象。

 

2,copy

   复制一个对象,此对象记数为“1”,返回此对象。你将成为此克隆对象的拥有者

 

3,retain

   对象“关联记数”加“1”,并成为此对象的拥有者。

 

4,release

   对象“关联记数”减“1”,并丢掉此对象。

 

5,autorelease

 

   在未来的某一时刻,对象“关联记数”减“1”。并在未来的某个时间放弃此对象。

 

有了上面的几个方法(当然这也是所有的内存操作的方法,简单吧,哈哈哈)你就可以随意操作一个对象的记数。并部分或完全的控制它的生命周期。但实际应用中,随意乱写上面的任何一个方法都可能会带来严重的内存泄露。混乱的内存分配等于没完没了的麻烦工作,你不想在情人节的日子还在为记数之类的鸟问题而丢了老婆吧~~哈哈哈,为了美丽温柔贤惠又善解人意的准老婆请牢记以下四条:

 

1,一个代码块内要确保copy, alloc 和 retain 的使用数量与 release 和 autorelease 的数量。

 

2,在使用以“alloc”或“new”开头或包含“copy”的方法,或“retain”一个对象时,你就会变为它的拥有者。

 

3,实现“dealloc”方法,并施放所有的实例变量。(其实这里还有很多的巧儿门!!)

 

4,永不自己调用“dealloc”方法,这是系统当“retain”减到“0”时,自动调用的。手动调用会引起retain count记数错误(多一次的release)。

 

其实做到这些也不难,

 

retain count 增加与减少的方法对应,板丁板做到了就行了。

 

来自:http://blog.csdn.net/dboylx/archive/2009/02/13/3888746.aspx

 

iphone更改键盘右下角按键的type

 

以UISearchBar为例。

 

 

创建mySearchBar:

 

mySearchBar =[[UISearchBar alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0.0, 0,320, SEARCH_HEIGHT)];

mySearchBar.placeholder= curPath;

[mySearchBarsetDelegate:self];

//tableView.tableHeaderView=mySearchBar;

[self.viewaddSubview:mySearchBar];

 

 

更改按键的keyType(默认是return,这里将它更改成done,当然还可以更改成其他的):

UITextField*searchField = [[mySearchBar subviews] lastObject];

[searchFieldsetReturnKeyType:UIReturnKeyDone];

[mySearchBarrelease];

 

 

网友评论

登录后评论
0/500
评论
蓬莱仙羽
+ 关注