CentOS7安装与配置Zabbix

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CentOS7安装与配置Zabbix

曾版 2017-10-22 22:21:33 浏览2644
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1. 最小安装CentOS7


2. 开启网卡

sed -i "s/ONBOOT=no/ONBOOT=yes/" /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens33 


3. 重启网络服务

systemctl restart network


4. 安装vim

yum -y install vim 


5. 安装epel仓库

yum  -y install epel-release


6. 更新系统

yum -y update 


[root@test ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release 

CentOS Linux release 7.4.1708 (Core) 


7. 设置主机名

 echo "test.zeng.com" > /etc/hostname


8. 关闭SELINUX

setenforce 0

sed -i "s/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/sysconfig/selinux


9. 关闭firewalld(仅测试环境)

systemctl stop firewalld

systtemctl disable firewalld


10. 重启系统

reboot


11.  yum -y install wget


12.  下载与安装zabbix和mysql仓库

wget http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/3.4/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-3.4-2.el7.noarch.rpm

wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql57-community-release-el7-11.noarch.rpm


yum localinstall zabbix-release-3.4-2.el7.noarch.rpm

yum localinstall mysql57-community-release-el7-11.noarch.rpm


13. 安装LAMP

yum -y install php mysql-server


14. 启动mysqld服务

systemctl start mysqld; systemctl enable mysqld


15. 找到mysql默认root密码

grep password /var/log/mysqld.log


16. mysql安全初始化

mysql_secure_installation


17. 安装Zabbix

yum -y install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-web-mysql


18. 导入zabbix数据库

cd /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.4.1/

gzip -d create.sql.gz

mysql -u root -p


create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;    # 创建zabbix数据库

grant all privileges on zabbix.* to zabbix@localhost identified by 'redhat' with grant option;   # 赋权限


use zabbix;

source create.sql;    # 导数据


flush privileges; exit;


19. 设置php时区

vim /etc/php.ini

date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai


20. 启动httpd服务

systemctl start httpd; systemctl enable httpd



21. 修改zabbix_server配置文件
vim /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
DBPassword=redhat       # 只需取消此行注释,并输入zabbix数据库密码

22. 启动zabbix服务
systemctl start zabbix-server; systemctl enable zabbix-server

23. 查看监听端口
netstat -antupl


24. 将页面语言设置为中文后,图形显示会有乱码,此时需为zabbix web更换中文字体。

25. 找到字体存放目录
find / -name fonts
cd /usr/share/zabbix/fonts

26. 在C:\Windows\Fonts目录下找到喜欢的字体,如微软雅黑(简体中文),拷贝到 /usr/share/zabbix/fonts

27. 重命名字体
cp graphfont.ttf graphfont.ttf.bak
cp MSYHBD.TTC graphfont.ttf

28. 重启zabbix服务
systemctl restart zabbix-server

29. 访问zabbix web
http://127.0.0.1/zabbix

默认用户名: Admin
默认密码: zabbix


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