Centos 7 搭建 Zimbra 邮件服务器

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Centos 7 搭建 Zimbra 邮件服务器

机智如我丶 2016-02-25 11:24:00 浏览4947
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Zimbra协作套件(ZCS)是一个由Zimbra群件产品,在世界各地广泛使用。用户可以使用一个非常丰富的网络接口来共享文件夹、联系人、日程安排和其他的东西。目前协作套件的最新版本是Zimbra 8.6.0。它带来了新的功能,改进的邮件服务器,它提供了一个更好的网络客户端体验。

下面我通过 Centos 7 来搭建 webmail -> zimbra 邮件服务器,并且验证向外网发送邮件是否正常,顺便记录一下,方便日后查看~

1、配置 /etc/hosts 和 /etc/hostname
我在这边设置FQDN为www.hongxue.com,主机名也是www.hongxue.com

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2、关闭selinux和在防火墙中允许zimbra端口
由于是测试环境,所以防火墙已经关闭,selinux也要关闭

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3、停止任何安装在该Centos7 Server上面的 MTA服务

systemctl stop postfix
systemctl disable postfix
systemctl stop sendmail
systemctl disable sendmail

4、更新操作系统
yum update -y

5、安装所需的依赖包和库文件
yum install perl perl-core ntpl nmap sudo libidn gmp libaio libstdc++ unzip sysstat sqlite nc -y

6、下载 ZCS 6.0 安装包,解压,安装。

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好,下面是最重要的一部分了,安装!

[root@www zcs-8.6.0_GA_1153.RHEL7_64.20141215151110]# ./install.sh --platform-override

Operations logged to /tmp/install.log.31333
Checking for existing installation...
    zimbra-ldap...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-logger...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-mta...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-dnscache...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-snmp...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-store...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-apache...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-spell...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-convertd...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-memcached...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-proxy...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-archiving...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-core...NOT FOUND


PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT CAREFULLY BEFORE USING THE SOFTWARE.
ZIMBRA, INC. ("ZIMBRA") WILL ONLY LICENSE THIS SOFTWARE TO YOU IF YOU
FIRST ACCEPT THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT. BY DOWNLOADING OR INSTALLING
THE SOFTWARE, OR USING THE PRODUCT, YOU ARE CONSENTING TO BE BOUND BY
THIS AGREEMENT. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO ALL OF THE TERMS OF THIS
AGREEMENT, THEN DO NOT DOWNLOAD, INSTALL OR USE THE PRODUCT.

License Terms for the Zimbra Collaboration Suite:
  http://www.zimbra.com/license/zimbra-public-eula-2-5.html


# 输入y同意安装
Do you agree with the terms of the software license agreement? [N] y



Checking for prerequisites...
     FOUND: NPTL
     FOUND: nmap-ncat-6.40-7
     FOUND: sudo-1.8.6p7-16
     FOUND: libidn-1.28-4
     FOUND: gmp-6.0.0-12
     FOUND: libaio-0.3.109-13
     FOUND: libstdc++-4.8.5-4
     FOUND: unzip-6.0-15
     FOUND: perl-core-5.16.3-286

Checking for suggested prerequisites...
     FOUND: perl-5.16.3
     FOUND: sysstat
     FOUND: sqlite
Prerequisite check complete.

Checking for installable packages

Found zimbra-core
Found zimbra-ldap
Found zimbra-logger
Found zimbra-mta
Found zimbra-dnscache
Found zimbra-snmp
Found zimbra-store
Found zimbra-apache
Found zimbra-spell
Found zimbra-memcached
Found zimbra-proxy


#输入Y安装zimbra所需组件
Select the packages to install

Install zimbra-ldap [Y] 

Install zimbra-logger [Y] Y

Install zimbra-mta [Y] Y

Install zimbra-dnscache [Y] Y

Install zimbra-snmp [Y] Y

Install zimbra-store [Y] Y

Install zimbra-apache [Y] Y

Install zimbra-spell [Y] Y

Install zimbra-memcached [Y] Y

Install zimbra-proxy [Y] Y
Checking required space for zimbra-core
Checking space for zimbra-store
Checking required packages for zimbra-store
zimbra-store package check complete.

Installing:
    zimbra-core
    zimbra-ldap
    zimbra-logger
    zimbra-mta
    zimbra-dnscache
    zimbra-snmp
    zimbra-store
    zimbra-apache
    zimbra-spell
    zimbra-memcached
    zimbra-proxy

# 输入Y确认操作修改
The system will be modified.  Continue? [N] Y

Removing /opt/zimbra
Removing zimbra crontab entry...done.
Cleaning up zimbra init scripts...done.
Cleaning up /etc/ld.so.conf...done.
Cleaning up /etc/security/limits.conf...done.

Finished removing Zimbra Collaboration Server.

Installing packages

    zimbra-core......zimbra-core-8.6.0_GA_1153.RHEL7_64-20141215151110.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-ldap......zimbra-ldap-8.6.0_GA_1153.RHEL7_64-20141215151110.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-logger......zimbra-logger-8.6.0_GA_1153.RHEL7_64-20141215151110.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-mta......zimbra-mta-8.6.0_GA_1153.RHEL7_64-20141215151110.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-dnscache......zimbra-dnscache-8.6.0_GA_1153.RHEL7_64-20141215151110.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-snmp......zimbra-snmp-8.6.0_GA_1153.RHEL7_64-20141215151110.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-store......zimbra-store-8.6.0_GA_1153.RHEL7_64-20141215151110.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-apache......zimbra-apache-8.6.0_GA_1153.RHEL7_64-20141215151110.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-spell......zimbra-spell-8.6.0_GA_1153.RHEL7_64-20141215151110.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-memcached......zimbra-memcached-8.6.0_GA_1153.RHEL7_64-20141215151110.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-proxy......zimbra-proxy-8.6.0_GA_1153.RHEL7_64-20141215151110.x86_64.rpm...done
Operations logged to /tmp/zmsetup02252016-105150.log
Installing LDAP configuration database...done.
Setting defaults... MX: smtp.asia.secureserver.net (182.50.144.66)
    MX: mailstore1.asia.secureserver.net (182.50.144.67)

    Interface: 127.0.0.1
    Interface: ::1
    Interface: 10.1.0.100
        182.50.144.66
        182.50.144.66
        182.50.144.66
        182.50.144.67
        182.50.144.67
        182.50.144.67

# 这边会有一个报错,由于是测试环境,我们并没有添加MX邮件主机记录,所以不用理它,选择no
DNS ERROR - none of the MX records for hongxue.com
resolve to this host
Change domain name? [Yes] 
done.
Checking for port conflicts

Main menu

   1) Common Configuration:                                                  
   2) zimbra-ldap:                             Enabled                       
   3) zimbra-logger:                           Enabled                       
   4) zimbra-mta:                              Enabled                       
   5) zimbra-dnscache:                         Enabled                       
   6) zimbra-snmp:                             Enabled                       
   7) zimbra-store:                            Enabled                       
        +Create Admin User:                    yes                           
        +Admin user to create:                 admin@hongxue.com             
******* +Admin Password                        UNSET                         
        +Anti-virus quarantine user:           virus-quarantine.92q5ww2xk@hongxue.com
        +Enable automated spam training:       yes                           
        +Spam training user:                   spam.4jzqlif9fd@hongxue.com   
        +Non-spam(Ham) training user:          ham.bhxkaz_w@hongxue.com      
        +SMTP host:                            hongxue.com                   
        +Web server HTTP port:                 8080                          
        +Web server HTTPS port:                8443                          
        +Web server mode:                      https                         
        +IMAP server port:                     7143                          
        +IMAP server SSL port:                 7993                          
        +POP server port:                      7110                          
        +POP server SSL port:                  7995                          
        +Use spell check server:               yes                           
        +Spell server URL:                     http://hongxue.com:7780/aspell.php
        +Enable version update checks:         TRUE                          
        +Enable version update notifications:  TRUE                          
        +Version update notification email:    admin@hongxue.com             
        +Version update source email:          admin@hongxue.com             
        +Install mailstore (service webapp):   yes                           
        +Install UI (zimbra,zimbraAdmin webapps): yes                           

   8) zimbra-spell:                            Enabled                       
   9) zimbra-proxy:                            Enabled                       
  10) Default Class of Service Configuration:                                
   s) Save config to file                                                    
   x) Expand menu                                                            
   q) Quit                                    


# 这边我们先选择7
Address unconfigured (**) items  (? - help) 7


Store configuration

   1) Status:                                  Enabled                       
   2) Create Admin User:                       yes                           
   3) Admin user to create:                    admin@hongxue.com             
** 4) Admin Password                           UNSET                         
   5) Anti-virus quarantine user:              virus-quarantine.92q5ww2xk@hongxue.com
   6) Enable automated spam training:          yes                           
   7) Spam training user:                      spam.4jzqlif9fd@hongxue.com   
   8) Non-spam(Ham) training user:             ham.bhxkaz_w@hongxue.com      
   9) SMTP host:                               hongxue.com                   
  10) Web server HTTP port:                    8080                          
  11) Web server HTTPS port:                   8443                          
  12) Web server mode:                         https                         
  13) IMAP server port:                        7143                          
  14) IMAP server SSL port:                    7993                          
  15) POP server port:                         7110                          
  16) POP server SSL port:                     7995                          
  17) Use spell check server:                  yes                           
  18) Spell server URL:                        http://hongxue.com:7780/aspell.php
  19) Enable version update checks:            TRUE                          
  20) Enable version update notifications:     TRUE                          
  21) Version update notification email:       admin@hongxue.com             
  22) Version update source email:             admin@hongxue.com             
  23) Install mailstore (service webapp):      yes                           
  24) Install UI (zimbra,zimbraAdmin webapps): yes                           


# 接着选择4,设置 admin password
Select, or 'r' for previous menu [r] 4

Password for admin@hongxue.com (min 6 characters): [1ewBUZwGo] hongxuepassword

Store configuration

   1) Status:                                  Enabled                       
   2) Create Admin User:                       yes                           
   3) Admin user to create:                    admin@hongxue.com             
   4) Admin Password                           set                           
   5) Anti-virus quarantine user:              virus-quarantine.92q5ww2xk@hongxue.com
   6) Enable automated spam training:          yes                           
   7) Spam training user:                      spam.4jzqlif9fd@hongxue.com   
   8) Non-spam(Ham) training user:             ham.bhxkaz_w@hongxue.com      
   9) SMTP host:                               hongxue.com                   
  10) Web server HTTP port:                    8080                          
  11) Web server HTTPS port:                   8443                          
  12) Web server mode:                         https                         
  13) IMAP server port:                        7143                          
  14) IMAP server SSL port:                    7993                          
  15) POP server port:                         7110                          
  16) POP server SSL port:                     7995                          
  17) Use spell check server:                  yes                           
  18) Spell server URL:                        http://hongxue.com:7780/aspell.php
  19) Enable version update checks:            TRUE                          
  20) Enable version update notifications:     TRUE                          
  21) Version update notification email:       admin@hongxue.com             
  22) Version update source email:             admin@hongxue.com             
  23) Install mailstore (service webapp):      yes                           
  24) Install UI (zimbra,zimbraAdmin webapps): yes                           


# 按r回到上一级菜单
Select, or 'r' for previous menu [r] r

Main menu

   1) Common Configuration:                                                  
   2) zimbra-ldap:                             Enabled                       
   3) zimbra-logger:                           Enabled                       
   4) zimbra-mta:                              Enabled                       
   5) zimbra-dnscache:                         Enabled                       
   6) zimbra-snmp:                             Enabled                       
   7) zimbra-store:                            Enabled                       
   8) zimbra-spell:                            Enabled                       
   9) zimbra-proxy:                            Enabled                       
  10) Default Class of Service Configuration:                                
   s) Save config to file                                                    
   x) Expand menu                                                            
   q) Quit                                    


# 下面按a以完成配置,并且yes下去,继续修改即可。之后就是zimbra自动一系列的配置了~

*** CONFIGURATION COMPLETE - press 'a' to apply
Select from menu, or press 'a' to apply config (? - help) a
Save configuration data to a file? [Yes] yes
Save config in file: [/opt/zimbra/config.41215] 
Saving config in /opt/zimbra/config.41215...done.
The system will be modified - continue? [No] yes
Operations logged to /tmp/zmsetup02252016-105150.log
Setting local config values...done.
Initializing core config...Setting up CA...done.
Deploying CA to /opt/zimbra/conf/ca ...done.
Creating SSL zimbra-store certificate...done.
Creating new zimbra-ldap SSL certificate...done.
Creating new zimbra-mta SSL certificate...done.
Creating new zimbra-proxy SSL certificate...done.
Installing mailboxd SSL certificates...done.
Installing MTA SSL certificates...done.
Installing LDAP SSL certificate...done.
Installing Proxy SSL certificate...done.
Initializing ldap...done.
Setting replication password...done.
Setting Postfix password...done.
Setting amavis password...done.
Setting nginx password...done.
Setting BES searcher  password...done.
Creating server entry for hongxue.com...done.
Setting Zimbra IP Mode...done.
Saving CA in ldap ...done.
Saving SSL Certificate in ldap ...done.
Setting spell check URL...done.
Setting service ports on hongxue.com...done.
Setting zimbraFeatureTasksEnabled=TRUE...done.
Setting zimbraFeatureBriefcasesEnabled=TRUE...done.
Setting Master DNS IP address(es)...done.
Setting DNS cache tcp lookup preference...done.
Setting DNS cache udp lookup preference...done.
Setting DNS tcp upstream preference...done.
Setting TimeZone Preference...done.
Initializing mta config...done.
Setting services on hongxue.com...done.
Adding hongxue.com to zimbraMailHostPool in default COS...done.
Creating domain hongxue.com...done.
Setting default domain name...done.
Creating domain hongxue.com...already exists.
Creating admin account admin@hongxue.com...done.
Creating root alias...done.
Creating postmaster alias...done.
Creating user spam.4jzqlif9fd@hongxue.com...done.
Creating user ham.bhxkaz_w@hongxue.com...done.
Creating user virus-quarantine.92q5ww2xk@hongxue.com...done.
Setting spam training and Anti-virus quarantine accounts...done.
Initializing store sql database...done.
Setting zimbraSmtpHostname for hongxue.com...done.
Configuring SNMP...done.
Setting up syslog.conf...done.
Starting servers...done.
Installing common zimlets...
    com_zimbra_adminversioncheck...done.
    com_zimbra_attachcontacts...done.
    com_zimbra_attachmail...done.
    com_zimbra_bulkprovision...done.
    com_zimbra_cert_manager...done.
    com_zimbra_clientuploader...done.
    com_zimbra_date...done.
    com_zimbra_email...done.
    com_zimbra_mailarchive...done.
    com_zimbra_phone...done.
    com_zimbra_proxy_config...done.
    com_zimbra_srchhighlighter...done.
    com_zimbra_tooltip...done.
    com_zimbra_url...done.
    com_zimbra_viewmail...done.
    com_zimbra_webex...done.
    com_zimbra_ymemoticons...done.
Finished installing common zimlets.
Restarting mailboxd...done.
Creating galsync account for default domain...done.

You have the option of notifying Zimbra of your installation.
This helps us to track the uptake of the Zimbra Collaboration Server.
The only information that will be transmitted is:
    The VERSION of zcs installed (8.6.0_GA_1153_RHEL7_64)
    The ADMIN EMAIL ADDRESS created (admin@hongxue.com)

# 跳过通知zimbra
Notify Zimbra of your installation? [Yes] no
Notification skipped
Setting up zimbra crontab...done.


Moving /tmp/zmsetup02252016-105150.log to /opt/zimbra/log


Configuration complete - press return to exit 

7、ok,上一步已经完成安装,下面我们来查看服务启动状态,服务已经启动~

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8、查看管理员界面
https://10.1.0.100:7071

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创建一个普通用户

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9、向外网发送邮件,验证是否成功

https://10.1.0.100 登录用户界面

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新建邮件并且发送:

这里写图片描述

邮件接受成功~ 实验环境至此结束,如果需要接收外网邮件,那么需要DNS解析MX记录,并且需要有一个外网ip供 zimbra使用,可以是通过NAT模式,但是需要映射zimbra的所需端口。

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